# De Polignac numbers

De Polignac numbers
You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.

Alphonse de Polignac, a French mathematician in the 1800s, conjectured that every positive odd integer could be formed from the sum of a power of 2 and a prime number.

He was subsequently proved incorrect.

The numbers that fail this condition are now known as de Polignac numbers.

Technically 1 is a de Polignac number, as there is no prime and power of 2 that sum to 1. De Polignac was aware but thought that 1 was a special case. However.

127 is also fails that condition, as there is no prime and power of 2 that sum to 127.

As it turns out, de Polignac numbers are not uncommon, in fact, there are an infinite number of them.

• Find and display the first fifty de Polignac numbers.

Stretch
• Find and display the one thousandth de Polignac number.
• Find and display the ten thousandth de Polignac number.

## 11l

Translation of: C++
```F is_prime(p)
I p < 2 | p % 2 == 0
R p == 2
L(i) (3 .. Int(sqrt(p))).step(2)
I p % i == 0
R 0B
R 1B

F is_depolignac_number(n)
V p = 1
L p < n
I is_prime(n - p)
R 0B
p <<= 1
R 1B

print(‘First 50 de Polignac numbers:’)
V count = 0
L(n) (1..).step(2)
I is_depolignac_number(n)
count++
I count <= 50
print(f:‘{commatize(n):5}’, end' I count % 10 == 0 {"\n"} E ‘ ’)
E I count == 1000
print("\nOne thousandth: "commatize(n))
E I count == 10000
print("\nTen thousandth: "commatize(n))
L.break```
Output:
```First 50 de Polignac numbers:
1   127   149   251   331   337   373   509   599   701
757   809   877   905   907   959   977   997 1,019 1,087
1,199 1,207 1,211 1,243 1,259 1,271 1,477 1,529 1,541 1,549
1,589 1,597 1,619 1,649 1,657 1,719 1,759 1,777 1,783 1,807
1,829 1,859 1,867 1,927 1,969 1,973 1,985 2,171 2,203 2,213

One thousandth: 31,941

Ten thousandth: 273,421
```

## Action!

Translation of: PL/M

which is based on the ALGOL 68 sample.

```;;; Find some De Polignac numbers: positive odd numbers that can't be
;;;      written as p + 2**n for some prime p and integer n

INCLUDE "H6:SIEVE.ACT"

PROC showDePolignac( CARD dpNumber )
Put(' )
IF dpNumber <   10 THEN Put(' ) FI
IF dpNumber <  100 THEN Put(' ) FI
IF dpNumber < 1000 THEN Put(' ) FI
PrintC( dpNumber )
RETURN

PROC Main()
DEFINE MAX_DP = "4000", MAX_POWER_OF_2 = "11"

BYTE ARRAY primes(MAX_DP+1)
CARD ARRAY powersOf2(MAX_POWER_OF_2+1) =
[1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048]
CARD i, p, count
BYTE found

Sieve(primes,MAX_DP+1)

; the numbers must be odd and not of the form p + 2**n
; either p is odd and 2**n is even and hence n > 0 and p > 2
;     or 2**n is odd and p is even and hence n = 0 and p = 2

; n = 0, p = 2 - the only possibility is 3
FOR i = 1 TO 3 STEP 2 DO
p = 2
IF p + 1 <> i THEN
count ==+ 1
showDePolignac( i )
FI
OD
; n > 0, p > 2
i = 3
WHILE i < MAX_DP AND count < 50 DO
i ==+ 2
found = 0
p = 1
WHILE found = 0 AND p <= MAX_POWER_OF_2 AND i > powersOf2( p ) DO
found = primes( i - powersOf2( p ) )
p ==+ 1
OD
IF found = 0 THEN
count ==+ 1
showDePolignac( i )
IF count MOD 10 = 0 THEN PutE() FI
FI
OD

RETURN```
Output:
```    1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213
```

## ALGOL 68

```BEGIN # find some De Polignac Numbers - positive odd numbers that can't be    #
# written as p + 2^n for some prime p and integer n                     #
INT max number = 500 000; # maximum number we will consider               #
# sieve the primes to max number                                          #
[ 0 : max number ]BOOL prime;
prime[ 0 ] := prime[ 1 ] := FALSE;
prime[ 2 ] := TRUE;
FOR i FROM 3 BY 2 TO UPB prime DO prime[ i ] := TRUE  OD;
FOR i FROM 4 BY 2 TO UPB prime DO prime[ i ] := FALSE OD;
FOR i FROM 3 BY 2 TO ENTIER sqrt( UPB prime ) DO
IF prime[ i ] THEN
FOR s FROM i * i BY i + i TO UPB prime DO prime[ s ] := FALSE OD
FI
OD;
# table of powers of 2 greater than 2^0 ( up to around 2 000 000 )        #
#       increase the table size if max number > 2 000 000                 #
[ 1 : 20 ]INT powers of 2;
BEGIN
INT p2 := 1;
FOR i TO UPB powers of 2 DO
powers of 2[ i ] := ( p2 *:= 2 )
OD
END;
# the numbers must be odd and not of the form p + 2^n                     #
# either p is odd and 2^n is even and hence n > 0 and p > 2               #
#     or 2^n is odd and p is even and hence n = 0 and p = 2               #
INT dp count := 0;
# n = 0, p = 2 - the only possibility is 3                                #
FOR i BY 2 TO 3 DO
INT p = 2;
IF p + 1 /= i THEN
print( ( whole( i, -5 ) ) );
dp count +:= 1
FI
OD;
# n > 0, p > 2                                                            #
FOR i FROM 5 BY 2 TO max number DO
BOOL found := FALSE;
FOR p TO UPB powers of 2 WHILE NOT found AND i > powers of 2[ p ] DO
found := prime[ i - powers of 2[ p ] ]
OD;
IF ( dp count +:= 1 ) <= 50 THEN
print( ( whole( i, -5 ) ) );
IF dp count MOD 10 = 0 THEN print( ( newline ) ) FI
ELIF dp count = 1 000 OR dp count = 10 000 THEN
print( ( "The ", whole( dp count, -5 )
, "th De Polignac number is ", whole( i, -7 )
, newline
)
)
FI
FI
OD;
print( ( "Found ", whole( dp count, 0 )
, " De Polignac numbers up to ", whole( max number, 0 )
, newline
)
)
END```
Output:
```    1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213
The  1000th De Polignac number is   31941
The 10000th De Polignac number is  273421
Found 19075 De Polignac numbers up to 500000
```

## ALGOL W

Translation of: ALGOL 68
```begin % find some De Polignac numbers - positive odd numbers that can't be    %
% written as p + 2^n for some prime p and integer n                     %
integer MAX_NUMBER;                     % maximum number we will consider %
integer MAX_POWER;                      % maximum powerOf2 < MAX_NUMBER   %
MAX_NUMBER := 500000;
MAX_POWER  :=     20;
begin
logical array prime      ( 0 :: MAX_NUMBER );
integer array powersOf2  ( 1 :: MAX_POWER  );
integer dpCount;
% sieve the primes to MAX_NUMBER                                      %
begin
integer rootMaxNumber;
rootMaxNumber:= entier( sqrt( MAX_NUMBER ) );
prime( 0 ) := prime( 1 ) := false;
prime( 2 ) := true;
for i := 3 step 2 until MAX_NUMBER do prime( i ) := true;
for i := 4 step 2 until MAX_NUMBER do prime( i ) := false;
for i := 3 step 2 until rootMaxNumber do begin
if prime( i ) then begin
integer i2;
i2 := i + i;
for s := i * i step i2 until MAX_NUMBER do prime( s ) := false
end if_prime_i_and_i_lt_rootMaxNumber
end for_i
end;
% table of powers of 2 greater than 2^0 ( up to around 2 000 000 )    %
%       increase the table size if MAX_NUMBER > 2 000 000             %
begin
integer p2;
p2 := 1;
for i := 1 until MAX_POWER do begin
p2             := p2 * 2;
powersOf2( i ) := p2
end for_i
end;
% the numbers must be odd and not of the form p + 2^n                 %
% either p is odd and 2^n is even and hence n > 0 and p > 2           %
%     or 2^n is odd and p is even and hence n = 0 and p = 2           %
% n = 0, p = 2 - the only possibility is 3                            %
dpCount := 0;
for i := 1 step 2 until 3 do begin
integer p;
p := 2;
if p + 1 not = i then begin
dpCount := dpCount + 1;
writeon( i_w := 5, i )
end if_p_plus_1_ne_i
end for_i ;
% n > 0, p > 2                                                        %
for i := 5 step 2 until MAX_NUMBER do begin
logical found;
integer p;
found := false;
p := 1;
while p <= MAX_POWER and not found and i > powersOf2( p ) do begin
found := prime( i - powersOf2( p ) );
p     := p + 1
end while_not_found_and_have_a_suitable_power ;
dpCount := dpCount + 1;
if dpCount <= 50 then begin
writeon( i_w := 5, i );
if dpCount rem 10 = 0 then write()
end
else if dpCount = 1000 or dpCount = 10000 then begin
write( i_w := 5, s_w := 0, "The ", dpCount
, "th De Polignac number is ", i
)
end if_various_DePolignac_numbers
end if_not_found
end for_i;
write( i_w := 1, s_w := 0
, "Found ", dpCount, " De Polignac numbers up to ", MAX_NUMBER
)
end
end.```
Output:
```    1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213
The  1000th De Polignac number is   31941
The 10000th De Polignac number is  273421
Found 19075 De Polignac numbers up to 500000
```

## BASIC

### BASIC256

Translation of: FreeBASIC
```arraybase 0
maxNumber = 500000   # maximum number we will consider
maxPower  =     20   # maximum powerOf2 < maxNumber

dim powersOf2(maxPower)  # sieve the primes to maxNumber
dim prime(maxNumber)
prime[0] = false
prime[1] = false
prime[2] = true
for i = 3 to maxNumber step 2
prime[i] = true
next i
for i = 4 to maxNumber-1 step 2
prime[i] = false
next i

rootMaxNumber = sqr(maxNumber)
for i = 3 to rootMaxNumber step 2
if prime[i] then
i2 = i + i
for s = i * i to maxNumber step i2
prime[s] = false
next s
end if
next i

# table of powers of 2 greater than 2^0 (up to around 2 000 000)
#       increase the table size if maxNumber > 2 000 000
p2 = 1
for i = 1 to maxPower-1
p2 *= 2
powersOf2[i] = p2
next i

# the numbers must be odd and not of the form p + 2^n
# either p is odd and 2^n is even and hence n > 0 and p > 2
#     or 2^n is odd and p is even and hence n = 0 and p = 2
# n = 0, p = 2 - the only possibility is 3
print "First 50 de Polignac numbers:"
dpCount = 0
for i = 1 to 3 step 2
p = 2
if p + 1 <> i then
dpCount += 1
print rjust(i,5);
end if
next i
# n > 0, p > 2
for i = 5 to maxNumber step 2
found = false
p = 1
found = prime[i - powersOf2[p]]
p += 1
end while
dpCount += 1
if dpCount <= 50 then
print rjust(i,5);
if dpCount mod 10 = 0 then print
else
if dpCount = 1000 or dpCount = 10000 then print "The "; rjust(dpCount,5); "th De Polignac number is "; i
end if
end if
next
print "Found "; dpCount; " De Polignac numbers up to "; maxNumber```
Output:
`Similar to FreeBASIC entry.`

### Chipmunk Basic

Works with: Chipmunk Basic version 3.6.4
Translation of: FreeBASIC
```100 maxnumber = 500000 ' maximum number we will consider
110 maxpower = 20 ' maximum powerOf2 < maxNumber
120 dim powersof2(maxpower)' sieve the primes to maxNumber
130 dim prime(maxnumber)
140 prime(0) = false
150 prime(1) = false
160 prime(2) = true
170 for i = 3 to maxnumber step 2
180   prime(i) = true
190 next i
200 for i = 4 to maxnumber step 2
210   prime(i) = false
220 next i
230 rootmaxnumber = sqr(maxnumber)
240 for i = 3 to rootmaxnumber step 2
250   if prime(i) then
260     i2 = i+i
270     for s = i*i to maxnumber step i2
280       prime(s) = false
290     next s
300   endif
310 next i
320 ' table of powers of 2 greater than 2^0 (up to around 2 000 000)
330 '     increase the table size if maxNumber > 2 000 000
340 p2 = 1
350 for i = 1 to maxpower
360   p2 = p2*2
370   powersof2(i) = p2
380 next i
390 ' the numbers must be odd and not of the form p + 2^n
400 ' either p is odd and 2^n is even and hence n > 0 and p > 2
410 '   or 2^n is odd and p is even and hence n = 0 and p = 2
420 ' n = 0, p = 2 - the only possibility is 3
430 print "First 50 de Polignac numbers:"
440 dpcount = 0
450 for i = 1 to 3 step 2
460   p = 2
470   if p+1 <> i then
480     dpcount = dpcount+1
490     print using "#####";i;
500   endif
510 next i
520 ' n > 0, p > 2
530 for i = 5 to maxnumber step 2
540   found = false
550   p = 1
560   while p <= maxpower and  not found and i > powersof2(p)
570     found = prime(i-powersof2(p))
580     p = p+1
590   wend
610     dpcount = dpcount+1
620     if dpcount <= 50 then print using "#####";i;
660     if dpcount = 1000 or dpcount = 10000 then
670       print : print "The ";
680       print using "#####";dpcount;
690       print "th De Polignac number is ";i;
700     endif
720   endif
730 next
740 print : print chr\$(10);"Found ";dpcount;"De Polignac numbers up to ";maxnumber
750 end
```
Output:
`Similar to FreeBASIC entry.`

## C

Translation of: Wren
```#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <locale.h>

bool isPrime(int n) {
if (n < 2) return false;
if (n%2 == 0) return n == 2;
if (n%3 == 0) return n == 3;
int d = 5;
while (d*d <= n) {
if (n%d == 0) return false;
d += 2;
if (n%d == 0) return false;
d += 4;
}
return true;
}

int main() {
int i, j, n, pows2[20], dp[50], dpc = 1, dp1000, dp10000, count, pow;
bool found;
for (i = 0; i < 20; ++i) pows2[i] = 1 << i;
dp[0] = 1;
for (n = 3, count = 1; count < 10000; n += 2) {
found = false;
for (j = 0; j < 20; ++j) {
pow = pows2[j];
if (pow > n) break;
if (isPrime(n-pow)) {
found = true;
break;
}
}
if (!found) {
++count;
if (count <= 50) {
dp[dpc++] = n;
} else if (count == 1000) {
dp1000 = n;
} else if (count == 10000) {
dp10000 = n;
}
}
}
setlocale(LC_NUMERIC, "");
printf("First 50 De Polignac numbers:\n");
for (i = 0; i < dpc; ++i) {
printf("%'5d ", dp[i]);
if (!((i+1)%10)) printf("\n");
}
printf("\nOne thousandth: %'d\n", dp1000);
printf("\nTen thousandth: %'d\n", dp10000);
return 0;
}
```
Output:
```Same as Wren example.
```

## C++

```#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>

bool is_prime(int n) {
if (n < 2)
return false;
if (n % 2 == 0)
return n == 2;
if (n % 3 == 0)
return n == 3;
for (int p = 5; p * p <= n; p += 4) {
if (n % p == 0)
return false;
p += 2;
if (n % p == 0)
return false;
}
return true;
}

bool is_depolignac_number(int n) {
for (int p = 1; p < n; p <<= 1) {
if (is_prime(n - p))
return false;
}
return true;
}

int main() {
std::cout.imbue(std::locale(""));
std::cout << "First 50 de Polignac numbers:\n";
for (int n = 1, count = 0; count < 10000; n += 2) {
if (is_depolignac_number(n)) {
++count;
if (count <= 50)
std::cout << std::setw(5) << n
<< (count % 10 == 0 ? '\n' : ' ');
else if (count == 1000)
std::cout << "\nOne thousandth: " << n << '\n';
else if (count == 10000)
std::cout << "\nTen thousandth: " << n << '\n';
}
}
}
```
Output:
```First 50 de Polignac numbers:
1   127   149   251   331   337   373   509   599   701
757   809   877   905   907   959   977   997 1,019 1,087
1,199 1,207 1,211 1,243 1,259 1,271 1,477 1,529 1,541 1,549
1,589 1,597 1,619 1,649 1,657 1,719 1,759 1,777 1,783 1,807
1,829 1,859 1,867 1,927 1,969 1,973 1,985 2,171 2,203 2,213

One thousandth: 31,941

Ten thousandth: 273,421
```

## Delphi

Works with: Delphi version 6.0

Uses a little algebra to simplify the code. {We are looking for 2^I + Prime = N therefore this 2^I - N should be prime if N is not a De Polignac number. Run Time: 111 ms on a Rizen 7 processor.

```function IsPrime(N: integer): boolean;
{Fast, optimised prime test}
var I,Stop: integer;
begin
if (N = 2) or (N=3) then Result:=true
else if (n <= 1) or ((n mod 2) = 0) or ((n mod 3) = 0) then Result:= false
else
begin
I:=5;
Stop:=Trunc(sqrt(N));
Result:=False;
while I<=Stop do
begin
if ((N mod I) = 0) or ((N mod (I + 2)) = 0) then exit;
Inc(I,6);
end;
Result:=True;
end;
end;

function IsPolignac(N: integer): boolean;
{We are looking for 2^I + Prime = N
Therefore this 2^I - N should be prime}
var Pw2: integer;
begin
Result:=False;
Pw2:=1;
{Test all powers of less than N}
while Pw2<N do
begin
{If the difference is prime, it is not Polignac}
if IsPrime(N-Pw2) then exit;
Pw2:=Pw2 shl 1;
end;
Result:=True;
end;

procedure ShowPolignacNumbers(Memo: TMemo);
{Show the first 50, 1000th and 10,000th Polignac numbers}
var I,Cnt: integer;
var S: string;
begin
I:=1; Cnt:=0; S:='';
{Iterate through all odd numbers}
while true do
begin
if IsPolignac(I) then
begin
S:=S+Format('%10.0n',[I*1.0]);
Inc(Cnt);
if (Cnt mod 10)=0 then
begin
S:='';
end;

end;
Inc(I,2);
if Cnt>=50 then break;
end;
while true do
begin
if IsPolignac(I) then
begin
Inc(Cnt);
if Cnt=1000 then Memo.Lines.Add('1,000th = '+Format('%10.0n',[I*1.0]));
if Cnt=10000 then
begin
break;
end;
end;
Inc(I,2);
end;
end;
```
Output:
```First 50 Polignac numbers:
1       127       149       251       331       337       373       509       599       701
757       809       877       905       907       959       977       997     1,019     1,087
1,199     1,207     1,211     1,243     1,259     1,271     1,477     1,529     1,541     1,549
1,589     1,597     1,619     1,649     1,657     1,719     1,759     1,777     1,783     1,807
1,829     1,859     1,867     1,927     1,969     1,973     1,985     2,171     2,203     2,213
1,000th =     31,941
10,000th =    273,421
```

## EasyLang

Translation of: C
```func isprim num .
i = 2
while i <= sqrt num
if num mod i = 0
return 0
.
i += 1
.
return 1
.
p = 2
for i to 20
pow2[] &= p
p *= 2
.
n = 1
while count < 50
j = 1
repeat
p = pow2[j]
until p > n or isprim (n - p) = 1
j += 1
.
if p > n
count += 1
print n
.
n += 2
.```

## Euler

Based on the Algol W sample, but as 3 is clearly not a de Polignac number, only considers odd primes.

```begin new isOddPrime;
isOddPrime
<- ` formal n;
if n mod 2 = 0
then false
else begin
new prime; new f; new f2; new toNext; label primeLoop;
prime  <- true;
f      <-    3;
f2     <-    9;
toNext <-   16;
primeLoop:       if f2 <= n and prime then begin
prime  <- n mod f <> 0;
f      <- f + 2;
f2     <- toNext;
toNext <- toNext + 8;
goto primeLoop end else 0;
prime
end
';
begin new n; new count; label forI;
count    <- 0;
n        <- -1;
forI:   if begin n <- n + 2; count < 50 end then begin
new found; new p; new powerOf2; label p2Loop;
found    <- false;
powerOf2 <- 1;
found    <- isOddPrime( n - powerOf2 );
powerOf2 <- powerOf2 * 2;
goto p2Loop end else 0;
count <- count + 1;
out n
end else 0;
goto forI end else 0
end

end \$
```
Output:
```    NUMBER                   1
NUMBER                 127
NUMBER                 149
...
NUMBER                2171
NUMBER                2203
NUMBER                2213
```

## FreeBASIC

Translation of: ALGOL W
```' find some De Polignac numbers - positive odd numbers that can't be
' written as p + 2^n for some prime p and integer n
Const maxNumber = 500000    ' maximum number we will consider
Const maxPower  =     20    ' maximum powerOf2 < maxNumber

Dim As Uinteger powersOf2(1 To maxPower)    ' sieve the primes to maxNumber
Dim As Boolean prime(0 To maxNumber)

Dim As Integer rootMaxNumber = Sqr(maxNumber)
Dim As Integer i, s

prime(0) = false
prime(1) = false
prime(2) = true
For i = 3 To maxNumber Step 2
prime(i) = true
Next i
For i = 4 To maxNumber Step 2
prime(i) = false
Next i
For i = 3 To rootMaxNumber Step 2
If prime(i) Then
Dim As Integer i2 = i + i
For s = i * i To maxNumber  Step i2
prime(s) = false
Next s
End If
Next i

' table of powers of 2 greater than 2^0 (up to around 2 000 000)
'       increase the table size if maxNumber > 2 000 000
Dim As Integer p2 = 1
For i = 1 To maxPower
p2 *= 2
powersOf2(i) = p2
Next i

' the numbers must be odd and not of the form p + 2^n
' either p is odd and 2^n is even and hence n > 0 and p > 2
'     or 2^n is odd and p is even and hence n = 0 and p = 2
' n = 0, p = 2 - the only possibility is 3
Dim As Uinteger dpCount = 0
For i = 1 To 3 Step 2
Dim As Integer p = 2
If p + 1 <> i Then
dpCount += 1
Print Using "#####"; i;
End If
Next i
' n > 0, p > 2
For i = 5 To maxNumber Step 2
Dim As Boolean found = false
Dim As Integer p = 1
found = prime(i - powersOf2(p))
p += 1
Wend
dpCount += 1
If dpCount <= 50 Then
Print Using "#####"; i;
If dpCount Mod 10 = 0 Then Print
Elseif dpCount = 1000 Or dpCount = 10000 Then
Print Using "The #####th De Polignac number is ######"; dpCount; i
End If
End If
Next
Print "Found "; dpCount; " De Polignac numbers up to "; maxNumber
Sleep```
Output:
`Same as ALGOL W entry.`

## Go

Translation of: Wren
Library: Go-rcu
```package main

import (
"fmt"
"rcu"
)

func main() {
pows2 := make([]int, 20)
for i := 0; i < 20; i++ {
pows2[i] = 1 << i
}
dp := []int{1}
dp1000, dp10000 := 0, 0
for n, count := 3, 1; count < 10000; n += 2 {
found := false
for _, pow := range pows2 {
if pow > n {
break
}
if rcu.IsPrime(n - pow) {
found = true
break
}
}
if !found {
count++
if count <= 50 {
dp = append(dp, n)
} else if count == 1000 {
dp1000 = n
} else if count == 10000 {
dp10000 = n
}
}
}
fmt.Println("First 50 De Polignac numbers:")
rcu.PrintTable(dp, 10, 5, true)
fmt.Printf("\nOne thousandth: %s\n", rcu.Commatize(dp1000))
fmt.Printf("\nTen thousandth: %s\n", rcu.Commatize(dp10000))
}
```
Output:
```Same as Wren example.
```

## J

Implementation:

```depolignac=: (1+i.@>.&.-:) (-.,) i.@>.&.(2&^.) +/ i.&.(p:inv)
```

```   5 10\$depolignac 3000
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213
```

Stretch:

```   T=: depolignac 3e5
999 { T
31941
9999 { T
273421
```

(We use 999 here for the 1000th number because 0 is the first J index.)

## Java

```public final class DePolignacNumbers {

public static void main(String[] args) {
System.out.println("The first 50 de Polignac numbers:");
for ( int n = 1, count = 0; count < 10_000; n += 2 ) {
if ( isDePolignacNumber(n) ) {
count += 1;
if ( count <= 50 ) {
System.out.print(String.format("%5d%s", n, ( count % 10 == 0 ? "\n" : " ") ));
} else if ( count == 1_000 ) {
System.out.println();
System.out.println("The 1,000th de Polignac number: " + n);
} else if ( count == 10_000 ) {
System.out.println();
System.out.println("The 10,000th de Polignac number: " + n);
}
}
}
}

private static boolean isDePolignacNumber(int number) {
for ( int p = 1; p < number; p <<= 1 ) {
if ( isPrime(number - p) ) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}

private static boolean isPrime(int number) {
if ( number < 2 ) {
return false;
}
if ( number % 2 == 0 ) {
return number == 2;
}
if ( number % 3 == 0 ) {
return number == 3;
}

int delta = 2;
int k = 5;
while ( k * k <= number ) {
if ( number % k == 0 ) {
return false;
}
k += delta;
delta = 6 - delta;
}
return true;
}

}
```
Output:
```The first 50 de Polignac numbers:
1   127   149   251   331   337   373   509   599   701
757   809   877   905   907   959   977   997  1019  1087
1199  1207  1211  1243  1259  1271  1477  1529  1541  1549
1589  1597  1619  1649  1657  1719  1759  1777  1783  1807
1829  1859  1867  1927  1969  1973  1985  2171  2203  2213

The 1,000th de Polignac number: 31941

The 10,000th de Polignac number: 273421
```

## jq

Works with: jq
```# Input should be an integer
def isPrime:
. as \$n
| if    (\$n < 2)      then false
elif (\$n % 2 == 0)  then \$n == 2
elif (\$n % 3 == 0)  then \$n == 3
else 5
| until( . <= 0;
if .*. > \$n then -1
elif (\$n % . == 0) then 0
else . + 2
|  if (\$n % . == 0) then 0
else . + 4
end
end)
| . == -1
end;

# Generate the stream of de Polignac integers:
def dePolignacs:
1,
( range(3; infinite; 2) as \$n
| first(
foreach range(0; infinite) as \$i (null;
if . == null then 1 else .*2 end;
if . > \$n then \$n
elif (\$n - .) | isPrime
then -1
else empty
end) )
| select(.>0) ) ;

def lpad(\$len): tostring | (\$len - length) as \$l | (" " * \$l)[:\$l] + .;

(label \$out
| foreach dePolignacs as \$i ({};
.count += 1
| if .count <= 50
then .dp += [\$i]
elif .count == 1000
then .dp1000 = \$i
elif .count == 10000
then .dp10000 = \$i
else .
end;
if .count == 10000 then ., break \$out else empty end))
| "The first \(\$n) de Polignac numbers:",
(.dp | _nwise(10) | map(lpad(4)) | join(" ")),
"\nThe  1,000th: \(.dp1000)",
"\nThe 10,000th: \(.dp10000)";

Invocation: jq -nrc -f de-polignac.jq

Output:
```The first 50 de Polignac numbers:
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213

The  1,000th: 31941

The 10,000th: 273421
```

## Julia

• Needs Primes.jl
```using Primes
using Printf

function isdepolignac(n::Integer)
iseven(n) && return false

twopows = Iterators.map(x -> 2^x, 0:floor(Int, log2(n)))

return !any(twopows) do twopow
isprime(n - twopow)
end
end

function depolignacs()
naturals = Iterators.countfrom()
return Iterators.filter(isdepolignac, naturals)
end

for (i, dep) in Iterators.enumerate(depolignacs())
if i == 1
println("The first 50 de Polignac numbers:")
end

if i <= 50
@printf "%4d" dep
i % 10 == 0 ? println() : print(" ")
end

if i == 50
println()
end

if i == 1000
println("The 1000th de Polignac number is \$dep")
println()
end

if i == 10000
println("The 10000th de Polignac number is \$dep")
break
end
end
```
```The first 50 de Polignac numbers:
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213

The 1000th de Polignac number is 31941

The 10000th de Polignac number is 273421
```

## Mathematica/Wolfram Language

Translation of: Julia
```IsDePolignac[n_Integer] := Module[{twoPows},
If[EvenQ[n], Return[False]];
twoPows = 2^Range[0, Floor[Log2[n]]];
Not[Or @@ (PrimeQ[n - #] & /@ twoPows)]
]

DePolignacs[] := Module[{naturals = 1},
Select[Table[naturals++, {i, 1, 280000}], IsDePolignac]
]

dePolignacNumbers = DePolignacs[];

Print["The first 50 de Polignac numbers:", Take[dePolignacNumbers, 50]];

Print["The 1000th de Polignac number is ", dePolignacNumbers[[1000]]];

Print["The 10000th de Polignac number is ", dePolignacNumbers[[10000]]];
```
Output:
```The first 50 de Polignac numbers:{1, 127, 149, 251, 331, 337, 373, 509, 599, 701, 757, 809, 877, 905, 907, 959, 977, 997, 1019, 1087, 1199, 1207, 1211, 1243, 1259, 1271, 1477, 1529, 1541, 1549, 1589, 1597, 1619, 1649, 1657, 1719, 1759, 1777, 1783, 1807, 1829, 1859, 1867, 1927, 1969, 1973, 1985, 2171, 2203, 2213}
The 1000th de Polignac number is 31941
The 10000th de Polignac number is 273421

```

## Nim

```import std/[algorithm, math, strformat]

const N = 500_000

func initPrimes(lim: Natural): seq[int] =
## Build list of primes using a sieve of Erathostenes.
var composite = newSeq[bool]((lim + 1) shr 1)
composite[0] = true
for n in countup(3, int(sqrt(lim.toFloat)), 2):
if not composite[n shr 1]:
for k in countup(n * n, lim, 2 * n):
composite[k shr 1] = true
for n in countup(3, lim, 2):
if not composite[n shr 1]:

func initPowers(lim: Natural): seq[int] =
## Build list of powers of 2.
var n = 1
for i in 0..log2(N.toFloat).int:
n = n shl 1

func initDePolignac(primes, powers: seq[int]): seq[int] =
## Build list of de Polignac numbers using a sieve
## for odd numbers.
var sieve: array[0..(N div 2), bool]
sieve.fill(true)
for p1 in primes:
for p2 in powers:
if p1 + p2 <= N:
sieve[(p1 + p2) shr 1] = false
for i, isDePolignac in sieve:
if isDePolignac:
result.add i shl 1 + 1

let primes = initPrimes(N)
let powers = initPowers(N)
let dePolignac = initDePolignac(primes, powers)

echo "First 50 de Polignac numbers:"
for i in 0..49:
stdout.write &"{dePolignac[i]:>4}"
stdout.write if i mod 10 == 9: '\n' else: ' '
echo()

for i in [1000, 10000]:
echo &"The {i:>5}th de Polignac number is {dePolignac[i-1]:>6}"
```
Output:
```First 50 de Polignac numbers:
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213

The  1000th de Polignac number is  31941
The 10000th de Polignac number is 273421
```

## Pascal

### Free Pascal

Translation of: Delphi

slightly modified for console

```program DePolignacNum;
{\$IFDEF FPC}{\$MODE DELPHI}{\$Optimization ON,ALL} {\$ENDIF}
{\$IFDEF WINDOWS}{\$APPTYPE CONSOLE}{\$ENDIF}
uses
sysutils;

function IsPrime(n: Uint32): boolean;
{Fast, optimised prime test}
const
DeltaMOD235: array[0..7] of Uint32 =(4,2,4,2,4,6,2,6);
var
pr,idx : NativeUint;
begin
if n < 32 then
Exit(n in [2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29,31]);
IF n AND 1 = 0 then EXIT(false);
IF n mod 3 = 0 then EXIT(false);
IF n mod 5 = 0 then EXIT(false);
pr := 7;
idx := 0;
repeat
if sqr(pr) >n then
EXIT(true);
if n mod pr = 0 then
EXIT(false);
pr += DeltaMOD235[idx];
idx := (idx+1) AND 7;
until false;
end;

function IsPolignac(N: Uint32): boolean;
{We are looking for 2^I + Prime = N
Therefore this 2^I - N should be prime}
var
Pw2: Uint32;
begin
Pw2:=1;
{Test all powers of less than N}
while Pw2<N do
begin
{If the difference is prime, it is not Polignac}
if IsPrime(N-Pw2) then
EXIT(false);
//Pw2:=Pw2 shl 1;
Pw2 +=Pw2;
end;
Result:=True;
end;

procedure ShowPolignacNumbers;
{Show the first 50, 1000th and 10,000th Polignac numbers}
var
I,Cnt,lmt: Uint32;
S: string;
begin
writeln('First 50 Polignac numbers:');
I:=1; Cnt:=0; S:='';
{Iterate through all odd numbers}
lmt := 10;
while true do
begin
if IsPolignac(I) then
begin
S:=S+Format('%6.0n',[I*1.0]);
Inc(Cnt);
if Cnt = lmt then
begin
writeln(S);
S:='';
inc(lmt,10);
end;
end;
Inc(I,2);
if Cnt>=50 then break;
end;
writeln;

lmt := 100;
repeat
if IsPolignac(I) then
begin
Inc(Cnt);
if Cnt=lmt then
begin
writeln(Format('%10.0nth %10.0n',[cnt*1.0,I*1.0]));
lmt *= 10;
if lmt > 10000 then
BREAK;
end;
end;
Inc(I,2);
until false;
end;

var
T : Int64;
BEGIN
//wait for change in GetTickCount64
T := GetTickCount64+1;repeat until T <= GetTickCount64;
ShowPolignacNumbers;
Writeln(GetTickCount64-T,' ms');
end.
```
@TIO.RUN:
```First 50 Polignac numbers:
1   127   149   251   331   337   373   509   599   701
757   809   877   905   907   959   977   997 1,019 1,087
1,199 1,207 1,211 1,243 1,259 1,271 1,477 1,529 1,541 1,549
1,589 1,597 1,619 1,649 1,657 1,719 1,759 1,777 1,783 1,807
1,829 1,859 1,867 1,927 1,969 1,973 1,985 2,171 2,203 2,213

100th      4,153
1,000th     31,941
10,000th    273,421
162 ms // 32 ms @home Ryzen 5600G on Linux 64-bit
```

## Perl

Library: ntheory
```use v5.36;
use ntheory <is_prime vecmax vecany logint>;

sub comma { reverse ((reverse shift) =~ s/(.{3})/\$1,/gr) =~ s/^,//r }
sub table (\$c, @V) { my \$t = \$c * (my \$w = 2 + vecmax map { length } @V); ( sprintf( ('%'.\$w.'s')x@V, @V) ) =~ s/.{1,\$t}\K/\n/gr }

my (\$n, @D) = (3, 1);
while (\$n++) {
next unless \$n % 2;
next if vecany { is_prime(\$n - (1 << \$_)) } reverse(1 .. logint(\$n, 2));
push @D, comma \$n;
last if 10_000 == @D;
}

say "First fifty de Polignac numbers:\n" . table 10, @D[0..49];
say 'One thousandth: ' . \$D[ 999];
say 'Ten thousandth: ' . \$D[9999];
```
Output:
```First fifty de Polignac numbers:
1    127    149    251    331    337    373    509    599    701
757    809    877    905    907    959    977    997  1,019  1,087
1,199  1,207  1,211  1,243  1,259  1,271  1,477  1,529  1,541  1,549
1,589  1,597  1,619  1,649  1,657  1,719  1,759  1,777  1,783  1,807
1,829  1,859  1,867  1,927  1,969  1,973  1,985  2,171  2,203  2,213

One thousandth: 31,941
Ten thousandth: 273,421```

## Phix

Translation of: Python
```with javascript_semantics
constant MAX_VALUE = 1_000_000,
all_primes = get_primes_le(MAX_VALUE),
powers_of_2 = sq_power(2,tagset(floor(log2(MAX_VALUE)),0))
sequence allvalues = repeat(true,MAX_VALUE),
dePolignac = {}

for i in all_primes do
for j in powers_of_2 do
if i + j < MAX_VALUE then
allvalues[i + j] = false
end if
end for
end for
for n=1 to MAX_VALUE by 2 do
if allvalues[n] then dePolignac &= n end if
end for

printf(1,"First fifty de Polignac numbers:\n%s\n",{join_by(dePolignac[1..50],1,10,"",fmt:="%5d")})
printf(1,"One thousandth: %,d\n",dePolignac[1000])
printf(1,"Ten thousandth: %,d\n",dePolignac[10000])
```
Output:
```First fifty de Polignac numbers:
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213

One thousandth: 31,941
Ten thousandth: 273,421
```

### alternative

No magic constant or arbitrary limit, but about seven times slower. Based on Wren/Raku, same output as above.

```with javascript_semantics
sequence depolignac = {1}
function dePolignac(integer n)
-- return the nth depolignac number
integer t = depolignac[\$]+2
while length(depolignac)<n do
integer p2 = 1
bool found = false
while p2<t do
if is_prime(t-p2) then
found = true
exit
end if
p2 *= 2
end while
depolignac &= t
end if
t += 2
end while
return depolignac[n]
end function

printf(1,"First fifty de Polignac numbers:\n%s\n",{join_by(apply(tagset(50),dePolignac),1,10,"",fmt:="%5d")})
printf(1,"One thousandth: %,d\n",dePolignac(1000))
printf(1,"Ten thousandth: %,d\n",dePolignac(10000))
```

## PL/M

Based on the ALGOL 68 sample.

Works with: 8080 PL/M Compiler

... under CP/M (or an emulator)

```100H: /* FIND SOME DE POLIGNAC NUMBERS - POSITIVE ODD NUMBERS THAT CAN'T BE  */
/* WRITTEN AS P + 2**N FOR SOME PRIME P AND INTEGER N                  */

DECLARE FALSE LITERALLY '0', TRUE LITERALLY '0FFH';

/* CP/M SYSTEM CALL AND I/O ROUTINES                                      */
BDOS:      PROCEDURE( FN, ARG ); DECLARE FN BYTE, ARG ADDRESS; GOTO 5; END;
PR\$CHAR:   PROCEDURE( C ); DECLARE C BYTE;    CALL BDOS( 2, C );  END;
PR\$STRING: PROCEDURE( S ); DECLARE S ADDRESS; CALL BDOS( 9, S );  END;
PR\$NL:     PROCEDURE;   CALL PR\$CHAR( 0DH ); CALL PR\$CHAR( 0AH ); END;
PR\$NUMBER: PROCEDURE( N ); /* PRINTS A NUMBER IN THE MINIMUN FIELD WIDTH  */
DECLARE V ADDRESS, N\$STR ( 6 )BYTE, W BYTE;
V = N;
W = LAST( N\$STR );
N\$STR( W ) = '\$';
N\$STR( W := W - 1 ) = '0' + ( V MOD 10 );
DO WHILE( ( V := V / 10 ) > 0 );
N\$STR( W := W - 1 ) = '0' + ( V MOD 10 );
END;
CALL PR\$STRING( .N\$STR( W ) );
END PR\$NUMBER;
/* END SYSTEM CALL AND I/O ROUTINES                                       */

DECLARE MAX\$DP        LITERALLY '4000', /* MAXIMUM NUMBER TO CONSIDER     */
MAX\$DP\$PLUS\$1 LITERALLY '4001'; /* MAX\$DP + 1 FOR ARRAY BOUNDS    */

/* SIEVE THE PRIMES TO MAX\$DP                                             */
DECLARE PRIME ( MAX\$DP\$PLUS\$1 )BYTE;
DO;
DECLARE ( I, S ) ADDRESS;
PRIME( 0 ),  PRIME( 1 ) = FALSE;
PRIME( 2 ) = TRUE;
DO I = 3 TO LAST( PRIME ) BY 2; PRIME( I ) = TRUE;  END;
DO I = 4 TO LAST( PRIME ) BY 2; PRIME( I ) = FALSE; END;
DO I = 3 TO LAST( PRIME ) / 2 BY 2;
IF PRIME( I ) THEN DO;
DO S = I + I TO LAST( PRIME ) BY I; PRIME( S ) = FALSE; END;
END;
END;
END;

/* TABLE OF POWERS OF 2 UP TO MAX\$DP                                      */
INITIAL( 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048 );

/* DISPLAYS A DE POLIGNAC NUMBER, IF NECESSARY                            */
SHOW\$DE\$POLIGNAC: PROCEDURE( DP\$NUMBER );
CALL PR\$CHAR( ' ' );
IF DP\$NUMBER <   10 THEN CALL PR\$CHAR( ' ' );
IF DP\$NUMBER <  100 THEN CALL PR\$CHAR( ' ' );
IF DP\$NUMBER < 1000 THEN CALL PR\$CHAR( ' ' );
CALL PR\$NUMBER( DP\$NUMBER );
END SHOW\$DE\$POLIGNAC;

DECLARE ( I, P, COUNT ) ADDRESS;
DECLARE FOUND BYTE;

/* THE NUMBERS MUST BE ODD AND NOT OF THE FORM P + 2**N                */
/* EITHER P IS ODD AND 2**N IS EVEN AND HENCE N > 0 AND P > 2          */
/*     OR 2**N IS ODD AND P IS EVEN AND HENCE N = 0 AND P = 2          */

/* N = 0, P = 2 - THE ONLY POSSIBILITY IS 3                            */
DO I = 1 TO 3 BY 2;
P = 2;
IF P + 1 <> I THEN DO;
COUNT = COUNT + 1;
CALL SHOW\$DE\$POLIGNAC( I );
END;
END;
/* N > 0, P > 2                                                        */
I = 3;
DO WHILE I < MAX\$DP AND COUNT < 50;
I = I + 2;
FOUND = FALSE;
P = 1;
AND P <= LAST( POWERS\$OF\$2 )
AND I > POWERS\$OF\$2( P );
FOUND = PRIME( I - POWERS\$OF\$2( P ) );
P     = P + 1;
END;
CALL SHOW\$DE\$POLIGNAC( I );
IF ( COUNT := COUNT + 1 ) MOD 10 = 0 THEN CALL PR\$NL;
END;
END;

EOF```
Output:
```    1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213
```

## Python

```''' Rosetta code rosettacode.org/wiki/De_Polignac_numbers '''

from sympy import isprime
from math import log
from numpy import ndarray

max_value = 1_000_000

all_primes = [i for i in range(max_value + 1) if isprime(i)]
powers_of_2 = [2**i for i in range(int(log(max_value, 2)))]

allvalues = ndarray(max_value, dtype=bool)
allvalues[:] = True

for i in all_primes:
for j in powers_of_2:
if i + j < max_value:
allvalues[i + j] = False

dePolignac = [n for n in range(1, max_value) if n & 1 == 1 and allvalues[n]]

print('First fifty de Polignac numbers:')
for i, n in enumerate(dePolignac[:50]):
print(f'{n:5}', end='\n' if (i + 1) % 10 == 0 else '')

print(f'\nOne thousandth: {dePolignac[999]:,}')
print(f'\nTen thousandth: {dePolignac[9999]:,}')
```
Output:
```First fifty de Polignac numbers:
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213

One thousandth: 31,941

Ten thousandth: 273,421
```

## Quackery

`from`, `index`, `end`, and `incr` are defined at Loops/Increment loop index within loop body#Quackery.

`isprime` is defined at Primality by trial division#Quackery.

```  [ true swap
1 from
[ index over > iff
end done
dup index -
isprime if
[ dip not end ]
index incr ]
drop ]                is depolignac ( n --> b )

[] 1 from
[ index depolignac if
[ index join ]
dup size 50 = if
end
2 incr ]
echo```
Output:
`[ 1 127 149 251 331 337 373 509 599 701 757 809 877 905 907 959 977 997 1019 1087 1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549 1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807 1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213 ]`

## Raku

```use List::Divvy;
use Lingua::EN::Numbers;
constant @po2 = (1..∞).map: 2 ** *;
my @dePolignac = lazy 1, |(2..∞).hyper.map(* × 2 + 1).grep: -> \$n { all @po2.&upto(\$n).map: { !is-prime \$n - \$_ } };

say "First fifty de Polignac numbers:\n" ~ @dePolignac[^50]».&comma».fmt("%5s").batch(10).join: "\n";
say "\nOne thousandth: " ~ comma @dePolignac[999];
say "\nTen thousandth: " ~ comma @dePolignac[9999];
```
Output:
```First fifty de Polignac numbers:
1   127   149   251   331   337   373   509   599   701
757   809   877   905   907   959   977   997 1,019 1,087
1,199 1,207 1,211 1,243 1,259 1,271 1,477 1,529 1,541 1,549
1,589 1,597 1,619 1,649 1,657 1,719 1,759 1,777 1,783 1,807
1,829 1,859 1,867 1,927 1,969 1,973 1,985 2,171 2,203 2,213

One thousandth: 31,941

Ten thousandth: 273,421```

## RPL

Polignac really made a fool of himself for all time by writing to the French Academy of Science that he had verified his "theorem" up to 3,000,000. To make the search faster, RPL flag management features (`CF`, `SF` and `FC?` instructions) are used to exit loops when the remainder of (n - 2^k) is not prime.

Works with: Halcyon Calc version 4.2.7
```≪ IF DUP 5 ≤ THEN
{ 2 3 5 } SWAP POS SIGN
ELSE
IF DUP 2 MOD NOT THEN 2
ELSE
DUP √ CEIL → lim
≪ 3
WHILE DUP2 MOD OVER lim ≤ AND REPEAT 2 + END
≫
END
MOD SIGN
END
≫ 'PRIM?' STO

≪ → n
≪ { 1 } 3
DO
1 CF
DUP LN 2 LN / FLOOR
WHILE DUP 0 ≥ 1 FC? AND REPEAT
2 OVER ^ 3 PICK SWAP -
IF PRIM? THEN 1 SF END
1 -
END DROP
IF 1 FC? THEN DUP ROT SWAP + SWAP END
2 +
UNTIL OVER SIZE n == END
DROP
≫ ≫ 'DPFAIL' STO
```
```50 DPFAIL
```
Output:
```1: { 1 127 149 251 331 337 373 509 599 701 757 809 877 905 907 959 977 997 1019 1087 1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549 1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807 1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 }
```

## Ruby

Using Thundergnats observation that it is enough to subtract powers of 2 and verify that none of the results is prime.

```require 'prime'

def pow2floor(n)
n.bit_length-1
end

def polignac?(n)
(0..pow2floor(n)).none? {|exp| (n-(1 << exp)).prime? }
end

polignacs =  (1..).step(2).lazy.select{|n| polignac?(n)}.first(10000)

puts "first #{n = 50} de Polignac numbers:"
polignacs[0...n].each_slice(10){|s| puts "%5d"*s.size % s}
[1000, 10000].each{|n| puts "\n#{n}: #{polignacs[n-1]}"}
```
Output:
```first 50 de Polignac numbers:
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213

1000: 31941

10000: 273421
```

## Scala

Translation of: Java
```object DePolignacNumbers extends App {

println("The first 50 de Polignac numbers:")
Stream.from(1, 2).filter(isDePolignacNumber).take(10000).zipWithIndex.foreach {
case (number, index) =>
val count = index + 1
if (count <= 50) {
print(f"\$number%5d" + (if (count % 10 == 0) "\n" else " "))
} else if (count == 1000) {
println()
println(s"The 1,000th de Polignac number: \$number")
} else if (count == 10000) {
println()
println(s"The 10,000th de Polignac number: \$number")
}
}

def isDePolignacNumber(number: Int): Boolean = {
Iterator.iterate(1)(_ << 1).takeWhile(_ < number).forall(p => !isPrime(number - p))
}

def isPrime(number: Int): Boolean = number match {
case n if n < 2 => false
case 2 | 3 => true
case n if n % 2 == 0 || n % 3 == 0 => false
case _ =>
Stream.from(5, 2).takeWhile(k => k * k <= number)
.filter(k => number % k == 0 || number % (k + 2) == 0)
.isEmpty
}

}
```
Output:
```The first 50 de Polignac numbers:
1   127   149   251   331   337   373   509   599   701
757   809   877   905   907   959   977   997  1019  1087
1199  1207  1211  1243  1259  1271  1477  1529  1541  1549
1589  1597  1619  1649  1657  1719  1759  1777  1783  1807
1829  1859  1867  1927  1969  1973  1985  2171  2203  2213

The 1,000th de Polignac number: 31941

The 10,000th de Polignac number: 273421
```

## Sidef

Translation of: Ruby
```var polignacs = (1..Inf -> by(2).lazy.grep {|n|
RangeNum(n.ilog2, 0, -1).none {|k| n - (1<<k) -> is_prime }
})

with (50) {|n|
say ("first #{n} de Polignac numbers:")
polignacs.first(n).slices(10).each{|s| say("%5d"*s.len % s...) }
}

say ''; [1000, 10000].each{|n|
say "#{n}th de Polignac number: #{polignacs.nth(n)}"
}
```
Output:
```first 50 de Polignac numbers:
1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213

1000th de Polignac number: 31941
10000th de Polignac number: 273421
```

## Wren

Library: Wren-math
Library: Wren-fmt
```import "./math" for Int
import "./fmt" for Fmt

var pows2 = (0..19).map { |i| 1 << i }.toList
var dp = [1]
var dp1000
var dp10000
var count = 1
var n = 3
while (true) {
var found = false
for (pow in pows2) {
if (pow > n) break
if (Int.isPrime(n-pow)) {
found = true
break
}
}
if (!found) {
count = count + 1
if (count <= 50) {
} else if (count == 1000) {
dp1000 = n
} else if (count == 10000) {
dp10000 = n
break
}
}
n = n + 2
}
System.print("First 50 De Polignac numbers:")
Fmt.tprint("\$,5d", dp, 10)
Fmt.print("\nOne thousandth: \$,d", dp1000)
Fmt.print("\nTen thousandth: \$,d", dp10000)
```
Output:
```First 50 De Polignac numbers:
1   127   149   251   331   337   373   509   599   701
757   809   877   905   907   959   977   997 1,019 1,087
1,199 1,207 1,211 1,243 1,259 1,271 1,477 1,529 1,541 1,549
1,589 1,597 1,619 1,649 1,657 1,719 1,759 1,777 1,783 1,807
1,829 1,859 1,867 1,927 1,969 1,973 1,985 2,171 2,203 2,213

One thousandth: 31,941

Ten thousandth: 273,421
```

## XPL0

Slow. Takes 225 seconds on Pi4.

```func IsPrime(N);        \Return 'true' if N is prime
int  N, I;
[if N <= 2 then return N = 2;
if (N&1) = 0 then \even >2\ return false;
for I:= 3 to sqrt(N) do
[if rem(N/I) = 0 then return false;
I:= I+1;
];
return true;
];

func IsDePolignac(N);   \Return 'true' if N is a de Polignac number
int  N, P, T;
[for P:= N-1 downto 2 do
if IsPrime(P) then
[T:= 1;
repeat  if T+P = N then return false;
T:= T<<1;
until   T+P > N;
];
return true;
];

int N, C;
[Format(5, 0);
N:= 1;  C:= 0;
loop    [if IsDePolignac(N) then
[C:= C+1;
if C<=50 or C=1000 or C=10000 then
[RlOut(0, float(N));
if rem(C/10) = 0 then CrLf(0);
if C = 10000 then quit;
];
];
N:= N+2;
];
]```
Output:
```    1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213
31941
273421
```

Translation of: ALGOL W

```define MAX_NUMBER = 500000;             \ maximum number we will consider     \
define MAX_POWER  =     20;             \ maximum powerOf2 < MAX_NUMBER       \
integer Prime      ( MAX_NUMBER+1 );
integer PowersOf2  ( MAX_POWER+1  );
integer DpCount;
integer RootMaxNumber;
integer I2, S, I;
integer P2, P;
integer Found;
begin \ find some De Polignac numbers - positive odd numbers that can't be    \
\ written as p + 2^n for some prime p and integer n                     \
begin
\ Sieve the primes to MAX_NUMBER                                      \
begin
RootMaxNumber:= ( sqrt( MAX_NUMBER ) );
Prime( 0 ) := false;
Prime( 1 ) := false;
Prime( 2 ) := true;
for I := 3 to MAX_NUMBER do [Prime( I ) := true;   I:= I+1];
for I := 4 to MAX_NUMBER do [Prime( I ) := false;  I:= I+1];
for I := 3 to RootMaxNumber do begin
if Prime( I ) then begin
I2 := I + I;
for S := I * I to MAX_NUMBER do [Prime( S ) := false;  S:= S+I2-1]
end; \if_prime_i_and_i_lt_rootMaxNumber
I:= I+1
end \for_I
end;
\ Table of powers of 2 greater than 2^0 ( up to around 2 000 000 )    \
\       Increase the table size if MAX_NUMBER > 2 000 000             \
begin
P2 := 1;
for I := 1 to MAX_POWER do begin
P2             := P2 * 2;
PowersOf2( I ) := P2
end \for_I
end;
\ The numbers must be odd and not of the form p + 2^n                 \
\ Either p is odd and 2^n is even and hence n > 0 and p > 2           \
\     or 2^n is odd and p is even and hence n = 0 and p = 2           \
\ n = 0, p = 2 - the only possibility is 3                            \
DpCount := 0;
for I := 1 to 3 do begin
P := 2;
if P + 1 # I then begin
DpCount := DpCount + 1;
Format(5, 0);
RlOut(0, float(I))
end; \if_P_plus_1_ne_I
I:= I+1
end \for_I\ ;
\ n > 0, p > 2                                                        \
for I := 5 to MAX_NUMBER do begin
Found := false;
P := 1;
while P <= MAX_POWER and not Found and I > PowersOf2( P ) do begin
Found := Prime( I - PowersOf2( P ) );
P     := P + 1
end \while_not_found_and_have_a_suitable_power\ ;
DpCount := DpCount + 1;
if DpCount <= 50 then begin
Format(5, 0);
RlOut(0, float(I));
if rem(DpCount / 10) = 0 then CrLf(0)
end
else if DpCount = 1000 or DpCount = 10000 then begin
Format(5, 0);
Text(0, "The ");  RlOut(0, float(DpCount));
Format(6, 0);
Text(0, "th De Polignac number is ");  RlOut(0, float(I));
CrLf(0)
end \if_various_DePolignac_numbers
end; \if_not_found
I:= I+1
end \for_I\ ;
Text(0, "Found ");  IntOut(0, DpCount);
Text(0, " De Polignac numbers up to ");  IntOut(0, MAX_NUMBER);  CrLf(0)
end
end```
Output:
```    1  127  149  251  331  337  373  509  599  701
757  809  877  905  907  959  977  997 1019 1087
1199 1207 1211 1243 1259 1271 1477 1529 1541 1549
1589 1597 1619 1649 1657 1719 1759 1777 1783 1807
1829 1859 1867 1927 1969 1973 1985 2171 2203 2213
The  1000th De Polignac number is  31941
The 10000th De Polignac number is 273421
Found 19075 De Polignac numbers up to 500000
```