Averages/Root mean square

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(Redirected from Averages/Quadratic mean)
Task
Averages/Root mean square
You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.
Task

Compute the   Root mean square   of the numbers 1..10.


The   root mean square   is also known by its initials RMS (or rms), and as the quadratic mean.

The RMS is calculated as the mean of the squares of the numbers, square-rooted:



See also


11l[edit]

Translation of: Python
F qmean(num)
   R sqrt(sum(num.map(n -> n * n)) / Float(num.len))

print(qmean(1..10))
Output:
6.20484

Action![edit]

INCLUDE "D2:REAL.ACT" ;from the Action! Tool Kit

BYTE FUNC Equal(REAL POINTER a,b)
  BYTE ARRAY x,y

  x=a y=b
  IF x(0)=y(0) AND x(1)=y(1) AND x(2)=y(2) THEN
    RETURN (1)
  FI
RETURN (0)

PROC Sqrt(REAL POINTER a,b)
  REAL z,half

  IntToReal(0,z)
  ValR("0.5",half)
  
  IF Equal(a,z) THEN
    RealAssign(z,b)
  ELSE
    Power(a,half,b)
  FI
RETURN

PROC Main()
  BYTE i
  REAL x,x2,sum,tmp

  IntToReal(0,sum)
  FOR i=1 TO 10
  DO
    IntToReal(i,x)
    RealMult(x,x,x2)
    RealAdd(sum,x2,tmp)
    RealAssign(tmp,sum)
  OD
  IntToReal(10,x)
  RealDiv(sum,x,tmp)
  Sqrt(tmp,x)

  Put(125) PutE() ;clear screen
  Print("RMS of 1..10 is ")
  PrintRE(x)
RETURN
Output:

Screenshot from Atari 8-bit computer

RMS of 1..10 is 6.20483663

Ada[edit]

with Ada.Float_Text_IO; use Ada.Float_Text_IO;
with Ada.Numerics.Elementary_Functions;
use Ada.Numerics.Elementary_Functions;
procedure calcrms is
	type float_arr is array(1..10) of Float;
	
	function rms(nums : float_arr) return Float is
		sum : Float := 0.0;
		begin
		for p in nums'Range loop
			sum := sum + nums(p)**2;
		end loop;
		return sqrt(sum/Float(nums'Length));
	end rms;

	list : float_arr;
begin
list := (1.0,2.0,3.0,4.0,5.0,6.0,7.0,8.0,9.0,10.0);
put( rms(list) , Exp=>0);
end calcrms;
Output:
 6.20484

ALGOL 68[edit]

Works with: ALGOL 68 version Standard - no extensions to language used
Works with: ALGOL 68G version Any - tested with release 1.18.0-9h.tiny
Works with: ELLA ALGOL 68 version Any (with appropriate job cards)
# Define the rms PROCedure & ABS OPerators for LONG... REAL #
MODE RMSFIELD = #LONG...# REAL;
PROC (RMSFIELD)RMSFIELD rms field sqrt = #long...# sqrt;
INT rms field width = #long...# real width;

PROC crude rms = ([]RMSFIELD v)RMSFIELD: (
  RMSFIELD sum := 0;
  FOR i FROM LWB v TO UPB v DO sum +:= v[i]**2 OD;
  rms field sqrt(sum / (UPB v - LWB v + 1))
);
 
PROC rms = ([]RMSFIELD v)RMSFIELD: (
# round off error accumulated at standard precision #
  RMSFIELD sum := 0, round off error:= 0;
  FOR i FROM LWB v TO UPB v DO 
    RMSFIELD org = sum, prod = v[i]**2;
    sum +:= prod;
    round off error +:= sum - org - prod
  OD;
  rms field sqrt((sum - round off error)/(UPB v - LWB v + 1))
);

main: (
  []RMSFIELD one to ten = (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10);

  print(("crude rms(one to ten): ", crude rms(one to ten), new line));
  print(("rms(one to ten): ",       rms(one to ten), new line))
)
Output:
crude rms(one to ten): +6.20483682299543e  +0
rms(one to ten): +6.20483682299543e  +0

ALGOL-M[edit]

Because ALGOL-M lacks a built-in square root function, we have to supply our own.

BEGIN

DECIMAL FUNCTION SQRT(X);
DECIMAL X;
BEGIN
    DECIMAL R1, R2, TOL;
    TOL := .00001;   % reasonable for most purposes %
    IF X >= 1.0 THEN
       BEGIN
          R1 := X;
          R2 := 1.0;
       END
    ELSE
       BEGIN
          R1 := 1.0;
          R2 := X;
       END;
    WHILE (R1-R2) > TOL DO
        BEGIN
            R1 := (R1+R2) / 2.0;
            R2 := X / R1;
        END;
    SQRT := R1;
END;

COMMENT - MAIN PROGRAM BEGINS HERE;

DECIMAL N, SQSUM, SQMEAN;

SQSUM := 0.0;
FOR N := 1.0 STEP 1.0 UNTIL 10.0 DO
    SQSUM := SQSUM + (N * N);
SQMEAN := SQSUM / (N - 1.0);
WRITE("RMS OF WHOLE NUMBERS 1.0 THROUGH 10.0 =", SQRT(SQMEAN));

END
Output:

Based on the limited precision of the square root function, only the first six decimal places of the output can actually be relied on (but that's more than sufficient for most real world uses).

RMS OF WHOLE NUMBERS 1.0 THROUGH 10.0 = 6.20483683432

ALGOL W[edit]

begin
    % computes the root-mean-square of an array of numbers with               %
    % the specified lower bound (lb) and upper bound (ub)                     %
    real procedure rms( real    array numbers ( * )
                      ; integer value lb
                      ; integer value ub
                      ) ;
        begin
            real sum;
            sum := 0;
            for i := lb until ub do sum := sum + ( numbers(i) * numbers(i) );
            sqrt( sum / ( ( ub - lb ) + 1 ) )
        end rms ;

    % test the rms procedure with the numbers 1 to 10                         %
    real array testNumbers( 1 :: 10 );
    for i := 1 until 10 do testNumbers(i) := i;
    r_format := "A"; r_w := 10; r_d := 4; % set fixed point output           %
    write( "rms of 1 .. 10: ", rms( testNumbers, 1, 10 ) );

end.
Output:
rms of 1 .. 10:     6.2048  

APL[edit]

 rms{((+/*2)÷⍴)*0.5}
 x10

 rms x
6.204836823

AppleScript[edit]

Translation of: JavaScript
( ES6 version )
-- rootMeanSquare :: [Num] -> Real
on rootMeanSquare(xs)
    script
        on |λ|(a, x)
            a + x * x
        end |λ|
    end script
    
    (foldl(result, 0, xs) / (length of xs)) ^ (1 / 2)
end rootMeanSquare


-- TEST -----------------------------------------------------------------------
on run
    
    rootMeanSquare({1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10})
    
    -- > 6.204836822995
end run


-- GENERIC FUNCTIONS ----------------------------------------------------------

-- foldl :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> [b] -> a
on foldl(f, startValue, xs)
    tell mReturn(f)
        set v to startValue
        set lng to length of xs
        repeat with i from 1 to lng
            set v to |λ|(v, item i of xs, i, xs)
        end repeat
        return v
    end tell
end foldl

-- Lift 2nd class handler function into 1st class script wrapper 
-- mReturn :: Handler -> Script
on mReturn(f)
    if class of f is script then
        f
    else
        script
            property |λ| : f
        end script
    end if
end mReturn
Output:
6.204836822995

Arturo[edit]

rootMeanSquare: function [arr]->
    sqrt (sum map arr 'i -> i^2) // size arr

print rootMeanSquare 1..10
Output:
6.204836822995428

Astro[edit]

sqrt(mean(x²))

AutoHotkey[edit]

Using a loop[edit]

MsgBox, % RMS(1, 10)


;---------------------------------------------------------------------------
RMS(a, b) { ; Root Mean Square of integers a through b
;---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    n := b - a + 1
    Loop, %n%
        Sum += (a + A_Index - 1) ** 2
    Return, Sqrt(Sum / n)
}

Message box shows:

6.204837

Avoiding a loop[edit]

Using these equations:
See wp:List of mathematical series

for  :

We can show that:

MsgBox, % RMS(1, 10)


;---------------------------------------------------------------------------
RMS(a, b) { ; Root Mean Square of integers a through b
;---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Return, Sqrt((b*(b+1)*(2*b+1)-a*(a-1)*(2*a-1))/6/(b-a+1))
}

Message box shows:

6.204837

AWK[edit]

#!/usr/bin/awk -f
# computes RMS of the 1st column of a data file
{
    x  = $1;   # value of 1st column
    S += x*x;  
    N++;
}

END {
   print "RMS: ",sqrt(S/N);
}

BASIC[edit]

Works with: QBasic

Note that this will work in Visual Basic and the Windows versions of PowerBASIC by simply wrapping the module-level code into the MAIN function, and changing PRINT to MSGBOX.

DIM i(1 TO 10) AS DOUBLE, L0 AS LONG
FOR L0 = 1 TO 10
    i(L0) = L0
NEXT
PRINT STR$(rms#(i()))

FUNCTION rms# (what() AS DOUBLE)
    DIM L0 AS LONG, tmp AS DOUBLE, rt AS DOUBLE
    FOR L0 = LBOUND(what) TO UBOUND(what)
        rt = rt + (what(L0) ^ 2)
    NEXT
    tmp = UBOUND(what) - LBOUND(what) + 1
    rms# = SQR(rt / tmp)
END FUNCTION

See also: BBC BASIC, Liberty BASIC, PureBasic, Run BASIC

Applesoft BASIC[edit]

 10 N = 10
 20  FOR I = 1 TO N
 30 S = S + I * I
 40  NEXT
 50 X =  SQR (S / N)
 60  PRINT X
Output:
6.20483683

IS-BASIC[edit]

100 PRINT RMS(10)
110 DEF RMS(N)
120   LET R=0
130   FOR X=1 TO N
140     LET R=R+X^2
150   NEXT
160   LET RMS=SQR(R/N)
170 END DEF

Sinclair ZX81 BASIC[edit]

10 FAST
20 LET RMS=0
30 FOR X=1 TO 10
40 LET RMS=RMS+X**2
50 NEXT X
60 LET RMS=SQR (RMS/10)
70 SLOW
80 PRINT RMS
Output:
6.2048368

BBC BASIC[edit]

      DIM array(9)
      array() = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
      
      PRINT FNrms(array())
      END
      
      DEF FNrms(a()) = MOD(a()) / SQR(DIM(a(),1)+1)

BQN[edit]

RMS is a tacit function which computes root mean square.

RMS ← √+´∘ט÷≠

RMS 1+↕10
6.2048368229954285

Try It!

Another solution is to take the arithmetic mean +´÷≠ under the square (ט) function. Under () squares the arguments, then applies the mean, then inverts the square function.

RMS ← (+´÷≠)⌾(ט)

C[edit]

#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>

double rms(double *v, int n)
{
  int i;
  double sum = 0.0;
  for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
    sum += v[i] * v[i];
  return sqrt(sum / n);
}

int main(void)
{
  double v[] = {1., 2., 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8., 9., 10.};
  printf("%f\n", rms(v, sizeof(v)/sizeof(double)));
  return 0;
}

C#[edit]

using System;

namespace rms
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            int[] x = new int[] { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 };
            Console.WriteLine(rootMeanSquare(x));
        }

        private static double rootMeanSquare(int[] x)
        {            
            double sum = 0;
            for (int i = 0; i < x.Length; i++)
            {
                sum += (x[i]*x[i]);
            }
            return Math.Sqrt(sum / x.Length);
        }
    }
}

An alternative method demonstrating the more functional style introduced by LINQ and lambda expressions in C# 3.

Works with: C# version 3
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

namespace rms
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(rootMeanSquare(Enumerable.Range(1, 10)));
        }

        private static double rootMeanSquare(IEnumerable<int> x)
        {
            return Math.Sqrt(x.Average(i => (double)i * i));
        }
    }
}

C++[edit]

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <cmath>
#include <numeric>

int main( ) {
  std::vector<int> numbers ;
  for ( int i = 1 ; i < 11 ; i++ )
    numbers.push_back( i ) ;
  double meansquare = sqrt( ( std::inner_product( numbers.begin(), numbers.end(), numbers.begin(), 0 ) ) / static_cast<double>( numbers.size() ) );
  std::cout << "The quadratic mean of the numbers 1 .. " << numbers.size() << " is " << meansquare << " !\n" ;
  return 0 ;
}
Output:
The quadratic mean of the numbers 1 .. 10 is 6.20484 !

Clojure[edit]

(defn rms [xs]
  (Math/sqrt (/ (reduce + (map #(* % %) xs))
	   (count xs))))

(println (rms (range 1 11)))
Output:
6.2048368229954285

COBOL[edit]

Could be written more succinctly, with an inline loop and more COMPUTE statements; but that wouldn't be very COBOLic.

IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. QUADRATIC-MEAN-PROGRAM.
DATA DIVISION.
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
01  QUADRATIC-MEAN-VARS.
    05 N               PIC 99        VALUE 0.
    05 N-SQUARED       PIC 999.
    05 RUNNING-TOTAL   PIC 999       VALUE 0.
    05 MEAN-OF-SQUARES PIC 99V9(16).
    05 QUADRATIC-MEAN  PIC 9V9(15).
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
CONTROL-PARAGRAPH.
    PERFORM MULTIPLICATION-PARAGRAPH 10 TIMES.
    DIVIDE  RUNNING-TOTAL BY 10 GIVING MEAN-OF-SQUARES.
    COMPUTE QUADRATIC-MEAN = FUNCTION SQRT(MEAN-OF-SQUARES).
    DISPLAY QUADRATIC-MEAN UPON CONSOLE.
    STOP RUN.
MULTIPLICATION-PARAGRAPH.
    ADD      1         TO N.
    MULTIPLY N         BY N GIVING N-SQUARED.
    ADD      N-SQUARED TO RUNNING-TOTAL.
Output:
6.204836822995428

CoffeeScript[edit]

Translation of: JavaScript
    root_mean_square = (ary) ->
        sum_of_squares = ary.reduce ((s,x) -> s + x*x), 0
        return Math.sqrt(sum_of_squares / ary.length)
     
    alert root_mean_square([1..10])

Common Lisp[edit]

(loop for x from 1 to 10
      for xx = (* x x)
      for n from 1
      summing xx into xx-sum
      finally (return (sqrt (/ xx-sum n))))

Here's a non-iterative solution.

(defun root-mean-square (numbers)
  "Takes a list of numbers, returns their quadratic mean."
  (sqrt
   (/ (apply #'+ (mapcar #'(lambda (x) (* x x)) numbers))
      (length numbers))))

(root-mean-square (loop for i from 1 to 10 collect i))

Crystal[edit]

Translation of: Ruby
def rms(seq)
  Math.sqrt(seq.sum { |x| x*x } / seq.size)
end

puts rms (1..10).to_a
Output:
6.2048368229954285

D[edit]

import std.stdio, std.math, std.algorithm, std.range;

real rms(R)(R d) pure {
    return sqrt(d.reduce!((a, b) => a + b * b) / real(d.length));
}

void main() {
    writefln("%.19f", iota(1, 11).rms);
}
Output:
6.2048368229954282979

Delphi/Pascal[edit]

program AveragesMeanSquare;

{$APPTYPE CONSOLE}

uses Types;

function MeanSquare(aArray: TDoubleDynArray): Double;
var
  lValue: Double;
begin
  Result := 0;

  for lValue in aArray do
    Result := Result + (lValue * lValue);
  if Result > 0 then
    Result := Sqrt(Result / Length(aArray));
end;

begin
  Writeln(MeanSquare(TDoubleDynArray.Create()));
  Writeln(MeanSquare(TDoubleDynArray.Create(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)));
end.

E[edit]

Using the same generic mean function as used in pythagorean means:

def makeMean(base, include, finish) {
    return def mean(numbers) {
        var count := 0
        var acc := base
        for x in numbers {
            acc := include(acc, x)
            count += 1
        }
        return finish(acc, count)
    }
}

def RMS := makeMean(0, fn b,x { b+x**2 }, fn acc,n { (acc/n).sqrt() })
? RMS(1..10)
# value: 6.2048368229954285

EchoLisp[edit]

(define (rms xs) 
    (sqrt (// (for/sum ((x xs)) (* x x)) (length xs))))

(rms (range 1 11))
     6.2048368229954285

Elena[edit]

Translation of: C#

ELENA 5.0 :

import extensions;
import system'routines;
import system'math;
 
extension op
{
    get RootMeanSquare()
        = (self.selectBy:(x => x * x).summarize(Real.new()) / self.Length).sqrt();
}
 
public program()
{
    console.printLine(new Range(1, 10).RootMeanSquare)
}
Output:
6.204836822995

Elixir[edit]

defmodule RC do
  def root_mean_square(enum) do
    enum
    |> square
    |> mean
    |> :math.sqrt
  end

  defp mean(enum), do: Enum.sum(enum) / Enum.count(enum)

  defp square(enum), do: (for x <- enum, do: x * x)
end

IO.puts RC.root_mean_square(1..10)
Output:
6.2048368229954285

Emacs Lisp[edit]

(defun rms (nums)
  (sqrt (/ (apply '+ (mapcar (lambda (x) (* x x)) nums))
           (float (length nums)))))

(rms (number-sequence 1 10))
Output:
6.2048368229954285

Erlang[edit]

rms(Nums) ->
    math:sqrt(lists:foldl(fun(E,S) -> S+E*E end, 0, Nums) / length(Nums)).

rms([1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10]).
Output:
6.2048368229954285

ERRE[edit]

PROGRAM ROOT_MEAN_SQUARE
BEGIN
  N=10
  FOR I=1 TO N DO
     S=S+I*I
  END FOR
  X=SQR(S/N)
  PRINT("Root mean square is";X)
END PROGRAM

You can, obviously, generalize reading data from a DATA line or from a file.

Euphoria[edit]

function rms(sequence s)
    atom sum
    if length(s) = 0 then
        return 0
    end if
    sum = 0
    for i = 1 to length(s) do
        sum += power(s[i],2)
    end for
    return sqrt(sum/length(s))
end function

constant s = {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10}
? rms(s)
Output:
6.204836823

Excel[edit]

Cell reference expression[edit]

If values are entered in the cells A1 to A10, the below expression will give the RMS value

=SQRT(SUMSQ($A1:$A10)/COUNT($A1:$A10))

The RMS of [1,10] is then : 6.204836823 ( Actual displayed value 6.204837)

LAMBDA[edit]

In Excel builds equipped with the LAMBDA function, we can also rework the cell reference expression above to define a custom function, binding a name like ROOTMEANSQR to it in the workBook Name Manager:

(See LAMBDA: The ultimate Excel worksheet function)

ROOTMEANSQR
=LAMBDA(xs,
    SQRT(SUMSQ(xs)/COUNT(xs))
)

For this test, we assume that the following generic lambda is also bound to the name ENUMFROMTO in the Name Manager:

ENUMFROMTO
=LAMBDA(a,
    LAMBDA(z,
        SEQUENCE(1 + z - a, 1, a, 1)
    )
)
Output:
fx =ROOTMEANSQR( ENUMFROMTO( 1 )( 10 ) )
A B
1 [1..10]
2 Root mean square 6.2048368229954285

F#[edit]

Uses a lambda expression and function piping.

let RMS (x:float list) : float = List.map (fun y -> y**2.0) x |> List.average |> System.Math.Sqrt

let res = RMS [1.0..10.0]

Answer (in F# Interactive window):

val res : float = 6.204836823

Factor[edit]

: root-mean-square ( seq -- mean )
    [ [ sq ] map-sum ] [ length ] bi / sqrt ;
( scratchpad ) 10 [1,b] root-mean-square .
6.204836822995428

Fantom[edit]

class Main
{
  static Float averageRms (Float[] nums)
  {
    if (nums.size == 0) return 0.0f
    Float sum := 0f
    nums.each { sum += it * it }
    return (sum / nums.size.toFloat).sqrt
  }

  public static Void main ()
  {
    a := [1f,2f,3f,4f,5f,6f,7f,8f,9f,10f]
    echo ("RMS Average of $a is: " + averageRms(a))
  }
}

Forth[edit]

: rms ( faddr len -- frms )
  dup >r 0e
  floats bounds do
    i f@ fdup f* f+
  float +loop
  r> s>f f/ fsqrt ;

create test 1e f, 2e f, 3e f, 4e f, 5e f, 6e f, 7e f, 8e f, 9e f, 10e f,
test 10 rms f.    \ 6.20483682299543

Fortran[edit]

Assume stored in array x.

print *,sqrt( sum(x**2)/size(x) )

FreeBASIC[edit]

' FB 1.05.0 Win64

Function QuadraticMean(array() As Double) As Double
  Dim length As Integer = Ubound(array) - Lbound(array) + 1
  Dim As Double sum = 0.0
  For i As Integer = LBound(array) To UBound(array)
    sum += array(i) * array(i)
  Next
  Return Sqr(sum/length)
End Function

Dim vector(1 To 10) As Double
For i As Integer = 1 To 10
  vector(i) = i
Next

Print "Quadratic mean (or RMS) is :"; QuadraticMean(vector())
Print
Print "Press any key to quit the program"
Sleep
Output:
Quadratic mean (or RMS) is : 6.204836822995429

Futhark[edit]

import "futlib/math"

fun main(as: [n]f64): f64 =
  f64.sqrt ((reduce (+) 0.0 (map (**2.0) as)) / f64(n))

GEORGE[edit]

1, 10 rep (i)
   i i | (v) ;
0
 1, 10 rep (i)
   i dup mult +
   ]
10 div
 sqrt
 print
 6.204836822995428

Go[edit]

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "math"
)

func main() {
    const n = 10
    sum := 0.
    for x := 1.; x <= n; x++ {
        sum += x * x
    }
    fmt.Println(math.Sqrt(sum / n))
}
Output:
6.2048368229954285

Groovy[edit]

Solution:

def quadMean = { list ->
    list == null \
        ? null \
        : list.empty \
            ? 0 \
            : ((list.collect { it*it }.sum()) / list.size()) ** 0.5
}

Test:

def list = 1..10
def Q = quadMean(list)
println """
list: ${list}
   Q: ${Q}
"""
Output:
list: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
   Q: 6.2048368229954285

Haskell[edit]

Given the mean function defined in Averages/Pythagorean means:

main = print $ mean 2 [1 .. 10]

Or, writing a naive mean of our own, (but see https://donsbot.wordpress.com/2008/06/04/haskell-as-fast-as-c-working-at-a-high-altitude-for-low-level-performance/):

import Data.List (genericLength)

rootMeanSquare :: [Double] -> Double
rootMeanSquare = sqrt . (((/) . foldr ((+) . (^ 2)) 0) <*> genericLength)

main :: IO ()
main = print $ rootMeanSquare [1 .. 10]
Output:
6.2048368229954285

HicEst[edit]

sum = 0
DO i = 1, 10
   sum = sum + i^2
ENDDO
WRITE(ClipBoard) "RMS(1..10) = ", (sum/10)^0.5

RMS(1..10) = 6.204836823

Icon and Unicon[edit]

procedure main()
every put(x := [], 1 to 10)
writes("x := [ "); every writes(!x," "); write("]")
write("Quadratic mean:",q := qmean!x)
end


procedure qmean(L[])             #: quadratic mean
   local m
   if *L = 0 then fail
   every (m := 0.0) +:= !L^2
   return sqrt(m / *L)
end

Io[edit]

rms := method (figs, (figs map(** 2) reduce(+) / figs size) sqrt)

rms( Range 1 to(10) asList ) println

J[edit]

Solution:

rms=: (+/ % #)&.:*:

Example Usage:

  rms 1 + i. 10
6.20484

*: means square

(+/ % #) is an idiom for mean.

&.: means under -- in other words, we square numbers, take their average and then use the inverse of square on the result. (see also the page on &. which does basically the same thing but with different granularity -- item at a time instead of everything at once.

Java[edit]

public class RootMeanSquare {

    public static double rootMeanSquare(double... nums) {
        double sum = 0.0;
        for (double num : nums)
            sum += num * num;
        return Math.sqrt(sum / nums.length);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        double[] nums = {1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0, 10.0};
        System.out.println("The RMS of the numbers from 1 to 10 is " + rootMeanSquare(nums));
    }
}
Output:
The RMS of the numbers from 1 to 10 is 6.2048368229954285

JavaScript[edit]

ES5[edit]

Works with: JavaScript version 1.8
Works with: Firefox version 3.0
function root_mean_square(ary) {
    var sum_of_squares = ary.reduce(function(s,x) {return (s + x*x)}, 0);
    return Math.sqrt(sum_of_squares / ary.length);
}

print( root_mean_square([1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10]) ); // ==> 6.2048368229954285


ES6[edit]

(() => {
    'use strict';
 
 
    // rootMeanSquare :: [Num] -> Real
    const rootMeanSquare = xs => 
       Math.sqrt(
            xs.reduce(
                (a, x) => (a + x * x),
                0
           ) / xs.length
        );
 
     
    return rootMeanSquare([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]);
    
     // -> 6.2048368229954285
})();
Output:
6.2048368229954285

jq[edit]

The following filter returns null if given an empty array:

def rms: length as $length
  | if $length == 0 then null
    else map(. * .) | add | sqrt / $length
    end ;
With this definition, the following program would compute the rms of each array in a file or stream of numeric arrays:
rms

Julia[edit]

There are a variety of ways to do this via built-in functions in Julia, given an array A = [1:10] of values. The formula can be implemented directly as:

sqrt(sum(A.^2.) / length(A))

or shorter with using Statistics (and as spoken: root-mean-square)

sqrt(mean(A.^2.))
or the implicit allocation of a new array by A.^2. can be avoided by using sum as a higher-order function:
sqrt(sum(x -> x*x, A) / length(A))

One can also use an explicit loop for near-C performance

function rms(A)
   s = 0.0
   for a in A
      s += a*a
   end
   return sqrt(s / length(A))
end
Potentially even better is to use the built-in norm function, which computes the square root of the sum of the squares of the entries of A in a way that avoids the possibility of spurious floating-point overflow (if the entries of A are so large that they may overflow if squared):
norm(A) / sqrt(length(A))

K[edit]

  rms:{_sqrt (+/x^2)%#x}
  rms 1+!10
6.204837

Kotlin[edit]

// version 1.0.5-2

fun quadraticMean(vector: Array<Double>) : Double {
    val sum = vector.sumByDouble { it * it }
    return Math.sqrt(sum / vector.size)
}
   
fun main(args: Array<String>) {
    val vector = Array(10, { (it + 1).toDouble() })
    print("Quadratic mean of numbers 1 to 10 is ${quadraticMean(vector)}")
}
Output:
Quadratic mean of numbers 1 to 10 is 6.2048368229954285

Lasso[edit]

define rms(a::staticarray)::decimal => {
	return math_sqrt((with n in #a sum #n*#n) / decimal(#a->size))
}
rms(generateSeries(1,10)->asStaticArray)
Output:
6.204837

Liberty BASIC[edit]

'   [RC] Averages/Root mean square

    SourceList$     ="1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10"

    '   If saved as an array we'd have to have a flag for last data.
    '   LB has the very useful word$() to read from delimited strings.
    '   The default delimiter is a space character, " ".

    SumOfSquares    =0
    n               =0      '   This holds index to number, and counts number of data.
    data$           ="666"  '   temporary dummy to enter the loop.

    while data$ <>""                                '   we loop until no data left.
        data$           =word$( SourceList$, n +1)  '   first data, as a string
        NewVal          =val( data$)                '   convert string to number
        SumOfSquares    =SumOfSquares +NewVal^2     '   add to existing sum of squares
        n =n +1                                     '   increment number of data items found
    wend

    n =n -1

    print "Supplied data was ";         SourceList$
    print "This contained ";            n; " numbers."
    print "R.M.S. value is ";           ( SumOfSquares /n)^0.5

    end

[edit]

to rms :v
  output sqrt quotient (apply "sum map [? * ?] :v) count :v
end

show rms iseq 1 10

Lua[edit]

function sumsq(a, ...) return a and a^2 + sumsq(...) or 0 end
function rms(t) return (sumsq(unpack(t)) / #t)^.5 end

print(rms{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10})

Maple[edit]

y := [ seq(1..10) ]:
RMS := proc( x )
    return sqrt( Statistics:-Mean( x ^~ 2 ) );
end proc:
RMS( y );
Output:
6.20483682299543

Mathematica / Wolfram Language[edit]

RootMeanSquare@Range[10]

The above will give the precise solution , to downgrade to 6.20484, use '10.' to imply asking for numeric solution, or append '//N' after the whole expression.

MATLAB[edit]

function rms = quadraticMean(list)    
    rms = sqrt(mean(list.^2));
end

Solution:

>> quadraticMean((1:10))

ans =

   6.204836822995429

Maxima[edit]

L: makelist(i, i, 10)$

rms(L) := sqrt(lsum(x^2, x, L)/length(L))$

rms(L), numer;   /* 6.204836822995429 */

MAXScript[edit]

fn RMS arr =
(
	local sumSquared = 0
	for i in arr do sumSquared += i^2
	return (sqrt (sumSquared/arr.count as float))
)

Output:

rms #{1..10}
6.20484

min[edit]

Works with: min version 0.19.6
(dup *) :sq
('sq map sum) :sum-sq
(('sum-sq 'size) => cleave / sqrt) :rms

(1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10) rms puts!
Output:
6.204836822995429

МК-61/52[edit]

0	П0	П1	С/П	x^2	ИП0	x^2	ИП1	*
+	ИП1	1	+	П1	/	КвКор	П0	БП
03

Instruction: В/О С/П Number С/П Number ...

Each time you press the С/П on the indicator would mean already entered numbers.

Morfa[edit]

Translation of: D
import morfa.base;
import morfa.functional.base;

template <TRange>
func rms(d: TRange): float
{
    var count = 1;
    return sqrt(reduce( (a: float, b: float) { count += 1; return a + b * b; }, d) / count);
}
 
func main(): void
{
    println(rms(1 .. 11));
}
Output:
6.204837

Nemerle[edit]

using System;
using System.Console;
using System.Math;

module RMS
{
    RMS(x : list[int]) : double
    {
        def sum = x.Map(fun (x) {x*x}).FoldLeft(0, _+_);
        Sqrt((sum :> double) / x.Length)
    }
    
    Main() : void
    {
        WriteLine("RMS of [1 .. 10]: {0:g6}", RMS($[1 .. 10]));
    }
}

NetRexx[edit]

/* NetRexx */
options replace format comments java crossref symbols nobinary

parse arg maxV .
if maxV = '' | maxV = '.' then maxV = 10

sum = 0
loop nr = 1 for maxV
  sum = sum + nr ** 2
  end nr
rmsD = Math.sqrt(sum / maxV)

say 'RMS of values from 1 to' maxV':' rmsD

return
Output:
RMS of values from 1 to 10: 6.204836822995428

Nim[edit]

from math import sqrt, sum
from sequtils import mapIt
 
proc qmean(num: seq[float]): float =
  result = num.mapIt(it * it).sum
  result = sqrt(result / float(num.len))
 
echo qmean(@[1.0,2.0,3.0,4.0,5.0,6.0,7.0,8.0,9.0,10.0])
Output:
6.204836822995428

Oberon-2[edit]

Oxford Oberon-2

MODULE QM;
IMPORT ML := MathL, Out;
VAR
	nums: ARRAY 10 OF LONGREAL;
	i: INTEGER;
	
PROCEDURE Rms(a: ARRAY OF LONGREAL): LONGREAL;
VAR
	i: INTEGER;
	s: LONGREAL;
BEGIN
	s := 0.0;
	FOR i := 0 TO LEN(a) - 1 DO
		s := s + (a[i] * a[i])
	END;
	RETURN ML.Sqrt(s / LEN(a))
END Rms;
	
BEGIN
	FOR i := 0 TO LEN(nums) - 1 DO
		nums[i] := i + 1
	END;
	Out.String("Quadratic Mean: ");Out.LongReal(Rms(nums));Out.Ln
END QM.
Output:
Quadratic Mean: 6.20483682300

Objeck[edit]

bundle Default {
  class Hello {
    function : Main(args : String[]) ~ Nil {
      values := [1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0, 10.0];
      RootSquareMean(values)->PrintLine();
    }
    
    function : native : RootSquareMean(values : Float[]) ~ Float {
      sum := 0.0;
      each(i : values) {
        x := values[i]->Power(2.0);
        sum += values[i]->Power(2.0);
      };
      
      return (sum / values->Size())->SquareRoot();
    }
  }
}

OCaml[edit]

let rms a =
  sqrt (Array.fold_left (fun s x -> s +. x*.x) 0.0 a /.
        float_of_int (Array.length a))
;;

rms (Array.init 10 (fun i -> float_of_int (i+1))) ;;
(* 6.2048368229954285 *)

Oforth[edit]

10 seq map(#sq) sum 10.0 / sqrt .
Output:
6.20483682299543

ooRexx[edit]

call testAverage .array~of(10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1)
call testAverage .array~of(10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, .11)
call testAverage .array~of(30, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, -100, 4.7, -11e2)

::routine testAverage
  use arg list
  say "list =" list~toString("l", ", ")
  say "root mean square =" rootmeansquare(list)
  say

::routine rootmeansquare
  use arg numbers
  -- return zero for an empty list
  if numbers~isempty then return 0

  sum = 0
  do number over numbers
      sum += number * number
  end
  return rxcalcsqrt(sum/numbers~items)

::requires rxmath LIBRARY
Output:
list = 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
root mean square = 6.20483682

list = 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, .11
root mean square = 5.06630766

list = 30, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, -100, 4.7, -1100
root mean square = 369.146476

Oz[edit]

declare
  fun {Square X} X*X end

  fun {RMS Xs}
     {Sqrt
      {Int.toFloat {FoldL {Map Xs Square} Number.'+' 0}}
      /
      {Int.toFloat {Length Xs}}}
  end
in 
  {Show {RMS {List.number 1 10 1}}}
Output:
6.2048

PARI/GP[edit]

General RMS calculation:

RMS(v)={
  sqrt(sum(i=1,#v,v[i]^2)/#v)
};

RMS(vector(10,i,i))

Specific functions for the first n positive integers:

RMS_first(n)={
  sqrt((n+1)*(2*n+1)/6)
};

RMS_first(10)

Asymptotically this is n/sqrt(3).

Perl[edit]

use v5.10.0;
sub rms
{
        my $r = 0;
        $r += $_**2 for @_;
        sqrt( $r/@_ );
}

say rms(1..10);

Phix[edit]

function rms(sequence s)
atom sqsum = 0
    for i=1 to length(s) do
        sqsum += power(s[i],2)
    end for
    return sqrt(sqsum/length(s))
end function
 
?rms({1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10})
Output:
6.204836823

Alternative, same output
You could make this a one-liner, for no gain and making it harder to debug - an explicitly named intermediate such as sqsum adds no additional overhead compared to the un-named hidden temporary variable the compiler would otherwise use anyway, and of course sqsum can be examined/verified to pinpoint any error more effectively. The last (commented-out) line also removes the function call, but of course it has also removed every last descriptive hint of what it is supposed to be doing as well.

function rms(sequence s)
    atom sqsum = sum(apply(true,power,{s,2}))
    return sqrt(sqsum/length(s))
end function
?rms(tagset(10))
-- ?sqrt(sum(apply(true,power,{tagset(10),2}))/10) -- (ugh)

Phixmonti[edit]

def rms
    0 swap
    len for
        get 2 power rot + swap
    endfor
    len rot swap / sqrt
enddef

0 tolist
10 for
    0 put
endfor
 
rms print

PHP[edit]

<?php
// Created with PHP 7.0

function rms(array $numbers)
{
    $sum = 0;

    foreach ($numbers as $number) {
        $sum += $number**2;
    }

    return sqrt($sum / count($numbers));
}

echo rms(array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10));
Output:
6.2048368229954

Picat[edit]

Translation of: Prolog
Works with: Picat
rms(Xs) = Y =>
    Sum = sum_of_squares(Xs),
    N = length(Xs),
    Y = sqrt(Sum / N).

sum_of_squares(Xs) = Sum =>
    Sum = 0,
    foreach (X in Xs)
        Sum := Sum + X * X
    end.

main =>
    Y = rms(1..10),
    printf("The root-mean-square of 1..10 is %f\n", Y).
Output:
The root-mean-square of 1..10 is 6.204837

PicoLisp[edit]

(scl 5)

(let Lst (1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0)
   (prinl
      (format
         (sqrt
            (*/
               (sum '((N) (*/ N N 1.0)) Lst)
               1.0
               (length Lst) )
            T )
         *Scl ) ) )
Output:
6.20484

PL/I[edit]

 atest: Proc Options(main);
 declare A(10) Dec Float(15) static initial (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10);
 declare (n,RMS) Dec Float(15);
 n = hbound(A,1);
 RMS = sqrt(sum(A**2)/n);
 put Skip Data(rms);
 End;
Output:
RMS= 6.20483682299543E+0000;

PostScript[edit]

/findrms{
/x exch def
/sum 0 def
/i 0 def
x length 0 eq{}
{
x length{
/sum x i get 2 exp sum add def
/i i 1 add def
}repeat
/sum sum x length div sqrt def
}ifelse
sum ==
}def

[1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10] findrms
Output:
6.20483685
Library: initlib
[1 10] 1 range dup 0 {dup * +} fold exch length div sqrt

Potion[edit]

rms = (series) :
   total = 0.0
   series each (x): total += x * x.
   total /= series length
   total sqrt
.

rms((1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10)) print


Powerbuilder[edit]

long ll_x, ll_y, ll_product
decimal ld_rms

ll_x = 1
ll_y = 10
DO WHILE ll_x <= ll_y
	ll_product += ll_x * ll_x
	ll_x ++
LOOP
ld_rms = Sqrt(ll_product / ll_y)

//ld_rms value is 6.20483682299542849

PowerShell[edit]

function get-rms([float[]]$nums){
   $sqsum=$nums | foreach-object { $_*$_} | measure-object -sum | select-object -expand Sum
   return [math]::sqrt($sqsum/$nums.count)
}

get-rms @(1..10)

Processing[edit]

void setup() {
  float[] numbers = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10};
  print(rms(numbers));
}

float rms(float[] nums) {
  float mean = 0;
  for (float n : nums) {
    mean += sq(n);
  }
  mean = sqrt(mean / nums.length);
  return mean;
}
Output:
6.204837

Prolog[edit]

Works with: GNU Prolog
:- initialization(main).

rms(Xs, Y) :-
    sum_of_squares(Xs, 0, Sum),
    length(Xs, N),
    Y is sqrt(Sum / N).

sum_of_squares([], Sum, Sum).

sum_of_squares([X|Xs], A, Sum) :-
    A1 is A + X * X,
    sum_of_squares(Xs, A1, Sum).

main :-
    bagof(X, between(1, 10, X), Xs),
    rms(Xs, Y),
    format('The root-mean-square of 1..10 is ~f\n', [Y]).
Output:
The root-mean-square of 1..10 is 6.204837

PureBasic[edit]

NewList MyList()  ; To hold a unknown amount of numbers to calculate

If OpenConsole()
  Define.d result
  Define i, sum_of_squares
  
  ;Populate a random amounts of numbers to calculate
  For i=0 To (Random(45)+5) ; max elements is unknown to the program
    AddElement(MyList())
    MyList()=Random(15)  ; Put in a random number
  Next

  Print("Averages/Root mean square"+#CRLF$+"of : ")  

  ; Calculate square of each element, print each & add them together
  ForEach MyList()  
    Print(Str(MyList())+" ")             ; Present to our user
    sum_of_squares+MyList()*MyList()     ; Sum the squares, e.g
  Next

  ;Present the result
  result=Sqr(sum_of_squares/ListSize(MyList()))
  PrintN(#CRLF$+"= "+StrD(result))
  
  PrintN("Press ENTER to exit"): Input()
  CloseConsole()
EndIf

Python[edit]

Works with: Python version 3
>>> from math import sqrt
>>> def qmean(num):
	return sqrt(sum(n*n for n in num)/len(num))

>>> qmean(range(1,11))
6.2048368229954285

Note that function range in Python includes the first limit of 1, excludes the second limit of 11, and has a default increment of 1.

The Python 2 version of this is nearly identical, except you must cast the sum to a float to get float division instead of integer division; or better, do a from __future__ import division, which works on Python 2.2+ as well as Python 3, and makes division work consistently like it does in Python 3.


Alternatively in terms of reduce:

from functools import (reduce)
from math import (sqrt)


# rootMeanSquare :: [Num] -> Float
def rootMeanSquare(xs):
    return sqrt(reduce(lambda a, x: a + x * x, xs, 0) / len(xs))


print(
    rootMeanSquare([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10])
)
Output:
6.2048368229954285

Qi[edit]

(define rms
  R -> (sqrt (/ (APPLY + (MAPCAR * R R)) (length R))))


Quackery[edit]

Using the Quackery big number rational arithmetic library bigrat.qky.

[ $ "bigrat.qky" loadfile ] now!

[ [] swap
  witheach
    [ unpack 2dup v*
      join nested join ] ] is squareall (   [ --> [   )

[ dup size n->v rot
  0 n->v rot
  witheach
    [ unpack v+ ]
  2swap v/ ]               is arithmean (   [ --> n/d )
 
[ dip
  [ squareall arithmean ]
  vsqrt drop ]             is rms       ( [ n --> n/d )
 
say "The RMS of the integers 1 to 10, to 80 decimal places with rounding." cr
say "(Checked on Wolfram Alpha. The final digit is correctly rounded up.)" cr cr
 
' [ [ 1 1 ] [ 2 1 ] [ 3 1 ] [ 4 1 ] [  5 1 ] 
    [ 6 1 ] [ 7 1 ] [ 8 1 ] [ 9 1 ] [ 10 1 ] ]
 
( ^^^ the integers 1 to 10 represented as a nest of nested rational numbers )
 
80 rms 
80 point$ echo$
Output:
The RMS of the integers 1 to 10, to 80 decimal places with rounding.
(Checked on Wolfram Alpha. The final digit is correctly rounded up.)

6.20483682299542829806662097772473784992796529536414069376132632095482141678247123

R[edit]

The following function works for any vector x:

RMS <- function(x, na.rm = F) sqrt(mean(x^2, na.rm = na.rm))

RMS(1:10)
# [1] 6.204837

RMS(c(NA, 1:10))
# [1] NA

RMS(c(NA, 1:10), na.rm = T)
# [1] 6.204837

Racket[edit]

#lang racket
(define (rms nums)
  (sqrt (/ (for/sum ([n nums]) (* n n)) (length nums))))

Raku[edit]

(formerly Perl 6)

sub rms(*@nums) { sqrt ([+] @nums X** 2) / @nums }

say rms 1..10;

Here's a slightly more concise version, albeit arguably less readable:

sub rms { sqrt @_ R/ [+] @_ X** 2 }

REXX[edit]

REXX has no built-in   sqrt   function, so a RYO version is included here.

This particular   sqrt   function was programmed for speed, as it has two critical components:

  •   the initial guess (for the square root)
  •   the number of (increasing) decimal digits used during the computations


The   sqrt   code was optimized to use the minimum amount of digits (precision) for each iteration of the
calculation as well as a reasonable attempt at providing a first-guess square root by essentially halving
the number using logarithmic (base ten) arithmetic.

/*REXX program computes and displays the  root mean square (RMS)  of a number sequence. */
parse arg nums digs show .                       /*obtain the optional arguments from CL*/
if nums==''  |  nums==","  then nums=10          /*Not specified?  Then use the default.*/
if digs==''  |  digs==","  then digs=50          /* "      "         "   "   "     "    */
if show==''  |  show==","  then show=10          /* "      "         "   "   "     "    */
numeric digits digs                              /*uses  DIGS  decimal digits for calc. */
$=0;                     do j=1  for nums        /*process each of the   N   integers.  */
                         $=$ + j**2              /*sum the   squares   of the integers. */
                         end   /*j*/
                                                 /* [↓]  displays  SHOW  decimal digits.*/
rms=format( sqrt($/nums), , show ) / 1           /*divide by N, then calculate the SQRT.*/
say 'root mean square for 1──►'nums  "is: "  rms /*display the  root mean square (RMS). */
exit                                             /*stick a fork in it,  we're all done. */
/*──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────*/
sqrt:  procedure; parse arg x;  if x=0  then return 0;  d=digits();  numeric digits;  m.=9
       numeric form;  parse value format(x,2,1,,0) 'E0'  with  g 'E' _ .;  g=g *.5'e'_ % 2
       h=d+6;    do j=0  while h>9;       m.j=h;                h=h%2+1;        end  /*j*/
                 do k=j+5  to 0  by -1;   numeric digits m.k;   g=(g+x/g)*.5;   end  /*k*/
       return g

output   when using the default inputs:

root mean square for 1──►10 is:  6.204836823

Ring[edit]

nums = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10]
sum = 0
decimals(5)
see "Average = " + average(nums) + nl

func average number
     for i = 1 to len(number)
         sum = sum + pow(number[i],2)
     next
     x = sqrt(sum / len(number))
     return x

Ruby[edit]

class Array
  def quadratic_mean
    Math.sqrt( self.inject(0.0) {|s, y| s + y*y} / self.length )
  end
end

class Range
  def quadratic_mean
    self.to_a.quadratic_mean
  end
end

(1..10).quadratic_mean  # => 6.2048368229954285

and a non object-oriented solution:

def rms(seq)
  Math.sqrt(seq.sum{|x| x*x}.fdiv(seq.size) )
end
puts rms (1..10)   # => 6.2048368229954285

Run BASIC[edit]

valueList$   = "1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10"
while word$(valueList$,i +1) <> ""             ' grab values from list
  thisValue  = val(word$(valueList$,i +1))     ' turn values into numbers
  sumSquares = sumSquares + thisValue ^ 2      ' sum up the squares
  i = i +1                                     ' 
wend
print "List of Values:";valueList$;" containing ";i;" values"
print "Root Mean Square =";(sumSquares/i)^0.5
Output:

List of Values:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 containing 10 values Root Mean Square =6.20483682

Rust[edit]

fn root_mean_square(vec: Vec<i32>) -> f32 {
    let sum_squares = vec.iter().fold(0, |acc, &x| acc + x.pow(2));
    return ((sum_squares as f32)/(vec.len() as f32)).sqrt();
}

fn main() {
    let vec = (1..11).collect();
    println!("The root mean square is: {}", root_mean_square(vec));
}
Output:
The root mean square is: 6.204837

S-lang[edit]

Many of math operations in S-Lang are 'vectorized', that is, given an array, they apply themselves to each element. In this case, that means no array_map() function needed. Also, "range arrays" have a built-in syntax.

define rms(arr)
{
  return sqrt(sum(sqr(arr)) / length(arr));
}

print(rms([1:10]));

Sather[edit]

class MAIN is
  -- irrms stands for Integer Ranged RMS
  irrms(i, f:INT):FLT
    pre i <= f
  is
    sum ::= 0;
    loop
      sum := sum + i.upto!(f).pow(2);
    end;
    return (sum.flt / (f-i+1).flt).sqrt;
  end;

  main is
    #OUT + irrms(1, 10) + "\n";
  end; 
end;

S-BASIC[edit]

var n, sqsum, sqmean, rms = real
sqsum = 0
for n = 1 to 10 do
  sqsum = sqsum + (n * n)
next n
sqmean = sqsum / n
rms = sqr(sqmean)
print "RMS of numbers from 1 to 10 = ";rms

end
Output:
RMS of numbers from 1 to 10 =  6.20484

Scala[edit]

def rms(nums: Seq[Int]) = math.sqrt(nums.map(math.pow(_, 2)).sum / nums.size)
println(rms(1 to 10))
Output:
6.2048368229954285

Scheme[edit]

(define (rms nums)
  (sqrt (/ (apply + (map * nums nums))
           (length nums))))

(rms '(1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10))
Output:
6.20483682299543

Seed7[edit]

$ include "seed7_05.s7i";
  include "float.s7i";
  include "math.s7i";

const array float: numbers is [] (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0, 10.0);

const func float: rms (in array float: numbers) is func
  result
    var float: rms is 0.0;
  local
    var float: number is 0.0;
    var float: sum is 0.0;
  begin
    for number range numbers do
      sum +:= number ** 2;
    end for;
    rms := sqrt(sum / flt(length(numbers)));
  end func;

const proc: main is func
  begin
    writeln(rms(numbers) digits 7);
  end func;

Shen[edit]

Works with: shen-scheme version 0.17
(declare scm.sqrt [number --> number])

(tc +)

(define mean
  { (list number) --> number }
  Xs -> (/ (sum Xs) (length Xs)))

(define square
  { number --> number }
  X -> (* X X))

(define rms
  { (list number) --> number }
  Xs -> (scm.sqrt (mean (map (function square) Xs))))

(define iota-h
  { number --> number --> (list number) }
  X X -> [X]
  X Lim -> (cons X (iota-h (+ X 1) Lim)))

(define iota
  { number --> (list number) }
  Lim -> (iota-h 1 Lim))

(output "~A~%" (rms (iota 10)))

Sidef[edit]

func rms(a) {
    sqrt(a.map{.**2}.sum / a.len)
}

say rms(1..10)

Using hyper operators, we can write it as:

func rms(a) { a »**» 2 «+» / a.len -> sqrt }
Output:
6.20483682299542829806662097772473784992796529536

Smalltalk[edit]

(((1 to: 10) inject: 0 into: [ :s :n | n*n + s ]) / 10) sqrt.

SNOBOL4[edit]

Works with: Macro Spitbol
Works with: CSnobol

There is no built-in sqrt( ) function in Snobol4+.

        define('rms(a)i,ssq') :(rms_end)
rms     i = i + 1; ssq = ssq + (a<i> * a<i>) :s(rms)
        rms = sqrt(1.0 * ssq / prototype(a)) :(return)
rms_end

*       # Fill array, test and display
        str = '1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10'; a = array(10)
loop    i = i + 1; str len(p) span('0123456789') . a<i> @p :s(loop)
        output = str ' -> ' rms(a)
end
Output:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -> 6.20483682

Standard ML[edit]

fun rms(v: real vector) = 
  let
    val v' = Vector.map (fn x => x*x) v
    val sum = Vector.foldl op+ 0.0 v'
  in
    Math.sqrt( sum/real(Vector.length(v')) )
  end;

rms(Vector.tabulate(10, fn n => real(n+1)));
Output:
val it = 6.204836823 : real

Stata[edit]

Compute the RMS of a variable and return the result in r(rms).

program rms, rclass
	syntax varname(numeric) [if] [in]
	tempvar x
	gen `x'=`varlist'^2 `if' `in'
	qui sum `x' `if' `in'
	return scalar rms=sqrt(r(mean))
end

Example

clear
set obs 20
gen x=rnormal()

rms x
di r(rms)
1.0394189

rms x if x>0
di r(rms)
.7423647

Swift[edit]

extension Collection where Element: FloatingPoint {
  @inlinable
  public func rms() -> Element {
    return (lazy.map({ $0 * $0 }).reduce(0, +) / Element(count)).squareRoot()
  }
}

print("RMS of 1...10: \((1...10).map(Double.init).rms())")
Output:
RMS of 1...10: 6.2048368229954285

Tcl[edit]

Works with: Tcl version 8.5
proc qmean list {
    set sum 0.0
    foreach value $list { set sum [expr {$sum + $value**2}] }
    return [expr { sqrt($sum / [llength $list]) }]
}

puts "RMS(1..10) = [qmean {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10}]"
Output:
RMS(1..10) = 6.2048368229954285

Ursala[edit]

using the mean function among others from the flo library

#import nat
#import flo

#cast %e

rms = sqrt mean sqr* float* nrange(1,10)
Output:
6.204837e+00

Vala[edit]

Valac probably needs to have the flag "-X -lm" added to include the C Math library.

double rms(double[] list){
	double sum_squares = 0;
	double mean;
	
	foreach ( double number in list){
		sum_squares += (number * number);
	}
	
	mean = Math.sqrt(sum_squares / (double) list.length);
	
	return mean;
} // end rms

public static void main(){
	double[] list = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10};
	double mean = rms(list);
	
	stdout.printf("%s\n", mean.to_string());
}
Output:
6.2048368229954285

VBA[edit]

Using Excel VBA

Private Function root_mean_square(s() As Variant) As Double
    For i = 1 To UBound(s)
        s(i) = s(i) ^ 2
    Next i
    root_mean_square = Sqr(WorksheetFunction.sum(s) / UBound(s))
End Function
Public Sub pythagorean_means()
    Dim s() As Variant
    s = [{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}]
    Debug.Print root_mean_square(s)
End Sub

Without using Excel worksheetfunction:

Function rms(iLow As Integer, iHigh As Integer)
    Dim i As Integer
    If iLow > iHigh Then
        i = iLow
        iLow = iHigh
        iHigh = i
    End If
    For i = iLow To iHigh
        rms = rms + i ^ 2
    Next i
    rms = Sqr(rms / (iHigh - iLow + 1))
End Function

Sub foo()
    Debug.Print rms(1, 10)
End Sub

Output:

 6.20483682299543 

V (Vlang)[edit]

import math
 
fn main() {
    n := 10
    mut sum := 0.0
    for x := 1.0; x <= n; x++ {
        sum += x * x
    }
    println(math.sqrt(sum / n))
}
Output:
6.2048368229954

Wortel[edit]

@let {
  ; using a composition and a fork (like you would do in J)
  rms1 ^(@sqrt @(@sum / #) *^@sq)

  ; using a function with a named argument
  rms2 &a @sqrt ~/ #a @sum !*^@sq a

  [[
    !rms1 @to 10
    !rms2 @to 10
  ]]
}
Output:
[6.2048368229954285 6.2048368229954285]

Wren[edit]

var rms = ((1..10).reduce(0) { |acc, i| acc + i*i }/10).sqrt
System.print(rms)
Output:
6.2048368229954

XLISP[edit]

(defun quadratic-mean (xs)
    (sqrt
        (/
            (apply +
                (mapcar (lambda (x) (expt x 2)) xs))
            (length xs))))

; define a RANGE function, for testing purposes

(defun range (x y)
    (if (< x y)
        (cons x (range (+ x 1) y))))

; test QUADRATIC-MEAN

(print (quadratic-mean (range 1 11)))
Output:
6.20483682299543

XPL0[edit]

code CrLf=9;
code real RlOut=48;
int  N;
real S;
[S:= 0.0;
for N:= 1 to 10 do S:= S + sq(float(N));
RlOut(0, sqrt(S/10.0));
CrLf(0);
]
Output:
    6.20484

Yacas[edit]

Sqrt(Add((1 .. 10)^2)/10)

The above will give the precise solution , to downgrade to 6.20483682299, surround the expression with 'N()'.

zkl[edit]

fcn rms(z){ ( z.reduce(fcn(p,n){ p + n*n },0.0) /z.len() ).sqrt() }

The order in the reduce function is important as it coerces n*n to float.

zkl: rms([1..10].walk())  //-->rms(T(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10))
6.20484