# Find minimum number of coins that make a given value

Find minimum number of coins that make a given value is a draft programming task. It is not yet considered ready to be promoted as a complete task, for reasons that should be found in its talk page.

Find and show here on this page the minimum number of coins that can make a value of   988.

Available coins are:   1,   2,   5,   10,   20,   50,   100,   and   200.

The coins that would be dispensed are:

four coins of 200
one coin  of 100
one coin  of  50
one coin  of  20
one coin  of  10
one coin  of   5
one coin  of   2
one coin  of   1

## 11l

Translation of: Python_%3A%3A_Procedural
V denominations = [1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200]
V total = 988
print(‘Available denominations: ’denominations‘. Total is to be: ’total‘.’)
V (coins, remaining) = (sorted(denominations, reverse' 1B), total)
L(n) 0 .< coins.len
(V coinsused, remaining) = divmod(remaining, coins[n])
I coinsused > 0
print(‘    ’coinsused‘ * ’coins[n])
Output:
Available denominations: [1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200]. Total is to be: 988.
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## Action!

PROC Main()
DEFINE LEN="8"
BYTE ARRAY coins=[200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1],count(LEN)
BYTE i
INT value=[988],curr,total

Zero(count,LEN)
i=0 total=0
curr=value
WHILE curr>0
DO
IF curr>=coins(i) THEN
count(i)==+1
total==+1
curr==-coins(i)
ELSE
i==+1
FI
OD

PrintF("%I coins to make %I:%E",total,value)
FOR i=0 TO LEN-1
DO
IF count(i) THEN
PrintF("  %B x %B%E",count(i),coins(i))
FI
OD
RETURN
Output:
11 coins to make 988:
4 x 200
1 x 100
1 x 50
1 x 20
1 x 10
1 x 5
1 x 2
1 x 1

procedure Find_Minimum_Coins is
COINS      : constant array (1 .. 8) of Positive := [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1];
CHANGE     : constant Positive := 988;
Coins_Used : Natural := 0;
Owing      : Natural := CHANGE;
Count      : Natural;
begin
Put_Line ("The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of" & CHANGE'Image & " is...");
for Coin of COINS loop
Count := Owing / Coin;
if Count /= 0 then
Coins_Used := @ + Count;
Put_Line (Count'Image & " x" & Coin'Image);
Owing := Owing mod Coin;
exit when Owing = 0;
end if;
end loop;
Put_Line ("A total of" & Coins_Used'Image & " coins.");
end Find_Minimum_Coins;
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is...
4 x 200
1 x 100
1 x 50
1 x 20
1 x 10
1 x 5
1 x 2
1 x 1
A total of 11 coins.

## ALGOL 68

Translation of: Wren
BEGIN # find the minimum number of coins needed to make a given value         #
# translated from the Wren sample                                       #

[]INT denoms     = ( 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 );
INT   coins     := 0;
INT   amount     = 988;
INT   remaining := amount;
print( ( "The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of " ) );
print( ( whole( amount, 0 ), " is as follows:", newline ) );
FOR d pos FROM LWB denoms TO UPB denoms
WHILE INT denom = denoms[ d pos ];
INT n     = remaining OVER denom;
IF n > 0 THEN
coins +:= n;
print( ("  ", whole( denom, -3 ), " x ", whole( n, 0 ), newline ) );
remaining MODAB denom
FI;
remaining > 0
DO SKIP OD;
print( ( newline, "A total of ", whole( coins, 0 ), " coins in all.", newline ) )
END
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
200 x 4
100 x 1
50 x 1
20 x 1
10 x 1
5 x 1
2 x 1
1 x 1

A total of 11 coins in all.

## APL

Works with: Dyalog APL
coins{
{,≢}[]{
coin()/
coin=0:
coin,⍺∇⍵-coin
}
}
Output:
(1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200) coins 988
200 4
100 1
50 1
20 1
10 1
5 1
2 1
1 1

## AppleScript

----------------- MINIMUM NUMBER OF COINS ----------------

-- change :: [Int] -> Int -> [(Int, Int)]
on change(units, n)
if {} = units or 0 = n then
{}
else
set {x, xs} to {item 1 of units, rest of units}
set q to n div x
if 0 = q then
change(xs, n)
else
{{q, x}} & change(xs, n mod x)
end if
end if
end change

--------------------------- TEST -------------------------
on run
set coinReport to ¬
showChange({200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1})

unlines(map(coinReport, {1024, 988}))
end run

-- showChange :: [Int] -> Int -> String
on showChange(units)
script
on |λ|(n)
script go
on |λ|(qd)
set {q, d} to qd
(q as text) & " * " & d as text
end |λ|
end script
unlines({("Summing to " & n as text) & ":"} & ¬
map(go, change(units, n))) & linefeed
end |λ|
end script
end showChange

------------------------- GENERIC ------------------------

-- map :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b]
on map(f, xs)
-- The list obtained by applying f
-- to each element of xs.
tell mReturn(f)
set lng to length of xs
set lst to {}
repeat with i from 1 to lng
set end of lst to |λ|(item i of xs, i, xs)
end repeat
return lst
end tell
end map

-- mReturn :: First-class m => (a -> b) -> m (a -> b)
on mReturn(f)
-- 2nd class handler function lifted into 1st class script wrapper.
if script is class of f then
f
else
script
property |λ| : f
end script
end if
end mReturn

-- unlines :: [String] -> String
on unlines(xs)
-- A single string formed by the intercalation
-- of a list of strings with the newline character.
set {dlm, my text item delimiters} to ¬
{my text item delimiters, linefeed}
set s to xs as text
set my text item delimiters to dlm
s
end unlines
Output:
Summing to 1024:
5 * 200
1 * 20
2 * 2

Summing to 988:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## Arturo

coins: [200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1]
target: 988

print ["Minimum number of coins to make a value of " (to :string target)++":"]

cnt: 0
remaining: new target

loop coins 'coin [
n: remaining / coin
if not? zero? n [
cnt: cnt + n
print ["    coins of" coin "->" n]
remaining: remaining - n * coin
if zero? remaining -> break
]
]

print ["\nTotal: " cnt]
Output:
Minimum number of coins to make a value of  988:
coins of 200 -> 4
coins of 100 -> 1
coins of 50 -> 1
coins of 20 -> 1
coins of 10 -> 1
coins of 5 -> 1
coins of 2 -> 1
coins of 1 -> 1

Total:  11

## AutoHotkey

coins := [1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200]
val := 988

result := ""
while val
{
coin := coins.pop()
if (val//coin)
result .= val//coin " * " coin "`n", val -= val//coin * coin
}
MsgBox, 262144, , % result
return
Output:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## AWK

# syntax: GAWK -f FIND_MINIMUM_NUMBER_OF_COINS_THAT_MAKE_A_GIVEN_VALUE.AWK
BEGIN {
n = split("200,100,50,20,10,5,2,1",arr,",")
main(988)
main(388)
main(0)
exit(0)
}
function main(arg1,  amount,coins,denomination,i,remaining,total) {
amount = remaining = int(arg1)
for (i=1; i<=n; i++) {
denomination = arr[i]
coins = 0
while (remaining >= denomination) {
remaining -= denomination
coins++
}
total += coins
printf("%4d x %2d = %d\n",denomination,coins,denomination*coins)
}
printf("%9d coins needed to disperse %s\n\n",total,arg1)
}
Output:
200 x  4 = 800
100 x  1 = 100
50 x  1 = 50
20 x  1 = 20
10 x  1 = 10
5 x  1 = 5
2 x  1 = 2
1 x  1 = 1
11 coins needed to disperse 988

200 x  1 = 200
100 x  1 = 100
50 x  1 = 50
20 x  1 = 20
10 x  1 = 10
5 x  1 = 5
2 x  1 = 2
1 x  1 = 1
8 coins needed to disperse 388

200 x  0 = 0
100 x  0 = 0
50 x  0 = 0
20 x  0 = 0
10 x  0 = 0
5 x  0 = 0
2 x  0 = 0
1 x  0 = 0
0 coins needed to disperse 0

## BASIC256

amount = 988
sumCoins = 0
dim coins = {1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200}

print "Make a value of "; amount; " using the coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200:"

for n = coins[?]-1 to 0 step -1
tmp = floor(amount/coins[n])
if tmp >= 0 then
print tmp; " * "; coins[n]
sumCoins = sumCoins + tmp
amount = amount % coins[n]
end if
next n
end
Output:
Igual que la entrada de FreeBASIC.

## C

#include <stdio.h>

#define TOTAL    988
#define Q_VALUES   8

int main() {
const int kValues[Q_VALUES] = { 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 };
int t, q, iv;

for( t=TOTAL, iv=0; iv<Q_VALUES; t%=kValues[iv], ++iv ) {
q = t/kValues[iv];
printf( "%4d coin%c of %4d\n", q, q!=1?'s':' ', kValues[iv] );
}

return 0;
}
Output:
4 coins of  200
1 coin  of  100
1 coin  of   50
1 coin  of   20
1 coin  of   10
1 coin  of    5
1 coin  of    2
1 coin  of    1

## Delphi

Works with: Delphi version 6.0

const Coins: array [0..7] of integer = (1,2,5,10,20,50,100,200);

procedure MinimumCoins(Memo: TMemo; Value: integer);
var I,C: integer;
begin
for I:=High(Coins) downto 0 do
begin
C:=Value div Coins[I];
Value:=Value mod Coins[I];
end;
end;

procedure TestMinimumCoins(Memo: TMemo);
begin
MinimumCoins(Memo,988);
MinimumCoins(Memo,1307);
MinimumCoins(Memo,37511);
MinimumCoins(Memo,0);
end;
Output:
Providing Change for: 988
4 coins of 200
1 coins of 100
1 coins of 50
1 coins of 20
1 coins of 10
1 coins of 5
1 coins of 2
1 coins of 1

Providing Change for: 1307
6 coins of 200
1 coins of 100
0 coins of 50
0 coins of 20
0 coins of 10
1 coins of 5
1 coins of 2
0 coins of 1

Providing Change for: 37511
187 coins of 200
1 coins of 100
0 coins of 50
0 coins of 20
1 coins of 10
0 coins of 5
0 coins of 2
1 coins of 1

Providing Change for: 0
0 coins of 200
0 coins of 100
0 coins of 50
0 coins of 20
0 coins of 10
0 coins of 5
0 coins of 2
0 coins of 1

## EasyLang

sum = 988
coins[] = [ 200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1 ]
#
for coin in coins[]
n = sum div coin
if n > 0
print "coins of " & coin & ": " & n
sum -= n * coin
.
.
Output:
coins of 200: 4
coins of 100: 1
coins of 50: 1
coins of 20: 1
coins of 10: 1
coins of 5: 1
coins of 2: 1
coins of 1: 1

## F#

//Find minimum number of coins that make a given value - Nigel Galloway: August 12th., 20
let fN g=let rec fG n g=function h::t->fG((g/h,h)::n)(g%h) t |_->n in fG [] g [200;100;50;20;10;5;2;1]
fN 988|>List.iter(fun(n,g)->printfn "Take %d of %d" n g)
Output:
Take 1 of 1
Take 1 of 2
Take 1 of 5
Take 1 of 10
Take 1 of 20
Take 1 of 50
Take 1 of 100
Take 4 of 200

## Factor

Works with: Factor version 0.99 2021-06-02
USING: assocs kernel math math.order prettyprint sorting ;

: make-change ( value coins -- assoc )
[ >=< ] sort [ /mod swap ] zip-with nip ;

988 { 1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 } make-change .
Output:
{
{ 200 4 }
{ 100 1 }
{ 50 1 }
{ 20 1 }
{ 10 1 }
{ 5 1 }
{ 2 1 }
{ 1 1 }
}

## FreeBASIC

#define floor(x) ((x*2.0-0.5) Shr 1)

Dim As Integer amount = 988
Dim As Integer sumCoins = 0
Dim As Integer n, tmp
Dim As Integer coins(8) = {1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200}

Print "Make a value of"; amount; " using the coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200:"

For n As Integer = Ubound(coins) To 0 Step -1
tmp = floor(amount/coins(n))
If tmp >= 0 Then
Print tmp; " *"; coins(n)
sumCoins += tmp
amount Mod= coins(n)
End If
Next n
Sleep
Output:
Make a value of 988 using the coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## FutureBasic

Task solution wrapped into a general purpose function with test examples shown.

void local fn MinimumCoinsForValue( value as NSUInteger, coins as CFArrayRef )
NSUInteger  i, count, tmp
CFStringRef coinStr = fn ArrayComponentsJoinedByString( coins, @", " )

printf @"The minimum number of coins valued %@ needed to total %lu is:", coinStr, value

count = len(coins)
for i = count to 1 step -1
tmp = (NSUInteger)fn floor( value / fn NumberIntegerValue( coins[i-1] ) )
if ( tmp > 0 )
printf @"%lu * %@", tmp, coins[i-1]
value = value mod fn NumberIntegerValue( coins[i-1] )
end if
next
end fn

fn MinimumCoinsForValue( 988, @[@1, @2, @5, @10, @20, @50, @100, @200] )
print : print
fn MinimumCoinsForValue( 1024, @[@1, @2, @5, @10, @20, @50, @100, @200] )
print : print
print "Currency in this example represents U.S. denominations:"
print "   1 cent, 5 cents, 10 cents, 25 cents, 50 cents, \$1, \$5, \$10, \$20, \$50"
fn MinimumCoinsForValue( 65273, @[@1, @5, @10, @25, @50, @100, @500, @1000, @2000, @5000] )

HandleEvents
Output:
The minimum number of coins valued 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 needed to total 988 is:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

The minimum number of coins valued 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 needed to total 1024 is:
5 * 200
1 * 20
2 * 2

Currency in this example represents U.S. denominations:
1 cent, 5 cents, 10 cents, 25 cents, 50 cents, \$1, \$5, \$10, \$20, \$50
The minimum number of coins valued 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 needed to total 65273 is:
13 * 5000
2 * 100
1 * 50
2 * 10
3 * 1

## Go

Translation of: Wren
package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
denoms := []int{200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1}
coins := 0
amount := 988
remaining := 988
fmt.Println("The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of", amount, "is as follows:")
for _, denom := range denoms {
n := remaining / denom
if n > 0 {
coins += n
fmt.Printf("  %3d x %d\n", denom, n)
remaining %= denom
if remaining == 0 {
break
}
}
}
fmt.Println("\nA total of", coins, "coins in all.")
}
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
200 x 4
100 x 1
50 x 1
20 x 1
10 x 1
5 x 1
2 x 1
1 x 1

A total of 11 coins in all.

import Data.List (mapAccumL)
import Data.Tuple (swap)

----------------------- FIND CHANGE ----------------------

change :: [Int] -> Int -> [(Int, Int)]
change xs n = zip (snd \$ mapAccumL go n xs) xs
where
go m v = swap (quotRem m v)

--------------------------- TEST -------------------------
main :: IO ()
main =
mapM_ print \$
change [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1] 988
Output:
(4,200)
(1,100)
(1,50)
(1,20)
(1,10)
(1,5)
(1,2)
(1,1)

Or as a hand-written recursion, defining a slightly more parsimonious listing, and allowing for denomination lists which are ill-sorted or incomplete.

import Data.List (sortOn)
import Data.Ord (Down (Down))

---------- MINIMUM NUMBER OF COINS TO MAKE A SUM ---------

change :: [Int] -> Int -> Either String [(Int, Int)]
change units n
| 0 == mod n m = Right \$ go (sortOn Down units) (abs n)
| otherwise =
Left \$
concat
[ "Residue of ",
show (mod n m),
" - no denomination smaller than ",
show m,
"."
]
where
m = minimum units
go _ 0 = []
go [] _ = []
go (x : xs) n
| 0 == q = go xs n
| otherwise = (q, x) : go xs r
where
(q, r) = quotRem n x

--------------------------- TEST -------------------------
main :: IO ()
main = mapM_ putStrLn \$ test <\$> [1024, 988]
where
test n =
either
id
( concat
. (:) ("Summing to " <> show n <> ":\n")
. fmap
( \(q, v) ->
concat
[show q, " * ", show v, "\n"]
)
)
(change [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1] n)
Output:
Summing to 1024:
5 * 200
1 * 20
2 * 2

Summing to 988:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## J

coins=. [ (,: {."1@}:) [: (#: {:)/\. 0 ,. ,

1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 coins 988
Output:
1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200
1 1 1  1  1  1   1   4

## JavaScript

Works with: JavaScript version ES6
(() => {
"use strict";

// -- MINIMUM NUMBER OF COINS TO MAKE A GIVEN VALUE --

// change :: [Int] -> Int -> [(Int, Int)]
const change = denominations => {
// A minimum list of (quantity, value) pairs for n.
// Unused denominations are excluded from the list.
const go = n => {
const m = abs(n);

return 0 < denominations.length && 0 < m ? (
() => {
const [h, ...t] = denominations;
const q = Math.trunc(m / h);

return (
0 < q ? [
[q, h]
] : []
).concat(change(t)(m % h));
}
)() : [];
};

return go;
};

// ---------------------- TEST -----------------------
// main :: IO ()
const main = () => {
// Two sums tested with a set of denominations.
const f = change([200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1]);

return [1024, 988].reduce((acc, n) => {
const
report = f(n).reduce(
(a, [q, u]) => `\${a}\${q} * \${u}\n`,
""
);

return `\${acc}Summing to \${abs(n)}:\n` + (
`\${report}\n`
);
},
""
);
};

// --------------------- GENERIC ---------------------

// abs :: Num -> Num
const abs =
// Absolute value - without the sign.
x => 0 > x ? (
-x
) : x;

// MAIN ---
return main();
})();
Output:
Summing to 1024:
5 * 200
1 * 20
2 * 2

Summing to 988:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## jq

Works with: jq

Works with gojq, the Go implementation of jq

# If \$details then provide {details, coins}, otherwise just the number of coins.
def minimum_number(\$details):
. as \$amount
| [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1] as \$denoms
| {coins: 0, remaining: 988, details: []}
| label \$out
| foreach \$denoms[] as \$denom (.;
((.remaining / \$denom)|floor) as \$n
| if \$n > 0
then .coins += \$n
| if \$details then .details += [{\$denom, \$n}] else . end
| .remaining %= \$denom
else . end;
if .remaining == 0 then ., break \$out else empty end)
| if \$details then {details, coins} else .coins end ;

# Verbose mode:
"\nThe minimum number of coins needed to make a value of \(.) is as follows:",
(minimum_number(true)
| .details[],
"\nA total of \(.coins) coins in all." );

988
| minimum_number(false),  # illustrate minimal output
Output:
11

The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
{"denom":200,"n":4}
{"denom":100,"n":1}
{"denom":50,"n":1}
{"denom":20,"n":1}
{"denom":10,"n":1}
{"denom":5,"n":1}
{"denom":2,"n":1}
{"denom":1,"n":1}

A total of 11 coins in all.

## Julia

### Long version

Using a linear optimizer for this is serious overkill, but why not?

using JuMP, GLPK

model = Model(GLPK.Optimizer)
@variable(model, ones, Int)
@variable(model, twos, Int)
@variable(model, fives, Int)
@variable(model, tens, Int)
@variable(model, twenties, Int)
@variable(model, fifties, Int)
@variable(model, onehundreds, Int)
@variable(model, twohundreds, Int)
@constraint(model, ones >= 0)
@constraint(model, twos >= 0)
@constraint(model, fives >= 0)
@constraint(model, tens >= 0)
@constraint(model, twenties >= 0)
@constraint(model, fifties >= 0)
@constraint(model, onehundreds >= 0)
@constraint(model, twohundreds >= 0)
@constraint(model, 988 == 1ones +2twos + 5fives + 10tens + 20twenties + 50fifties + 100onehundreds + 200twohundreds)

@objective(model, Min, ones + twos + fives + tens + twenties + fifties + onehundreds + twohundreds)

optimize!(model)
println("Optimized total coins: ", objective_value(model))
for val in [ones, twos, fives, tens, twenties, fifties, onehundreds, twohundreds]
println("Value of ", string(val), " is ", value(val))
end
Output:
Optimized total coins: 11.0
Value of ones is 1.0
Value of twos is 1.0
Value of fives is 1.0
Value of tens is 1.0
Value of twenties is 1.0
Value of fifties is 1.0
Value of onehundreds is 1.0
Value of twohundreds is 4.0

### Brief REPL command version

julia> accumulate((x, y) -> (x[1] % y, (y, x[1] ÷ y)), [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1], init=(988, 0))
8-element Vector{Tuple{Int64, Tuple{Int64, Int64}}}:
(188, (200, 4))
(88, (100, 1))
(38, (50, 1))
(18, (20, 1))
(8, (10, 1))
(3, (5, 1))
(1, (2, 1))
(0, (1, 1))

## Lua

Translation of: Wren
do -- find the minimum number of coins needed to make a given value
-- translated from the Wren sample

local denoms = { 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 }
local amount = 988;
local coins, remaining = 0, amount
print( "The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of "..amount.." is as follows:" )
for _, denom in pairs( denoms ) do
local n = math.floor( remaining / denom )
if n > 0 then
coins = coins + n
print( string.format( "%6d", denom ).." x "..n )
remaining = remaining % denom
end
if remaining == 0 then break end
end
print( "A total of "..coins.." coins in all." )
end
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
200 x 4
100 x 1
50 x 1
20 x 1
10 x 1
5 x 1
2 x 1
1 x 1
A total of 11 coins in all.

## Mathematica/Wolfram Language

coins = {1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200};
out = v /. ConvexOptimization[Total[v], coins . v == 988, v \[Element] Vectors[8, NonNegativeIntegers]];
MapThread[Row[{#1, " x ", #2}] &, {out, coins}] // Column
Output:
1 x 1
1 x 2
1 x 5
1 x 10
1 x 20
1 x 50
1 x 100
4 x 200

## MiniZinc

%Find minimum number of coins that make a given value. Nigel Galloway, August 11th., 2021
int: N=988;
array [1..8] of int: coinValue=[1,2,5,10,20,50,100,200];
array [1..8] of var 0..N: take; constraint sum(n in 1..8)(take[n]*coinValue[n])=N;
solve minimize sum(n in 1..8)(take[n]);
output(["Take "++show(take[n])++" of "++show(coinValue[n])++"\n" | n in 1..8])
Output:
Take 1 of 1
Take 1 of 2
Take 1 of 5
Take 1 of 10
Take 1 of 20
Take 1 of 50
Take 1 of 100
Take 4 of 200
----------
==========
Finished in 196msec

## Nim

import strformat

const
Coins = [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1]
Target = 988

echo &"Minimal number of coins to make a value of {Target}:"
var count = 0
var remaining = Target
for coin in Coins:
let n = remaining div coin
if n != 0:
inc count, n
echo &"coins of {coin:3}: {n}"
dec remaining, n * coin
if remaining == 0: break

echo "\nTotal: ", count
Output:
Minimal number of coins to make a value of 988:
coins of 200: 4
coins of 100: 1
coins of  50: 1
coins of  20: 1
coins of  10: 1
coins of   5: 1
coins of   2: 1
coins of   1: 1

Total: 11

## Perl

use strict;
use warnings;

my @denominations = <200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1>;

sub change {
my \$n = shift;
my @a;
push(@a, int \$n/\$_) and \$n %= \$_ for @denominations;
@a
}

my @amounts = change 988;
for (0 .. \$#amounts) {
printf "%1d * %3d\n", \$amounts[\$_], \$denominations[\$_]
}
Output:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## Phix

with javascript_semantics
requires("1.0.1") -- (lastdelim added to the join() function)
sequence coins = {1,2,5,10,20,50,100,200}
string strc = join(apply(coins,sprint),", ", ", and ")
atom total = 988
printf(1,"Make a value of %d using the coins %s:\n",{total,strc})
integer count = 0
for i=length(coins) to 1 by -1 do
integer ci = coins[i],
c = floor(total/ci)
if c then
printf(1,"%6s coin%s of %3d\n",{ordinal(c,true),iff(c>1?"s":" "),ci})
count += c
total = remainder(total,ci)
if total=0 then exit end if
end if
end for
printf(1,"%s coins were used.\n",{proper(ordinal(count,true))})
Output:
Make a value of 988 using the coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200:
four coins of 200
one coin  of 100
one coin  of  50
one coin  of  20
one coin  of  10
one coin  of   5
one coin  of   2
one coin  of   1
Eleven coins were used.

## Python

### Python :: Procedural

def makechange(denominations = [1,2,5,10,20,50,100,200], total = 988):
print(f"Available denominations: {denominations}. Total is to be: {total}.")
coins, remaining = sorted(denominations, reverse=True), total
for n in range(len(coins)):
coinsused, remaining = divmod(remaining, coins[n])
if coinsused > 0:
print("   ", coinsused, "*", coins[n])

makechange()
Output:
Available denominations: [1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200]. Total is to be: 988.
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

### Python :: Functional

'''Minimum number of coins to make a given value'''

# change :: [Int] -> Int -> [(Int, Int)]
def change(xs):
'''A list of (quantity, denomination) pairs.
Unused denominations are excluded from the list.
'''
def go(n):
if xs and n:
h, *t = xs
q, r = divmod(n, h)

return ([(q, h)] if q else []) + (
change(t)(r)
)
else:
return []

return go

# ------------------------- TEST -------------------------
# main :: IO ()
def main():
'''Testing a set of denominations with two sums'''

f = change([200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1])
print(
"\n".join([
f'Summing to {n}:\n' + "\n".join([
f'{qu[0]} * {qu[1]}' for qu in f(n)]
) + "\n"
for n in [1024, 988]
])
)

# MAIN ---
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
Output:
Summing to 1024:
5 * 200
1 * 20
2 * 2

Summing to 988:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## Quackery

[ ' [ 200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1 ] ] is coins (   --> [ )

[ [] swap
coins witheach
[ /mod dip join ]
drop
witheach
[ dup 0 > iff
[ echo say " * "
coins i^ peek echo
cr ]
else drop ] ]              is task  ( n -->   )

' [ 988 345 1024 ]
witheach
[ say "To make "
dup echo say ":" cr
Output:
To make 988:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

To make 345:
1 * 200
1 * 100
2 * 20
1 * 5

To make 1024:
5 * 200
1 * 20
2 * 2

## Raku

Since unit denominations are possible, don't bother to check to see if an exact pay-out isn't possible.

my @denominations = 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1;

sub change (Int \$n is copy where * >= 0) { gather for @denominations { take \$n div \$_; \$n %= \$_ } }

for 988, 1307, 37511, 0 -> \$amount {
say "\n\$amount:";
printf "%d × %d\n", |\$_ for \$amount.&change Z @denominations;
}
Output:
988:
4 × 200
1 × 100
1 × 50
1 × 20
1 × 10
1 × 5
1 × 2
1 × 1

1307:
6 × 200
1 × 100
0 × 50
0 × 20
0 × 10
1 × 5
1 × 2
0 × 1

37511:
187 × 200
1 × 100
0 × 50
0 × 20
1 × 10
0 × 5
0 × 2
1 × 1

0:
0 × 200
0 × 100
0 × 50
0 × 20
0 × 10
0 × 5
0 × 2
0 × 1

## Red

Red[]

value: 988
foreach denomination [200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1][
quantity: to-integer value / denomination
unless 0 = quantity [print [quantity "*" denomination]]
value: value % denomination
]
Output:
4 * 200
1 * 100
1 * 50
1 * 20
1 * 10
1 * 5
1 * 2
1 * 1

## REXX

A check was made to see if an exact pay─out isn't possible.

The total number of coins paid out is also shown.

/*REXX pgm finds & displays the minimum number of coins which total to a specified value*/
parse arg \$ coins                                /*obtain optional arguments from the CL*/
if     \$='' |     \$=","  then     \$= 988         /*Not specified?  Then use the default.*/
if coins='' | coins=","  then coins= 1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 /* ...   "   "   "     "    */
#= words(coins)                                  /*#:  is the number of allowable coins.*/
w= 0                                             /*width of largest coin (for alignment)*/
do j=1  for #;   @.j= word(coins, j)     /*assign all coins to an array  (@.).  */
w= max(w, length(@.j) )                  /*find the width of the largest coin.  */
end   /*j*/
say 'available coin denominations: '   coins     /*shown list of available denominations*/
say
say center(' making change for '  \$, 30     )    /*display title for the upcoming output*/
say center(''                      , 30, "─")    /*   "     sep   "   "     "        "  */
koins= 0                                         /*the total number of coins dispensed. */
paid= 0                                          /*the total amount of money paid so far*/
do k=#  by -1  for #;  z= \$ % @.k        /*start with largest coin for payout.  */
if z<1  then iterate                     /*if Z is not positive, then skip coin.*/
koins= koins + z
paid= z * @.k                            /*pay out a number of coins.           */
\$= \$ - paid                              /*subtract the pay─out from the \$ total*/
say right(z,9) ' of coin ' right(@.k, w) /*display how many coins were paid out.*/
end   /*k*/

say center(''                      , 30, "─")    /*   "     sep   "   "     "        "  */
say
say 'number of coins dispensed: '  koins
if \$>0  then say 'exact payout not possible.'    /*There a residue?  Payout not possible*/
exit 0                                           /*stick a fork in it,  we're all done. */
output   when using the default inputs:
available coin denominations:  1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200

making change for  988
──────────────────────────────
4  of coin  200
1  of coin  100
1  of coin   50
1  of coin   20
1  of coin   10
1  of coin    5
1  of coin    2
1  of coin    1
──────────────────────────────

number of coins dispensed:  11

## Ring

see "working..." + nl
see "Coins are:" + nl
sum = 988

sumCoins = 0
coins = [1,2,5,10,20,50,100,200]
coins = reverse(coins)

for n = 1 to len(coins)
nr = floor(sum/coins[n])
if nr > 0
sumCoins= nr*coins[n]
sum -= sumCoins
see "" + nr + "*" + coins[n] + nl
ok
next

see "done..." + nl
Output:
working...
Coins are:
4*200
1*100
1*50
1*20
1*10
1*5
1*2
1*1
done...

## RPL

Works with: HP version 48G
« { 200 100 50 20 10 5 2 1 } { }
→ coinset result
« 1 coinset SIZE FOR j
coinset j GET
MOD LASTARG / IP
'result' SWAP STO+
NEXT
DROP result DUP ∑LIST "coins" →TAG
» » 'COINS' STO
988 COINS
Output:
2: { 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 }
1: coins: 11

## Rust

fn main() {
let denoms = vec![200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1];
let mut coins = 0;
let amount = 988;
let mut remaining = 988;
println!("The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of {} is as follows:", amount);
for denom in denoms.iter() {
let n = remaining / denom;
if n > 0 {
coins += n;
println!("  {} x {}", denom, n);
remaining %= denom;
if remaining == 0 {
break;
}
}
}
println!("\nA total of {} coins in all.", coins);
}
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
200 x 4
100 x 1
50 x 1
20 x 1
10 x 1
5 x 1
2 x 1
1 x 1

A total of 11 coins in all.

## V (Vlang)

fn main() {
denoms := [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1]
amount := 988
mut coins := 0
mut remaining := 988
mut n := 0
println("The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of \${amount} is as follows:")
for denom in denoms {
n = remaining / denom
if n > 0 {
coins += n
print("  \${denom} x \${n}" + "\n")
remaining %= denom
if remaining == 0 {break}
}
}
println("\nA total of \${coins} coins in all.")
}
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
200 x 4
100 x 1
50 x 1
20 x 1
10 x 1
5 x 1
2 x 1
1 x 1

A total of 11 coins in all.

## Wren

Library: Wren-fmt

As there is, apparently, an unlimited supply of coins of each denomination, it follows that any amount can be made up.

import "./fmt" for Fmt

var denoms = [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1]
var coins = 0
var amount = 988
var remaining = 988
System.print("The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of %(amount) is as follows:")
for (denom in denoms) {
var n = (remaining / denom).floor
if (n > 0) {
coins = coins + n
Fmt.print("  \$3d x \$d", denom, n)
remaining = remaining  % denom
if (remaining == 0) break
}
}
System.print("\nA total of %(coins) coins in all.")
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
200 x 4
100 x 1
50 x 1
20 x 1
10 x 1
5 x 1
2 x 1
1 x 1

A total of 11 coins in all.

## XPL0

Translation of: Wren
int Denom, Denoms, Coins, Amount, Remaining, I, N;
[Denoms:= [200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1];
Coins:= 0;
Amount:= 988;
Remaining:= 988;
Text(0, "The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of ");
IntOut(0, Amount);  Text(0, " is as follows:
");
Format(3, 0);
for I:= 0 to 7 do
[Denom:= Denoms(I);
N:= Remaining/Denom;
if N > 0 then
[Coins:= Coins + N;
RlOut(0, float(Denom));  Text(0, " x ");  IntOut(0, N);  CrLf(0);
Remaining:= rem(Remaining/Denom);
if Remaining = 0 then I:= 7;
];
];
Text(0, "
A total of ");  IntOut(0, Coins);  Text(0, " coins in all.
");
]
Output:
The minimum number of coins needed to make a value of 988 is as follows:
200 x 4
100 x 1
50 x 1
20 x 1
10 x 1
5 x 1
2 x 1
1 x 1

A total of 11 coins in all.

## Yabasic

Translation of: FreeBASIC
amount = 988
sumCoins = 0
dim coins(7)
coins(0) = 1
coins(1) = 2
coins(2) = 5
coins(3) = 10
coins(4) = 20
coins(5) = 50
coins(6) = 100
coins(7) = 200

print "Make a value of ", amount, " using the coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200:"

for n = arraysize(coins(),1) to 0 step -1
tmp = floor(amount/coins(n))
if tmp >= 0 then
print tmp, " * ", coins(n)
sumCoins = sumCoins + tmp
amount = mod(amount, coins(n))
end if
next n
end
Output:
Igual que la entrada de FreeBASIC.