# Generate random numbers without repeating a value

Generate random numbers without repeating a value is a draft programming task. It is not yet considered ready to be promoted as a complete task, for reasons that should be found in its talk page.

Many puzzle games such as the 15 puzzle game need a way to randomize the order of the pieces. One way to do this is to create an array and fill it with random values, with each element's index in that array being its position. Unfortunately, most random number generators can produce the same value more than once, which in this case isn't what we want.

Create a random number generator and have it output the numbers 1 through 20 (inclusive), in a random order. It cannot produce the same value more than once.

Or

Given the output of an existing random number generator that does produce repeated output, create a function that constrains the output to numbers 1 through 20 (inclusive), and no number is output more than once. (Technically it stops being "random" at that point, but that's beyond the scope of this task.) Try your best not to make the process take too long at runtime.

For the second version of the task, the random number generator itself need not be implemented; however you must specify its possible range of values before your constraint function is applied. (e.g "Assume the random number generator creates a value from 0 to 255, and values are allowed to repeat")

## 11l

Translation of: Nim
```F generate(a, b)
[Int] result
V count = b - a + 1
V generated = [0B] * count
L
V n = random:(a .. b)
I !generated[n - a]
generated[n - a] = 1B
result.append(n)
I --count == 0
L.break
R result

L 5
print(generate(1, 20))```
Output:
```[5, 6, 17, 14, 8, 13, 7, 11, 12, 16, 15, 18, 1, 9, 20, 10, 3, 4, 2, 19]
[9, 1, 13, 10, 4, 17, 3, 6, 5, 16, 18, 7, 19, 20, 12, 8, 2, 11, 14, 15]
[14, 10, 7, 4, 5, 12, 11, 18, 19, 6, 9, 13, 20, 16, 17, 15, 1, 3, 8, 2]
[9, 3, 20, 15, 5, 19, 18, 1, 4, 16, 12, 2, 8, 17, 6, 13, 14, 7, 10, 11]
[8, 13, 19, 4, 16, 5, 18, 2, 7, 20, 12, 9, 10, 15, 11, 3, 17, 1, 6, 14]
```

## Action!

```PROC PrintTable(BYTE ARRAY tab BYTE size)
BYTE i

FOR i=0 TO size-1
DO
PrintF("%B ",tab(i))
OD
PutE() PutE()
RETURN

PROC KnuthShuffle(BYTE ARRAY tab BYTE size)
BYTE i,j,tmp

i=size-1
WHILE i>0
DO
j=Rand(i)
tmp=tab(i)
tab(i)=tab(j)
tab(j)=tmp
i==-1
OD
RETURN

PROC Main()
DEFINE LEN="20"
BYTE ARRAY tab(LEN)
BYTE i

FOR i=1 TO LEN
DO
tab(i-1)=i
OD
FOR i=1 TO 5
DO
KnuthShuffle(tab,LEN)
PrintTable(tab,LEN)
OD
RETURN```
Output:
```17 6 20 3 8 10 14 12 4 15 2 7 16 18 15 19 9 13 11

6 8 1 10 5 20 16 14 3 12 13 2 17 11 9 4 7 19 18 15

3 15 13 8 19 5 10 1 17 20 16 4 2 6 14 7 18 11 9 12

19 16 15 9 4 14 20 2 11 12 3 6 8 17 15 10 18 13 7

14 2 1 18 10 7 13 11 17 4 20 9 6 3 16 19 5 15 12 8
```

## ALGOL 68

Works with: ALGOL 68G version Any - tested with release 2.8.3.win32
Library: ALGOL 68-rows

This is vertually identical to the Algol 68 sample for the Knuth Shuffle Task.

```# generate a set of 20 random integers without duplicates #
# same as the Knuth Shuffle sample, but with different display #

PR read "rows.incl.a68" PR # include array related utilities #

PROC between = (INT a, b)INT :
(
ENTIER (random * ABS (b-a+1) + (a<b|a|b))
);

PROC knuth shuffle = (REF[]INT a)VOID:
(
FOR i FROM LWB a TO UPB a DO
INT j = between(LWB a, UPB a);
INT t = a[i];
a[i] := a[j];
a[j] := t
OD
);
main:(
INT a;
FOR i FROM 1 TO 20 DO a[i] := i OD;
knuth shuffle(a);
SHOW a
)```
Output:
``` 17 6 11 5 7 15 18 8 4 3 10 13 9 2 12 1 19 14 20 16
```

## AppleScript

```-- Return a script object containing: 1) a list of all the integers in the required range and
-- 2) a handler that returns one of them at random without repeating any previous choices.
-- Calls to the handler after all the numbers have been used just return 'missing value'.
on makeRNG(low, high)
script RNG
property indexShift : missing value
property ints : {}

on nextInt()
try
set n to some number of my ints
set item (n + indexShift) of my ints to missing value
on error number -1728
set n to missing value
end try
return n
end nextInt
end script

if (low > high) then set {low, high} to {high, low}
set RNG's indexShift to 1 - low
repeat with n from low to high
set end of RNG's ints to n
end repeat

return RNG
end makeRNG

set low to 1
set high to 20
set generator to makeRNG(low, high)
set output to {}
repeat (high - low + 1) times
set end of output to generator's nextInt()
end repeat
return output

```
Output:
```{16, 9, 12, 6, 17, 10, 1, 5, 3, 2, 7, 20, 14, 18, 19, 11, 15, 13, 8, 4}
```

## Arturo

```generateUniqueRandoms: function [][
result: new []

while [20 > size result][
rand: sample 1..20
if not? in? rand result ->
'result ++ rand
]
return result
]

loop 3 'x [
print generateUniqueRandoms
]
```
Output:
```16 6 1 4 7 18 19 3 9 10 12 5 8 15 14 17 11 13 20 2
12 16 3 7 4 15 6 14 19 13 10 8 11 2 17 5 9 18 20 1
5 6 18 12 4 3 19 14 13 11 2 7 17 9 10 8 20 16 1 15```

## AWK

```# syntax: GAWK -f GENERATE_RANDOM_NUMBERS_WITHOUT_REPEATING_A_VALUE.AWK
BEGIN {
limit = 20
srand()
printf("range 1-%d:",limit)
while (count < limit) {
n = sprintf("%d",int(rand()*limit)+1)
if (!(n in arr)) {
printf(" %d",n)
arr[n] = ""
count++
}
}
printf("\n")
exit(0)
}
```
Output:
```range 1-20: 16 18 15 4 13 6 11 2 1 20 14 3 7 19 17 12 10 9 5 8
```

## BASIC

### BASIC256

Translation of: FreeBASIC
```arraybase 1
for num = 1 to 5
call pRand()
next num
end

subroutine pRand()
dim randCheck(21)
nr = 1
do
aleat = int(rand * 20) + 1
if randCheck[aleat] = 1 then
continue do
else
randCheck[aleat] = 1
print aleat; " ";
end if
for n = 1 to randCheck[?]
if randCheck[nr] then nr += 1
next n
until nr = 21
print
end subroutine```

### QBasic

Translation of: FreeBASIC
```DECLARE SUB pRand ()

RANDOMIZE TIMER
FOR num = 1 TO 5
pRand
NEXT num
END

SUB pRand
DIM randCheck(1 TO 21)
nr = 1
DO
aleat = INT(RND * 20) + 1
IF randCheck(aleat) <> 1 THEN
randCheck(aleat) = 1
PRINT aleat;
END IF

FOR n = 1 TO UBOUND(randCheck)
IF randCheck(nr) = 1 THEN nr = nr + 1
NEXT n
LOOP UNTIL nr = 21
PRINT
END SUB
```

## F#

```// Generate random numbers without repeating a value. Nigel Galloway: August 27th., 2021
MathNet.Numerics.Combinatorics.GeneratePermutation 20|>Array.map((+)1)|>Array.iter(printf "%d "); printfn ""
```
Output:
```12 7 17 8 10 13 16 19 20 14 18 5 9 11 3 4 1 15 6 2
```

## Factor

Generating a random permutation of 1..20:

Works with: Factor version 0.99 2021-06-02
```USING: kernel math.combinatorics math.ranges prettyprint random
sequences ;

: random-permutation ( seq -- newseq )
[ length dup nPk random ] keep permutation ;

20 [1,b] random-permutation .
```
Output:
```{ 7 10 12 9 5 8 20 14 18 4 13 3 17 16 19 6 15 1 2 11 }
```

Shuffling 1..20:

Works with: Factor version 0.99 2021-06-02
```USING: math.ranges prettyprint random vectors ;

20 [1,b] >vector randomize .
```
Output:
```V{ 20 7 8 17 18 1 15 13 12 10 3 14 19 2 5 9 16 11 6 4 }
```

Sampling 20 elements from 1..20:

Works with: Factor version 0.99 2021-06-02
```USING: math.ranges prettyprint random ;

20 [1,b] 20 sample .
```
Output:
```{ 12 3 16 13 1 9 8 11 5 19 15 18 17 20 10 4 7 14 6 2 }
```

## FreeBASIC

```Sub pRand
Dim As Integer randCheck(20), nr = 1
Do
Dim As Integer aleat = Int(Rnd * 20) + 1
If randCheck(aleat) = 1 Then
Continue Do
Else
randCheck(aleat) = 1
Print aleat;
End If
For n As Integer = 1 To Ubound(randCheck)
If randCheck(nr) = 1 Then nr += 1
Next n
Loop Until nr = 21
Print
End Sub

Randomize Timer
For num As Integer = 1 To 5
pRand()
Next num
Sleep
```
Output:
```7 11 16 13 14 6 20 2 1 10 17 18 9 12 4 8 15 19 5 3
9 6 18 16 3 14 1 8 11 2 7 20 4 13 19 12 17 5 15 10
11 19 15 6 10 17 13 8 18 2 12 14 16 5 4 1 3 9 7 20
5 18 13 8 4 15 16 12 7 6 1 19 2 17 9 14 10 20 3 11
19 5 4 9 12 11 8 14 6 13 3 1 7 2 16 18 10 17 20 15
```

## Go

Translation of: Nim

This uses Go's 'native' random number generator which internally uses a custom algorithm attributed to D P Mitchell and J A Reeds and can generate non-negative random integers in the 64-bit range.

```package main

import (
"fmt"
"log"
"math/rand"
"time"
)

// Generates and prints all numbers within an inclusive range whose endpoints are
// non-negative 64-bit integers. The numbers are generated in random order with
// any repetitions being ignored.
func generate(from, to int64) {
if to < from || from < 0 {
log.Fatal("Invalid range.")
}
span := to - from + 1
generated := make([]bool, span) // all false by default, zero indexing
count := span
for count > 0 {
n := from + rand.Int63n(span) // upper endpoint is exclusive
if !generated[n-from] {
generated[n-from] = true
fmt.Printf("%2d ", n)
count--
}
}
fmt.Println()
}

func main() {
rand.Seed(time.Now().UnixNano())

// generate 5 sets say
for i := 1; i <= 5; i++ {
generate(1, 20)
}
}
```
Output:

Sample run:

```16  7  5 11 10 12  1 19  9  2  4 14  6 18 17  8 20  3 13 15
10  3  5  7 14  9 20  6 11  8 13 18  1 17 15 12  4  2 16 19
12 14 16 11 15  2  8 13  3 19  6 17 18  4 10  5 20  1  7  9
4 11  9 17 14 16  2  7  6  1 12 20  8 15  5 13 10 18 19  3
19 13  9  7  5 12 11 17  1  3 16  4 15 14 20  8  6 18  2 10
```

Alternatively and far more efficiently, we can simply create a list of the required numbers and randomly shuffle them. Go has a standard library function for this which uses the Fisher-Yates (aka Knuth) shuffle.

```package main

import (
"fmt"
"math/rand"
"time"
)

func main() {
rand.Seed(time.Now().UnixNano())
numbers := make([]int, 20)
for i := 0; i < 20; i++ {
numbers[i] = i + 1
}
for i := 1; i <= 5; i++ {
rand.Shuffle(20, func(i, j int) {
numbers[i], numbers[j] = numbers[j], numbers[i]
})
s := fmt.Sprintf("%2d ", numbers)
fmt.Println(s[1 : len(s)-2])
}
}
```
Output:
```13 10 18  7  3  5 17  4  1 11 16 20  9 12 14  2 15 19  6  8
19 12 11  1  3 14  7 20  2 18  4 10  9  5  8  6 15 13 16 17
10  6 11  3  5 13 15  4 16 12  1 14 20  7  2 19  8 17  9 18
4 14 17 15  1  6 12 11  2  3 19 10  9 18  7 13  8 20 16  5
13 12  8  3  9 17 14 10  6  2 11 20 19 18  4  7 16  1 15  5
```

```import Data.List (sortBy)
import Data.Ord (comparing)
import System.Random (newStdGen, randomRs)

--------------------- IN RANDOM ORDER --------------------

inRandomOrder :: [a] -> IO [a]
inRandomOrder xs =
fmap fst . sortBy (comparing snd) . zip xs
<\$> (randomRs (0, 1) <\$> newStdGen :: IO [Double])

--------------------------- TEST -------------------------
main :: IO ()
main =
inRandomOrder [1 .. 20]
>>= print
```
Output:

For example:

`[16,1,3,9,8,20,12,18,11,19,2,14,5,6,13,15,17,10,7,4]`

## Java

```import java.util.*;

public class RandomShuffle {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Random rand = new Random();
List<Integer> list = new ArrayList<>();
for (int j = 1; j <= 20; ++j)
Collections.shuffle(list, rand);
System.out.println(list);
}
}
```
Output:
```[19, 15, 10, 6, 17, 13, 14, 9, 2, 20, 3, 18, 8, 16, 7, 12, 1, 4, 5, 11]
```

## JavaScript

```(() => {
"use strict";

// ---------- NON-REPEATING RANDOM NUMBERS -----------

// main :: IO ()
const main = () =>
sortOn(Math.random)(
enumFromTo(1)(20)
);

// --------------------- GENERIC ---------------------

// comparing :: (a -> b) -> (a -> a -> Ordering)
const comparing = f =>
// The ordering of f(x) and f(y) as a value
// drawn from {-1, 0, 1}, representing {LT, EQ, GT}.
x => y => {
const
a = f(x),
b = f(y);

return a < b ? -1 : (a > b ? 1 : 0);
};

// enumFromTo :: Int -> Int -> [Int]
const enumFromTo = m =>
n => Array.from({
length: 1 + n - m
}, (_, i) => m + i);

// sortBy :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> [a] -> [a]
const sortBy = f =>
// A copy of xs sorted by the comparator function f.
xs => xs.slice()
.sort((a, b) => f(a)(b));

// sortOn :: Ord b => (a -> b) -> [a] -> [a]
const sortOn = f =>
// Equivalent to sortBy(comparing(f)), but with f(x)
// evaluated only once for each x in xs.
// ('Schwartzian' decorate-sort-undecorate).
xs => sortBy(
comparing(x => x)
)(
xs.map(x => [f(x), x])
)
.map(x => x);

// MAIN ---
return JSON.stringify(main());
})();
```
Output:

For example:

`[6,9,8,16,5,15,19,7,13,12,4,20,1,2,18,11,14,17,10,3]`

## jq

Works with: jq

Works with gojq, the Go implementation of jq

In this entry, an external source of entropy is used to define a jq filter, `knuthShuffle`, so that the specific task can then be accomplished using the expression:

`[range(1;21)] | knuthShuffle`

In the following, a bash or bash-like scripting environment is assumed, and the jq command is assumed to be "jq".

```< /dev/urandom tr -cd '0-9' | fold -w 1 | jq -MRcnr -f program.jq
```

program.jq

```# Output: a prn in range(0;\$n) where \$n is `.`
def prn:
if . == 1 then 0
else . as \$n
| ([1, ((\$n-1)|tostring|length)]|max) as \$w
| [limit(\$w; inputs)] | join("") | tonumber
| if . < \$n then . else (\$n | prn) end
end;

def knuthShuffle:
length as \$n
| if \$n <= 1 then .
else {i: \$n, a: .}
| until(.i ==  0;
.i += -1
| (.i + 1 | prn) as \$j
| .a[.i] as \$t
| .a[.i] = .a[\$j]
| .a[\$j] = \$t)
| .a
end;

[range(1;21)] | knuthShuffle```
Output:
```4
11
3
8
1
9
16
6
5
7
12
17
15
19
10
20
18
2
13
14
```

## Julia

Julia's Random module contains a function called `shuffle([rng=GLOBAL_RNG,] v::AbstractArray)` which constructs a randomly permuted copy of v.

```using Random
Random.seed!(1234567)

# 1. built in

@show shuffle(1:20)

# 2. from standard random generator rand()

myshuffle(urn::AbstractVector) =
map(length(urn):-1:1) do len
ball = urn[ceil(Int, rand() * len)]
urn = setdiff(urn, ball)
ball
end

@show myshuffle(1:20);
```
Output:
```shuffle(1:20) = [4, 17, 15, 14, 11, 5, 18, 6, 7, 8, 16, 3, 20, 13, 12, 19, 2, 10, 1, 9]
myshuffle(1:20) = [5, 10, 19, 3, 15, 13, 18, 1, 6, 8, 2, 11, 4, 20, 17, 14, 9, 16, 7, 12]
```

## Mathematica / Wolfram Language

```RandomSample[Range@20]
```
Output:
```
{14,4,2,6,20,11,17,13,16,18,15,19,12,10,1,8,3,7,5,9}

```

## Nim

Translation of: Wren

Nim standard module `random` provides a PRNG based on xoroshiro128+ algorithm whose period is 2^128 − 1. It also provides the `shuffle` procedure to shuffle an array or a sequence using Knuth algorithm.

Here, we have defined a procedure which accepts a slice `a..b` as argument and returns a shuffled sequence of values from a to b. It uses the same algorithm as in Wren solution, i.e. a list to keep track of generated values.

```import random

randomize()

proc generate(s: Slice[int]): seq[int] =
assert s.a <= s.b
var count = s.b - s.a + 1
var generated = newSeq[bool](count) # Initialized to false.
while count != 0:
let n = rand(s)
if not generated[n - s.a]:
generated[n - s.a] = true
dec count

for i in 1..5:
echo generate(1..20)
```
Output:
```@[11, 15, 13, 9, 10, 6, 14, 1, 16, 4, 20, 17, 5, 7, 2, 3, 8, 12, 19, 18]
@[11, 3, 15, 12, 10, 16, 6, 18, 4, 13, 14, 19, 1, 7, 2, 5, 9, 20, 17, 8]
@[16, 10, 8, 1, 2, 18, 19, 4, 5, 11, 14, 15, 3, 13, 9, 12, 7, 20, 17, 6]
@[4, 7, 1, 15, 11, 2, 10, 6, 19, 5, 12, 9, 14, 13, 17, 3, 18, 20, 8, 16]
@[10, 9, 15, 2, 17, 8, 3, 20, 18, 12, 11, 14, 16, 13, 4, 5, 6, 1, 7, 19]```

## Perl

Just shuffle...

```#!/usr/bin/perl

use strict; # https://rosettacode.org/wiki/Generate_random_numbers_without_repeating_a_value
use warnings;
use List::Util qw( shuffle );

print "@{[ shuffle 1 .. 20 ]}\n" for 1 .. 5;
```
Output:
```9 15 11 14 17 10 13 1 2 7 19 3 6 12 4 16 8 5 18 20
20 17 18 6 1 19 14 10 2 7 4 12 8 15 3 16 9 11 5 13
4 3 9 15 6 20 14 8 18 5 19 17 1 10 11 16 12 2 13 7
17 9 3 15 1 20 7 19 13 8 11 10 6 5 4 14 12 18 16 2
13 1 5 18 12 11 3 14 10 9 19 4 20 16 8 6 17 2 7 15
```

## Phix

Trival use of standard builtins. Progressively filtering the output of rand(20) would gain nothing except wasted cycles. Normally I would use "with javascript_semantics", or equivalently just "with js", to explicitly specify/verify the code can be run on both the desktop and in a web browser, however here that somehow seems like overkill.

```?shuffle(tagset(20))
```
Output:
```{13,6,8,1,9,19,5,18,2,12,11,20,4,17,10,3,15,7,14,16}
```

## Python

```import random

print(random.sample(range(1, 21), 20))
```
Output:
[14, 15, 3, 18, 4, 11, 16, 10, 12, 20, 13, 1, 6, 7, 2, 17, 5, 9, 19, 8]

## Quackery

As a dialogue in the Quackery shell.

```Welcome to Quackery.

Enter "leave" to leave the shell.

/O> [] 20 times [ i^ 1+ join ]
... shuffle
... echo
...
[ 7 6 9 5 13 11 15 17 19 2 14 20 12 4 8 1 3 18 10 16 ]
Stack empty.

/O> leave
...

Auf wiedersehen.
```

## R

R makes this so easy that it feels like you've missed the point.

```sample(20)
```

## Raku

Raku has three distinct "random" functions built in. rand() for when you want some fraction between 0 and 1. roll() when you want to select elements from a collection with replacement (rolls of a die). And pick() for when you want to select some elements from a collection without replacement. (pick a card, any card, or two cards or 10 cards...). If you want to select all the elements in random order, just pick 'whatever'. Here we'll pick all from 1 to 20, 5 times using the repetition operator.

Pick random elements without replacement

```.put for (1..20).pick(*) xx 5
```
Sample output:
```20 4 5 7 15 19 2 16 8 6 3 12 14 13 10 18 9 17 1 11
4 5 18 10 13 3 1 11 6 2 19 8 12 7 16 17 14 20 15 9
14 8 15 11 17 4 3 10 18 7 16 13 1 20 12 9 6 5 19 2
7 5 15 11 12 18 17 3 20 6 13 19 14 2 16 10 4 9 8 1
19 12 4 7 3 20 13 17 5 8 6 15 10 18 1 11 2 14 16 9```

Pick random elements with replacement

```.put for (1..20).roll(20) xx 5
```
Sample output:
```16 20 15 17 13 4 19 1 3 8 4 12 13 4 4 5 14 17 10 14
12 6 8 8 9 6 2 4 16 8 4 3 14 8 19 20 5 12 7 15
20 4 20 16 14 6 15 15 16 18 5 19 20 3 14 11 2 7 13 12
3 19 11 13 9 4 5 11 2 20 16 17 14 18 12 10 4 1 13 2
17 20 12 17 19 4 20 20 14 8 2 19 2 12 18 14 4 14 10 8```

## REXX

The REXX solution to this task is performed in essentially three parts:
: Part 1.     (The DO i   ...)   build a list of sequential integers.
: Part 2.     (The DO r   ...)   build an array of random integers, using the list as a selection template.
: Part 3.     (The DO o   ...)   display a grid of the random integers with title and formatting.

With the method/algorithm used herein,   there are   no   random numbers being discarded   (due to possible
duplicates)   because there cannot   be   any duplicates.

```/*REXX program generates & displays a list of random integers (1 ──► N) with no repeats.*/
parse arg n cols seed .                          /*obtain optional argument from the CL.*/
if    n=='' |    n==","  then    n= 20           /*Not specified?  Then use the default.*/
if cols=='' | cols==","  then cols= 10           /* "      "         "   "   "     "    */
if datatype(seed, 'W')   then call random ,,seed /*Specified?      Then use the seed.   */
w= 6
title= ' random integers  (1 ──► '   n")  with no repeats"
say ' index │'center(title,   1 + cols*(w+1)     )         /*display the output title.  */
say '───────┼'center(""   ,   1 + cols*(w+1), '─')         /*   "     "     "  separator*/
a=
do i=1  for n;      a= a  i              /*create a list of possible integers.  */
end   /*i*/                              /*step through the (random) integers.  */
pool= n
do r=1  for n;      ?= random(1, pool)   /*obtain a random integer from the list*/
@.r= word(a, ?);    a= delword(a, ?, 1)  /*obtain random integer; del from pool.*/
pool= pool - 1                           /*diminish size of the allowable pool. */
end   /*r*/                              /*step through the (random) integers.  */
\$=;                                     idx= 1
do o=1  for n;      x= @.o               /*obtain a random integer from random @*/
\$= \$  right( x, w)                       /*add an integer to the output list.   */
if o//cols\==0  then iterate             /*have we populated a line of output?  */
say center(idx, 7)'│'  substr(\$, 2); \$=  /*display what we have so far  (cols). */
idx= idx + cols                          /*bump the  index  count for the output*/
end   /*j*/

if \$\==''  then say center(idx, 7)"│"  substr(\$, 2)     /*possible show residual output.*/
say '───────┴'center(""  ,   1 + cols*(w+1), '─');  say
exit 0                                           /*stick a fork in it,  we're all done. */
```
output   when using the default inputs:
``` index │             random integers  (1 ──►  20)  with no repeats
───────┼───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
1   │     20      7      5     12     11      6     19      8      4     10
11   │      9     17     15     13      1     16      3     18     14      2
───────┴───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
```

## Ring

```see "working..." + nl
decimals(3)
time1 = clock()
for num = 1 to 5
pRand()
next

time2 = clock()
time3 = time2/1000 - time1/1000
see "Elapsed time = " + time3 + " s" + nl
see "done..." + nl

func pRand
randCheck = list(20)
while true
rnd = random(19)+1
if randCheck[rnd] = 1
loop
else
randCheck[rnd] = 1
see "" + rnd + " "
ok
nr = 1
for n = 1 to len(randCheck)
if randCheck[nr] = 1
nr++
ok
next
if nr = 21
see nl
exit
ok
end```
Output:
```working...
6 11 16 19 10 15 3 1 8 7 2 9 20 5 4 14 12 13 17 18
7 20 2 15 8 5 9 13 17 19 1 6 4 16 11 18 3 12 10 14
5 19 12 3 1 10 15 7 9 17 18 4 20 13 2 11 8 14 16 6
11 10 17 1 5 19 15 4 18 9 20 12 13 6 3 2 7 8 16 14
2 14 15 6 19 20 3 17 5 1 8 13 4 18 7 9 10 16 11 12
Elapsed time = 0.008 s
done...
```

## Ruby

```nums = (1..20).to_a
5.times{ puts nums.shuffle.join(" ") }
```
Output:
```2 9 19 12 7 18 17 13 5 6 20 10 14 4 1 8 11 15 3 16
18 6 9 5 17 14 2 13 7 16 4 11 15 10 3 8 12 19 1 20
2 16 7 12 3 10 13 17 20 18 11 14 5 15 1 19 9 6 4 8
10 14 5 15 8 1 7 12 16 6 18 4 9 3 11 20 19 17 13 2
2 16 13 12 6 18 14 4 15 7 9 10 8 11 19 5 17 1 3 20
```

## Rust

```// [dependencies]
// rand = "0.7.2"

fn main() {
use rand::seq::SliceRandom;
let mut v: Vec<u32> = (1..=20).collect();
v.shuffle(&mut rng);
println!("{:?}", v);
}
```
Output:
```[11, 19, 1, 7, 15, 4, 13, 10, 16, 3, 2, 18, 20, 17, 9, 8, 5, 6, 12, 14]
```

## Sidef

Translation of: Ruby
```var nums = (1..20).to_a
5.times{ say nums.shuffle.join(" ") }
```
Output:
```7 16 11 2 8 5 19 1 3 17 10 4 18 6 9 13 15 20 12 14
20 4 18 7 16 2 3 10 5 13 19 17 12 1 6 11 8 15 14 9
2 6 8 18 5 15 1 13 19 17 12 3 4 7 20 16 10 11 9 14
2 18 10 16 12 14 7 13 1 8 15 20 6 17 3 11 5 9 4 19
2 17 14 15 5 13 4 16 11 18 1 10 9 7 6 12 20 3 8 19
```

## Swift

```var array = Array(1...20)
array.shuffle()
print(array)
```
Output:
```[4, 19, 13, 8, 14, 6, 18, 20, 11, 16, 17, 7, 5, 9, 2, 15, 3, 1, 10, 12]
```

## V (Vlang)

Translation of: go
```import rand
import rand.seed

fn generate(from i64, to i64) {
if to < from || from < 0 {
println("Invalid range.")
}
span := int(to - from + 1)
mut generated := []bool{len: span} // all false by default, zero indexing
mut count := span
for count > 0 {
n := from + rand.i64n(span) or {0} // upper endpoint is exclusive
if !generated[n-from] {
generated[n-from] = true
print("\${n} ")
count--
}
}
println('')
}

fn main(){
rand.seed(seed.time_seed_array(2))
// generate 5 sets say
for i := 1; i <= 5; i++ {
generate(1, 20)
}
}```
Output:
`Same as Go entry`

Alternatively and far more efficiently, we can simply create a list of the required numbers and randomly shuffle them. Vlang has a standard library function for this which uses the Fisher-Yates (aka Knuth) shuffle.

```import rand
import rand.seed

fn main(){
rand.seed(seed.time_seed_array(2))
mut numbers := []int{len:20, init:it+1}
// generate 5 sets say
for i := 1; i <= 5; i++ {
rand.shuffle<int>(mut numbers, rand.ShuffleConfigStruct{})?
s := "\${numbers:2} "
println(s[1 .. s.len-2])
}
}```
Output:
```Same as go entry
```

## Wren

Library: Wren-fmt

This uses Wren's 'native' pseudo-random number generator which internally uses WELL512a and can generate random integers in the 32-bit range.

```import "random" for Random
import "/fmt" for Fmt

var rand = Random.new()

// Generates and prints all numbers within an inclusive range whose endpoints are 32 bit integers.
// The numbers are generated in random order with any repetitions being ignored.
var generate = Fn.new { |r|
var generated = List.filled(r.to - r.from + 1, false) // zero indexing
while (generated.any { |g| !g }) {
var n = rand.int(r.from, r.to + 1) // upper endpoint is exclusive
if (!generated[n - r.from]) {
generated[n - r.from] = true
Fmt.write("\$2d ", n)
}
}
System.print()
}

// generate 5 sets say
for (i in 1..5) generate.call(1..20)
```
Output:

Sample run:

``` 4 16 10  5  1  2  9 19  7 12 15 11 18  3 13 17 20 14  6  8
16  1  9 11  8 10 19  5  4  6 17 20 12 15  3  7 14 18  2 13
5 15 13  1 17 19 16  2  7 12 18  8 14  6 20  9 10 11  3  4
9  6 20 16  2 14 19  1  7 18 11 12  4 15  5 17  3  8 10 13
16  1  8 14  5 19  3  4 18 12 20  2 10  6 13 11  7 15  9 17
```

Alternatively and far more efficiently, we can simply create a list of the required numbers and randomly shuffle them. Wren has a built-in function for this which uses the Fisher-Yates (aka Knuth) shuffle.

```import "random" for Random
import "/fmt" for Fmt

var rand = Random.new()
var numbers = (1..20).toList
for (i in 1..5) {
rand.shuffle(numbers)
Fmt.print("\$2d", numbers)
}
```
Output:
``` 3 19 16 12  7  5  9 10 15 13  6 11 20 14  8 18  4 17  1  2
15  1 18 14  4 20 11  2  6  3 12  5  7 10 16 17  9 13 19  8
19  6 14  1 13  2 18 20 11  8  5  3  9 12 15 17  4 16 10  7
16 15  5 10  1 13 17  6  8  9 20  3 14 11 18  2 19 12  4  7
17  6 10 13 20  5  3 11 18 12 16  2 14 15 19  9  8  1  4  7
```

## XPL0

```int Set, R;
[Set:= 0;
repeat  R:= Ran(20);
if (Set & 1<<R) = 0 then
[Set:= Set ! 1<<R;
IntOut(0, R+1);  ChOut(0, ^ )];
until   Set = \$F_FFFF;
]```
Output:

Example outputs:

```14 5 1 20 18 16 2 3 19 6 4 13 7 11 17 10 8 12 15 9
18 19 8 11 9 6 5 4 12 2 3 1 16 15 14 7 20 13 10 17
5 11 17 19 2 14 20 18 9 16 1 15 4 8 12 10 13 6 7 3
17 11 13 20 3 7 8 9 19 5 4 18 15 14 16 12 1 2 6 10
```