# Palindromic primes

Palindromic primes is a draft programming task. It is not yet considered ready to be promoted as a complete task, for reasons that should be found in its talk page.

Find and show all palindromic primes   n,     where   n   <   1000

## 11l

```F is_prime(a)
I a == 2
R 1B
I a < 2 | a % 2 == 0
R 0B
L(i) (3 .. Int(sqrt(a))).step(2)
I a % i == 0
R 0B
R 1B

L(n) 1000
I is_prime(n)
V s = String(n)
I s == reversed(s)
print(n, end' ‘ ’)
print()```
Output:
```2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
```

## Action!

```INCLUDE "H6:SIEVE.ACT"

BYTE Func IsPalindromicPrime(INT i BYTE ARRAY primes)
BYTE d
INT rev,tmp

IF primes(i)=0 THEN
RETURN (0)
FI
rev=0 tmp=i
WHILE tmp#0
DO
d=tmp MOD 10
rev==*10
rev==+d
tmp==/10
OD
IF rev#i THEN
RETURN (0)
FI
RETURN (1)

PROC Main()
DEFINE MAX="999"
BYTE ARRAY primes(MAX+1)
INT i,count=[0]

Put(125) PutE() ;clear the screen
Sieve(primes,MAX+1)
FOR i=2 TO MAX
DO
IF IsPalindromicPrime(i,primes) THEN
PrintI(i) Put(32)
count==+1
FI
OD
PrintF("%E%EThere are %I palindromic primes",count)
RETURN```
Output:
```2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929

There are 20 palindromic primes
```

## ALGOL 68

Generates the palindrmic 3 digit numbers and uses the observations that all 1 digit primes are palindromic and that for 2 digit numbers, only multiples of 11 are palindromic and hence 11 is the only two digit palindromic prime.

```BEGIN  # find primes that are palendromic in base 10                         #
INT max prime = 999;
# sieve the primes to max prime                                          #
[]BOOL prime = PRIMESIEVE max prime;
# print the palendromic primes in the base 10                            #
# all 1 digit primes are palindromic                                     #
# the only palindromic 2 digit numbers are multiples of 11               #
# so 11 is the only possible 2 digit palindromic prime                   #
FOR n TO 11 DO IF prime[ n ] THEN print( ( " ", whole( n, 0 ) ) ) FI OD;
# three digit numbers, the first and last digits must be odd             #
# and cannot be 5 (as the number would be divisible by 5)                #
FOR fl BY 2 TO 9 DO
IF fl /= 5 THEN
FOR m FROM 0 TO 9 DO
INT n = ( ( ( fl * 10 ) + m ) * 10 ) + fl;
IF prime[ n ] THEN
# have a palindromic prime #
print( ( " ", whole( n, 0 ) ) )
FI
OD
FI
OD;
print( ( newline ) )
END```
Output:
``` 2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
```

## Arturo

```loop split.every: 10 select 2..1000 'x [
and? prime? x
x = to :integer reverse to :string x
] 'a -> print map a => [pad to :string & 4]
```
Output:
```   2    3    5    7   11  101  131  151  181  191
313  353  373  383  727  757  787  797  919  929```

## AWK

```# syntax: GAWK -f PALINDROMIC_PRIMES.AWK
BEGIN {
start = 1
stop = 999
for (i=start; i<=stop; i++) {
if (is_prime(i) && reverse(i) == i) {
printf("%d ",i)
count++
}
}
printf("\nPalindromic primes %d-%d: %d\n",start,stop,count)
exit(0)
}
function is_prime(x,  i) {
if (x <= 1) {
return(0)
}
for (i=2; i<=int(sqrt(x)); i++) {
if (x % i == 0) {
return(0)
}
}
return(1)
}
function reverse(str,  i,rts) {
for (i=length(str); i>=1; i--) {
rts = rts substr(str,i,1)
}
return(rts)
}
```
Output:
```2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
Palindromic primes 1-999: 20
```

## BASIC

```10 DEFINT A-Z
20 FOR N=2 TO 1000
30 I=N: J=0
40 J=J*10+I MOD 10: I=I\10: IF I>0 THEN 40
50 IF J<>N THEN 80
60 FOR I=2 TO SQR(N): IF N MOD I=0 THEN 80 ELSE NEXT I
70 PRINT N,
80 NEXT N
```
Output:
``` 2             3             5             7             11
101           131           151           181           191
313           353           373           383           727
757           787           797           919           929```

## BCPL

```get "libhdr"

let prime(n) =
n<2 -> false,
(n & 1) = 0 -> n = 2,
valof
\$(  let d = 3
while d*d <= n
\$(  if n rem d=0 resultis false
d := d+2
\$)
resultis true
\$)

let reverse(n) = valof
\$(  let r = 0
until n=0
\$(  r := r*10 + n rem 10
n := n/10
\$)
resultis r
\$)

let start() be
\$(  for i = 1 to 1000
if reverse(i)=i & prime(i) do writef("%N ",i)
wrch('*N')
\$)```
Output:
`2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929`

## C

```#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdbool.h>

bool ispalindromic(int n) {
int i, j;
char s[20];
itoa(n, s, 10);
i = 0;
j = strlen(s) - 1;
while (i < j) {
if (s[i] != s[j]) return false;
i++;
j--;
}
return true;
}

bool isprime(int n) {
int i;
if (n < 2) return false;
if (n % 2 == 0) return (n == 2);
for (i = 3; i * i <= n; i += 2) {
if (n % i == 0) return false;
}
return true;
}

int main(void) {
int i, count;
count = 0;
for (i = 2; i <= 1000; i++) {
if (isprime(i) && ispalindromic(i)) {
printf("%d ", i);
count++;
}
}
printf("\nFound %d palindromic primes\n", count);
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
```
Output:
```2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
Found 20 palindromic primes
```

## C++

This includes a solution for the similar task Palindromic primes in base 16.

```#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

unsigned int reverse(unsigned int base, unsigned int n) {
unsigned int rev = 0;
for (; n > 0; n /= base)
rev = rev * base + (n % base);
return rev;
}

class palindrome_generator {
public:
explicit palindrome_generator(unsigned int base)
: base_(base), upper_(base) {}
unsigned int next_palindrome();

private:
unsigned int base_;
unsigned int lower_ = 1;
unsigned int upper_;
unsigned int next_ = 0;
bool even_ = false;
};

unsigned int palindrome_generator::next_palindrome() {
++next_;
if (next_ == upper_) {
if (even_) {
lower_ = upper_;
upper_ *= base_;
}
next_ = lower_;
even_ = !even_;
}
return even_ ? next_ * upper_ + reverse(base_, next_)
: next_ * lower_ + reverse(base_, next_ / base_);
}

bool is_prime(unsigned int n) {
if (n < 2)
return false;
if (n % 2 == 0)
return n == 2;
if (n % 3 == 0)
return n == 3;
for (unsigned int p = 5; p * p <= n; p += 4) {
if (n % p == 0)
return false;
p += 2;
if (n % p == 0)
return false;
}
return true;
}

std::string to_string(unsigned int base, unsigned int n) {
assert(base <= 36);
static constexpr char digits[] = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
std::string str;
for (; n != 0; n /= base)
str += digits[n % base];
std::reverse(str.begin(), str.end());
return str;
}

void print_palindromic_primes(unsigned int base, unsigned int limit) {
auto width =
static_cast<unsigned int>(std::ceil(std::log(limit) / std::log(base)));
unsigned int count = 0;
auto columns = 80 / (width + 1);
std::cout << "Base " << base << " palindromic primes less than " << limit
<< ":\n";
palindrome_generator pgen(base);
unsigned int palindrome;
while ((palindrome = pgen.next_palindrome()) < limit) {
if (is_prime(palindrome)) {
++count;
std::cout << std::setw(width) << to_string(base, palindrome)
<< (count % columns == 0 ? '\n' : ' ');
}
}
if (count % columns != 0)
std::cout << '\n';
std::cout << "Count: " << count << '\n';
}

void count_palindromic_primes(unsigned int base, unsigned int limit) {
unsigned int count = 0;
palindrome_generator pgen(base);
unsigned int palindrome;
while ((palindrome = pgen.next_palindrome()) < limit)
if (is_prime(palindrome))
++count;
std::cout << "Number of base " << base << " palindromic primes less than "
<< limit << ": " << count << '\n';
}

int main() {
print_palindromic_primes(10, 1000);
std::cout << '\n';
print_palindromic_primes(10, 100000);
std::cout << '\n';
count_palindromic_primes(10, 1000000000);
std::cout << '\n';
print_palindromic_primes(16, 500);
}
```
Output:
```Base 10 palindromic primes less than 1000:
2   3   5   7  11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
Count: 20

Base 10 palindromic primes less than 100000:
2     3     5     7    11   101   131   151   181   191   313   353   373
383   727   757   787   797   919   929 10301 10501 10601 11311 11411 12421
12721 12821 13331 13831 13931 14341 14741 15451 15551 16061 16361 16561 16661
17471 17971 18181 18481 19391 19891 19991 30103 30203 30403 30703 30803 31013
31513 32323 32423 33533 34543 34843 35053 35153 35353 35753 36263 36563 37273
37573 38083 38183 38783 39293 70207 70507 70607 71317 71917 72227 72727 73037
73237 73637 74047 74747 75557 76367 76667 77377 77477 77977 78487 78787 78887
79397 79697 79997 90709 91019 93139 93239 93739 94049 94349 94649 94849 94949
95959 96269 96469 96769 97379 97579 97879 98389 98689
Count: 113

Number of base 10 palindromic primes less than 1000000000: 5953

Base 16 palindromic primes less than 500:
2   3   5   7   B   D  11 101 151 161 191 1B1 1C1
Count: 13
```

## Cowgol

```sub prime(n: uint16): (r: uint8) is
r := 0;
if n<2 then return; end if;
var d: uint16 := 2;
while d*d <= n loop
if n%d==0 then return; end if;
d := d+1;
end loop;
r := 1;
end sub;

sub reverse(n: uint16): (r: uint16) is
r := 0;
while n>0 loop
r := r*10 + n%10;
n := n/10;
end loop;
end sub;

var n: uint16 := 1;
while n<1000 loop
if reverse(n) == n and prime(n) != 0 then
print_i16(n);
print_char(' ');
end if;
n := n+1;
end loop;
print_nl();```
Output:
`2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929`

## Delphi

Works with: Delphi version 6.0

```function IsPrime(N: int64): boolean;
{Fast, optimised prime test}
var I,Stop: int64;
begin
if (N = 2) or (N=3) then Result:=true
else if (n <= 1) or ((n mod 2) = 0) or ((n mod 3) = 0) then Result:= false
else
begin
I:=5;
Stop:=Trunc(sqrt(N+0.0));
Result:=False;
while I<=Stop do
begin
if ((N mod I) = 0) or ((N mod (I + 2)) = 0) then exit;
Inc(I,6);
end;
Result:=True;
end;
end;

function IsPalindrome(N, Base: integer): boolean;
{Test if number is the same forward or backward}
var S1,S2: string;
begin
S2:=ReverseString(S1);
Result:=S1=S2;
end;

procedure ShowPalindromePrimes(Memo: TMemo);
var I: integer;
var Cnt: integer;
var S: string;
begin
Cnt:=0;
for I:=1 to 1000-1 do
if IsPrime(I) then
if IsPalindrome(I,10) then
begin
Inc(Cnt);
S:=S+Format('%4D',[I]);
If (Cnt mod 5)=0 then S:=S+CRLF;
end;
end;
```
Output:
```   2   3   5   7  11
101 131 151 181 191
313 353 373 383 727
757 787 797 919 929

Count=20
Elapsed Time: 2.117 ms.
```

## Draco

```proc prime(word n) bool:
word d;
bool p;
if n<2 then false
elif (n&1) = 0 then n=2
else
d := 3;
p := true;
while p and d*d <= n do
p := n % d /= 0;
d := d+2
od;
p
fi
corp

proc reverse(word n) word:
word r;
r := 0;
while n>0 do
r := r*10 + n%10;
n := n/10
od;
r
corp

proc main() void:
word i;
for i from 1 upto 1000 do
if reverse(i) = i and prime(i) then
write(i);
write(' ')
fi
od
corp```
Output:
`2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929`

## EasyLang

```fastfunc isprim num .
i = 2
while i <= sqrt num
if num mod i = 0
return 0
.
i += 1
.
return 1
.
func reverse s .
while s > 0
e = e * 10 + s mod 10
s = s div 10
.
return e
.
for i = 2 to 999
if isprim i = 1
if reverse i = i
write i & " "
.
.
.```
Output:
```2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
```

## Factor

### Simple

A simple solution that suffices for the task:

Works with: Factor version 0.99 2021-02-05
```USING: kernel math.primes present prettyprint sequences ;

1000 primes-upto [ present dup reverse = ] filter stack.
```
Output:
```2
3
5
7
11
101
131
151
181
191
313
353
373
383
727
757
787
797
919
929
```

### Fast

A much more efficient solution that generates palindromic numbers directly and filters primes from them:

Works with: Factor version 0.99 2021-02-05
```USING: io kernel lists lists.lazy math math.functions
math.primes math.ranges prettyprint sequences
tools.memory.private ;

! Create a palindrome from its base natural number.
: create-palindrome ( n odd? -- m )
dupd [ 10 /i ] when swap [ over 0 > ]
[ 10 * [ 10 /mod ] [ + ] bi* ] while nip ;

! Create an ordered infinite lazy list of palindromic numbers.
: lpalindromes ( -- l )
0 lfrom [
10 swap ^ dup 10 * [a,b)
[ [ t create-palindrome ] map ]
[ [ f create-palindrome ] map ] bi
[ sequence>list ] bi@ lappend
] lmap-lazy lconcat ;

: lpalindrome-primes ( -- list )
lpalindromes [ prime? ] lfilter ;

"10,000th palindromic prime:" print
9999 lpalindrome-primes lnth commas print nl

"Palindromic primes less than 1,000:" print
lpalindrome-primes [ 1000 < ] lwhile [ . ] leach
```
Output:
```10,000th palindromic prime:
13,649,694,631

Palindromic primes less than 1,000:
2
3
5
7
11
101
131
151
181
191
313
353
373
383
727
757
787
797
919
929
```

## FreeBASIC

```#include "isprime.bas"

function is_pal( s as string ) as boolean
dim as integer i, n = len(s)
for i = 1 to n\2
if mid(s,i,1)<>mid(s,n-i+1,1) then return false
next i
return true
end function

for i as uinteger = 2 to 999
if is_pal( str(i) ) andalso isprime(i) then  print i;" ";
next i : print```
Output:
```
2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929```

## Go

Translation of: Wren
Library: Go-rcu
```package main

import (
"fmt"
"rcu"
)

func reversed(n int) int {
rev := 0
for n > 0 {
rev = rev*10 + n%10
n /= 10
}
return rev
}

func main() {
primes := rcu.Primes(99999)
var pals []int
for _, p := range primes {
if p == reversed(p) {
pals = append(pals, p)
}
}
fmt.Println("Palindromic primes under 1,000:")
var smallPals, bigPals []int
for _, p := range pals {
if p < 1000 {
smallPals = append(smallPals, p)
} else {
bigPals = append(bigPals, p)
}
}
rcu.PrintTable(smallPals, 10, 3, false)
fmt.Println()
fmt.Println(len(smallPals), "such primes found.")

rcu.PrintTable(bigPals, 10, 6, true)
fmt.Println()
fmt.Println(len(bigPals), "such primes found,", len(pals), "in all.")
}
```
Output:
```Same as Wren entry.
```

```import Data.Numbers.Primes

palindromicPrimes :: [Integer]
palindromicPrimes =
filter (((==) <*> reverse) . show) primes

main :: IO ()
main =
mapM_ print \$
takeWhile
(1000 >)
palindromicPrimes
```
Output:
```2
3
5
7
11
101
131
151
181
191
313
353
373
383
727
757
787
797
919
929```

## J

```   palindromic=: (-: |.)@":@>
(#~ palindromic) p: i. p:inv 1000
2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
```

## jq

Works with: jq

Works with gojq, the Go implementation of jq

In this entry, we define both a naive generate-and-test generator of the palindromic primes, and a more sophisticated one that is well-suited for generating very large numbers of such primes, as illustrated by counting the number less than 10^10.

For a suitable implementation of `is_prime` as used here, see Erdős-primes#jq.

Preliminaries

```def count(s): reduce s as \$x (null; .+1);

def emit_until(cond; stream): label \$out | stream | if cond then break \$out else . end;```

Naive version

```def primes:
2, (range(3;infinite;2) | select(is_prime));

def palindromic_primes_slowly:
primes | select( tostring|explode | (. == reverse));```

Less naive version

```# Output: an unbounded stream of palindromic primes
def palindromic_primes:

# Output: a naively constructed stream of palindromic strings of length >= 2
def palindromic_candidates:
def rev: # reverse a string
explode|reverse|implode;
def unconstrained(\$length):
if \$length==1 then range(0;10) | tostring
else (range(0;10)|tostring)
| . + unconstrained(\$length -1 )
end;
def middle(\$length):  # \$length > 0
if \$length==1 then range(0;10) | tostring
elif \$length % 2 == 1
then ((\$length -1) / 2) as \$len
| unconstrained(\$len) as \$left
| (range(0;10) | tostring) as \$mid
| \$left + \$mid + (\$left|rev)
else (\$length / 2) as \$len
| unconstrained(\$len) as \$left
| \$left + (\$left|rev)
end;

# palindromes with an even number of digits are divisible by 11

range(1;infinite;2) as \$mid
| ("1", "3", "7", "9") as \$start
| \$start + middle(\$mid) + \$start ;

2, 3, 5, 7, 11,
(palindromic_candidates | tonumber | select(is_prime));```

Demonstrations

```"Palindromic primes < 1000:",
emit_until(. >= 1000;  palindromic_primes),

((range(5;11) | pow(10;.)) as \$n
| "\nNumber of palindromic primes <= \(\$n): \(count(emit_until(. >= \$n; palindromic_primes)))" )```
Output:
```Palindromic primes <= 1000:
2
3
5
7
11
101
131
151
181
191
313
353
373
383
727
757
787
797
919
929

Number of palindromic primes <= 100000: 113

Number of palindromic primes <= 1000000: 113

Number of palindromic primes <= 10000000: 781

Number of palindromic primes <= 100000000: 781

Number of palindromic primes <= 1000000000: 5953

Number of palindromic primes <= 10000000000: 5953
```

## Julia

Generator method.

```using Primes

parray = [2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11]

results = vcat(parray, filter(isprime, [100j + 10i + j for i in 0:9, j in 1:9]))

println(results)
```
Output:
`[2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 101, 131, 151, 181, 191, 313, 353, 373, 383, 727, 757, 787, 797, 919, 929]`

## Mathematica/Wolfram Language

```Select[Range[999], PrimeQ[#] \[And] PalindromeQ[#] &]
```
Output:
`{2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 101, 131, 151, 181, 191, 313, 353, 373, 383, 727, 757, 787, 797, 919, 929}`

## Nim

```import strutils

const N = 999

func isPrime(n: Positive): bool =
if (n and 1) == 0: return n == 2
var m = 3
while m * m <= n:
if n mod m == 0: return false
inc m, 2
result = true

func reversed(n: Positive): int =
var n = n.int
while n != 0:
result = 10 * result + n mod 10
n = n div 10

func isPalindromic(n: Positive): bool =
n == reversed(n)

var result: seq[int]
for n in 2..N:
if n.isPrime and n.isPalindromic:

for i, n in result:
stdout.write (\$n).align(3)
stdout.write if (i + 1) mod 10 == 0: '\n' else: ' '
```
Output:
```  2   3   5   7  11 101 131 151 181 191
313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929```

## Oberon-07

Based on the Algol 68 sample with the Sieve routine from the Additive Primes task.

```MODULE PalindromicPrimes; (* find primes that are palendromic in base 10    *)
IMPORT
Out;

CONST
Max = 999;

VAR
fl, m, n :INTEGER;
Prime    :ARRAY Max + 1 OF BOOLEAN;

PROCEDURE Sieve;
VAR     i, j    :INTEGER;
BEGIN
Prime[ 0 ] := FALSE; Prime[ 1 ] := FALSE;
FOR i := 2 TO Max DO Prime[ i ] := TRUE END;
FOR i := 2 TO Max DIV 2 DO
IF Prime[ i ] THEN
j := i * 2;
WHILE j <= Max DO
Prime[ j ] := FALSE;
j := j + i
END
END
END
END Sieve;

PROCEDURE OutN;
BEGIN
Out.String( " " );Out.Int( n, 0 )
END OutN;

BEGIN
Sieve;
(* print the palendromic primes in the base 10                            *)
(* all 1 digit primes are palindromic                                     *)
(* the only palindromic 2 digit numbers are multiples of 11               *)
(* so 11 is the only possible 2 digit palindromic prime                   *)
FOR n := 1 TO 11 DO IF Prime[ n ] THEN OutN END END;

(* three digit numbers, the first and last digits must be odd             *)
(* and cannot be 5 (as the number would be divisible by 5)                *)
FOR fl := 1 TO 9 BY 2 DO
IF fl # 5 THEN
FOR m := 0 TO 9 DO
n := ( ( ( fl * 10 ) + m ) * 10 ) + fl;
IF Prime[ n ] THEN
(* have a palindromic prime                                       *)
OutN
END
END
END
END;
Out.Ln
END PalindromicPrimes.
```
Output:
``` 2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
```

## PARI/GP

naive

```forprime(i = 2, 1000,
if(  i == fromdigits( Vecrev( digits( i ) )) ,
print1( i, " " ) ) );```
Output:
```2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
```

faster

```p10( n ) = 10^n;

rew( m, c ) = {
local( t, n );
t = 0; n = m;
for(i=1, c,
t = t*10 + n%10;
n \= 10 );
return( t ) }

range( p, w, disp = 0 ) = {
local( w10, mi, mj, z, pal, q ,k = -1);
w10 = p * p10( w ) + p;
mi  = p10( w \ 2 + 1 );
mj  = p10( w \ 2     );
z   = p10( w \ 2 - 1 ) - 1;
for( i = 0, z,
pal = rew( i, w\2 );
q = w10  + i * mi + pal;
for( j = 0, 9,
if( isprime(q + j * mj ),
k++;
if( disp,
if((k % 8)==0,print());
print1( q + j * mj, "\t") ) ) ) );
return( [ k+1, q + 9*mj ]); }

gener( disp=0 ) = {
local( t=[ 1, 3, 7, 9], s=5, x,start );
start = getabstime();
for( w = 1, 8,
for( i = 1, 20 - 2*w, print1(" "));
print1( p10(w*2));
for( i = 1, 4,
print1(".");
x=range(t[i], w*2, disp);
s+=x[1]; );
printf( "\t   # %8d   %8.3g [sec]\n",
,  s,  (getabstime()-start)/1000.0) )
}```
Output:
```                 100....          #       20     0.e-19 [sec]
10000....          #      113     0.e-19 [sec]
1000000....          #      781     0.e-19 [sec]
100000000....          #     5953     0.0620 [sec]
10000000000....          #    47995      0.718 [sec]
1000000000000....          #   401696       7.72 [sec]
100000000000000....          #  3438339       86.2 [sec]
```

## Perl

```#!/usr/bin/perl

use strict; # https://rosettacode.org/wiki/Palindromic_primes
use warnings;

\$_ == reverse and (1 x \$_ ) !~ /^(11+)\1+\$/ and print "\$_ " for 2 .. 1e3;
```
Output:
`2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929`

## Phix

### filter primes for palindromicness

```function palindrome(string s) return s=reverse(s) end function
for l=3 to 5 by 2 do
integer limit = power(10,l) -- 1000 then 100000
sequence res = get_primes_le(limit)
res = apply(true,sprintf,{{"%d"},res})
res = filter(res,palindrome)
string s = join(shorten(res,"",5))
printf(1,"found %d < %,d: %s\n",{length(res),limit,s})
end for
```
Output:
```found 20 < 1,000: 2 3 5 7 11 ... 757 787 797 919 929
found 113 < 100,000: 2 3 5 7 11 ... 97379 97579 97879 98389 98689
```

### filter palindromes for primality

```sequence r = {}
for l=2 to 3 do
for i=1 to power(10,l) do
string s = sprintf("%d",i)
integer t = to_number(s&reverse(s[1..\$-1])),
u = to_number(s&reverse(s))
if is_prime(t) then r &= t end if
if is_prime(u) then r &= u end if
end for
r = unique(r)
string s = join(shorten(apply(true,sprintf,{{"%d"},r}),"",5))
printf(1,"found %d < %,d: %s\n",{length(r),power(10,l*2-1),s})
end for
```

Same output. Didn't actually test if this way was any faster, but expect it would be.

## PL/I-80

```palindromic_primes: procedure options (main);

%replace
search_limit by 1000,
true by '1'b,
false by '0'b;

dcl
(k, count) fixed bin;

put skip edit('Showing palindromic primes up to ',search_limit) (a,f(4));
put skip;
count = 0;
do k = 2 to search_limit;
if isprime(k) & ispalindrome(k) then
do;
put edit(k) (f(6));
count = count + 1;
if mod(count,8) = 0 then put skip;
end;
end;
put skip edit(count, ' were found') (f(4),a);

isprime: proc(n) returns (bit(1));
dcl
(n, i, limit) fixed bin;
/* deal with special cases first */
if n < 2 then return (false);
if mod(n, 2) = 0 then return (n = 2);
/* else search up to sqrt of n for divisors */
limit = floor(sqrt(n));
/* aside from 2, only odd numbers can be prime */
i = 3;
do while ((i <= limit) & (mod(n, i) ^= 0));
i = i + 2;
end;
return (i > limit);
end isprime;

ispalindrome: proc(n) returns (bit(1));
dcl
(n, nn, q, nd, i, j) fixed bin,
digits(1:10) fixed bin;
/* n is passed by reference, and is modified by */
/* the algorithm, so we work with a local copy */
nn = n;
/* strip off digits and store in array */
nd = 0;  /* digits found so far */
do while (nn > 0);
nd = nd + 1;
q = floor(nn / 10);
digits(nd) = nn - q * 10;
nn = q;
end;
/* move from outside in looking for equality */
i = 1;
j = nd;
do while ((i < j) & (digits(i) = digits(j)));
i = i + 1;
j = j - 1;
end;
return (digits(i) = digits(j));
end ispalindrome;

end palindromic_primes;```
Output:
```Showing palindromic primes up to 1000
2     3     5     7    11   101   131   151
181   191   313   353   373   383   727   757
787   797   919   929
20 were found
```

## PL/M

```100H:
BDOS: PROCEDURE (FN,ARG); DECLARE FN BYTE, ARG ADDRESS; GO TO 5; END BDOS;
EXIT: PROCEDURE; GO TO 0; END EXIT;
PRINT\$CHAR: PROCEDURE (C); DECLARE C BYTE; CALL BDOS(2, C); END PRINT\$CHAR;
PRINT: PROCEDURE (S); DECLARE S ADDRESS; CALL BDOS(9, S); END PRINT;
DECLARE FALSE LITERALLY '0', TRUE LITERALLY '0FFH';

PRINT\$NUM: PROCEDURE (N);
DECLARE S (6) BYTE INITIAL ('.....\$');
DECLARE (N, P) ADDRESS, DG BASED P BYTE;
P = .S(5);
DIGIT:
P = P-1;
DG = N MOD 10 + '0';
IF (N := N/10) > 0 THEN GO TO DIGIT;
CALL PRINT(P);
END PRINT\$NUM;

PRIME: PROCEDURE (N) BYTE;
IF N<2 THEN RETURN FALSE;
IF NOT N THEN RETURN N=2;
I = 3;
DO WHILE I*I <= N;
IF N MOD I=0 THEN RETURN FALSE;
I = I+2;
END;
RETURN TRUE;
END PRIME;

R = 0;
DO WHILE N>0;
R = R*10 + (N MOD 10);
N = N/10;
END;
RETURN R;
END REVERSE;

PALINDROME: PROCEDURE (N) BYTE;
RETURN REVERSE(N) = N;
END PALINDROME;

DO I=1 TO 1000;
IF PALINDROME(I) AND PRIME(I) THEN DO;
CALL PRINT\$NUM(I);
CALL PRINT\$CHAR(' ');
END;
END;
CALL EXIT;
EOF```
Output:
`2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929`

## Python

A non-finite generator of palindromic primes – one of many approaches to solving this problem in Python.

```'''Palindromic primes'''

from itertools import takewhile

# palindromicPrimes :: Generator [Int]
def palindromicPrimes():
'''An infinite stream of palindromic primes'''
def p(n):
s = str(n)
return s == s[::-1]
return (n for n in primes() if p(n))

# ------------------------- TEST -------------------------
def main():
'''Palindromic primes below 1000'''
print('\n'.join(
str(x) for x in takewhile(
lambda n: 1000 > n,
palindromicPrimes()
)
))

# ----------------------- GENERIC ------------------------

# primes :: [Int]
def primes():
''' Non finite sequence of prime numbers.
'''
n = 2
dct = {}
while True:
if n in dct:
for p in dct[n]:
dct.setdefault(n + p, []).append(p)
del dct[n]
else:
yield n
dct[n * n] = [n]
n = 1 + n

# MAIN ---
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
```
Output:
```2
3
5
7
11
101
131
151
181
191
313
353
373
383
727
757
787
797
919
929```

## Quackery

`eratosthenes` and `isprime` are defined at Sieve of Eratosthenes#Quackery

```  [ [] swap
[ base share /mod
rot swap join swap
dup 0 = until ]
drop ]                      is digits       ( n --> [ )

[ dup reverse = ]             is palindromic  ( [ --> b )

1000 eratosthenes

1000 times
[ i^ isprime if
[ i^ digits palindromic if
[ i^ echo sp ] ] ]```
Output:
`2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929 `

## Raku

```say "{+\$_} matching numbers:\n{.batch(10)».fmt('%3d').join: "\n"}"
given (^1000).grep: { .is-prime and \$_ eq .flip };
```
Output:
```20 matching numbers:
2   3   5   7  11 101 131 151 181 191
313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929```

## Refal

```\$ENTRY Go {
= <Prout <Filter Prime <Filter Palindromic <Iota 1 1000>>>>;
};

Iota {
s.End s.End = s.End;
s.Start s.End = s.Start <Iota <+ 1 s.Start> s.End>;
};

Filter {
s.Filter = ;
s.Filter s.N e.Ns, <Mu s.Filter s.N>: {
True = s.N <Filter s.Filter e.Ns>;
False = <Filter s.Filter e.Ns>;
};
};

Prime {
s.N, <Compare s.N 2>: '-' = False;
s.N = <Prime s.N 2>;
s.N s.D, <Compare s.N <* s.D s.D>>: '-' = True;
s.N s.D, <Mod s.N s.D>: 0 = False;
s.N s.D = <Prime s.N <+ s.D 1>>;
};

Palindromic {
s.N, <Symb s.N>: e.S, <Reverse e.S>: e.S = True;
s.N = False;
};

Reverse {
= ;
s.C e.X = <Reverse e.X> s.C;
};```
Output:
`2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929`

## REXX

```/*REXX program  finds and displays  palindromic primes in base ten for all  N  <  1,000.*/
parse arg hi cols .                              /*obtain optional argument from the CL.*/
if   hi=='' |   hi==","  then   hi= 1000         /*Not specified?  Then use the default.*/
if cols=='' | cols==","  then cols=   10         /* "      "         "   "   "     "    */
call genP                                        /*build array of semaphores for primes.*/
w= max(8, length( commas(hi) ) )                 /*max width of a number in any column. */
title= ' palindromic primes in base ten that are  < '    commas(hi)
if cols>0  then say ' index │'center(title,   1 + cols*(w+1)     )
if cols>0  then say '───────┼'center("",      1 + cols*(w+1), '─')
finds= 0;                   idx= 1               /*define # of palindromic primes & idx.*/
\$=                                               /*a list of palindromic primes (so far)*/
do j=1  for hi;  if \!.j  then iterate      /*Is this number not prime?  Then skip.*/     /* ◄■■■■■■■■ a filter. */
if j\==reverse(j)         then iterate      /*Not a palindromic prime?     "    "  */     /* ◄■■■■■■■■ a filter. */
finds= finds + 1                            /*bump the number of palindromic primes*/
if cols<0                 then iterate      /*Build the list  (to be shown later)? */
\$= \$ right( commas(j), w)                   /*add a palindromic prime      \$  list.*/
if finds//cols\==0        then iterate      /*have we populated a line of output?  */
say center(idx, 7)'|'  substr(\$, 2);   \$=   /*display what we have so for  (cols). */
idx= idx + cols                             /*bump the  index  count for the output*/
end   /*j*/

if \$\==''  then  say center(idx, 7)'|'  substr(\$, 2) /*possibly display residual output.*/
if cols>0  then say '───────┴'center("",      1 + cols*(w+1), '─')
say
say 'Found '     commas(finds)      title
exit 0                                           /*stick a fork in it,  we're all done. */
/*──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────*/
commas: parse arg ?;  do jc=length(?)-3  to 1  by -3; ?=insert(',', ?, jc); end;  return ?
/*──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────*/
genP: !.= 0;  hip= max(hi, copies(9,length(hi))) /*placeholders for primes (semaphores).*/
@.1=2;  @.2=3;  @.3=5;  @.4=7;  @.5=11     /*define some low primes.              */
!.2=1;  !.3=1;  !.5=1;  !.7=1;  !.11=1     /*   "     "   "    "     flags.       */
#=5;     sq.#= @.# **2     /*number of primes so far;     prime². */
/* [↓]  generate more  primes  ≤  high.*/
do j=@.#+2  by 2  to hip                 /*find odd primes from here on.        */
parse var j '' -1 _;       if    _==5  then iterate  /*J ÷ by 5?  (right digit).*/
if j//3==0  then iterate;  if j//7==0  then iterate  /*" "  " 3?     J ÷ by 7?  */
do k=5  while sq.k<=j             /* [↓]  divide by the known odd primes.*/
if j // @.k == 0  then iterate j  /*Is  J ÷ X?  Then not prime.     ___  */
end   /*k*/                       /* [↑]  only process numbers  ≤  √ J   */
#= #+1;    @.#= j;   sq.#= j*j;   !.j= 1 /*bump # of Ps; assign next P;  P²; P# */
end          /*j*/;               return
```
output   when using the default inputs:
``` index │                     palindromic primes in base ten that are  <  1,000
───────┼───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
1   |        2        3        5        7       11      101      131      151      181      191
11   |      313      353      373      383      727      757      787      797      919      929
───────┴───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

Found  20  palindromic primes in base ten that are  <  1,000
```
output   when using the input of:     100000
``` index │                    palindromic primes in base ten that are  <  100,000
───────┼───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
1   |        2        3        5        7       11      101      131      151      181      191
11   |      313      353      373      383      727      757      787      797      919      929
21   |   10,301   10,501   10,601   11,311   11,411   12,421   12,721   12,821   13,331   13,831
31   |   13,931   14,341   14,741   15,451   15,551   16,061   16,361   16,561   16,661   17,471
41   |   17,971   18,181   18,481   19,391   19,891   19,991   30,103   30,203   30,403   30,703
51   |   30,803   31,013   31,513   32,323   32,423   33,533   34,543   34,843   35,053   35,153
61   |   35,353   35,753   36,263   36,563   37,273   37,573   38,083   38,183   38,783   39,293
71   |   70,207   70,507   70,607   71,317   71,917   72,227   72,727   73,037   73,237   73,637
81   |   74,047   74,747   75,557   76,367   76,667   77,377   77,477   77,977   78,487   78,787
91   |   78,887   79,397   79,697   79,997   90,709   91,019   93,139   93,239   93,739   94,049
101  |   94,349   94,649   94,849   94,949   95,959   96,269   96,469   96,769   97,379   97,579
111  |   97,879   98,389   98,689
───────┴───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

Found  113  palindromic primes in base ten that are  <  100,000
```

## Ring

```load "stdlib.ring"

see "working..." + nl
see "Palindromic primes are:" + nl
row = 0
limit1 = 1000
limit2 = 100000

palindromicPrimes(limit1)

see "Found " + row + " palindromic primes" + nl + nl
see "palindromic primes that are  <  100,000" + nl

palindromicPrimes(limit2)

see nl + "Found " + row + " palindromic primes that are < 100,000" + nl
see "done..." + nl

func palindromicPrimes(limit)
row = 0
for n = 1 to limit
strn = string(n)
if ispalindrome(strn) and isprime(n)
row = row + 1
see "" + n + " "
if row%5 = 0
see nl
ok
ok
next```
Output:
```working...
Palindromic primes are:
2 3 5 7 11
101 131 151 181 191
313 353 373 383 727
757 787 797 919 929
Found 20 palindromic primes

palindromic primes that are  <  100,000
2 3 5 7 11
101 131 151 181 191
313 353 373 383 727
757 787 797 919 929
10301 10501 10601 11311 11411
12421 12721 12821 13331 13831
13931 14341 14741 15451 15551
16061 16361 16561 16661 17471
17971 18181 18481 19391 19891
19991 30103 30203 30403 30703
30803 31013 31513 32323 32423
33533 34543 34843 35053 35153
35353 35753 36263 36563 37273
37573 38083 38183 38783 39293
70207 70507 70607 71317 71917
72227 72727 73037 73237 73637
74047 74747 75557 76367 76667
77377 77477 77977 78487 78787
78887 79397 79697 79997 90709
91019 93139 93239 93739 94049
94349 94649 94849 94949 95959
96269 96469 96769 97379 97579
97879 98389 98689
Found 113 palindromic primes that are < 100,000
done...
```

## RPL

Works with: HP version 49g
```≪ →STR → n
≪ ""
n SIZE 1 FOR j
n j DUP SUB +
-1 STEP STR→
≫ ≫ 'REVN' STO

≪ { } 2
DO
IF DUP DUP REVN == THEN SWAP OVER + SWAP END
NEXTPRIME
UNTIL DUP 1000 > END
DROP
```

{{out}

```1: {2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929}
```

## Rust

This includes a solution for the similar task Palindromic primes in base 16.

```// [dependencies]
// primal = "0.3"

fn reverse(base: u64, mut n: u64) -> u64 {
let mut rev = 0;
while n > 0 {
rev = rev * base + n % base;
n /= base;
}
rev
}

fn palindromes(base: u64) -> impl std::iter::Iterator<Item = u64> {
let mut lower = 1;
let mut upper = base;
let mut next = 0;
let mut even = false;
std::iter::from_fn(move || {
next += 1;
if next == upper {
if even {
lower = upper;
upper *= base;
}
next = lower;
even = !even;
}
Some(match even {
true => next * upper + reverse(base, next),
_ => next * lower + reverse(base, next / base),
})
})
}

fn print_palindromic_primes(base: u64, limit: u64) {
let width = (limit as f64).log(base as f64).ceil() as usize;
let mut count = 0;
let columns = 80 / (width + 1);
println!("Base {} palindromic primes less than {}:", base, limit);
for p in palindromes(base)
.take_while(|x| *x < limit)
.filter(|x| primal::is_prime(*x))
{
count += 1;
print!(
"{:>w\$}",
w = width
);
if count % columns == 0 {
println!();
} else {
print!(" ");
}
}
if count % columns != 0 {
println!();
}
println!("Count: {}", count);
}

fn count_palindromic_primes(base: u64, limit: u64) {
let c = palindromes(base)
.take_while(|x| *x < limit)
.filter(|x| primal::is_prime(*x))
.count();
println!(
"Number of base {} palindromic primes less than {}: {}",
base, limit, c
);
}

fn main() {
print_palindromic_primes(10, 1000);
println!();
print_palindromic_primes(10, 100000);
println!();
count_palindromic_primes(10, 1000000000);
println!();
print_palindromic_primes(16, 500);
}
```
Output:
```Base 10 palindromic primes less than 1000:
2   3   5   7  11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929
Count: 20

Base 10 palindromic primes less than 100000:
2     3     5     7    11   101   131   151   181   191   313   353   373
383   727   757   787   797   919   929 10301 10501 10601 11311 11411 12421
12721 12821 13331 13831 13931 14341 14741 15451 15551 16061 16361 16561 16661
17471 17971 18181 18481 19391 19891 19991 30103 30203 30403 30703 30803 31013
31513 32323 32423 33533 34543 34843 35053 35153 35353 35753 36263 36563 37273
37573 38083 38183 38783 39293 70207 70507 70607 71317 71917 72227 72727 73037
73237 73637 74047 74747 75557 76367 76667 77377 77477 77977 78487 78787 78887
79397 79697 79997 90709 91019 93139 93239 93739 94049 94349 94649 94849 94949
95959 96269 96469 96769 97379 97579 97879 98389 98689
Count: 113

Number of base 10 palindromic primes less than 1000000000: 5953

Base 16 palindromic primes less than 500:
2   3   5   7   b   d  11 101 151 161 191 1b1 1c1
Count: 13
```

## Ruby

```require 'prime'

p Prime.each(1000).select{|pr| pr.digits == pr.digits.reverse}
```
Output:
```[2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 101, 131, 151, 181, 191, 313, 353, 373, 383, 727, 757, 787, 797, 919, 929]
```

## S-BASIC

```\$constant FALSE = 0
\$constant TRUE = 0FFFFH

rem - return true if n is palindromic, otherwise false
function ispalindromic(n = integer) = integer
var i, j = integer
var s = string
s = str\$(n)
i = 2  rem - skip over leading sign or space
j = len(s)
while i < j and (mid(s,i,1)) = (mid(s,j,1)) do
begin
i = i + 1
j = j - 1
end
end = (mid(s,i,1)) = (mid(s,j,1))

rem - return n mod m
function mod(n, m = integer) = integer
end = n - m * (n / m)

rem - return true if n is prime, otherwise false
function isprime(n = integer) = integer
var i, limit, result = integer
if n = 2 then
result = TRUE
else if (n < 2) or (mod(n,2) = 0) then
result = FALSE
else
begin
limit = int(sqr(n))
i = 3
while (i <= limit) and (mod(n, i) <> 0) do
i = i + 2
result = not (i <= limit)
end
end = result

rem - main code begins here

var i, count = integer
print "Looking up to 1000 for palindromic primes"
count = 0
for i = 2 to 1000
if isprime(i) then
if ispalindromic(i) then
begin
print using "##### ";i;
count = count + 1
if mod(count, 6) = 0 then print
end
next i
print
print count; " were found"

end
```
Output:
```Looking up to 1000 for palindromic primes
2      3     5     7    11   101
131    151   181   191   313   353
373    383   727   757   787   797
919    929
20 were found
```

## SETL

```program palindromic_primes;
print([n : n in [1..1000] | palindromic n and prime n]);

op palindromic(n);
return str n = reverse str n;
end op;

op prime(n);
return n>=2 and not exists d in [2..floor sqrt n] | n mod d = 0;
end op;
end program;```
Output:
`[2 3 5 7 11 101 131 151 181 191 313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929]`

## Sidef

```func palindromic_primes(upto, base = 10) {
var list = []
for (var p = 2; p <= upto; p = p.next_palindrome(base)) {
list << p if p.is_prime
}
return list
}

say palindromic_primes(1000)

for n in (1..10) {
var count = palindromic_primes(10**n).len
say "There are #{count} palindromic primes <= 10^#{n}"
}
```
Output:
```[2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 101, 131, 151, 181, 191, 313, 353, 373, 383, 727, 757, 787, 797, 919, 929]
There are 4 palindromic primes <= 10^1
There are 5 palindromic primes <= 10^2
There are 20 palindromic primes <= 10^3
There are 20 palindromic primes <= 10^4
There are 113 palindromic primes <= 10^5
There are 113 palindromic primes <= 10^6
There are 781 palindromic primes <= 10^7
There are 781 palindromic primes <= 10^8
There are 5953 palindromic primes <= 10^9
There are 5953 palindromic primes <= 10^10
```

## Wren

Library: Wren-math
Library: Wren-fmt
```import "./math" for Int
import "./fmt" for Fmt

var reversed = Fn.new { |n|
var rev = 0
while (n > 0) {
rev = rev * 10 + n % 10
n = (n/10).floor
}
return rev
}

var primes = Int.primeSieve(99999)
var pals = []
for (p in primes) {
}
System.print("Palindromic primes under 1,000:")
var smallPals = pals.where { |p| p < 1000 }.toList
Fmt.tprint("\$3d", smallPals, 10)
System.print("\n%(smallPals.count) such primes found.")

var bigPals = pals.where { |p| p >= 1000 }.toList
Fmt.tprint("\$,6d", bigPals, 10)
System.print("\n%(bigPals.count) such primes found, %(pals.count) in all.")
```
Output:
```Palindromic primes under 1,000:
2   3   5   7  11 101 131 151 181 191
313 353 373 383 727 757 787 797 919 929

20 such primes found.

10,301 10,501 10,601 11,311 11,411 12,421 12,721 12,821 13,331 13,831
13,931 14,341 14,741 15,451 15,551 16,061 16,361 16,561 16,661 17,471
17,971 18,181 18,481 19,391 19,891 19,991 30,103 30,203 30,403 30,703
30,803 31,013 31,513 32,323 32,423 33,533 34,543 34,843 35,053 35,153
35,353 35,753 36,263 36,563 37,273 37,573 38,083 38,183 38,783 39,293
70,207 70,507 70,607 71,317 71,917 72,227 72,727 73,037 73,237 73,637
74,047 74,747 75,557 76,367 76,667 77,377 77,477 77,977 78,487 78,787
78,887 79,397 79,697 79,997 90,709 91,019 93,139 93,239 93,739 94,049
94,349 94,649 94,849 94,949 95,959 96,269 96,469 96,769 97,379 97,579
97,879 98,389 98,689

93 such primes found, 113 in all.
```

## XPL0

```func IsPrime(N);        \Return 'true' if N is a prime number
int  N, I;
[if N <= 1 then return false;
for I:= 2 to sqrt(N) do
if rem(N/I) = 0 then return false;
return true;
];

func Reverse(N);
int  N, M;
[M:= 0;
repeat  N:= N/10;
M:= M*10 + rem(0);
until   N=0;
return M;
];

int Count, N;
[Count:= 0;
for N:= 1 to 1000-1 do
if N=Reverse(N) & IsPrime(N) then
[IntOut(0, N);
Count:= Count+1;
if rem(Count/10) = 0 then CrLf(0) else ChOut(0, 9\tab\);
];
]```
Output:
```2       3       5       7       11      101     131     151     181     191
313     353     373     383     727     757     787     797     919     929
```