Terminal control/Unicode output

From Rosetta Code
Terminal control/Unicode output
You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.

The task is to check that the terminal supports Unicode output, before outputting a Unicode character. If the terminal supports Unicode, then the terminal should output a Unicode delta (U+25b3). If the terminal does not support Unicode, then an appropriate error should be raised.

Note that it is permissible to use system configuration data to determine terminal capabilities if the system provides such a facility.


<lang autohotkey>DllCall("AllocConsole") hConsole:=DllCall("GetConsoleWindow","UPtr") Stdout:=FileOpen(DllCall("GetStdHandle", "int", -11, "ptr"), "h `n") Stdin:=FileOpen(DllCall("GetStdHandle", "int", -10, "ptr"), "h `n")

Full Unicode-support font needed

e:=SetConsoleOutputCP(65001) if (e && A_IsUnicode) { Print("△ - Unicode delta (U+25b3)") GetPos(x,y) if (x=0 && y=0) ;nothing prints if Non-Unicode font Print("Non-Unicode font") } else Print("Unicode not supported") Pause()

Print(string=""){ global Stdout if (!StrLen(string)) return 1 e:=DllCall("WriteConsole" . ((A_IsUnicode) ? "W" : "A") , "UPtr", Stdout.__Handle , "Str", string , "UInt", strlen(string) , "UInt*", Written , "uint", 0) if (!e) or (ErrorLevel) return 0 ;Failure Stdout.Read(0) return e }

SetConsoleOutputCP(codepage) { e:=DllCall("SetConsoleOutputCP","UInt",codepage) if (!e) or (ErrorLevel) return 0 ;Failure return 1 }

GetPos(ByRef x, ByRef y) { global Stdout VarSetCapacity(struct,22,0) e:=DllCall("GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo","UPtr",Stdout.__Handle,"Ptr",&struct) if (!e) or (ErrorLevel) return 0 ;Failure x:=NumGet(&struct,4,"UShort") y:=NumGet(&struct,6,"UShort") return 1 }

Pause() { RunWait, %comspec% /c pause>NUL }</lang>


<lang awk>#!/usr/bin/awk -f BEGIN {

 unicodeterm=1   # Assume Unicode support
 if (ENVIRON["LC_ALL"] !~ "UTF") {
   if (ENVIRON["LC_ALL"] != ""
     unicodeterm=0    # LC_ALL is the boss, and it says nay
   else {
     # Check other locale settings if LC_ALL override not set
     if (ENVIRON["LC_CTYPE"] !~ "UTF") {
       if (ENVIRON["LANG"] !~ "UTF")
         unicodeterm=0    # This terminal does not support Unicode
 if (unicodeterm) {
     # This terminal supports Unicode
     # We need a Unicode compatible printf, so we source this externally
     # printf might not know \u or \x, so use octal.
     # U+25B3 => UTF-8 342 226 263
     "/usr/bin/printf \\342\\226\\263\\n"
 } else {
     print "HW65001 This program requires a Unicode compatible terminal"|"cat 1>&2"
   exit 252    # Incompatible hardware


<lang bbcbasic> VDU 23,22,640;512;8,16,16,128+8 : REM Enable UTF-8 mode

     *FONT Arial Unicode MS,36
     PRINT CHR$(&E2)+CHR$(&96)+CHR$(&B3)</lang>


<lang c> /*30th August, 2012 Abhishek Ghosh*/

  1. include<stdlib.h>
  2. include<stdio.h>

int main () {

 int i;
 char *str = getenv ("LANG");
 for (i = 0; str[i + 2] != 00; i++)
     if ((str[i] == 'u' && str[i + 1] == 't' && str[i + 2] == 'f')
         || (str[i] == 'U' && str[i + 1] == 'T' && str[i + 2] == 'F'))
           ("Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : \u25b3");
         i = -1;
 if (i != -1)
   printf ("Unicode is not supported on this terminal.");
 return 0;

} </lang> Output:

Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : â³


<lang clojure> (if-not (empty? (filter #(and (not (nil? %)) (.contains (.toUpperCase %) "UTF"))

 (map #(System/getenv %) ["LANG" "LC_ALL" "LC_CTYPE"]))) 
   "Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : \u25b3"
   "Unicode is not supported on this terminal.")


"Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : △"

Common Lisp

Each implementation has a different "getenv" function, to work with various implementations was created the "my-getenv" function. <lang lisp> (defun my-getenv (name &optional default)

 (let ((x (assoc name ext:*environment-list*
                 :test #'string=)))
   (if x (cdr x) default))
   #+Allegro (sys:getenv name)
   #+CLISP (ext:getenv name)
   #+ECL (si:getenv name)
   #+SBCL (sb-unix::posix-getenv name)
   #+ABCL (getenv name)
   #+LISPWORKS (lispworks:environment-variable name)

(if (not ( null (remove-if #'null (mapcar #'my-getenv '("LANG" "LC_ALL" "LC_CTYPE")))))

 (format t "Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : ~a~&" (code-char #x25b3))
 (format t "Unicode is not supported on this terminal.~&")


Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : △


<lang elixir> if ["LANG", "LC_CTYPE", "LC_ALL"]

    |> Enum.map(&System.get_env/1)
    |> Enum.any?(&(&1 != nil and String.contains?(&1, "UTF")))


 IO.puts "This terminal supports Unicode: \x{25b3}"


 raise "This terminal does not support Unicode."

end </lang>


<lang funl>if map( v -> System.getenv(v), ["LC_ALL", "LC_CTYPE", "LANG"]).filter( (!= null) ).exists( ('UTF' in) )

 println( '\u25b3' )


 println( 'Unicode not supported' )</lang>


<lang Haskell>import System.Environment import Data.List import Data.Char import Data.Maybe

main = do

       x <- mapM lookupEnv ["LANG", "LC_ALL", "LC_CTYPE"]
       if any (isInfixOf "UTF". map toUpper) $ catMaybes x 
        then putStrLn "UTF supported: \x25b3"
        else putStrLn "UTF not supported"

</lang> Output:

UTF supported: △


Works with: jq version >1.4

The jq "env" function is required to inspect environment variables. It is NOT available in jq version 1.4.

Note also that "The values of locale categories are determined by a precedence order ..." -- http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/007908799/xbd/envvar.html

"has_unicode_support" therefore cannot simply test whether one of the variables LC_ALL, LC_TYPE and LANG contains the string UTF. <lang jq>def has_unicode_support:

 def utf: if . == null then false else contains("UTF") or contains("utf") end;
 | if utf then true
   elif . != null and . != "" then false
   elif env.LC_CTYPE | utf then true
   else env.LANG | utf
   end ;

def task:

 if has_unicode_support then "\u25b3"
 else error("HW65001 This program requires a Unicode-compatible terminal")
 end ;


$ jq -M -r -n -f Terminal_control.jq
jq: error: HW65001 This program requires a Unicode-compatible terminal
# In a galaxy not far away:
$ jq -M -r -n -f Terminal_control.jq


Works with: Linux

<lang Julia> c = '\u25b3'

if ismatch(r"UTF", get(ENV, "LANG", ""))

   println("This output device supports Unicode: ", c)


   println("This output device does not support Unicode.")

end </lang>

This output device supports Unicode: △


<lang Lasso>local(env_vars = sys_environ -> join('###')) if(#env_vars >> regexp(`(LANG|LC_ALL|LC_CTYPE).*?UTF.*?###`)) => { stdout('UTF supported \u25b3') else stdout('This terminal does not support UTF') }</lang>

UTF supported △


<lang Mathematica>If[StringMatchQ[$CharacterEncoding, "UTF*"], Print[FromCharacterCode[30000]], Print["UTF-8 capable terminal required"]] ->田</lang>


Typically, on a windows system, the output encoding is not UTF-8, so in an actual application it would make more sense to set Console.OutputEncoding than to merely check it. <lang Nemerle>using System.Console;

module UnicodeOut {

   Main() : void
       if (OutputEncoding.ToString() == "System.Text.UTF8Encoding") Write("Δ") 
       else Write("Console encoding may not support Unicode characters.");



<lang nim>import os, strutils

if "utf" in getEnv("LANG").toLower:

 echo "Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is: △"


 echo "Unicode is not supported on this terminal."</lang>

Perl 6

<lang perl6>die "Terminal can't handle UTF-8"

   unless first(*.defined, %*ENV<LC_ALL LC_CTYPE LANG>) ~~ /:i 'utf-8'/;

say "△";</lang>



<lang PicoLisp>(if (sub? "UTF-8" (or (sys "LC_ALL") (sys "LC_CTYPE") (sys "LANG")))

  (prinl (char (hex "25b3")))
  (quit "UTF-8 capable terminal required") )</lang>


<lang racket>

  1. lang racket


(if (regexp-match? #px"(?i:utf-?8)"
                   (or (getenv "LC_ALL") (getenv "LC_CTYPE") (getenv "LANG")))
  "\u25b3" "No Unicode detected."))



<lang ruby>#encoding: UTF-8 # superfluous in Ruby >1.9.3

if ENV.values_at("LC_ALL","LC_CTYPE","LANG").compact.first.include?("UTF-8")

 puts "△"


 raise "Terminal can't handle UTF-8"

end </lang>


Ad hoc in the REPL:

Library: Scala
<lang Scala>scala> println(s"Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : \u25b3")

Unicode is supported on this terminal and U+25B3 is : △</lang>


<lang ruby>if (ENV["LC_ALL","LC_CTYPE","LANG"].any{_ ~~ /\bUTF-?8/i}) {

   say "△"

} else {

   die "Terminal can't handle UTF-8.";



Tcl configures the standard output channel to use the system encoding by default. The system encoding is formally the encoding for use when communicating with the OS (e.g., for filenames) but is virtually always correlated with the default terminal encoding.<lang tcl># Check if we're using one of the UTF or "unicode" encodings if {[string match utf-* [encoding system]] || [string match *unicode* [encoding system]]} {

   puts "\u25b3"

} else {

   error "terminal does not support unicode (probably)"

}</lang>Note that idiomatic Tcl code would not perform such a check; it would just produce the output which would be translated as best as possible (possibly into the target encoding's placeholder character).

UNIX Shell

This script only checks if the name of the locale contains "UTF-8". This often works because many UTF-8 locales have names like "en_US.UTF-8". This script will fail to recognize a Unicode terminal if:

  • The locale is a UTF-8 locale, but does not have "UTF-8" in its name.
  • The locale uses some other Unicode Transformation Format, such as GB18030.
Works with: Bourne Shell

<lang bash>unicode_tty() {

 # LC_ALL supersedes LC_CTYPE, which supersedes LANG.
 # Set $1 to environment value.
 case y in
 ${LC_ALL:+y})		set -- "$LC_ALL";;
 ${LC_CTYPE:+y})	set -- "$LC_CTYPE";;
 ${LANG:+y})		set -- "$LANG";;
 y)			return 1;;  # Assume "C" locale not UTF-8.
 # We use 'case' to perform pattern matching against a string.
 case "$1" in
 *UTF-8*)		return 0;;
 *)			return 1;;


if unicode_tty; then

 # printf might not know \u or \x, so use octal.
 # U+25B3 => UTF-8 342 226 263
 printf "\342\226\263\n"


 echo "HW65001 This program requires a Unicode compatible terminal" >&2
 exit 252    # Incompatible hardware


The terminal might support UTF-8, but its fonts might not have every Unicode character. Unless they have U+25B3, the output will not look correct. Greek letters like U+25B3 tend to be common, but some fonts might not have Chinese characters (for example), and almost no fonts have dead scripts such as Cuneiform.


This code works for Unix/Linux, Windows XP cmd terminals don't support UTF-8. <lang zkl>if(System.isUnix and T("LC_CTYPE","LC_LANG","LANG").apply(System.getenv) .filter().filter("holds","UTF"))

  println("This terminal supports UTF-8 (\U25B3;)");

else println("I have doubts about UTF-8 on this terminal.");</lang>

This terminal supports UTF-8 (△)

ZX Spectrum Basic

<lang zxbasic>10 REM There is no Unicode delta in ROM 20 REM So we first define a custom character 30 FOR l=0 TO 7 40 READ n 50 POKE USR "d"+l,n 60 NEXT l 70 REM our custom character is a user defined d 80 PRINT CHR$(147): REM this outputs our delta 9500 REM data for our custom delta 9510 DATA 0,0,8,20,34,65,127,0 </lang>