# Substitution cipher

Substitution Cipher Implementation - File Encryption/Decryption

Substitution cipher
You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.

Encrypt an input/source file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file.

This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.

## 11l

Translation of: Kotlin
```V key = ‘]kYV}(!7P\$n5_0i R:?jOWtF/=-pe'AD&@r6%ZXs"v*N[#wSl9zq2^+g;LoB`aGh{3.HIu4fbK)mU8|dMET><,Qc\C1yxJ’

F encode(s)
V r = ‘’
L(c) s
r ‘’= :key[c.code - 32]
R r

F decode(s)
V r = ‘’
L(c) s
r ‘’= Char(code' :key.index(c) + 32)
R r

V s = ‘The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!’
V enc = encode(s)
print(‘Encoded:  ’enc)
print(‘Decoded:  ’decode(enc))```
Output:
```Encoded:  2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
Decoded:  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
```

## AArch64 Assembly

Works with: as version Raspberry Pi 3B version Buster 64 bits
or android 64 bits with application Termux
```/* ARM assembly AARCH64 Raspberry PI 3B */
/*  program subscipher64.s   */

/************************************/
/* Constantes                       */
/************************************/
/* for this file see task include a file in language AArch64 assembly*/
.include "../includeConstantesARM64.inc"
.equ BUFFSIZE,     50000      // buffer size
.equ O_RDWR,    0x0002        // open for reading and writing

/************************************/
/* Initialized data                 */
/************************************/
.data
szMessInst:          .asciz "use : subscipher inputfile outpufile E (encryt) or D (decript).\n"
szMessCode:          .asciz "Code operation not = E or D !!\n"
szMessErrorOpen:     .asciz "Error  open input file .\n"
szMessErrorCreate:   .asciz "Error create output file.\n"
szMessErrorClose:    .asciz "Error close file.\n"
szMessErrorWrite:    .asciz "Write error to output file.\n"
szMessTrtOK:         .asciz "Encoding/decoding OK.\n"
szCarriageReturn:    .asciz "\n"
// ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^ _`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
szBufferKey:        .asciz "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGf[\]^ _`IwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"
.equ LGBUFFERKEY,   . - szBufferKey
/************************************/
/* UnInitialized data               */
/************************************/
.bss
.align 4
sBufferWrite:                .skip BUFFSIZE
/************************************/
/*  code section                    */
/************************************/
.text
.global main
main:
mov fp,sp                        //  fp <- start address
ldr x4,[fp]                      // number of Command line arguments
cmp x4,#4                        // test if number is ok
beq 1f
ldr x0,qAdrszMessInst            // no -> display error
bl affichageMess
b 100f
1:
ldr x6,[fp,#16]                   // address input file name
ldr x20,[fp,#24]                 // address output file name
ldr x5,[fp,#32]                  // address code operation
ldrb w21,[x5]                     // loaf first code character
cmp x21,#'E'                      // control if code is OK
beq 2f
cmp x21,#'D'
beq 2f
ldr x0,qAdrszMessCode            // no -> display error
bl affichageMess
b 100f
2:
mov x0,AT_FDCWD
mov x1,x6                        // file name
mov x2,#O_RDWR                   //  flags
mov x3,#0                        // mode
mov x8,#OPEN                     // call system OPEN
svc #0
cmp x0,#0                        // open error ?
ble 99f
mov x19,x0                        // save FD
mov x2,#BUFFSIZE                 // buffer size
svc 0
cmp x0,#0                        // read error ?
ble 98f
mov x22,x0                        // length read characters
mov x0,x19                        // Fd
mov x8,CLOSE
svc 0
cmp x0,#0                        // close error ?
blt 97f
mov x1,x22                        // length read characters
mov x3,#LGBUFFERKEY
mov x5,x21                        // and x5 contains E or D
bl traitement
// write output file
mov x0,AT_FDCWD
mov x1,x20                       // file output name
mov x2,O_CREAT|O_RDWR            //  flags
mov x8, #OPEN                  // call system open file
svc 0
cmp x0,#0                        // create error ?
ble 96f
mov x19,x0                        // file descriptor
mov x2,x22                        // length read characters
mov x8, #WRITE                   // select system call 'write'
svc #0                           // perform the system call
cmp x0,#0                        // error write ?
blt 95f
mov x0,x19                        // Fd output file
mov x8,CLOSE
svc 0
cmp x0,#0                        // close error ?
blt 97f
bl affichageMess
b 100f
95:                                  // errors
bl affichageMess
b 100f
96:
bl affichageMess
b 100f
97:
bl affichageMess
b 100f
98:
bl affichageMess
b 100f
99:
bl affichageMess
100:                                    // standard end of the program
mov x0, #0                          // return code
mov x8,EXIT
svc 0                               // perform the system call

/******************************************************************/
/*     encoding or decoding buffer                         */
/******************************************************************/
/* x0 contains input file address */
/* x1 contains length buffer */
/* x2 contanis key buffer address */
/* x3 contains key buffer length */
/* x4 contains output file address */
/* x5 contains code E or D  */
traitement:
stp x5,lr,[sp,-16]!          // save  registers
stp x6,x7,[sp,-16]!          // save  registers
stp x8,x9,[sp,-16]!          // save  registers
cmp x5,#'D'                   // code ?
beq decoding
mov x5,#0                     // init indice
1:                                // loop read characters buffer
ldrb w6,[x0,x5]               // load une character
sub x6,x6,#0x41                  // conv ascii -> numeric
cmp x6,#0                     // < A
blt 2f
cmp x6,#0x3A                  // > z
bgt 2f
ldrb w7,[x2,x6]               // load key character at index
b 3f
2:
add x7,x6,#0x41               // conv numeric -> ascii
3:
strb w7,[x4,x5]               // store encoded character in output buffer
cmp x5,x1                     // end ?
ble 1b
b 100f
decoding:
mov x5,#0                     // init indice
4:
ldrb w6,[x0,x5]               // load one character
cmp x6,#0x41                  // < A
blt 6f
cmp x6,#0x7A                  // > z
bgt 6f
mov x8,#0                     // init key indice
5:
ldrb w7,[x2,x8]               // load key character
cmp x7,x6                     // compare character
add x9,x8,#0x41               // if equal convert indice to ascii
csel x7,x9,x7,eq
beq 7f
add x8,x8,#1                  // else increment key indice
cmp x8,x3                     // end key ?
ble 5b                        // no -> loop
6:
mov x7,x6                     // move input character in output
7:
strb w7,[x4,x5]               // store decoded character in output buffer
cmp x5,x1                     // end buffer ?
ble 4b
100:
ldp x8,x9,[sp],16             // restaur  registers
ldp x6,x7,[sp],16             // restaur  registers
ldp x5,lr,[sp],16             // restaur  registers
ret
/***************************************************/
/*      ROUTINES INCLUDE                           */
/***************************************************/
/* for this file see task include a file in language AArch64 assembly*/
.include "../includeARM64.inc"```
Output:
```~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ subscipher64 input.txt output.txt E
Encoding/decoding OK.
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ more input.txt
The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ more output.txt
tFq oERJp wbQYh OQM AEDWL QSqb kFq nINT xQC, YFQ wIbpL PBZG nQExnT!
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ subscipher64 output.txt outputdec.txt D
Encoding/decoding OK.
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ more outputdec.txt
The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
```

```with Ada.Command_Line; use Ada.Command_Line;

procedure Cipher is
package Char_IO is new Ada.Sequential_IO (Character);
use Char_IO;
Alphabet: constant String := "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
Key :     constant String := "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN";
My_Map : Character_Mapping;
Input, Output : File_Type;
Buffer        : Character;
begin
declare
begin
if Argument_Count /= 1 then
Put_Line("Usage: " & Command_Name & " <encode|decode>");
else
if Argument(1) = "encode" then
My_Map := To_Mapping(From => Alphabet, To => Key);
elsif Argument(1) = "decode" then
My_Map := To_Mapping(From => Key, To => Alphabet);
else
Put_Line("Unrecognised Argument: " & Argument(1));
return;
end if;
end if;
end;
Open       (File => Input,  Mode => In_File,  Name => "input.txt");
Create     (File => Output, Mode => Out_File, Name => "output.txt");
loop
Read  (File => Input,  Item => Buffer);
Buffer := Value(Map => My_Map, Element => Buffer);
Write (File => Output, Item => Buffer);
end loop;
exception
when Char_IO.End_Error =>
if Is_Open(Input) then
Close (Input);
end if;
if Is_Open(Output) then
Close (Output);
end if;
end Cipher;
```

## ALGOL 68

```BEGIN # subsitiution cipher #
#  abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz   #
STRING substitute lower = "dthnxkmqrwzseglyoaubjpcfiv";
STRING substitute upper = "TKXMGVUPOIRFDEJZNYWCAQSLBH";
#  ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ   #

PROC encrypt = ( STRING plain text )STRING:
BEGIN
PROC encode = ( CHAR c, base, STRING code )CHAR:
code[ ( ABS c - ABS base ) + LWB code ];
STRING result := plain text;
FOR pos FROM LWB result TO UPB result DO
CHAR c = result[ pos ];
IF   c >= "A" AND c <= "Z" THEN
result[ pos ] := encode( c, "A", substitute upper )
ELIF c >= "a" AND c <= "z" THEN
result[ pos ] := encode( c, "a", substitute lower )
FI
OD;
result
END # encrypt # ;

PROC decrypt = ( STRING cipher text )STRING:
BEGIN
PROC decode = ( CHAR c, base, STRING code )CHAR:
BEGIN
INT c pos := 0;
char in string( c, c pos, code );
REPR ( ABS base + ( c pos - 1 ) )
END # decode # ;
STRING result := cipher text;
FOR pos FROM LWB result TO UPB result DO
CHAR c = result[ pos ];
IF c >= "A" AND c <= "Z" THEN
result[ pos ] := decode( c, "A", substitute upper )
ELIF c >= "a" AND c <= "z" THEN
result[ pos ] := decode( c, "a", substitute lower )
FI
OD;
result
END # decrypt # ;

PROC test cipher = ( STRING plain text )VOID:
IF STRING encoded = encrypt( plain text );
STRING decoded = decrypt( encoded );
print( ( plain text, " -> ", encoded, newline ) );
print( ( encoded,    " -> ", decoded, newline ) );
decoded /= plain text
THEN
print( ( "**** encode/decode problem", newline ) )
FI # test cipher # ;

test cipher( "Sphinx of Black Quartz, judge my vow" );
test cipher( "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZzyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcba" )

END```
Output:
```Sphinx of Black Quartz, judge my vow -> Wyqrgf lk Ksdhz Njdabv, wjnmx ei plc
Wyqrgf lk Ksdhz Njdabv, wjnmx ei plc -> Sphinx of Black Quartz, judge my vow
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZzyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcba -> TKXMGVUPOIRFDEJZNYWCAQSLBHvifcpjbuaoylgeszwrqmkxnhtd
TKXMGVUPOIRFDEJZNYWCAQSLBHvifcpjbuaoylgeszwrqmkxnhtd -> ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZzyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcba
```

## ARM Assembly

Works with: as version Raspberry Pi
or android 32 bits with application Termux
```/* ARM assembly Raspberry PI  */
/*  program subscipher.s   */

/************************************/
/* Constantes                       */
/************************************/
/* for constantes see task include a file in arm assembly */
.include "../constantes.inc"
.equ BUFFSIZE,     50000      @ buffer size
.equ OPEN,   5
.equ CLOSE,  6
.equ CREATE,  8
.equ O_RDWR,    0x0002        @ open for reading and writing

/************************************/
/* Initialized data                 */
/************************************/
.data
szMessInst:          .asciz "use : subscipher inputfile outpufile E (encryt) or D (decript).\n"
szMessCode:          .asciz "Code operation not = E or D !!\n"
szMessErrorOpen:     .asciz "Error  open input file .\n"
szMessErrorCreate:   .asciz "Error create output file.\n"
szMessErrorClose:    .asciz "Error close file.\n"
szMessErrorWrite:    .asciz "Write error to output file.\n"
szMessTrtOK:         .asciz "Encoding/decoding OK.\n"
szCarriageReturn:    .asciz "\n"
// ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^ _`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
szBufferKey:        .asciz "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGf[\]^ _`IwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"
.equ LGBUFFERKEY,   . - szBufferKey
/************************************/
/* UnInitialized data               */
/************************************/
.bss
.align 4
sBufferWrite:                .skip BUFFSIZE
/************************************/
/*  code section                    */
/************************************/
.text
.global main
main:
mov fp,sp                        @  fp <- start address
ldr r4,[fp]                      @ number of Command line arguments
cmp r4,#4                        @ test if number is ok
beq 1f
ldr r0,iAdrszMessInst            @ no -> display error
bl affichageMess
b 100f
1:
ldr r6,[fp,#8]                   @ address input file name
ldr r10,[fp,#12]                 @ address output file name
ldr r5,[fp,#16]                  @ address code operation
ldrb r5,[r5]                     @ loaf first code character
cmp r5,#'E'                      @ control if code is OK
beq 2f
cmp r5,#'D'
beq 2f
ldr r0,iAdrszMessCode            @ no -> display error
bl affichageMess
b 100f
2:
mov r0,r6                        @ file name
mov r1,#O_RDWR                   @  flags
mov r2,#0                        @ mode
mov r7,#OPEN                     @ call system OPEN
svc #0
cmp r0,#0                        @ open error ?
ble 99f
mov r8,r0                        @ save FD
mov r2,#BUFFSIZE                 @ buffer size
svc 0
cmp r0,#0                        @ read error ?
ble 98f
mov r9,r0                        @ length read characters
mov r0,r8                        @ Fd
mov r7,#CLOSE                    @ call system CLOSE
svc 0
cmp r0,#0                        @ close error ?
blt 97f
mov r1,r9                        @ length read characters
mov r3,#LGBUFFERKEY
@ and r5 contains E or D
bl traitement
@ write output file
mov r0,r10                       @ file output name
mov r7, #CREATE                  @ call system create file
svc 0
cmp r0,#0                        @ create error ?
ble 96f
mov r8,r0                        @ file descriptor
mov r2,r9                        @ length read characters
mov r7, #WRITE                   @ select system call 'write'
svc #0                           @ perform the system call
cmp r0,#0                        @ error write ?
blt 95f
mov r0,r8                        @ Fd output file
mov r7,#CLOSE                    @ call system CLOSE
svc 0
cmp r0,#0                        @ close error ?
blt 97f
bl affichageMess
b 100f
95:                                  @ errors
bl affichageMess
b 100f
96:
bl affichageMess
b 100f
97:
bl affichageMess
b 100f
98:
bl affichageMess
b 100f
99:
bl affichageMess
100:                                    @ standard end of the program
mov r0, #0                          @ return code
mov r7, #EXIT                       @ request to exit program
svc 0                               @ perform the system call

/******************************************************************/
/*     encoding or decoding buffer                         */
/******************************************************************/
/* r0 contains input file address */
/* r1 contains length buffer */
/* r2 contanis key buffer address */
/* r3 contains key buffer length */
/* r4 contains output file address */
/* r5 contains code E or D  */
traitement:
push {r6-r8,lr}               @ save  registres
cmp r5,#'D'                   @ code ?
beq decoding
mov r5,#0                     @ init indice
1:                                @ loop read characters buffer
ldrb r6,[r0,r5]               @ load une character
sub r6,#0x41                  @ conv ascii -> numeric
cmp r6,#0                     @ < A
blt 2f
cmp r6,#0x3A                  @ > z
bgt 2f
ldrb r7,[r2,r6]               @ load key character at index
b 3f
2:
add r7,r6,#0x41               @ conv numeric -> ascii
3:
strb r7,[r4,r5]               @ store encoded character in output buffer
cmp r5,r1                     @ end ?
ble 1b
b 100f
decoding:
mov r5,#0                     @ init indice
4:
ldrb r6,[r0,r5]               @ load one character
cmp r6,#0x41                  @ < A
blt 6f
cmp r6,#0x7A                  @ > z
bgt 6f
mov r8,#0                     @ init key indice
5:
ldrb r7,[r2,r8]               @ load key character
cmp r7,r6                     @ compare character
addeq r7,r8,#0x41             @ if equal convert indice to ascii
beq 7f
add r8,r8,#1                  @ else increment key indice
cmp r8,r3                     @ end key ?
ble 5b                        @ no -> loop
6:
mov r7,r6                     @ move input character in output
7:
strb r7,[r4,r5]               @ store decoded character in output buffer
cmp r5,r1                     @ end buffer ?
ble 4b
100:
pop {r6-r8,pc}                           @ restaur 2 registres
/***************************************************/
/*      ROUTINES INCLUDE                           */
/***************************************************/
/* for this file see task include a file in language ARM assembly*/
.include "../affichage.inc"```
Output:
```~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ subscipher input.txt output.txt E
Encoding/decoding OK.
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ more input.txt
test phrase AZ 1234 az
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ more output.txt
kqLk WFbILq Vf 1234 IN
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ subscipher output.txt outputdec.txt D
Encoding/decoding OK.
~/.../rosetta/asm4 \$ more outputdec.txt
test phrase AZ 1234 az
```

## Arturo

```key: {:]kYV}(!7P\$n5_0i R:?jOWtF/=-pe'AD&@r6%ZXs"v*N[#wSl9zq2^+g;LoB`aGh{3.HIu4fbK)mU8|dMET><,Qc\C1yxJ:}

encode: function [str][
bs: new []
loop split str 'ch ->
'bs ++ to :string key\[(to :integer to :char ch)-32]
return join bs
]

decode: function [str][
bs: new []
loop split str 'ch ->
'bs ++ to :string to :char (index key ch)+32
return join bs
]

s: "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"

enc: encode s
print ["encoded:" enc]
print ["decoded:" decode enc]
```
Output:
```encoded: 2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
decoded: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!```

## AutoHotkey

```alfabeto := "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
codebeto := "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"
textToEncode := "Encrypt an input/source file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher."

loop,parse,textToEncode
{
posit := InStr(alfabeto,a_loopfield,1)
if posit
textEncoded .= substr(codebeto,posit,1)
else
textEncoded .= A_LoopField
}
msgbox % "ENCODED TEXT: " . textEncoded

loop,parse,textEncoded
{
posit := InStr(codebeto,a_loopfield,1)
if posit
textDecoded .= substr(alfabeto,posit,1)
else
textDecoded .= A_LoopField
}
msgbox % "DECODED TEXT: " . textDecoded
ExitApp

~Esc::
ExitApp
```
Output:
```Substitution Cipher.ahk
---------------------------
ENCODED TEXT: BhJbTWk Ih RhWEk/LQEbJq ORnq wT bqWnIJRhC qSqbT EWWqb/nQYqb JILq InWFIwqkL QO kFq LQEbJq ORnq YRkF IhQkFqb WbqxqkqbDRhqx EWWqb/nQYqb JILq InWFIwqkL Qb LTDwQnL Ihx LISq Rk RhkQ IhQkFqb QEkWEk/qhJbTWkqx ORnq Ihx kFqh ICIRh JQhSqbk kFIk QEkWEk/qhJbTWkqx ORnq RhkQ QbRCRhIn/xqJbTWkqx ORnq. tFRL kTWq QO BhJbTWkRQh/iqJbTWkRQh LJFqDq RL QOkqh JInnqx I KEwLkRkEkRQh cRWFqb.
---------------------------
DECODED TEXT: Encrypt an input/source file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.
---------------------------
```

## C

Takes input file name, plain and cipher keys and the action ( Encrypt or Decrypt) as inputs. Only the first character of the action string is checked, so if you are feeling really NSA like, use whatever string you want as long as it has a d/D or e/E in front.

```#include<stdlib.h>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<wchar.h>

#define ENCRYPT 0
#define DECRYPT 1
#define ALPHA 33
#define OMEGA 126

int wideStrLen(wchar_t* str){
int i = 0;
while(str[i++]!=00);

return i;
}

void processFile(char* fileName,char plainKey, char cipherKey,int flag){

FILE* inpFile = fopen(fileName,"r");
FILE* outFile;

int i,len, diff = (flag==ENCRYPT)?(int)cipherKey - (int)plainKey:(int)plainKey - (int)cipherKey;
wchar_t str[1000], *outStr;
char* outFileName = (char*)malloc((strlen(fileName)+5)*sizeof(char));

sprintf(outFileName,"%s_%s",fileName,(flag==ENCRYPT)?"ENC":"DEC");

outFile = fopen(outFileName,"w");

while(fgetws(str,1000,inpFile)!=NULL){
len = wideStrLen(str);

outStr = (wchar_t*)malloc((len + 1)*sizeof(wchar_t));

for(i=0;i<len;i++){
if((int)str[i]>=ALPHA && (int)str[i]<=OMEGA && flag == ENCRYPT)
outStr[i] = (wchar_t)((int)str[i]+diff);
else if((int)str[i]-diff>=ALPHA && (int)str[i]-diff<=OMEGA && flag == DECRYPT)
outStr[i] = (wchar_t)((int)str[i]-diff);
else
outStr[i] = str[i];
}
outStr[i]=str[i];

fputws(outStr,outFile);

free(outStr);
}

fclose(inpFile);
fclose(outFile);
}

int main(int argC,char* argV[]){
if(argC!=5)
printf("Usage : %s <file name, plain key, cipher key, action (E)ncrypt or (D)ecrypt>",argV[0]);
else{
processFile(argV[1],argV[2][0],argV[3][0],(argV[4][0]=='E'||argV[4][0]=='e')?ENCRYPT:DECRYPT);

printf("File %s_%s has been written to the same location as input file.",argV[1],(argV[4][0]=='E'||argV[4][0]=='e')?"ENC":"DEC");
}

return 0;
}
```

A long, long time ago ( yes, I have said it before ), I read Digital Fortress by Dan Brown. One thing which struck me was Ensei Tankado using the same algorithm to encrypt itself ( or it's human readable Unicode version, if you are a purist). I remembered the name : Bigelman's Safe, but I got the spelling wrong so I had to read the copy on archive.org, it's there on the last line of page 30/31, Biggleman's Safe.

So here it is, a program which encrypts itself, you saw the cleartext file above, now here's the invocation and ciphertext file.

```C:\rosettaCode>biggleman.exe substitutionCipher.c a e E
File substitutionCipher.c_ENC has been written to the same location as input file.
```

And here's what substitutionCipher.c_ENC looks like :

```3.Eflmwlio Klswl0 55xl Sgxsfiv 645;.3

'mrgpyhi@wxhpmf2lB
'mrgpyhi@wxhms2lB
'mrgpyhi@{glev2lB

'hijmri IRGV]TX 4
'hijmri HIGV]TX 5
'hijmri EPTLE 77
'hijmri SQIKE 56:

mrx {mhiWxvPir,{glevcx. wxv-�
mrx m A 4?
{lmpi,wxv_m//a%A44-?

vixyvr m?
�

zsmh tvsgiwwJmpi,glev. jmpiReqi0glev tpemrOi}0 glev gmtlivOi}0mrx jpek-�

JMPI. mrtJmpi A jstir,jmpiReqi0&v&-?
JMPI. syxJmpi?

mrx m0pir0 hmjj A ,jpekAAIRGV]TX-C,mrx-gmtlivOi} 1 ,mrx-tpemrOi}>,mrx-tpemrOi} 1 ,mrx-gmtlivOi}?
{glevcx wxv_5444a0 .syxWxv?
glev. syxJmpiReqi A ,glev.-qeppsg,,wxvpir,jmpiReqi-/9-.wm~isj,glev--?

wtvmrxj,syxJmpiReqi0&)wc)w&0jmpiReqi0,jpekAAIRGV]TX-C&IRG&>&HIG&-?

syxJmpi A jstir,syxJmpiReqi0&{&-?

{lmpi,jkix{w,wxv054440mrtJmpi-%ARYPP-�
pir A {mhiWxvPir,wxv-?

syxWxv A ,{glevcx.-qeppsg,,pir / 5-.wm~isj,{glevcx--?

jsv,mA4?m@pir?m//-�
mj,,mrx-wxv_maBAEPTLE ** ,mrx-wxv_ma@ASQIKE ** jpek AA IRGV]TX-
syxWxv_ma A ,{glevcx-,,mrx-wxv_ma/hmjj-?
ipwi mj,,mrx-wxv_ma1hmjjBAEPTLE ** ,mrx-wxv_ma1hmjj@ASQIKE ** jpek AA HIGV]TX-
syxWxv_ma A ,{glevcx-,,mrx-wxv_ma1hmjj-?
ipwi
syxWxv_ma A wxv_ma?
�
syxWxv_maAwxv_ma?

jtyx{w,syxWxv0syxJmpi-?

jvii,syxWxv-?
�

jgpswi,mrtJmpi-?
jgpswi,syxJmpi-?
�

mrx qemr,mrx evkG0glev. evkZ_a-�
mj,evkG%A9-
tvmrxj,&Yweki > )w @jmpi reqi0 tpemr oi}0 gmtliv oi}0 egxmsr ,I-rgv}tx sv ,H-igv}txB&0evkZ_4a-?
ipwi�
tvsgiwwJmpi,evkZ_5a0evkZ_6a_4a0evkZ_7a_4a0,evkZ_8a_4aAA+I+€€evkZ_8a_4aAA+i+-CIRGV]TX>HIGV]TX-?

tvmrxj,&Jmpi )wc)w lew fiir {vmxxir xs xli weqi psgexmsr ew mrtyx jmpi2&0evkZ_5a0,evkZ_8a_4aAA+I+€€evkZ_8a_4aAA+i+-C&IRG&>&HIG&-?
�

vixyvr 4?
�
```

And to decrypt :

```C:\rosettaCode>biggleman.exe substitutionCipher.c_ENC e a D
File substitutionCipher.c_ENC_DEC has been written to the same location as input file.
```

And for the cleartext, just scroll up...btw, did you know that Digital Fortress was Brown's first novel and he wrote it back in 1998 ? Wonder why nobody ever saw Snowden happening ?

## C#

```using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

namespace SubstitutionCipherProject
{
class SubstitutionCipher
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
doEncDec("e:\\source.txt", "enc.txt", true);
doEncDec("enc.txt", "dec.txt", false);
Console.WriteLine("Done");
}
static void doEncDec(String source, String target, bool IsEncrypt)
{
ITransform trans;

if (IsEncrypt)
trans = new Encrypt();
else
trans = new Decrypt();

FileInfo sfi = new FileInfo(source);

FileInfo tfi = new FileInfo(target);
FileStream tstream = tfi.OpenWrite();
TransformWriter tw = new TransformWriter(tstream, trans);
StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(tw);

String line;
while ((line = sr.ReadLine()) != null)
sw.WriteLine(line);
sw.Close();
}
}
public interface ITransform
{
byte transform(byte ch);
}
public class Encrypt : ITransform
{
const String str = "xyfagchbimpourvnqsdewtkjzl";
byte ITransform.transform(byte ch)
{
if (char.IsLower((char)ch))
ch = (byte)str[ch - (byte)'a'];
return ch;
}
}
class Decrypt : ITransform
{
const String str = "xyfagchbimpourvnqsdewtkjzl";
byte ITransform.transform(byte ch)
{
if (char.IsLower((char)ch))
ch = (byte)(str.IndexOf((char)ch) + 'a');
return ch;
}
}
class TransformWriter : Stream, IDisposable
{
private Stream outs;
private ITransform trans;

public TransformWriter(Stream s, ITransform t)
{
this.outs = s;
this.trans = t;
}

{
get { return false; }
}

public override bool CanSeek
{
get { return false; }
}

public override bool CanWrite
{
get { return true; }
}
public override void Flush()
{
outs.Flush();
}

public override long Length
{
get { return outs.Length; }
}
public override long Position
{
get
{
return outs.Position;
}
set
{
outs.Position = value;
}
}
public override long Seek(long offset, SeekOrigin origin)
{
return outs.Seek(offset, origin);
}

public override void SetLength(long value)
{
outs.SetLength(value);
}

public override void Write(byte[] buf, int off, int len)
{
for (int i = off; i < off + len; i++)
buf[i] = trans.transform(buf[i]);
outs.Write(buf, off, len);
}

void IDisposable.Dispose()
{
outs.Dispose();
}

public override void Close()
{
outs.Close();
}

public override int Read(byte[] cbuf, int off, int count)
{
}
}
}
```

## C++

The key file should look something like this: ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789SWoVR0kJLXQ8zbCd1OagTH5ie3nvYU2wfrM9yI4sKm6c7hNjtADqFPxpEZlBuG

```#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <fstream>

class cipher {
public:
bool work( std::string e, std::string f, std::string k ) {
if( e.length() < 1 ) return false;
if( "" == fileBuffer ) return false;
if( "" == keyBuffer ) return false;

outName = f;
outName.insert( outName.find_first_of( "." ), "_out" );

switch( e[0] ) {
case 'e': return encode();
case 'd': return decode();
}
return false;
}
private:
bool encode() {
size_t idx, len = keyBuffer.length() >> 1;
for( std::string::iterator i = fileBuffer.begin(); i != fileBuffer.end(); i++ ) {
idx = keyBuffer.find_first_of( *i );
if( idx < len ) outBuffer.append( 1, keyBuffer.at( idx + len ) );
else outBuffer.append( 1, *i );
}
return saveOutput();
}
bool decode() {
size_t idx, l = keyBuffer.length(), len = l >> 1;
for( std::string::iterator i = fileBuffer.begin(); i != fileBuffer.end(); i++ ) {
idx = keyBuffer.find_last_of( *i );
if( idx >= len && idx < l ) outBuffer.append( 1, keyBuffer.at( idx - len ) );
else outBuffer.append( 1, *i );
}
return saveOutput();
}
bool saveOutput() {
std::ofstream o( outName.c_str() );
o.write( outBuffer.c_str(), outBuffer.size() );
o.close();
return true;
}
std::string readFile( std::string fl ) {
std::string buffer = "";
std::ifstream f( fl.c_str(), std::ios_base::in );
if( f.good() ) {
buffer = std::string( ( std::istreambuf_iterator<char>( f ) ), std::istreambuf_iterator<char>() );
f.close();
}
return buffer;
}
std::string fileBuffer, keyBuffer, outBuffer, outName;
};

int main( int argc, char* argv[] ) {
if( argc < 4 ) {
std::cout << "<d or e>\tDecrypt or Encrypt\n<filename>\tInput file, the output file will have"
"'_out' added to it.\n<key>\t\tfile with the key to encode/decode\n\n";
} else {
cipher c;
if( c.work( argv[1], argv[2], argv[3] ) ) std::cout << "\nFile successfully saved!\n\n";
else std::cout << "Something went wrong!\n\n";
}
return 0;
}
```

## D

```import std.stdio;
import std.string;
import std.traits;

string text =
`Here we have to do is there will be a input/source
file in which we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every
upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another
predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save
it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert
that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This
type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a
Substitution Cipher.`;

void main() {
auto enc = encode(text);
writeln("Encoded: ", enc);
writeln;
writeln("Decoded: ", decode(enc));
}

enum FORWARD = "A~B!C@D#E\$F%G^H&I*J(K)L+M=N[O]P{Q}R<S>T/U?V:W;X.Y,Z a\tbcdefghijkl\nmnopqrstuvwxyz";
auto encode(string input) {
return tr(input, FORWARD, REVERSE);
}

enum REVERSE = "VsciBjedgrzy\nHalvXZKtUP um\tGf?I/w>J<x.q,OC:F;R{A]p}n[D+h=Q)W(o*b&L^k%E\$S#Y@M!T~N";
auto decode(string input) {
return tr(input, REVERSE, FORWARD);
}
```
Output:
```Encoded: aQSQn!Qn([MQnY%n=%no#nY(QSQn!o&&n+Qn[nokE@Y,#%@ShQLn)o&Qnokn!(oh(n!Qn[SQnW%okWnY%ngkhS~EYnY(Qn)o&Qn+~nSQE&[hokWnQMQS~Ln@EEQS,&%!QSnh[#Qn[&E([+QY#n%)nY(Qn#%@ShQn)o&Qn!oY(n[k%Y(QSLnESQ=QYQS^okQ=n@EEQS,&%!QSnh[#Qn[&E([+QY#n%Sn#~^+%&#n[k=n#[MQLnoYnokY%n[k%Y(QSn%@YE@Y,QkhS~EYQ=n)o&Qn[k=nY(Qkn[W[oknh%kMQSYLnY([Yn%@YE@Y,QkhS~EYQ=n)o&QnokY%n%SoWok[&,=QhS~EYQ=n)o&QAnq(o#LnY~EQn%)ngkhS~EYo%k,eQhS~EYo%kn#h(Q^Qno#n%)YQknh[&&Q=n[Lnx@+#YoY@Yo%knBoE(QSA

Decoded: Here we have to do is there will be a input/source
file in which we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every
upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another
predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save
it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert
that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This
type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a
Substitution Cipher.```

## EasyLang

```alpha\$ = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
key\$ = "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"
#
proc subst in\$ . out\$ a\$ b\$ .
out\$ = ""
for c\$ in strchars in\$
p = strpos a\$ c\$
if p > 0
c\$ = substr b\$ p 1
.
out\$ &= c\$
.
.
func\$ enc s\$ .
subst s\$ r\$ alpha\$ key\$
return r\$
.
func\$ dec s\$ .
subst s\$ r\$ key\$ alpha\$
return r\$
.
c\$ = enc "Hello world"
print c\$
print dec c\$```
Output:
```dqnnQ YQbnx
Hello world
```

## Emacs Lisp

```(setq alphabet "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ")
(setq code     "odrmqbjnwzvueghlacyfpktisxODRMQBJNWZVUEGHLACYFPKTISX")

(defun encode (text)
"Encode TEXT with simple substitution code.
Each letter is replaced with the a random letter.
A specific letter in the original will always be replaced
by the same coded letter."
(let* ((case-fold-search nil)
(text-length (length text))
(encoded-text "")
(current-letter "")
(coded-letter "")
(alphabet-position))
(dotimes (i text-length)
(setq current-letter (substring text i (+ 1 i)))			    ; find the next letter in TEXT
(if (not (string-match-p "[a-zA-Z]" current-letter))		    ; IF it's not a letter
(setq coded-letter current-letter)						    ; pass the non-letter without change
(setq alphabet-position (string-match current-letter alphabet))	; ELSE find where the letter is in ALPHABET
(setq coded-letter (substring code alphabet-position (+ 1 alphabet-position)))) ; AND pass the coded letter
(setq encoded-text (concat encoded-text coded-letter)))		; IN ANY CASE, add new letter to ENCODED-TEXT
encoded-text))

(defun decode (text)
"Decode TEXT encoded with simple substitution code.
Each coded letter is replaced with the corresponding
uncoded letter."
(let* ((case-fold-search nil)
(text-length (length text))
(uncoded-text "")
(current-letter "")
(uncoded-letter "")
(code-position))
(dotimes (i text-length)
(setq current-letter (substring text i (+ 1 i)))					          ; find the next letter in TEXT
(if (not (string-match-p "[a-zA-Z]" current-letter))				          ; IF it's not a letter
(setq uncoded-letter current-letter)						                  ; pass the non-letter without change
(setq code-position (string-match current-letter code))				          ; ELSE find where the letter is in CODE
(setq uncoded-letter (substring alphabet code-position (+ 1 code-position)))) ; AND pass the uncoded letter
(setq uncoded-text (concat uncoded-text uncoded-letter)))				      ; IN ANY CASE, add new letter to UNCODED-TEXT
uncoded-text))
```
Output:

(encode "Call me Ishmael. Some years ago—never mind how long precisely—having little or no money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me on shore, I thought I would sail about a little and see the watery part of the world. ")

```"Rouu eq Wyneoqu. Yheq sqocy ojh—gqkqc ewgm nht uhgj lcqrwyqus—nokwgj
uwffuq hc gh ehgqs wg es lpcyq, ogm ghfnwgj locfwrpuoc fh wgfqcqyf eq
hg ynhcq, W fnhpjnf W thpum yowu odhpf o uwffuq ogm yqq fnq tofqcs locf
hb fnq thcum. "
```

(decode "Rouu eq Wyneoqu. Yheq sqocy ojh—gqkqc ewgm nht uhgj lcqrwyqus—nokwgj uwffuq hc gh ehgqs wg es lpcyq, ogm ghfnwgj locfwrpuoc fh wgfqcqyf eq hg ynhcq, W fnhpjnf W thpum yowu odhpf o uwffuq ogm yqq fnq tofqcs locf hb fnq thcum. ")

```"Call me Ishmael. Some years ago—never mind how long precisely—having
little or no money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me
on shore, I thought I would sail about a little and see the watery part
of the world. "
```

## Factor

This program optionally allows the user to specify a file to use as a key. Otherwise, it uses a default.

```USING: assocs combinators combinators.short-circuit command-line
hashtables io io.encodings.utf8 io.files kernel math.order
multiline namespaces qw sequences ;
IN: rosetta-code.substitution-cipher

CONSTANT: alphabet
"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"

CONSTANT: default-key
"VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"

SYMBOL: key

STRING: usage
Usage:
substitution
<encode|decode>
input-file
output-file
[key-file]  (Optional -- for custom alphabet keys.)

Example:
substitution encode my-poem.txt my-encoded-poem.txt
;

: check-args ( seq -- ? )
{
[ length 3 4 between? not ]
[ first qw{ encode decode } member? not ]
} 1|| [ usage print f ] [ t ] if ;

: init-key ( seq -- )
dup length 4 = [ last utf8 file-contents ]
[ drop default-key ] if key set ;

: >sub-map ( seq -- assoc )
[ alphabet key get ] dip first "encode" = [ swap ] unless
zip >hashtable ;

: encipher ( seq assoc -- newseq )
[ dupd at dup [ nip ] [ drop ] if ] curry { } map-as ;

: substitute ( seq -- )
{ [ init-key ] [ second ] [ >sub-map ] [ third ] } cleave
[ utf8 file-contents ] [ encipher ]
[ utf8 set-file-contents ] tri* ;

: main ( -- )
command-line get dup check-args [ substitute ] [ drop ] if ;

MAIN: main
```
Output:

Contents of key.txt:

```RwfGlELSpqhPeauybIcHDNoKiAnMsvJmFrxQCkUWdtBZVTXOzjgY
```

Contents of in.txt:

```Substitution Cipher Implementation - File Encryption/Decryption

Task - Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are
going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the
source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols
and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that
output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file.

This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.
```

Invoking the program to encode:

```substitution.exe encode in.txt out.txt key.txt
```

Contents of out.txt:

```cXMVTxTXTxdW fxtrJZ pUtkJUJWTnTxdW - ExkJ lWsZgtTxdW/GJsZgtTxdW

HnVC - SJZJ zJ rnOJ Td vd xV TrJZJ zxkk MJ n xWtXT/VdXZsJ mxkJ xW zrxsr zJ nZJ
FdxWF Td lWsZgtT TrJ mxkJ Mg ZJtknsxWF JOJZg XttJZ/kdzJZ snVJ nktrnMJTV dm TrJ
VdXZsJ mxkJ zxTr nWdTrJZ tZJvJTJZUxWJv XttJZ/kdzJZ snVJ nktrnMJTV dZ VgUMdkV
nWv VnOJ xT xWTd nWdTrJZ dXTtXT/JWsZgtTJv mxkJ nWv TrJW nFnxW sdWOJZT TrnT
dXTtXT/JWsZgtTJv mxkJ xWTd dZxFxWnk/vJsZgtTJv mxkJ.

HrxV TgtJ dm lWsZgtTxdW/GJsZgtTxdW VsrJUJ xV dmTJW snkkJv n cXMVTxTXTxdW fxtrJZ.
```

Invoking the program to decode:

```substitution.exe decode out.txt decoded.txt key.txt
```

Contents of decoded.txt:

```<same as in.txt>
```

## Fortran

Works with: Fortran version 90 and later
```program substitution
implicit none

integer, parameter :: len_max = 256
integer, parameter :: eof = -1
integer :: in_unit = 9, out_unit = 10, ios
character(len_max) :: line

open(in_unit, file="plain.txt",  iostat=ios)
if (ios /= 0) then
write(*,*) "Error opening plain.txt file"
stop
end if

open(out_unit, file="encrypted.txt", iostat=ios)
if (ios /= 0) then
write(*,*) "Error opening encrypted.txt file"
stop
end if

! Encryption
do
if (ios > 0) then
stop
else if (ios == eof) then
exit
end if

call cipher(trim(line))
write(out_unit, "(a)", iostat=ios) trim(line)
if (ios /= 0) then
write(*,*) "Error writing encrypted.txt file"
stop
end if
end do

close(in_unit)
close(out_unit)

open(in_unit, file="encrypted.txt",  iostat=ios)
if (ios /= 0) then
write(*,*) "Error opening encrypted.txt file"
stop
end if

open(out_unit, file="decrypted.txt", iostat=ios)
if (ios /= 0) then
write(*,*) "Error opening decrypted.txt file"
stop
end if

! Decryption
do
if (ios > 0) then
stop
else if (ios == eof) then
exit
end if

call cipher(trim(line))
write(out_unit, "(a)", iostat=ios) trim(line)
if (ios /= 0) then
write(*,*) "Error writing decrypted.txt file"
stop
end if
end do

close(in_unit)
close(out_unit)

contains

subroutine cipher(text)
character(*), intent(in out) :: text
integer :: i

! Substitutes A -> Z, B -> Y ... Y -> B, Z -> A and ditto for lower case
! works for both encryption and decryption

do i = 1, len(text)
select case(text(i:i))
case ('A':'Z')
text(i:i) = achar(155 - iachar(text(i:i)))
case ('a':'z')
text(i:i) = achar(219 - iachar(text(i:i)))
end select
end do
end subroutine

end program
```
Output:
```Encrypted file:
Sviv dv szev gl wl rh gsviv droo yv z rmkfg/hlfixv urov rm dsrxs dv ziv
tlrmt gl Vmxibkg gsv urov yb ivkozxrmt vevib fkkvi/oldvi xzhv zokszyvgh
lu gsv hlfixv urov drgs zmlgsvi kivwvgvinrmvw fkkvi/oldvi xzhv zokszyvgh
li hbnyloh zmw hzev rg rmgl zmlgsvi lfgkfg/vmxibkgvw urov zmw gsvm ztzrm
xlmevig gszg lfgkfg/vmxibkgvw urov rmgl lirtrmzo/wvxibkgvw urov.
Gsrh gbkv lu Vmxibkgrlm/Wvxibkgrlm hxsvnv rh lugvm xzoovw z Hfyhgrgfgrlm Xrksvi.

Decrypted file:
Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are
going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets
of the source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets
or symbols and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again
convert that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file.
This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.
```

## FreeBASIC

```' FB 1.05.0 Win64

' uses same alphabet and key as Ada language example
Const string1 = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
Const string2 = "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"

Sub process(inputFile As String, outputFile As String, encrypt As Boolean)
Open inputFile For Input As #1
If err > 0 Then
Print "Unable to open input file"
Sleep
End
End If
Dim As String alpha, key
If encrypt Then
alpha = string1 : key = string2
Else
alpha = string2 : key = string1
End If
Open outputFile For Output As #2
Dim s As String
Dim p As Integer
While Not Eof(1)
Line Input #1, s
For i As Integer = 0 To Len(s) - 1
If (s[i] >= 65 AndAlso s[i] <= 90) OrElse (s[i] >= 97 AndAlso s[i] <= 122) Then
p =  Instr(alpha, Mid(s, i + 1, 1)) - 1
s[i] = key[p]
End If
Next
Print #2, s
Wend
Close #1 : Close #2
End Sub

process "plain.txt", "encrypted.txt", true
process "encrypted.txt", "decrypted.txt", false
Print
Print "Press any key to quit"
Sleep```
Output:

Encrypted.txt :

```KEwLkRkEkRQh cRWFqb gDWnqDqhkIkRQh - jRnq BhJbTWkRQh/iqJbTWkRQh

tILp - dqbq Yq FISq kQ xQ RL kFqbq YRnn wq I RhWEk/LQEbJq ORnq Rh YFRJF Yq Ibq
CQRhC kQ BhJbTWk kFq ORnq wT bqWnIJRhC qSqbT EWWqb/nQYqb JILq InWFIwqkL QO kFq
LQEbJq ORnq YRkF IhQkFqb WbqxqkqbDRhqx EWWqb/nQYqb JILq InWFIwqkL Qb LTDwQnL
Ihx LISq Rk RhkQ IhQkFqb QEkWEk/qhJbTWkqx ORnq Ihx kFqh ICIRh JQhSqbk kFIk
QEkWEk/qhJbTWkqx ORnq RhkQ QbRCRhIn/xqJbTWkqx ORnq.

tFRL kTWq QO BhJbTWkRQh/iqJbTWkRQh LJFqDq RL QOkqh JInnqx I KEwLkRkEkRQh cRWFqb.

cnRJp Fqbq kQ phQY DQbq.
```

Decrypted.txt = Plain.txt :

```Substitution Cipher Implementation - File Encryption/Decryption

Task - Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are
going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the
source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols
and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that
output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file.

This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.

```

## Go

Translation of: Kotlin
```package main

import (
"fmt"
"strings"
)

func encode(s string) string {
bs := []byte(s)
for i := 0; i < len(bs); i++ {
bs[i] = key[int(bs[i]) - 32]
}
return string(bs)
}

func decode(s string) string {
bs := []byte(s)
for i := 0; i < len(bs); i++ {
bs[i] = byte(strings.IndexByte(key, bs[i]) + 32)
}
return string(bs)
}

func main() {
s := "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
enc := encode(s)
fmt.Println("Encoded: ", enc)
fmt.Println("Decoded: ", decode(enc))
}
```
Output:
```Encoded:  2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
Decoded:  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
```

## IS-BASIC

```100 PROGRAM "SuChiper.bas"
110 STRING ST\$(1 TO 2)*52,K\$*1
120 LET ST\$(1)="ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
130 LET ST\$(2)="VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"
140 CLEAR SCREEN:PRINT "1 - encode, 2 - decode"
150 DO
160   LET K\$=INKEY\$
170 LOOP UNTIL K\$="1" OR K\$="2"
180 IF K\$="1" THEN
190   INPUT PROMPT "File name: ":NAME\$
200   IF OPENFILE(NAME\$) THEN CALL CHIPER(1)
210 ELSE
220   IF OPENFILE("Encrypte.txt") THEN CALL CHIPER(2)
230 END IF
240 DEF OPENFILE(N\$)
250   LET OPENFILE=0
260   WHEN EXCEPTION USE OPENERROR
270     OPEN #1:N\$
280   END WHEN
290   LET OPENFILE=-1
300 END DEF
310 DEF CHIPER(FUNC)
320   LET EOF=0
330   WHEN EXCEPTION USE OPENERROR
340     IF FUNC=1 THEN
350       OPEN #2:"Encrypte.txt" ACCESS OUTPUT
360       LET OUTP=2
370     ELSE
380       OPEN #2:"Decrypte.txt" ACCESS OUTPUT
390       LET OUTP=1
400     END IF
410   END WHEN
420   WHEN EXCEPTION USE IOERROR
430     DO
440       GET #1:K\$
450       IF UCASE\$(K\$)>="A" AND UCASE\$(K\$)<="Z" THEN
460         PRINT #2:ST\$(OUTP)(POS(ST\$(FUNC),K\$));
470       ELSE
480         PRINT #2:K\$;
490       END IF
500     LOOP UNTIL EOF
510   END WHEN
520   HANDLER IOERROR
530     IF EXTYPE<>9228 THEN PRINT EXSTRING\$(EXTYPE)
540     CLOSE #2
550     CLOSE #1
560     LET EOF=1
570   END HANDLER
580 END DEF
590 HANDLER OPENERROR
600   PRINT EXSTRING\$(EXTYPE)
610   END
620 END HANDLER```

```import Data.Char          (chr)
import Data.Maybe         (fromMaybe)
import Data.Tuple         (swap)
import System.Environment (getArgs)

data Command = Cipher String | Decipher String | Invalid

alphabet :: String
alphabet = chr <\$> [32..126]

cipherMap :: [(Char, Char)]
cipherMap = zip alphabet (shuffle 20 alphabet)

shuffle :: Int -> [a] -> [a]
shuffle n xs = iterate go xs !! n
where
go [] = []
go xs = go (drop 2 xs) <> take 2 xs

convert :: Eq a => [(a, a)] -> [a] -> [a]
convert m = map (\x -> fromMaybe x (lookup x m))

runCommand :: Command -> String
runCommand (Cipher s)   = convert cipherMap s
runCommand (Decipher s) = convert (swap <\$> cipherMap) s
runCommand Invalid = "Invalid arguments. Usage: simplecipher c|d <text>"

parseArgs :: [String] -> Command
parseArgs (x:y:xs)
| x == "c" = Cipher y
| x == "d" = Decipher y
| otherwise = Invalid
parseArgs _ = Invalid

main :: IO ()
main = parseArgs <\$> getArgs >>= putStrLn . runCommand
```
Output:
```\$ simplecipher c "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dogs."
@Ty3xt}w~3N^zrZ3Rzd3Vt|\yP3zby^3`Ty3Xufp3Pz{v%

\$ simplecipher d '@Ty3xt}w~3N^zrZ3Rzd3Vt|\yP3zby^3`Ty3Xufp3Pz{v%'
The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dogs.```

## J

Example implementation:

```keysubst=: [`(a.i.])`(a."_)}
key=: 'Taehist' keysubst '!@#\$%^&'
enc=: a. {~ key i. ]
dec=: key {~ a. i. ]

enc 'This is a test.'
!\$%^ %^ @ &#^&.
dec '!\$%^ %^ @ &#^&.'
This is a test.
```

Note that this particular implementation bakes the key itself into the implementations of `enc` and `dec`. Also note that this particular key is rather limited - letters not mentioned in the key encrypt as another identical character. That seems to be sufficient, given the current task description. But of course other approaches are also possible...

## Java

```public class SubstitutionCipher {

final static String key = "]kYV}(!7P\$n5_0i R:?jOWtF/=-pe'AD&@r6%ZXs\"v*N"
+ "[#wSl9zq2^+g;LoB`aGh{3.HIu4fbK)mU8|dMET><,Qc\\C1yxJ";

static String text = "Here we have to do is there will be a input/source "
+ "file in which we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every "
+ "upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another "
+ "predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save "
+ "it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert "
+ "that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This "
+ "type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a "
+ "Substitution Cipher.";

public static void main(String[] args) {
String enc = encode(text);
System.out.println("Encoded: " + enc);
System.out.println("\nDecoded: " + decode(enc));
}

static String encode(String s) {
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(s.length());

for (char c : s.toCharArray())
sb.append(key.charAt((int) c - 32));

return sb.toString();
}

static String decode(String s) {
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(s.length());

for (char c : s.toCharArray())
sb.append((char) (key.indexOf((int) c) + 32));

return sb.toString();
}
}
```
```Encoded: "uTu]cu]b3Qu]<d]Id]...><K<,<Kd|]6KMbuTi
Decoded: Here we have to do is... Substitution Cipher.```

## jq

Translation of: Wren
Works with: jq

Works with gojq, the Go implementation of jq

```def key:

def encode:
(key|explode) as \$key
| explode as \$exploded
| reduce range(0;length) as \$i ([];
. + [\$key[ \$exploded[\$i] - 32]] )
| implode;

def decode:
(key|explode) as \$key
| explode as \$exploded
| reduce range(0;length) as \$i ([];
\$exploded[\$i] as \$c
| . + [ \$key | index(\$c) + 32] )
| implode ;

"The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
| encode as \$encoded
|"Encoded:  \(\$encoded)",
"Decoded:  \(\$encoded|decode)" ;

Output:
```Encoded:  2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
Decoded:  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
```

## Julia

Works with: Julia version 0.6
Translation of: Kotlin

Module:

```module SubstitutionCiphers

using Compat

function encode(s::AbstractString)
buf = IOBuffer()
for c in s
print(buf, key[Int(c) - 31])
end
return String(take!(buf))
end

function decode(s::AbstractString)
buf = IOBuffer()
for c in s
print(buf, Char(findfirst(==(c), key) + 31))
end
return String(take!(buf))
end

end  # module SubstitutionCiphers
```

Main:

```let s = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
enc = SubstitutionCiphers.encode(s)
dec = SubstitutionCiphers.decode(enc)
println("Original: ", s, "\n -> Encoded: ", enc, "\n -> Decoded: ", dec)
end
```
Output:
```Original: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
-> Encoded: 2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
-> Decoded: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!```

## Klingphix

```include ..\Utilitys.tlhy

" ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
" VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"
"A simple example"

:Encode %mode !mode
%i %t
\$mode not [rot rot swap rot] if
len [
!i
\$i get swap !t
rot swap find
rot swap get
\$t swap \$i set
] for
\$mode not [rot rot swap rot] if
;

dup ?
true Encode dup ?
false Encode ?

" " input
```

## Kotlin

Translation of: Java
```// version 1.0.6

object SubstitutionCipher {

fun encode(s: String): String {
val sb = StringBuilder()
for (c in s) sb.append(key[c.toInt() - 32])
return sb.toString()
}

fun decode(s: String): String {
val sb = StringBuilder()
for (c in s) sb.append((key.indexOf(c) + 32).toChar())
return sb.toString()
}
}

fun main(args: Array<String>) {
val s = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
val enc = SubstitutionCipher.encode(s)
println("Encoded:  \$enc")
println("Decoded:  \${SubstitutionCipher.decode(enc)}")
}
```
Output:
```Encoded:  2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
Decoded:  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
```

## Lambdatalk

The {substitution shift text} function accepts any text containing characters in the set [! " # \$ % & ' ( ) * + , - . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ? @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z], except the ` character. These characters have charCodes in the range [33..122], (length = 90). The ` character is used to catch and prevent spaces and must not be used. The shift argument can be in the range [0...90] except 5 10 15 29 30 50 53 70 74 which are in conflict with the lambdatalk evaluator.

```{def small_ascii {S.map fromCharCode {S.serie 33 122}}}
-> small_ascii

{S.length {small_ascii}} = 90

{def substitution

{def substitution.r
{lambda {:w :n :s :i}
{if {> :i :n}
then
else {let { {:s :s} {:c {W.char2code {A.get :i :w}}}
} {if {and {>= :c 33} {<= :c 122}}
then {W.code2char {+ 33 {% {+ :c {- :s 33}} 90}}}
else {if {= :c 248} then :c else}}
}{substitution.r :w :n :s {+ :i 1}} }}}

{lambda {:s :w}
{let { {:s :s} {:w {S.replace \s by ` in :w}}
} {S.replace `
by space
in {substitution.r {A.split :w}
{- {W.length :w} 1}
:s
0}} }}}
-> substitution

1) intitial text:

{def txt
Veni, Vidi, Vici is a Latin phrase popularly attributed to Julius Caesar who, according to Appian, used the phrase
in a letter to the Roman Senate around 47 BC after he had achieved a quick victory in his short war against
Pharnaces II of Pontus at the Battle of Zela.
} -> txt

2) choose the shift:

{def shift 13}
-> shift // valid in [0...90] except 5 10 15 29 30 50 53 70 74

3) encoding the text

{substitution {shift} {txt}}
-> cr!v9mcvqv9mcvpvmv&mnmYn'v!m#u%n&rm#"#(yn%y,mn''%vo('rqm'"mW(yv(&mPnr&n%m*u"9mnpp"%qv!tm'"mN##vn!9m(&rqm'urm#u%n&rmv!mnmyr''r%m'"m'urm_"zn!m r!n'rmn%"

4) decoding the text

{substitution {- 90 {shift}} {substitution {shift} {txt}}}
-> Veni, Vidi, Vici is a Latin phrase popularly attributed to Julius Caesar who, according to Appian, used the phrase
in a letter to the Roman Senate around 47 BC after he had achieved a quick victory in his short war against
Pharnaces II of Pontus at the Battle of Zela.
```

## Lua

```-- Generate a random substitution cipher for ASCII characters 65 to 122
function randomCipher ()
local cipher, rnd = {plain = {}, encoded = {}}
for ascii = 65, 122 do
table.insert(cipher.plain, string.char(ascii))
table.insert(cipher.encoded, string.char(ascii))
end
for i = 1, #cipher.encoded do
rnd = math.random(#cipher.encoded)
cipher.encoded[i], cipher.encoded[rnd] = cipher.encoded[rnd], cipher.encoded[i]
end
return cipher
end

-- Encipher text using cipher.  Decipher if decode is true.
function encode (text, cipher, decode)
local output, letter, found, source, dest = ""
if decode then
source, dest = cipher.encoded, cipher.plain
else
source, dest = cipher.plain, cipher.encoded
end
for pos = 1, #text do
letter = text:sub(pos, pos)
found = false
for k, v in pairs(source) do
if letter == v then
output = output .. dest[k]
found = true
break
end
end
end
return output
end

-- Main procedure
math.randomseed(os.time())
local subCipher = randomCipher()
print("Cipher generated:")
print("\tPlain:", table.concat(subCipher.plain))
print("\tCoded:", table.concat(subCipher.encoded))
inFile:close()
local encoded = encode(input, subCipher)
print("\nEncoded file contents:")
print("\t" .. encoded)
print("\nAbove text deciphers to: ")
print("\t" .. encode(encoded, subCipher, true))
```
Output:
```Cipher generated:
Plain:  ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

Encoded file contents:
qvkv dv Hrsv Af cf Xt AHvkv dXRR hv r XyKDA/tfDkFv ^XRv Xy dHXFH dv rkv
UfXyU Af zyFkBKA AHv ^XRv hB kvKRrFXyU vsvkB DKKvk/Rfdvk Frtv rRKHrhvAt f^ AHv t
fDkFv ^XRv dXAH ryfAHvk KkvcvAvk`Xyvc DKKvk/Rfdvk Frtv rRKHrhvAt fk tB`hfRt ryc
trsv XA XyAf ryfAHvk fDAKDA/vyFkBKAvc ^XRv ryc AHvy rUrXy FfysvkA AHrA fDAKDA/vy
FkBKAvc ^XRv XyAf fkXUXyrR/cvFkBKAvc ^XRv. [HXt ABKv f^ zyFkBKAXfy/\vFkBKAXfy tF
Hv`v Xt f^Avy FrRRvc r GDhtAXADAXfy ZXKHvk.

Above text deciphers to:
Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are
going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the s
ource file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and
save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/en
crypted file into original/decrypted file. This type of Encryption/Decryption sc
heme is often called a Substitution Cipher.```

## Mathematica/Wolfram Language

```SeedRandom[1234];
a=Characters@"abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789 ";
ClearAll[SubstitutionCipherEncode,SubstitutionCipherDecode]
SubstitutionCipherEncode[input_String,map_]:=StringReplace[input,map]
SubstitutionCipherDecode[input_String,map_]:=StringReplace[input,Reverse/@map]

str="The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog,who barks VERY loudly!";
encoded=SubstitutionCipherEncode[str,map]
decoded=SubstitutionCipherDecode[encoded,map]
str===decoded
```
Output:
```"DebTyUsLNTg2H01TWHSTfUt5qTHZb2T7ebTl4 8TQHc,0eHTg42NqTuK6CTlHUQl8!"
"The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog,who barks VERY loudly!"
True```

## MiniScript

```alphabet = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz".split("")
cipher = alphabet[0:]
cipher.shuffle
encode = {}
decode = {}
for i in alphabet.indexes
encode[alphabet[i]] = cipher[i]
decode[cipher[i]] = alphabet[i]
encode[alphabet[i].upper] = cipher[i].upper
decode[cipher[i].upper] = alphabet[i].upper
end for

apply = function(map, s)
chars = s.split("")
for i in chars.indexes
if map.hasIndex(chars[i]) then chars[i] = map[chars[i]]
end for
return chars.join("")
end function

msg = "Now is the time for all good men (and women) to come together."
secretCode = apply(encode, msg)
print secretCode
print apply(decode, secretCode)
```
Output:
```Rzs ho wft whxt bzv ykk nzzg xtr (yrg szxtr) wz jzxt wzntwftv.
Now is the time for all good men (and women) to come together.```

## Nim

```import sequtils, strutils

proc encrypt(key: seq[char]; msg: string): string =
result.setLen(msg.len)
for i, c in msg:
result[i] = key[ord(c) - 32]

proc decrypt(key: seq[char]; msg: string): string =
result.setLen(msg.len)
for i, c in msg:
result[i] = chr(key.find(c) + 32)

when isMainModule:

import random
randomize()

# Build a random key.
var key = toSeq(32..126).mapIt(chr(it))   # All printable characters.
key.shuffle()

const Message = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
let encrypted = key.encrypt(Message)
let decrypted = key.decrypt(encrypted)

echo "Key =       “\$#”" % key.join()
echo "Message =   “\$#”" % Message
echo "Encrypted = “\$#”" % encrypted
echo "Decrypted = “\$#”" % decrypted
```
Output:
```Key =       “5`:S<UqJ& aCwQ?lA_bp"dEv*,'@c\$;=FG}o8x\.s-MPrTu~L>[i1N(9Z^h/e#4Hjn]WBXYy7Dg3O+26fKIm|)zkt{R%!0V”
Message =   “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!”
Encrypted = “17X5K)DW35]I6k25Y6t5g)+fm56zXI5|7X5OnR{5B6yw5k765]nI3m5(x[^5O6)BO{`”
Decrypted = “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!”```

## PascalABC.NET

```{\$zerobasedstrings}

function Encode(s: string): string := s.Select(c -> key[c.code - 32]).JoinToString;

function Decode(s: string): string := s.Select(c -> Char(key.IndexOf(c) + 32)).JoinToString;

begin
var s := 'The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!';
var enc := Encode(s);
Println('Encoded:  ' + enc);
Println('Decoded:  ' + Decode(enc))
end.
```
Output:
```Encoded:  2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
Decoded:  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!

```

## Perl

Translation of: Java
```sub encode {
my \$source = shift;
my \$key = shift;
my \$out = q();

@ka = split //, \$key;
foreach \$ch (split //, \$source) {
\$idx = ord(\$ch) - 32;
\$out .= \$ka[\$idx];
}

return \$out;
}

sub decode {
my \$source = shift;
my \$key = shift;
my \$out = q();

foreach \$ch (split //, \$source) {
\$idx = index \$key, \$ch;
\$val = chr(\$idx + 32);
\$out .= \$val;
}

return \$out;
}

my \$text = "Here we have to do is there will be a input/source "
. "file in which we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every "
. "upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another "
. "predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save "
. "it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert "
. "that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This "
. "type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a "
. "Substitution Cipher.";

my \$ct = encode(\$text, \$key);
print "Encoded: \$ct\n";

my \$pt = decode(\$ct, \$key);
print "Decoded: \$pt\n";
```
Output:
```Encoded: "uTu]cu]b3Qu]<d]Id]K>]<buTu]cKUU].u]3]K|M,< >d,THu]4KUu]K|]cbKHb]cu]3Tu]fdK|f]<d]Z|HTCM<]<bu]4KUu].C]TuMU3HK|f]uQuTC],MMuT UdcuT]H3>u]3UMb3.u<>]d4]<bu]>d,THu]4KUu]cK<b]3|d<buT]MTuIu<uT8K|uI],MMuT UdcuT]H3>u]3UMb3.u<>]dT]>C8.dU>]3|I]>3Qu]K<]K|<d]3|d<buT]d,<M,< u|HTCM<uI]4KUu]3|I]<bu|]3f3K|]Hd|QuT<]<b3<]d,<M,< u|HTCM<uI]4KUu]K|<d]dTKfK|3U IuHTCM<uI]4KUui]2bK>]<CMu]d4]Z|HTCM<Kd| %uHTCM<Kd|]>Hbu8u]K>]d4<u|]H3UUuI]3]q,.><K<,<Kd|]6KMbuTi
Decoded: Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.```

## Phix

```constant plain = tagset('Z','A')&tagset('z','a'),
key = shuffle(plain)

function encode(string s, integer decrypt=false)
sequence {p,k} = iff(decrypt?{plain,key}:{key,plain})
for i=1 to length(s) do
integer ki = find(s[i],p)
if ki then s[i] = k[ki] end if
end for
return s
end function

string original = "A simple example.",
encoded = encode(original),
decoded = encode(encoded, true)

printf(1,"original: %s\nencoded: %s\ndecoded: %s\n",{original,encoded,decoded})
```
Output:
```original: A simple example.
encoded: j wqGuMv vsQGuMv.
decoded: A simple example.
```

## Phixmonti

```include ..\Utilitys.pmt

" ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
" VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"
"A simple example"

def Encode
>ps
tps not if >ps swap ps> endif
len for
>ps
tps get swap >ps
rot swap find
rot swap get
ps> swap ps> set
endfor
ps> not if >ps swap ps> endif
enddef

dup ?
true Encode dup ?
false Encode ?```
Output:
```A simple example
V LRDWnq qMIDWnq
A simple example

=== Press any key to exit ===```

## PHP

```<?php

\$alphabet = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ';
\$key      = 'cPYJpjsBlaOEwRbVZIhQnHDWxMXiCtUToLkFrzdAGymKvgNufeSq';

// Encode input.txt, and save result in output.txt
file_put_contents('output.txt', strtr(file_get_contents('input.txt'), \$alphabet, \$key));

\$source  = file_get_contents('input.txt');
\$encoded = file_get_contents('output.txt');
\$decoded = strtr(\$encoded, \$key, \$alphabet);

echo
'== SOURCE ==', PHP_EOL,
\$source, PHP_EOL, PHP_EOL,
'== ENCODED ==', PHP_EOL,
\$encoded, PHP_EOL, PHP_EOL,
'== DECODED ==', PHP_EOL,
\$decoded, PHP_EOL, PHP_EOL;
```
Output:
```== SOURCE ==
Substitution Cipher Implementation - File Encryption/Decryption

Task - Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are
going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the
source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols
and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that
output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file.

This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.

== ENCODED ==
vnPhQlQnQlbR ClVBpI kwVEpwpRQcQlbR - TlEp URYIxVQlbR/tpYIxVQlbR

gchO - LpIp Dp BcHp Qb Jb lh QBpIp DlEE Pp c lRVnQ/hbnIYp jlEp lR DBlYB Dp cIp
sblRs Qb URYIxVQ QBp jlEp Px IpVEcYlRs pHpIx nVVpI/EbDpI Ychp cEVBcPpQh bj QBp
hbnIYp jlEp DlQB cRbQBpI VIpJpQpIwlRpJ nVVpI/EbDpI Ychp cEVBcPpQh bI hxwPbEh
cRJ hcHp lQ lRQb cRbQBpI bnQVnQ/pRYIxVQpJ jlEp cRJ QBpR csclR YbRHpIQ QBcQ
bnQVnQ/pRYIxVQpJ jlEp lRQb bIlslRcE/JpYIxVQpJ jlEp.

gBlh QxVp bj URYIxVQlbR/tpYIxVQlbR hYBpwp lh bjQpR YcEEpJ c vnPhQlQnQlbR ClVBpI.

== DECODED ==
Substitution Cipher Implementation - File Encryption/Decryption

Task - Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are
going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the
source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols
and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that
output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file.

This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.```

## Picat

Translation of: Prolog
```main =>
S = "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog",
cypher(S,E),  % encrypt
println(E),

cypher(D, E), % decrypt
println(D),

S == D,
println(ok).

cypher(O, S) :-
nonvar(O),
var(S),
sub_chars(O,S).
cypher(O, S) :-
nonvar(S),
var(O),
sub_chars(O,S).

base("ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz ").
subs("VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWob LkESYMTN").

sub_chars(Original,Subbed) :-
base(Base),
subs(Subs),
maplist(\$sub_char(Base,Subs),Original,Subbed).

sub_char([Co|_],[Cs|_],Co,Cs) :- !.
sub_char([_|To],[_|Ts], Co, Cs) :- sub_char(To,Ts,Co,Cs).

maplist(Goal, List1, List2) :-
maplist_(List1, List2, Goal).

maplist_([], X, _) :- X = [].
maplist_([Elem1|Tail1],
[Elem2|Tail2],
Goal) :-
call(Goal, Elem1, Elem2),
maplist_(Tail1, Tail2, Goal).```
Output:
```tFqNokRJpNwbQShNOQYNAkDWqxNQEqbNLFqNnITMNxQC
The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog
ok```

### Using maps

```main =>
S = "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog!!!",
E = encrypt(S),
println(E),
D = decrypt(E),
println(D),

D == S,
println(ok),
nl.

encrypt(L) = [EncryptMap.get(C,C) : C in L] =>
base(Base),
subs(Subs),
EncryptMap = new_map([B=S : {B,S} in zip(Base,Subs)]).

decrypt(L) = [DecryptMap.get(C,C) : C in L] =>
base(Base),
subs(Subs),
DecryptMap = new_map([S=B : {B,S} in zip(Base,Subs)]).

base("ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz ").
subs("VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWob LkESYMTN").```
Output:
```tFqNokRJpNwbQShNOQYNAkDWqxNQEqbNLFqNnITMNxQC!!!
The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog!!!
ok```

## PicoLisp

```(setq *A (chop "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"))
(setq *K (chop "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"))

(de cipher (Str D)
(let (K *K  A *A)
(and D (xchg 'A 'K))
(pack
(mapcar
'((N)
(or
(pick
'((A K) (and (= A N) K))
A
K )
N ) )
(chop Str) ) ) ) )
(and
(println 'encode (cipher "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog's back"))
(println 'decode (cipher @ T)) )```
Output:
```encode "tFq oERJp wbQYh OQM AEDWqx QSqb kFq nINT xQC'L wIJp"
decode "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog's back"```

## Pike

```string alphabet = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
string key      = "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN";
mapping key_mapping = mkmapping(alphabet/1, key/1);
object c = Crypto.Substitution()->set_key(key_mapping);

string msg = "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dogs";
string msg_enc = c->encrypt(msg);
string msg_dec = c->decrypt(msg_enc);

write("Encrypted: %s\n", msg_enc);
write("Decrypted: %s\n", msg_dec);
```
Output:
```Encrypted: tFq oERJp wbQYh OQM AEDWqx QSqb kFq nINT xQCL
Decrypted: The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dogs
```

## Prolog

```cypher(O, S) :-
nonvar(O),
var(S),
atom_chars(O,Oc),
sub_chars(Oc,Sc),
atom_chars(S,Sc).
cypher(O, S) :-
nonvar(S),
var(O),
atom_chars(S,Sc),
sub_chars(Oc,Sc),
atom_chars(O,Oc).

base(['A','B','C','D','E','F','G','H','I','J','K','L','M','N','O','P','Q','R','S','T','U','V','W','X','Y','Z',a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k,l,m,n,o,p,q,r,s,t,u,v,w,x,y,z,' ']).
subs(['V',s,c,i,'B',j,e,d,g,r,z,y,'H',a,l,v,'X','Z','K',t,'U','P',u,m,'G',f,'I',w,'J',x,q,'O','C','F','R','A',p,n,'D',h,'Q','W',o,b,' ','L',k,'E','S','Y','M','T','N']).

sub_chars(Original,Subbed) :-
base(Base),
subs(Subs),
maplist(sub_char(Base,Subs),Original,Subbed).

sub_char([Co|_],[Cs|_],Co,Cs) :- !.
sub_char([_|To],[_|Ts], Co, Cs) :- sub_char(To,Ts,Co,Cs).
```
Output:
```?- cypher('The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog', Result).
Result = tFqNokRJpNwbQShNOQYNAkDWqxNQEqbNLFqNnITMNxQC .

?- cypher(Result, 'tFqNokRJpNwbQShNOQYNAkDWqxNQEqbNLFqNnITMNxQC').
Result = 'The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog'.

?-```

## Python

```from string import printable
import random

EXAMPLE_KEY = ''.join(sorted(printable, key=lambda _:random.random()))

def encode(plaintext, key):
return ''.join(key[printable.index(char)] for char in plaintext)

def decode(plaintext, key):
return ''.join(printable[key.index(char)] for char in plaintext)

original = "A simple example."
encoded = encode(original, EXAMPLE_KEY)
decoded = decode(encoded, EXAMPLE_KEY)
print("""The original is: {}
Encoding it with the key: {}
Gives: {}
Decoding it by the same key gives: {}""".format(
original, EXAMPLE_KEY, encoded, decoded))
```

A straightforward implementation. The output is:

```The original is: A simple example.
Encoding it with the key: dV1>r7:TLlJa�uY o]MjH\hI^X	cPN#!fmv[
<e=04|O'~{y\$bAq@}U.WtF*)x/K?
Q%S(�RB;25&s6Z9C3+D-_8kn,`Egiwzp"G
Gives:
iPMhX\YiYmJhX\Y5
Decoding it by the same key gives: A simple example.
```

## Quackery

```  [ stack ]                      is encryption  (   --> s )
[ stack ]                      is decryption  (   --> s )

[ [] 95 times [ i^ join ]
shuffle encryption put ]     is makeencrypt (   -->   )

[ encryption share
0 95 of swap
witheach
[ i^ unrot poke ]
decryption put ]             is makedecrypt (   -->   )

[ makeencrypt makedecrypt ]    is makekeys    (   -->   )

[ witheach [ char ! + emit ] ] is echokey     ( s -->   )

[ encryption release
decryption release ]         is releasekeys (   -->   )

[ [] swap witheach
[ dup char ! char ~ 1+
within if
[ char ! -
encryption share
swap peek char ! + ]
join ] ]                 is encrypt     ( \$ --> \$ )

[ [] swap witheach
[ dup char ! char ~ 1+
within if
[ char ! -
decryption share
swap peek char ! + ]
join ] ]                 is decrypt    ( \$ --> \$ )

randomise
makekeys
say "Encryption key is: " encryption share echokey cr
say "Decryption key is: " decryption share echokey cr
cr
\$ "Encryption matters, and it is not just for spies and philanderers."
say "Plaintext: " dup echo\$ cr
say "Encrypted: " encrypt dup echo\$ cr
say "Decrypted: " decrypt echo\$ cr
releasekeys```
Output:
```Encryption key is: [;s]_O*FmypB&\5Ro:/Xzi9gau6qrdV@-.0EI|8K(lZwjh31=v2+,P\$e{f'#"!NTGx?kCb~<Mt%cHY}UJ7>W`SA)D^n4?LQ
Decryption key is: ^]\Wk-[Ix'TUAB3CPSO|/;rG72"hQsc@w,eyD(amEqH~i_&V?0v`p?t4nK!.\$z%u9fl>XZ8N6MdJ){1+<=#j:RLb*5YFog}

Plaintext: Encryption matters, and it is not just for spies and philanderers.
Encrypted: IY?7DUWM}Y HGWWC7>B GYk MW M> Y}W t`>W b}7 >UMC> GYk U<McGYkC7C7>\
Decrypted: Encryption matters, and it is not just for spies and philanderers.```

## Racket

Uses #REXX input file (in data/substitution.in.txt).

The check-equal? tests assure us that we return the plain text after a cypher/decypher pair; so I don't display the plaintext in the output.

```#lang racket/base
(require racket/list racket/function racket/file)

(define abc "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz")

;; Used to generate my-key for examples
(define (random-key (alphabet abc))
(list->string (shuffle (string->list alphabet))))

(define (cypher/decypher key (alphabet abc))
;; alist is fine, hashes are better over 40 chars... so alist for
;; abc, hash for ASCII.
(define ab-chars (string->list alphabet))
(define ky-chars (string->list key))
(define cypher-alist (map cons ab-chars ky-chars))
(define decypher-alist (map cons ky-chars ab-chars))
(define ((subst-map alist) str)
(list->string (map (lambda (c) (cond [(assoc c alist) => cdr] [else c]))
(string->list str))))
(values (subst-map cypher-alist)
(subst-map decypher-alist)))

(define (cypher/decypher-files key (alphabet abc))
(define-values (cypher decypher) (cypher/decypher key alphabet))
(define ((convert-file f) in out #:exists (exists-flag 'error))
(curry with-output-to-file out #:exists exists-flag
(lambda () (display (f (file->string in))))))
(values (convert-file cypher)
(convert-file decypher)))

(module+ test
(require rackunit)

(define-values (cypher decypher) (cypher/decypher my-key abc))

(define in-text #<<T
The quick brown fox...
.. jumped over
the lazy dog!
T
)
(define cypher-text (cypher in-text))

(define plain-text (decypher cypher-text))
(displayln cypher-text)
(check-equal? plain-text in-text)

(define-values (file-cypher file-decypher) (cypher/decypher-files my-key abc))
(file-cypher "data/substitution.in.txt" "data/substitution.crypt.txt" #:exists 'replace)
(file-decypher "data/substitution.crypt.txt" "data/substitution.plain.txt" #:exists 'replace)
(displayln "---")
(displayln (file->string "data/substitution.crypt.txt"))
(check-equal? (file->string "data/substitution.in.txt")
(file->string "data/substitution.plain.txt")))
```
Output:
```dmh sHOfG eNCgZ lCt...
.. kHBFhv CThN
xmh cEno vCq!
---
"zThNo  xCCc  mEp  E  pFhfOlOf  'xmNhpmCcv',
EZv gmhZ xmh HphN htfhhvp xmh xmNhpmCcv,
xmh xCCc ehfCBhp E mOZvNEZfh NExmhN xmEZ E mhcF.
LZo pClxgENh Hphv ehoCZv Oxp xmNhpmCcv gOcc fEHph
vhfNhEphp OZ FNCvHfxOTOxo, ZCx OZfNhEphp.
LZv gmhZ OZvOTOvHEc FNCvHfxp ENh FHx xCqhxmhN FOhfhBhEc,
xmh NhpHcx Op E popxhB xmEx mEp qCZh FEpx Oxp xmNhpmCcv
─── E fCHZxhNFNCvHfxOTh fCcchfxOCZ Cl BOplOx HZOxp xmEx
gCNG EqEOZpx hEfm CxmhN NExmhN xmEZ gOxm hEfm CxmhN."
─── VhNch MENGp

```

## Raku

(formerly Perl 6)

Works with: Rakudo version 2015-11-20

Feed it an action (encode, decode) and a file name at the command line and it will spit out the (en|de)coded file to STDOUT. Redirect into a file to save it. If no parameters are passed in, does the demo encode/decode.

```my \$chr = (' ' .. '}').join('');
my \$key = \$chr.comb.pick(*).join('');

# Be very boring and use the same key every time to fit task reqs.
\$key = q☃3#}^",dLs*>tPMcZR!fmC rEKhlw1v4AOgj7Q]YI+|pDB82a&XFV9yzuH<WT%N;iS.0e:`G\n['6@_{bk)=-5qx(/?\$JoU☃;

sub MAIN (\$action = 'encode', \$file = '') {

die 'Only options are encode or decode.' unless \$action ~~ any 'encode'|'decode';

my \$text = qq:to/END/;
Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which
we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower
case alphabets of the source file with another predetermined
upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save it into another
output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/encrypted
file into original/decrypted file. This type of Encryption/Decryption
scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.
END

\$text = \$file.IO.slurp if \$file;

say "Key = \$key\n";

if \$file {
say &::(\$action)(\$text);
} else {
my \$encoded;
say "Encoded text: \n {\$encoded = encode \$text}";
say "Decoded text: \n {decode \$encoded}";
}
}

sub encode (\$text) { \$text.trans(\$chr => \$key) }

sub decode (\$text) { \$text.trans(\$key => \$chr) }
```
Output:

with no passed parameters

```Key = 3#}^",dLs*>tPMcZR!fmC rEKhlw1v4AOgj7Q]YI+|pDB82a&XFV9yzuH<WT%N;iS.0e:`G\n['6@_{bk)=-5qx(/?\$JoU

Encoded text:
+`=`3(`3n.x`35b3:b3[-35n`=`3([@@30`3.3[{kq5Z-bq=e`3G[@`3[{3(n[en3
(`3.=`3\b[{\35b3]{e=?k535n`3G[@`30?3=`k@.e[{\3`x`=?3qkk`=Z@b(`=3
e.-`3.@kn.0`5-3bG35n`3-bq=e`3G[@`3([5n3.{b5n`=3k=`:`5`=_[{`:3
qkk`=Z@b(`=3e.-`3.@kn.0`5-3b=3-?_0b@-3.{:3-.x`3[53[{5b3.{b5n`=3
bq5kq5Z`{e=?k5`:3G[@`3.{:35n`{3.\.[{3eb{x`=535n.53bq5kq5Z`{e=?k5`:3
G[@`3[{5b3b=[\[{.@Z:`e=?k5`:3G[@`c39n[-35?k`3bG3]{e=?k5[b{ZQ`e=?k5[b{
-en`_`3[-3bG5`{3e.@@`:3.3Vq0-5[5q5[b{37[kn`=c

Decoded text:
Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which
we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower
case alphabets of the source file with another predetermined
upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save it into another
output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/encrypted
file into original/decrypted file. This type of Encryption/Decryption
scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.
```

## REXX

Programming notes:   the cipher key (as used by this REXX program) is stored in a file as two records:

•   the 1st record is the plain-text characters to be encrypted.
•   the 2nd record is the crypt-text characters used for encryption.
•   the two records should be equal in the number of characters.
•   the Nth character of record   1   will be encrypted to the Nth character of record   2.
```/*REXX program implements & demonstrates a substitution cipher for the records in a file*/
parse arg fid.1 fid.2 fid.3 fid.4 .              /*obtain optional arguments from the CL*/
if fid.1==''  then fid.1= "CIPHER.IN"            /*Not specified?  Then use the default.*/
if fid.2==''  then fid.2= "CIPHER.OUT"           /* "      "         "   "   "     "    */
if fid.3==''  then fid.3= "CIPHER.KEY"           /* "      "         "   "   "     "    */
if fid.4==''  then fid.4= "CIPHER.ORI"           /* "      "         "   "   "     "    */
say '    input file: '   fid.1                   /*display the fileID used for  input.  */
say '   output file: '   fid.2                   /*   "     "     "     "   "  output.  */
say '   cipher file: '   fid.3                   /*   "     "     "     "   " cipher-key*/
say 'decrypted file: '   fid.4                   /*   "     "     "     "   "  decrypted*/
call closer                                      /*close all files in case they're open.*/
do c=1  while lines(fid.3)\==0        /*read (hopefully 2 records) from key. */
end   /*c*/
c= c - 1                                         /*adjust the number of records (for DO)*/
if c>2                        then call ser fid.3,  'has too many records  (>2).'
if c<2                        then call ser fid.3,  'has too few records   (<2).'
if length(@.1)\==length(@.2)  then call ser fid.3,  'has unequal length records.'
call encrypt  fid.1, fid.2                       /*encrypt the input file  ───►  output.*/
_=@.1;    @.1=@.2;   @.2=_                       /*switch the cipher keys for decryption*/
call encrypt  fid.2, fid.4                       /*decrypt the output file ───► decrypt.*/
call show     'cipher file ('fid.3")" , fid.3    /*display the cipher─key file.         */
call show      'input file ('fid.1")" , fid.1    /*   "     "     input     "           */
call show     'output file ('fid.2")" , fid.2    /*   "     "    output     "           */
call show ' decrypted file ('fid.4")" , fid.4    /*   "     "   decrypted   "           */
exit                                             /*stick a fork in it,  we're all done. */
/*──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────*/
closer:  do f=1  for 4;   call lineout fid.f;    end  /*f*/;            say;      return
ser:     say  '***error!***  file '     arg(1)" "    arg(2);                      exit
show:    say;   say center( arg(1), 79, '═');        "TYPE"  arg(2);              return
/*──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────*/
encrypt: parse arg @in,@out                      /* [↓] effectively deletes @out file by*/
call lineout @out,,1                    /*setting pointer to rec#1 for the file*/
do j=0  while lines(@in)\==0       /*read the input file*/
call lineout @out, translate( linein(@in), @.2, @.1)
end   /*j*/
if j==0  then call ser @in, 'is empty.' /*was the file not found or was empty? */
say @in  ' records processed: '   j     /*show the number of records processed.*/
call closer                             /*close all the files to be neat & safe*/
return
```

output   when using the default input files:

```    input file:  CIPHER.IN
output file:  CIPHER.OUT
cipher file:  CIPHER.KEY
decrypted file:  CIPHER.ORI

CIPHER.IN  records processed:  10
CIPHER.OUT  records processed:  10

═══════════════════════════cipher file (CIPHER.KEY)════════════════════════════
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
WXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV

════════════════════════════input file (CIPHER.IN)═════════════════════════════
"Every  tool  has  a  specific  'threshold',
and when the user exceeds the threshold,
the tool becomes a hindrance rather than a help.
Any software used beyond its threshold will cause
decreases in productivity, not increases.
And when individual products are put together piecemeal,
the result is a system that has gone past its threshold
─── a counterproductive collection of misfit units that
work against each other rather than with each other."
─── Merle Parks

═══════════════════════════output file (CIPHER.OUT)════════════════════════════
"Aranu  pkkh  dWo  W  olaYebeY  'pdnaodkhZ',
WjZ sdaj pda qoan atYaaZo pda pdnaodkhZ,
pda pkkh XaYkiao W dejZnWjYa nWpdan pdWj W dahl.
wju okbpsWna qoaZ XaukjZ epo pdnaodkhZ sehh YWqoa
ZaYnaWoao ej lnkZqYperepu, jkp ejYnaWoao.
wjZ sdaj ejZereZqWh lnkZqYpo Wna lqp pkcapdan leaYaiaWh,
pda naoqhp eo W ouopai pdWp dWo ckja lWop epo pdnaodkhZ
─── W YkqjpanlnkZqYpera YkhhaYpekj kb ieobep qjepo pdWp
skng WcWejop aWYd kpdan nWpdan pdWj sepd aWYd kpdan."
─── Ianha LWngo

═════════════════════════ decrypted file (CIPHER.ORI)══════════════════════════
"Every  tool  has  a  specific  'threshold',
and when the user exceeds the threshold,
the tool becomes a hindrance rather than a help.
Any software used beyond its threshold will cause
decreases in productivity, not increases.
And when individual products are put together piecemeal,
the result is a system that has gone past its threshold
─── a counterproductive collection of misfit units that
work against each other rather than with each other."
─── Merle Parks
```

## Ring

```# Project : Substitution Cipher

plaintext = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
ciphertext = "ZEBRASCDFGHIJKLMNOPQTUVWXY"
test = "flee at once. we are discovered!"
encrypt = "SIAA ZQ LKBA. VA ZOA RFPBLUAOAR!"

see "Plaintext : " + plaintext + nl
see "Ciphertext : " + ciphertext + nl
see "Test : " + test + nl
see "Encoded : "
encodetext = encode(test)
see encodetext + nl
see "Decoded : "
decodetext = decode(encodetext)
see decodetext + nl

func encode(test)
str = ""
for n = 1 to len(test)
pos = substr(plaintext, upper(test[n]))
if test[n] = " "
str = str + " "
elseif test[n] = "!"
str = str + "!"
elseif test[n] = "."
str = str + "."
else
str = str + substr(ciphertext, pos, 1)
ok
next
return str

func decode(test)
str = ""
for n = 1 to len(encodetext)
pos = substr(ciphertext, upper(encodetext[n]))
if test[n] = " "
str = str + " "
elseif test[n] = "!"
str = str + "!"
elseif test[n] = "."
str = str + "."
else
str = str + lower(substr(plaintext, pos, 1))
ok
next
return str```

Output:

```Plaintext : ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Ciphertext : ZEBRASCDFGHIJKLMNOPQTUVWXY
Test : flee at once. we are discovered!
Encoded : SIAA ZQ LKBA. VA ZOA RFPBLUAOAR!
Decoded : flee at once. we are discovered!
```

## RISC-V Assembly

```# gnu assembler syntax
substitution_cipher: # char* str (a0), uint len (a1), const char lowerkey[26] (a2), const char upperkey[26] (a3)
# set up temporary registers t0, t1, t2, t3
li t0, 'a
li t1, 'z
li t2, 'A
li t3, 'Z
# char tmp (t4)
# char* cipher (t5)

.dcB:                           # begin loop
beqz a1, .dcE                   # break condition
lb t4, 0(a0)                    # load one character from a0
blt t4, t0, .dcU                # lowercase check
bgt t4, t1, .dcI
mv t5, a2
j .dcA
.dcU:                           # uppercase check
blt t4, t2, .dcI
bgt t4, t3, .dcI
mv t5, a3
.dcA:                           # convert and save ciphertext character
lb t5, 0(t5)
sb t5, 0(a0)
.dcI:                           # increment registers
j .dcB
.dcE: ret                       # end loop

# You can use the following cipher keys, which correspond to the Atbash cipher,
# to test the substitution. These keys are self-inverse, which means that
# applying them twice to a given plaintext yields the original plaintext again.
latbash:        .ascii "zyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcba"
uatbash:        .ascii "ZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCBA"

# For keys that are non-self-inverse, you will need to keep a separate set of
# encryption and decryption keys.
lzebras:        .ascii "zebrascdfghijklmnopqtuvwxy"
uzebras:        .ascii "ZEBRASCDFGHIJKLMNOPQTUVWXY"
ldzebras:       .ascii "ecghbijklmnopqrstdfuvwxyza"
udzebras:       .ascii "ECGHBIJKLMNOPQRSTDFUVWXYZA"```

## RPL

```"]kYV}(!7P\\$n5_0i R:?jOWtF/=-pe'AD&@r6%ZXs\πv*N[#wSl9zq2^+g;LoB`aGh{3.HIu4fbK)mU8|dMET><,Qc\\C1yxJ"
'CipherKey' STO

« ""
1 3 PICK SIZE FOR j
OVER j DUP SUB NUM 31 -
CipherKey SWAP DUP SUB +
NEXT SWAP DROP
» '→CIPHER' STO

« ""
1 3 PICK SIZE FOR j
OVER j DUP SUB
CipherKey SWAP POS 31 + CHR +
NEXT SWAP DROP
» 'CIPHER→' STO

« "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
→CIPHER DUP CIPHER→
```
Output:
```2: "2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk"
1: "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
```

## Ruby

```Alphabet = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
Key      = "VsciBjedgrzyHalvXZKtUPumGfIwJxqOCFRApnDhQWobLkESYMTN"

def encrypt(str) = str.tr(Alphabet, Key)
def decrypt(str) = str.tr(Key, Alphabet)

str = 'All is lost, he thought. Everything is ruined. It’s ten past three.'
p encrypted =   encrypt(str)
p decrypt(encrypted)
```
Output:
```"Vnn RL nQLk, Fq kFQECFk. BSqbTkFRhC RL bERhqx. gk’L kqh WILk kFbqq."
"All is lost, he thought. Everything is ruined. It’s ten past three."
```

## Scala

```object SubstitutionCipher extends App {
private val key = "]kYV}(!7P\$n5_0i R:?jOWtF/=-pe'AD&@r6%ZXs\"v*N" + "[#wSl9zq2^+g;LoB`aGh{3.HIu4fbK)mU8|dMET><,Qc\\C1yxJ"
private val text =
""""It was still dark, in the early morning hours of the twenty-second of December
| 1946, on the second floor of the house at Schilderskade 66 in our town,
| when the hero of this story, Frits van Egters, awoke."""".stripMargin

val enc = encode(text)
println("Encoded: " + enc)
println("Decoded: " + decode(enc))

private def encode(s: String) = {
val sb = new StringBuilder(s.length)
s.map {
case c if (' ' to '~').contains(c) => sb.append(key(c.toInt - 32))
case _ =>
}
sb.toString
}

private def decode(s: String) = {
val sb = new StringBuilder(s.length)
s.map {
case c if (' ' to '~').contains(c) =>
sb.append((key.indexOf(c.toInt) + 32).toChar)
case _ =>
}
sb.toString
}
}
```
Output:

See it running in your browser by ScalaFiddle (JavaScript, non JVM) or by Scastie (JVM).

## Sidef

Translation of: Julia
```module SubstitutionCipher {

func encode(String s) {
var r = ""
s.each {|c|
r += key[c.ord - 32]
}
return r
}

func decode(String s) {
var r = ""
s.each {|c|
r += (key.first_index { _ == c } + 32 -> chr)
}
return r
}
}

with ("The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!") { |s|
var enc = SubstitutionCipher::encode(s)
var dec = SubstitutionCipher::decode(enc)
say("Original: ", s, "\n -> Encoded: ", enc, "\n -> Decoded: ", dec)
}
```
Output:
```Original: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
-> Encoded: 2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
-> Decoded: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!```

## Tcl

Here we implement a SubCipher class with three public methods:

• key ?newkey? -- set or return the current substitution key. This validates the key for correspondence with the alphabet, returning an error if something is not right.
• enc plaintext -- encrypt text with the current key
• dec ciphertext -- decrypt text with the current key

The default alphabet is a-zA-Z, but can be overridden by providing an argument to the constructor. A random initial key will be generated at construction time, unless that is also provided as an argument.

```oo::class create SubCipher {
variable Alphabet
variable Key
variable EncMap
variable DecMap
constructor {{alphabet abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ} {cipherbet ""}} {
set Alphabet \$alphabet
if {\$cipherbet eq ""} {
my key [my RandomKey]
} else {
my key \$cipherbet
}
}
method key args {
if {\$args eq ""} {
return \$Key
} elseif {[llength \$args] > 1} {
throw {TCL WRONGARGS} "Expected \"[self class] key\" or \"[self class]\" key keystring"
}
lassign \$args s

set size [string length \$Alphabet]
if {[string length \$s] != \$size} {
return -code error "Key must be \$size chars long!"
}
set encmap {}
set decmap {}
foreach c [split \$Alphabet {}] e [split \$s {}] {
dict set encmap \$c \$e
dict set decmap \$e \$c
}
if {[dict size \$encmap] != \$size} {
return -code error "Alphabet has repeating characters!"
}
if {[dict size \$decmap] != \$size} {
return -code error "Key has repeating characters!"
}
set Key \$s
set EncMap \$encmap
set DecMap \$decmap
}
method RandomKey {} {
set chars \$Alphabet
set key {}
for {set n [string length \$chars]} {\$n > 0} {incr n -1} {
set i [expr {int(rand()*\$n)}]
append key [string index \$chars \$i]
set chars [string range \$chars 0 \$i-1][string range \$chars \$i+1 end]
}
return \$key
}

method enc {s} {
string map \$EncMap \$s
}
method dec {s} {
string map \$DecMap \$s
}
}
```

Testing looks like this:

```SubCipher create sc
puts "Original:\n\$text\n----\n"
puts "Ciphered:\n[set cipher [sc enc \$text]]\n----\n"
puts "Decrypted:\n[sc dec \$cipher]\n----\n"
puts "Key:\n[sc key]\n----\n"
```
Output:
```Original:

The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the

Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
permitted by applicable law.

----

Ciphered:

eVv yzhQzGwm KnLjDFvF lKZV ZVv CvuKGn MgA/rKnDc mJmZvw Gzv Xzvv mhXZlGzv;
ZVv vcGLZ FKmZzKuDZKhn Zvzwm Xhz vGLV yzhQzGw Gzv FvmLzKuvF Kn ZVv
KnFKOKFDGj XKjvm Kn /Dmz/mVGzv/FhL/*/LhyJzKQVZ.

CvuKGn MgA/rKnDc Lhwvm lKZV TbHIrAeWrY gI ETUUTgeY, Zh ZVv vcZvnZ
yvzwKZZvF uJ GyyjKLGujv jGl.

----

Decrypted:

The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the

Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
permitted by applicable law.

----

Key:
GuLFvXQVKRNjwnhyozmZDOlcJBTbfCWdMkxqprtgIasUHeAiESYP
----
```

## VBScript

Not too efficient. It generates the key string as an array of ASCII codes. Uses the same routine to encode and to decode.

```option explicit
const maxk=94
dim key(94)

a="I'm working on modernizing Rosetta Code's infrastructure. Starting with communications."&_
" Please accept this time-limited open invite to RC's Slack.. --Michael Mol (talk) 20:59, 30 May 2020 (UTC)"

sub gen     'swaps items not previusly affected by a swap
dim i,m,t
for i=0 to ubound(key)
key(i)=i+32
next
for i=0 to ubound(key)-1
if key(i)=i+32 then
m=i+int(rnd*(maxk-i))
if key(m)=m+32 then
t=key(m):key(m)=key(i):key(i)=t
end if
end if
next
end sub

function viewkey
dim i,b
b=""
for i=1 to ubound(key)
b=b&chr(key(i))
next
viewkey=b
end function

function iif(a,b,c) if a then iif=b else iif =c end if: end function

function docode(a)
dim b,i,ch,n
n=maxk+32
b=""
for i=1 to len(a)
ch=asc(mid(a,i,1))
'wscript.echo ch
b=b&chr(key(iif (ch>n or ch<32,0,ch-32)))
next
docode=b
end function

randomize timer
dim a,b,c
gen
wscript.echo "Key:   " & viewkey & vbcrlf
wscript.echo "Original: " & a & Vbcrlf
b=docode(a)
wscript.echo "Encoded: "&  b & Vbcrlf
c=docode(b)
wscript.echo "Decoded: " & c & Vbcrlf
wscript.quit(0)```
Output:
```Key:   %Fh.!\Zc)9Q[4\$vaJ2W-65=`*:p<7>I@RBC Y"]H?1XLlnOP+AxVUT3KE',&G|_80t(dgfe#kjiMmNo;qwybu/rSsz{^}~

Original: I'm working on modernizing Rosetta Code's infrastructure. Starting with communications. Please accept this time-limited open invite to RC's Slack.. --Michael Mol (talk) 20:59, 30 May 2020 (UTC)

Decoded: I'm working on modernizing Rosetta Code's infrastructure. Starting with communications. Please accept this time-limited open invite to RC's Slack.. --Michael Mol (talk) 20:59, 30 May 2020 (UTC)
```

## V (Vlang)

Translation of: Kotlin
```const
(
text = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
)

fn main() {
encoded := encode(text)
println(encoded)
println(decode(encoded))
}

fn encode(str string) string {
mut chr_arr := []u8{}
for chr in str {
chr_arr << key[u8(chr - 32)]
}
return chr_arr.bytestr()
}

fn decode(str string) string {
mut chr_arr := []u8{}
for chr in str {
chr_arr << u8(key.index_u8(chr) + 32)
}
return chr_arr.bytestr()
}```
Output:
```2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
```

## Wren

Translation of: Kotlin
```var key = "]kYV}(!7P\$n5_0i R:?jOWtF/=-pe'AD&@r6\%ZXs\"v*N[#wSl9zq2^+g;LoB`aGh{3.HIu4fbK)mU8|dMET><,Qc\\C1yxJ"

var encode = Fn.new { |s|
var res = ""
for (c in s) res = res + key[c.bytes[0] - 32]
return res
}

var decode = Fn.new { |s|
var res = ""
for (c in s) res = res + String.fromByte(key.indexOf(c) + 32)
return res
}

var s = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!"
var enc = encode.call(s)
System.print("Encoded:  %(enc)")
System.print("Decoded:  %(decode.call(enc))")
```
Output:
```Encoded:  2bu]E,KHm].Tdc|]4d\]),8M>]dQuT]<bu]U31C]Idf_]cbd].3Tm>]+ZzL]Ud,IUCk
Decoded:  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, who barks VERY loudly!
```

## zkl

```class SubstitutionCipher{
// 92 characters: " !"#\$%&" ... "xyz{|}", doesn't include "~"
"[#wSl9zq2^+g;LoB`aGh{3.HIu4fbK)mU8|dMET><,Qc\\C1yxJ";
fcn encode(s){ s.apply(fcn(c){ try{ KEY[c.toAsc()-32] }catch{ c } }) }
fcn decode(s){ s.apply(fcn(c){ try{ (KEY.index(c)+32).toChar() }catch{ c } }) }
}```
```text:="Here we have to do is there will be a input/source "
"file in which we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every "
"upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another "
"predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save "
"it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert "
"that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This "
"type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a "
"Substitution Cipher.";
encoded:=SubstitutionCipher.encode(text);
println(  "Encoded: ",encoded);
println("\nDecoded: ",SubstitutionCipher.decode(encoded));```
Output:
```Encoded: "uTu]cu]b3Qu]<d]Id]K>]<buTu]cKUU].u]3]K|M,< >d,THu]4KUu]K|]cbKHb]cu]3Tu]fdK|f]<d]Z|HTCM<]<bu]4KUu].C]TuMU3HK|f]uQuTC],MMuT UdcuT]H3>u]3UMb3.u<>]d4]<bu]>d,THu]4KUu]cK<b]3|d<buT]MTuIu<uT8K|uI],MMuT UdcuT]H3>u]3UMb3.u<>]dT]>C8.dU>]3|I]>3Qu]K<]K|<d]3|d<buT]d,<M,< u|HTCM<uI]4KUu]3|I]<bu|]3f3K|]Hd|QuT<]<b3<]d,<M,< u|HTCM<uI]4KUu]K|<d]dTKfK|3U IuHTCM<uI]4KUui]2bK>]<CMu]d4]Z|HTCM<Kd| %uHTCM<Kd|]>Hbu8u]K>]d4<u|]H3UUuI]3]q,.><K<,<Kd|]6KMbuTi

Decoded: Here we have to do is there will be a input/source file in which we are going to Encrypt the file by replacing every upper/lower case alphabets of the source file with another predetermined upper/lower case alphabets or symbols and save it into another output/encrypted file and then again convert that output/encrypted file into original/decrypted file. This type of Encryption/Decryption scheme is often called a Substitution Cipher.
```