GUI component interaction

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Task
GUI component interaction
You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.

Almost every application needs to communicate with the user in some way. Therefore, a substantial part of the code deals with the interaction of program logic with GUI components.

Typically, the following is needed:

  • put values into input fields under program control
  • read and check input from the user
  • pop up dialogs to query the user for further information

The task: For a minimal "application", write a program that presents a form with three components to the user: A numeric input field ("Value") and two buttons ("increment" and "random").

The field is initialized to zero. The user may manually enter a new value into the field, or increment its value with the "increment" button. Entering a non-numeric value should be either impossible, or issue an error message.

Pressing the "random" button presents a confirmation dialog, and resets the field's value to a random value if the answer is "Yes".

(This task may be regarded as an extension of the task Simple windowed application).

Contents

[edit] Ada

Library: GtkAda

interaction.adb:

with Ada.Numerics.Discrete_Random;
with Ada.Strings.Fixed;
with Gtk.Main;
with Gtk.Handlers;
with Gtk.Button;
with Gtk.Window;
with Gtk.GEntry;
with Gtk.Editable;
with Gtk.Box;
with Gtk.Widget;
with Glib.Values;
with Gtkada.Dialogs;
 
procedure Interaction is
 
The_Value : Natural := 0;
 
package Natural_Random is new Ada.Numerics.Discrete_Random (Natural);
RNG : Natural_Random.Generator;
 
Main_Window  : Gtk.Window.Gtk_Window;
Content  : Gtk.Box.Gtk_Vbox;
Increment_Button : Gtk.Button.Gtk_Button;
Random_Button  : Gtk.Button.Gtk_Button;
Entry_Field  : Gtk.GEntry.Gtk_Entry;
 
package Entry_Callbacks is new Gtk.Handlers.Callback
(Gtk.GEntry.Gtk_Entry_Record);
 
package Button_Callbacks is new Gtk.Handlers.Callback
(Gtk.Button.Gtk_Button_Record);
 
package Window_Callbacks is new Gtk.Handlers.Return_Callback
(Gtk.Window.Gtk_Window_Record, Boolean);
 
-- update displayed text
procedure Update_Entry is
begin
Gtk.GEntry.Set_Text
(The_Entry => Entry_Field,
Text =>
Ada.Strings.Fixed.Trim
(Source => Natural'Image (The_Value),
Side => Ada.Strings.Both));
end Update_Entry;
 
-- read from text entry
procedure Update_Value is
begin
The_Value := Natural'Value (Gtk.GEntry.Get_Text (Entry_Field));
exception
when Constraint_Error =>
The_Value := 0;
end Update_Value;
 
-- make sure that only numbers are entered
procedure On_Insert_Text
(Object : access Gtk.GEntry.Gtk_Entry_Record'Class;
Params : Glib.Values.GValues)
is
Length : constant Glib.Gint :=
Glib.Values.Get_Int (Glib.Values.Nth (Params, 2));
Text  : constant String  :=
Glib.Values.Get_String (Glib.Values.Nth (Params, 1), Length);
begin
declare
Number : Natural;
begin
Number := Natural'Value (Text);
exception
when Constraint_Error =>
-- refuse values that are not parsable
Gtk.Handlers.Emit_Stop_By_Name
(Object => Object,
Name => Gtk.Editable.Signal_Insert_Text);
end;
end On_Insert_Text;
 
-- Callback for click event
procedure On_Increment_Click
(Object : access Gtk.Button.Gtk_Button_Record'Class)
is
begin
Update_Value;
The_Value := The_Value + 1;
Update_Entry;
end On_Increment_Click;
 
-- Callback for click event
procedure On_Random_Click
(Object : access Gtk.Button.Gtk_Button_Record'Class)
is
use type Gtkada.Dialogs.Message_Dialog_Buttons;
begin
if Gtkada.Dialogs.Message_Dialog
(Msg => "Really reset to random value?",
Dialog_Type => Gtkada.Dialogs.Confirmation,
Buttons => Gtkada.Dialogs.Button_Yes or
Gtkada.Dialogs.Button_No,
Default_Button => Gtkada.Dialogs.Button_Yes) =
Gtkada.Dialogs.Button_Yes
then
The_Value := Natural_Random.Random (RNG);
Update_Entry;
end if;
end On_Random_Click;
 
-- Callback for delete event
function On_Main_Window_Delete
(Object : access Gtk.Window.Gtk_Window_Record'Class)
return Boolean
is
begin
Gtk.Main.Main_Quit;
return True;
end On_Main_Window_Delete;
 
begin
-- initialize random number generator
Natural_Random.Reset (RNG);
 
Gtk.Main.Init;
 
Gtk.GEntry.Gtk_New (Widget => Entry_Field);
Update_Entry;
Entry_Callbacks.Connect
(Widget => Entry_Field,
Name => Gtk.Editable.Signal_Insert_Text,
Cb => On_Insert_Text'Access);
 
Gtk.Button.Gtk_New (Button => Increment_Button, Label => "Increment");
Gtk.Button.Gtk_New (Button => Random_Button, Label => "Random");
 
Button_Callbacks.Connect
(Widget => Increment_Button,
Name => Gtk.Button.Signal_Clicked,
Marsh => Button_Callbacks.To_Marshaller (On_Increment_Click'Access));
Button_Callbacks.Connect
(Widget => Random_Button,
Name => Gtk.Button.Signal_Clicked,
Marsh => Button_Callbacks.To_Marshaller (On_Random_Click'Access));
 
Gtk.Box.Gtk_New_Vbox (Box => Content);
Gtk.Box.Add (Container => Content, Widget => Entry_Field);
Gtk.Box.Add (Container => Content, Widget => Increment_Button);
Gtk.Box.Add (Container => Content, Widget => Random_Button);
 
Gtk.Window.Gtk_New (Window => Main_Window);
Gtk.Window.Add (Container => Main_Window, Widget => Content);
 
Window_Callbacks.Connect
(Widget => Main_Window,
Name => Gtk.Widget.Signal_Delete_Event,
Cb => On_Main_Window_Delete'Access);
Gtk.Window.Show_All (Widget => Main_Window);
 
Gtk.Main.Main;
end Interaction;

[edit] AutoHotkey

GUI, add, Edit,Number w50 vUserInput, 0          ; Number Specifies Numbers-only, but other characters can still be pasted in,
; Making our own check necessary. (MakeSure)
 
GUI, add, Button, gIncrement, Increment ; Instead of an increment button, the UpDown control could be used, but this was not specified.
GUI, add, Button, gRando, Random
Gui, Show, W200 y200, Title ; Shows the GUI with a width and height of 200px
SetTimer, MakeSure, 1000 ; Runs MakeSure every second
return ; End Auto-Execute Section
 
 
Increment:
Gui, Submit, NoHide
; The above line assigns all variables associated with controls to the state of that control, but leaves the GUI visible.
If UserInput is not Number
{
MsgBox, %userInput% is not a number.
GUIControl,,UserInput, 0 ; Reset the Edit control to 0
}
Else
{
UserInput++
GUIControl,, UserInput, %UserInput% ; Sets the value of the Edit control
}
return
 
 
 
Rando:
MsgBox, 4, Title, Are you sure you want to randomize? ; Specify your own title. 4 means YesNo
IfMsgBox, Yes
{
Random, UserInput, 1, 999 ; random number from 1-999
GUIControl,, UserInput, %UserInput% ; Sets the value of the Edit control
}
return
 
 
 
MakeSure:
Gui, Submit, NoHide
If UserInput is not Number
{
If (UserInput<>"")
{
Msgbox Error! Numbers Only!
GUIControl,, UserInput, 0
}
}
return
 
 
 
GUIClose:
ExitApp ; Makes sure the script exits when the window is closed,
; Otherwise the script is persistent because it contains
; a timer.

[edit] BBC BASIC

      INSTALL @lib$+"WINLIB2"
INSTALL @lib$+"WINLIB5"
 
IDYES = 6
ES_NUMBER = 8192
MB_YESNO = 4
 
form% = FN_newdialog("Rosetta Code", 100, 100, 100, 52, 8, 1000)
PROC_static(form%, "Value:", 100, 10, 10, 24, 14, 0)
PROC_editbox(form%, "0", 101, 40, 8, 52, 14, ES_NUMBER)
PROC_pushbutton(form%, "Increment", FN_setproc(PROCinc), 7, 30, 40, 16, 0)
PROC_pushbutton(form%, "Random", FN_setproc(PROCrandom), 52, 30, 40, 16, 0)
PROC_showdialog(form%)
 
REPEAT
WAIT 1
UNTIL !form% = 0
QUIT
 
DEF PROCinc
LOCAL number%
SYS "GetDlgItemInt", !form%, 101, 0, 1 TO number%
SYS "SetDlgItemInt", !form%, 101, number% + 1, 1
ENDPROC
 
DEF PROCrandom
LOCAL reply%
SYS "MessageBox", !form%, "Set to a random value?", "Confirm", MB_YESNO TO reply%
IF reply% = IDYES THEN SYS "SetDlgItemInt", !form%, 101, RND(10000), 1
ENDPROC
Output:

Guiintbbc.gif

[edit] C++

with library Qt 4.4 , using (under Linux) first qmake -project and then qmake -o Makefile <projectfile>, then make

file interaction.h
#ifndef INTERACTION_H
#define INTERACTION_H
#include <QWidget>
 
class QPushButton ;
class QLineEdit ;
class QVBoxLayout ;
class MyWidget : public QWidget {
Q_OBJECT
 
public :
MyWidget( QWidget *parent = 0 ) ;
private :
QLineEdit *entryField ;
QPushButton *increaseButton ;
QPushButton *randomButton ;
QVBoxLayout *myLayout ;
private slots :
void doIncrement( ) ;
void findRandomNumber( ) ;
} ;
#endif
file interaction.cpp
#include <QPushButton>
#include <QLineEdit>
#include <QMessageBox>
#include <QString>
#include <QRegExpValidator>
#include <QVBoxLayout>
#include <QRegExp>
#include <ctime> //for the srand initialization
#include <cstdlib> //for the random number
#include "interaction.h"
 
MyWidget::MyWidget (QWidget *parent ) : QWidget( parent ) {
myLayout = new QVBoxLayout( ) ;
entryField = new QLineEdit( "0" ) ;
QRegExp rx( "\\d+" ) ;
QValidator *myvalidator = new QRegExpValidator( rx , this ) ;
entryField->setValidator( myvalidator ) ;
increaseButton = new QPushButton( "increase" ) ;
connect( increaseButton, SIGNAL( clicked( ) ) ,
this , SLOT( doIncrement( ) )) ;
randomButton = new QPushButton( "random" ) ;
connect( randomButton , SIGNAL( clicked( ) ) ,
this , SLOT ( findRandomNumber( ) )) ;
myLayout->addWidget( entryField ) ;
myLayout->addWidget( increaseButton ) ;
myLayout->addWidget( randomButton ) ;
setLayout( myLayout ) ;
}
 
void MyWidget::doIncrement( ) {
bool ok ;
int zahl = entryField->text( ).toInt( &ok, 10 ) ;
entryField->setText( QString( "%1").arg( ++zahl ) ) ;
}
 
void MyWidget::findRandomNumber( ) {
QMessageBox msgBox( this ) ;
msgBox.setText( "Do you want to create a random number ?" ) ;
msgBox.setStandardButtons( QMessageBox::Yes | QMessageBox::No ) ;
int ret = msgBox.exec( ) ;
switch ( ret ) {
case QMessageBox::Yes :
srand( time( 0 ) ) ;
int zahl = random( ) ;
entryField->setText( QString( "%1" ).arg( zahl )) ;
break ;
}
}
file main.cpp 
#include <QApplication>
#include "interaction.h"
 
int main( int argc , char *argv[ ] ) {
QApplication app( argc, argv ) ;
MyWidget theWidget ;
theWidget.show( ) ;
return app.exec( ) ;
}

[edit] C#

C# 3.0 with Windows Forms; compile as csc -t:winexe Program.cs on MS.NET or as gmcs -t:winexe Program.cs on Mono.

using System; 
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
 
class RosettaInteractionForm : Form
{
// Model used for DataBinding.
// Notifies bound controls about Value changes.
class NumberModel: INotifyPropertyChanged
{
 
Random rnd = new Random();
 
// initialize event with empty delegate to avoid checks on null
public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged = delegate {};
 
int _value;
public int Value
{
get { return _value; }
set
{
_value = value;
// Notify bound control about value change
PropertyChanged(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs("Value"));
}
}
 
public void ResetToRandom(){
Value = rnd.Next(5000);
}
}
 
NumberModel model = new NumberModel{ Value = 0};
 
RosettaInteractionForm()
{
//MaskedTextBox is a TextBox variety with built-in input validation
var tbNumber = new MaskedTextBox
{
Mask="0000", // allow 4 decimal digits only
ResetOnSpace = false, // don't enter spaces
Dock = DockStyle.Top // place at the top of form
};
// bound TextBox.Text to NumberModel.Value;
tbNumber.DataBindings.Add("Text", model, "Value");
 
var btIncrement = new Button{Text = "Increment", Dock = DockStyle.Bottom};
btIncrement.Click += delegate
{
model.Value++;
};
var btDecrement = new Button{Text = "Decrement", Dock = DockStyle.Bottom};
btDecrement.Click += delegate
{
model.Value--;
};
var btRandom = new Button{ Text="Reset to Random", Dock = DockStyle.Bottom };
btRandom.Click += delegate
{
if (MessageBox.Show("Are you sure?", "Are you sure?", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo) == DialogResult.Yes)
model.ResetToRandom();
};
Controls.Add(tbNumber);
Controls.Add(btIncrement);
Controls.Add(btDecrement);
Controls.Add(btRandom);
}
static void Main()
{
Application.Run(new RosettaInteractionForm());
}
}
 

[edit] Delphi

FILE: Unit1.pas
 
unit Unit1;
 
interface
 
uses
Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Variants, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
Dialogs, StdCtrls;
 
type
TForm1 = class(TForm)
EditInputField: TEdit;
ButtonRandom: TButton;
ButtonIncrement: TButton;
procedure EditInputFieldChange(Sender: TObject);
procedure ButtonIncrementClick(Sender: TObject);
procedure ButtonRandomClick(Sender: TObject);
private
{ Private declarations }
public
{ Public declarations }
end;
 
var
Form1: TForm1;
 
implementation
 
{$R *.dfm}
 
procedure TForm1.EditInputFieldChange(Sender: TObject);
begin
TRY
StrToInt(EditInputField.Text);
EXCEPT
ShowMessage('Error! The Input Value is not numeric!');
EditInputField.Text := '0';
END;
end;
 
procedure TForm1.ButtonIncrementClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
EditInputField.text := IntToStr(StrToInt(EditInputField.Text) + 1);
end;
 
procedure TForm1.ButtonRandomClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
Randomize;
EditInputField.Text := IntToStr(Random(High(Integer)));
end;
 
end.
FILE: Unit1.dfm (No manual interaction!!! Will automatically be generated/modified when editing the GUI)
 
object Form1: TForm1
Left = 1899
Top = 212
Width = 266
Height = 172
Caption = 'Form1'
Color = clBtnFace
Font.Charset = DEFAULT_CHARSET
Font.Color = clWindowText
Font.Height = -11
Font.Name = 'MS Sans Serif'
Font.Style = []
OldCreateOrder = False
PixelsPerInch = 96
TextHeight = 13
object EditInputField: TEdit
Left = 16
Top = 16
Width = 121
Height = 21
TabOrder = 0
Text = '0'
OnChange = EditInputFieldChange
end
object ButtonRandom: TButton
Left = 96
Top = 56
Width = 75
Height = 25
Caption = 'Random'
TabOrder = 1
OnClick = ButtonRandomClick
end
object ButtonIncrement: TButton
Left = 16
Top = 56
Width = 75
Height = 25
Caption = 'Increment'
TabOrder = 2
OnClick = ButtonIncrementClick
end
end
 



[edit] Fantom

 
using fwt
using gfx
 
class GuiComponent
{
public static Void main ()
{
Window
{
title = "Rosetta Code: Gui component"
size = Size(350, 200)
textField := Text
{
onModify.add |Event e|
{
Text thisText := e.widget
if (thisText.text != "") // if nonempty string
{
try (thisText.text.toInt) // try converting to int
catch thisText.text = "" // clear field if does not work
}
}
}
GridPane
{
numCols = 1
textField,
Button
{
text = "increment"
onAction.add |Event e|
{ // make sure there is a number to increment, else set field to 0
if (textField.text == "")
{
textField.text = "0"
}
else
{
try
{
Int x := textField.text.toInt
textField.text = (x+1).toStr
}
catch
{
textField.text = "0"
}
}
}
},
Button
{
text = "random"
onAction.add |Event e|
{
if (Dialog.openQuestion(e.window, "Make number random?", null, Dialog.yesNo) == Dialog.yes)
{
textField.text = Int.random(1..10000).toStr
}
}
},
},
}.open
}
}
 

[edit] Haskell

import Graphics.UI.WX
import System.Random
 
main :: IO ()
main = start $ do
frm <- frame [text := "Interact"]
fld <- textEntry frm [text := "0", on keyboard := checkKeys]
inc <- button frm [text := "increment", on command := increment fld]
ran <- button frm [text := "random", on command := (randReplace fld frm)]
set frm [layout := margin 5 $ floatCentre $ column 2
[centre $ widget fld, row 2 [widget inc, widget ran]]]
 
increment :: Textual w => w -> IO ()
increment field = do
val <- get field text
when ((not . null) val) $ set field [text := show $ 1 + read val]
 
checkKeys :: EventKey -> IO ()
checkKeys (EventKey key _ _) =
when (elem (show key) $ "Backspace" : map show [0..9]) propagateEvent
 
randReplace :: Textual w => w -> Window a -> IO ()
randReplace field frame = do
answer <- confirmDialog frame "Random" "Generate a random number?" True
when answer $ getStdRandom (randomR (1,100)) >>= \num ->
set field [text := show (num :: Int)]

[edit] Icon and Unicon

This example uses the Unicon gui library, and so will not work in Icon.

 
import gui
$include "guih.icn"
 
# Provides a basic message dialog
class MessageDialog : Dialog (message)
method component_setup ()
label := Label ("label="||message, "pos=20,20")
add (label)
button := TextButton("label=OK", "pos=100,60")
button.connect (self, "dispose", ACTION_EVENT)
add (button)
 
connect (self, "dispose", CLOSE_BUTTON_EVENT)
attrib ("size=200,100", "bg=light gray")
end
 
initially (message)
self.Dialog.initially()
self.message := message
end
 
# Provides a basic yes/no question dialog
class QuestionDialog : Dialog (answer, message)
method answered_yes ()
return answer == "yes"
end
 
method answer_yes ()
answer := "yes"
dispose ()
end
 
method answer_no ()
answer := "no"
dispose ()
end
 
method component_setup ()
label := Label ("label="||message, "pos=20,20")
add (label)
buttonYes := TextButton("label=Yes", "pos=40,60")
buttonYes.connect (self, "answer_yes", ACTION_EVENT)
add (buttonYes)
buttonNo := TextButton("label=No", "pos=120,60")
buttonNo.connect (self, "answer_no", ACTION_EVENT)
add (buttonNo)
 
connect (self, "dispose", CLOSE_BUTTON_EVENT)
attrib ("size=200,100", "bg=light gray")
end
 
initially (message)
self.Dialog.initially()
self.answer := "no"
self.message := message
end
 
# The main window, displays the different components
class WindowApp : Dialog (field, value)
method increment ()
value +:= 1
field.set_contents (string(value))
end
 
method random ()
query := QuestionDialog ("Set to random?")
query.show_modal ()
if query.answered_yes () then {
value := ?100
field.set_contents (string(value))
}
end
 
method handle_text_field ()
if not(integer(field.get_contents ()))
then {
warning := MessageDialog ("Not a number")
warning.show_modal ()
field.set_contents (string(value))
}
else {
value := integer(field.get_contents ())
}
end
 
method component_setup ()
value := 0
field := TextField("contents="||value, "pos=20,20", "size=150")
field.connect (self, "handle_text_field", TEXTFIELD_CHANGED_EVENT)
add (field)
button1 := TextButton("label=Increment", "pos=20,60", "size=70")
button1.connect (self, "increment", ACTION_EVENT)
add (button1)
button2 := TextButton("label=Random", "pos=100,60", "size=70")
button2.connect (self, "random", ACTION_EVENT)
add (button2)
 
connect (self, "dispose", CLOSE_BUTTON_EVENT)
attrib ("size=200,100", "bg=light gray")
end
end
 
# create and show the window
procedure main ()
w := WindowApp ()
w.show_modal ()
end
 

[edit] J

INTERACT=: 0 : 0
pc interact closeok;
xywh 6 6 48 12;cc Value edit;
xywh 6 18 48 12;cc increment button;cn "+";
xywh 6 30 48 12;cc random button;cn "?";
pas 6 6;pcenter;
rem form end;
)
 
interact_run=: 3 : 0
wd INTERACT
wd 'set Value 0;'
wd 'pshow;'
)
 
interact_close=: 3 : 0
wd'pclose'
)
 
interact_Value_button=: 3 : 0
wd 'set Value ' , ": {. 0 ". Value
)
 
interact_increment_button=: 3 : 0
wd 'set Value ' , ": 1 + {. 0 ". Value
)
 
interact_random_button=: 3 : 0
if. 0 = 2 wdquery 'Confirm';'Reset to random number?' do.
wd 'set Value ' , ": ?100
end.
)

Note: I used an edit box for the value, and edit boxes do not get onChange events, so rejection of non-numeric values will be delayed until the use of a button (or pressing enter).

Example use:

interact_run''

[edit] Java

Works with: Swing
Works with: AWT

There are nice GUI editors in some IDEs (Netbeans has a notoriously good one), but this GUI was not built automatically, so it's a little easier to understand.

import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import java.awt.event.KeyListener;
 
import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
 
public class Interact extends JFrame{
final JTextField numberField;
final JButton incButton, randButton;
 
public Interact(){
//stop the GUI threads when the user hits the X button
setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
 
numberField = new JTextField();
incButton = new JButton("Increment");
randButton = new JButton("Random");
 
numberField.setText("0");//start at 0
 
//listen for button presses in the text field
numberField.addKeyListener(new KeyListener(){
@Override
public void keyTyped(KeyEvent e) {
//if the entered character is not a digit
if(!Character.isDigit(e.getKeyChar())){
//eat the event (i.e. stop it from being processed)
e.consume();
}
}
@Override
public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e){}
@Override
public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e){}
});
 
//listen for button clicks on the increment button
incButton.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
@Override
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
String text = numberField.getText();
if(text.isEmpty()){
numberField.setText("1");
}else{
numberField.setText((Long.valueOf(text) + 1) + "");
}
}
});
 
//listen for button clicks on the random button
randButton.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
@Override
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
//show a dialog and if they answer "Yes"
if(JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(null, "Are you sure?") ==
JOptionPane.YES_OPTION){
//set the text field text to a random positive long
numberField.setText(Long.toString((long)(Math.random()
* Long.MAX_VALUE)));
}
}
});
 
//arrange the components in a grid with 2 rows and 1 column
setLayout(new GridLayout(2, 1));
 
//a secondary panel for arranging both buttons in one grid space in the window
JPanel buttonPanel = new JPanel();
 
//the buttons are in a grid with 1 row and 2 columns
buttonPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(1, 2));
//add the buttons
buttonPanel.add(incButton);
buttonPanel.add(randButton);
 
//put the number field on top of the buttons
add(numberField);
add(buttonPanel);
//size the window appropriately
pack();
 
}
 
public static void main(String[] args){
new Interact().setVisible(true);
}
}
Works with: Java version 8+
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import java.awt.event.KeyListener;
 
public interface FunctionalKeyListener extends KeyListener {
@Override
public default void keyPressed(KeyEvent event) {}
@Override
public default void keyTyped(KeyEvent event) {}
@Override
public default void keyReleased(KeyEvent event) {}
 
@FunctionalInterface
public static interface Pressed extends FunctionalKeyListener {
@Override
public void keyPressed(KeyEvent event);
}
 
@FunctionalInterface
public static interface Typed extends FunctionalKeyListener {
@Override
public void keyTyped(KeyEvent event);
}
 
@FunctionalInterface
public static interface Released extends FunctionalKeyListener {
@Override
public void keyReleased(KeyEvent event);
}
}
import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import java.util.function.Consumer;
import java.util.function.Predicate;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
 
public interface Interact {
public static final JFrame FRAME = new JFrame();
public static final JTextField FIELD = new JTextField();
public static final JPanel PANEL = new JPanel();
 
public static void setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame frame) {
frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
}
 
public static void setText(JTextField field) {
field.setText("0");
}
 
public static void setEditable(JTextField field) {
field.setEditable(false);
}
 
public static boolean isDigitKeyChar(KeyEvent event) {
return !Character.isDigit(event.getKeyChar());
}
 
public static void keyTyped(KeyEvent event) {
Stream.of(event)
.parallel()
.filter(Interact::isDigitKeyChar)
.forEach(KeyEvent::consume)
;
}
 
public static void addKeyListener(JTextField field) {
field.addKeyListener((FunctionalKeyListener.Typed) Interact::keyTyped);
}
 
public static String mapText(String text) {
return text.isEmpty()
? "1"
 : String.valueOf(Long.valueOf(text) + 1)
;
}
 
public static void actionPerformedOnIncrementButton(ActionEvent event) {
Stream.of(FIELD)
.parallel()
.map(JTextField::getText)
.map(Interact::mapText)
.forEach(FIELD::setText)
;
}
 
public static void addActionListenerToIncrementButton(JButton button) {
button.addActionListener(Interact::actionPerformedOnIncrementButton);
}
 
public static void addIncrementButton(JPanel panel) {
Stream.of("Increment")
.parallel()
.map(JButton::new)
.peek(Interact::addActionListenerToIncrementButton)
.forEach(panel::add)
;
}
 
public static int showConfirmDialog(String question) {
return JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(null, question);
}
 
public static void setFieldText(int integer) {
FIELD.setText(
String.valueOf(
(long) (Math.random() * Long.MAX_VALUE))
)
;
}
 
public static void actionPerformedOnRandomButton(ActionEvent event) {
Stream.of("Are you sure?")
.parallel()
.map(Interact::showConfirmDialog)
.filter(Predicate.isEqual(JOptionPane.YES_OPTION))
.forEach(Interact::setFieldText)
;
}
 
public static void addActionListenerToRandomButton(JButton button) {
button.addActionListener(Interact::actionPerformedOnRandomButton);
}
 
public static void addRandomButton(JPanel panel) {
Stream.of("Random")
.parallel()
.map(JButton::new)
.peek(Interact::addActionListenerToRandomButton)
.forEach(panel::add)
;
}
 
public static void acceptField(Consumer<JTextField> consumer) {
consumer.accept(FIELD);
}
 
public static void prepareField(JTextField field) {
Stream.<Consumer<JTextField>>of(
Interact::setEditable,
Interact::setText,
Interact::addKeyListener
)
.parallel()
.forEach(Interact::acceptField)
;
}
 
public static void addField(JFrame frame) {
Stream.of(FIELD)
.parallel()
.peek(Interact::prepareField)
.forEach(frame::add)
;
}
 
public static void acceptPanel(Consumer<JPanel> consumer) {
consumer.accept(PANEL);
}
 
public static void processPanel(JPanel panel) {
Stream.<Consumer<JPanel>>of(
Interact::setLayout,
Interact::addIncrementButton,
Interact::addRandomButton
)
.parallel()
.forEach(Interact::acceptPanel)
;
}
 
public static void addPanel(JFrame frame) {
Stream.of(PANEL)
.parallel()
.peek(Interact::processPanel)
.forEach(frame::add)
;
}
 
public static void setLayout(JFrame frame) {
frame.setLayout(new GridLayout(2, 1));
}
 
public static void setLayout(JPanel panel) {
panel.setLayout(new GridLayout(1, 2));
}
 
public static void setVisible(JFrame frame) {
frame.setVisible(true);
}
 
public static void acceptFrame(Consumer<JFrame> consumer) {
consumer.accept(FRAME);
}
 
public static void processField(JFrame frame) {
Stream.<Consumer<JFrame>>of(
Interact::setDefaultCloseOperation,
Interact::setLayout,
Interact::addField,
Interact::addPanel,
Interact::setVisible
)
.parallel()
.forEach(Interact::acceptFrame)
;
}
 
public static void main(String... arguments) {
Stream.of(FRAME)
.parallel()
.peek(Interact::processField)
.forEach(JFrame::pack)
;
}
}

[edit] Julia

 
using Tk
w = Toplevel("Component Interaction Example")
fr = Frame(w)
pack(fr, {:expand=>true, :fill => "both"})
## The task: For a minimal "application", write a program that
## presents a form with three components to the user: A numeric input
## field ("Value") and two buttons ("increment" and "random").
 
value = Entry(fr, "")
increment = Button(fr, "Increment")
random = Button(fr, "Random")
 
formlayout(value, "Value:")
formlayout(increment, " ")
formlayout(random, " ")
 
set_value(value, "0") ## The field is initialized to zero.
 
tk_bind(increment, "command") do path ## increment its value with the "increment" button.
val = get_value(value) | float
set_value(value, string(val + 1))
end
 
 
function validate_command(path, P)
try
if length(P) > 0 parsefloat(P) end
tcl("expr", "TRUE")
catch e
tcl("expr", "FALSE")
end
end
function invalid_command(path, W)
println("Invalid value")
tcl(W, "delete", "@0", "end")
end
 
tk_configure(value, {:validate=>"key", :validatecommand=>validate_command, :invalidcommand=>invalid_command })
 
## Pressing the "random" button presents a confirmation dialog, and resets the field's value to a random value if the answer is "Yes".
tk_bind(random, "command") do path
out = Messagebox(w, "Randomize input", "Select a new random number?")
if out == "ok"
new_value = floor(100*rand(1))[1]
set_value(value, string(new_value))
end
end
 

[edit] Kotlin

Translation of: Java
import java.awt.GridLayout
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent
import java.awt.event.ActionListener
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent
import java.awt.event.KeyListener
 
import java.lang.Long // jet.Long doesn't suit our needs here
import javax.swing.JButton
import javax.swing.JFrame
import javax.swing.JOptionPane
import javax.swing.JPanel
import javax.swing.JTextField
 
class Interact : JFrame() {
val numberField = JTextField()
val incButton = JButton("Increment")
val randButton = JButton("Random")
val buttonPanel = JPanel();
 
{
setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE)
numberField setText "0"
 
numberField addKeyListener(object : KeyListener {
public override fun keyTyped(e : KeyEvent) : Unit =
if(!Character.isDigit(e.getKeyChar())) e.consume()
public override fun keyReleased(e : KeyEvent?) {}
public override fun keyPressed(e : KeyEvent) {}
});
 
incButton addActionListener(object : ActionListener {
public override fun actionPerformed(e : ActionEvent) {
val num = Long.parseLong(numberField.getText() ?: "")
numberField setText (num + 1).toString()
}
});
 
randButton addActionListener(object : ActionListener {
fun proceedOrNot() = JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(randButton, "Are you sure?")
public override fun actionPerformed(e : ActionEvent) {
if(proceedOrNot() == JOptionPane.YES_OPTION)
numberField setText Long.toString((Math.random() * Long.MAX_VALUE).toLong())
}
});
 
setLayout(GridLayout(2, 1))
buttonPanel setLayout GridLayout(1, 2)
buttonPanel add incButton
buttonPanel add randButton
add(numberField)
add(buttonPanel)
pack()
}
}
 
fun main(args : Array<String>) {
Interact() setVisible(true)
}

[edit] Liberty BASIC

[edit] Input Verification

nomainwin
textbox #demo.val, 20, 50, 90, 24
button #demo.inc, "Increment", [btnIncrement], UL, 20, 90, 90, 24
button #demo.rnd, "Random", [btnRandom], UL, 20, 120, 90, 24
open "Rosetta Task: GUI component interaction" for window as #demo
#demo "trapclose [quit]"
validNum$ = "0123456789."
#demo.val 0
wait
 
[quit]
close #demo
end
 
[btnIncrement]
#demo.val "!contents? nVal$"
nVal$ = trim$(nVal$)
if left$(nVal$, 1) = "-" then
neg = 1
nVal$ = mid$(nVal$, 2)
else
neg = 0
end if
validNum = 1
nDecs = 0
for i = 1 to len(nVal$)
if instr(validNum$, mid$(nVal$, i, 1)) = 0 then
validNum = 0
end if
if mid$(nVal$, i, 1) = "." then
nDecs = nDecs + 1
end if
next i
if nDecs > 1 then
validNum = 0
end if
if neg = 1 then
nVal$ = "-";nVal$
end if
if validNum = 0 then
notice nVal$;" does not appear to be a valid number. " + _
"(Commas are not allowed.)"
else
nVal = val(nVal$)
nVal = nVal + 1
end if
#demo.val nVal
wait
 
[btnRandom]
confirm "Reset value to random number";yn$
if yn$ = "yes" then
nVal = int(rnd(1) * 100) + 1
#demo.val nVal
end if
wait

[edit] Impossible to type non-numeric characters

nomainwin
stylebits #demo.val, _ES_NUMBER, 0, 0, 0
textbox #demo.val, 20, 50, 90, 24
button #demo.inc, "Increment", [btnIncrement], UL, 20, 90, 90, 24
button #demo.rnd, "Random", [btnRandom], UL, 20, 120, 90, 24
open "Rosetta Task: GUI component interaction" for window as #demo
#demo "trapclose [quit]"
#demo.val 0
wait
 
[quit]
close #demo
end
 
[btnIncrement]
#demo.val "!contents? nVal"
nVal = nVal + 1
#demo.val nVal
wait
 
[btnRandom]
confirm "Reset value to random number";yn$
if yn$ = "yes" then
nVal = int(rnd(1) * 100) + 1
#demo.val nVal
end if
wait

[edit] Mathematica

Manipulate[Null, {{value, 0}, InputField[Dynamic[value], Number] &}, 
Row@{Button["increment", value++],
Button["random",
If[DialogInput[
Column@{"Are you sure?",
Row@{Button["Yes", DialogReturn[True]],
Button["No", DialogReturn[False]]}}],
value = RandomInteger@10000], Method -> "Queued"]}]

[edit] Nimrod

Library: Gtk2
import
gtk2, gdk2, glib2, strutils, math
 
var valu: int = 0
var chngd_txt_hndler: gulong = 0
 
proc thisDestroy(widget: pWidget, data: pgpointer) {.cdecl.} =
main_quit()
 
randomize()
nimrod_init()
var win = window_new(gtk2.WINDOW_TOPLEVEL)
var content = vbox_new(TRUE,10)
var hbox1 = hbox_new(TRUE,10)
var hbox2 = hbox_new(FALSE,1)
var lbl = label_new("Value:")
var entry_fld = entry_new()
entry_fld.set_text("0")
var btn_quit = button_new("Quit")
var btn_inc = button_new("Increment")
var btn_rnd = button_new("Random")
add(hbox2,lbl)
add(hbox2,entry_fld)
add(hbox1,btn_inc)
add(hbox1,btn_rnd)
pack_start(content, hbox2, TRUE, TRUE, 0)
pack_start(content, hbox1, TRUE, TRUE, 0)
pack_start(content, btn_quit, TRUE, TRUE, 0)
set_border_width(Win, 5)
add(win, content)
 
proc on_question_clicked: Bool =
var dialog = win.message_dialog_new(0, MESSAGE_QUESTION,
BUTTONS_YES_NO, "Use a Random number?")
var response = dialog.run()
if response == RESPONSE_YES:
result = True
elif response == RESPONSE_NO:
result = False
dialog.destroy()
 
proc thisInc(widget: pWidget, data: pgpointer){.cdecl.} =
inc(valu)
entry_fld.set_text($valu)
 
proc thisRnd(widget: pWidget, data: pgpointer){.cdecl.} =
if on_question_clicked():
valu = random(20)
entry_fld.set_text($valu)
 
proc thisTextChanged(widget: pWidget, data: pgpointer) {.cdecl.} =
#signal_handler_block(entry_fld, chngd_txt_hndler)
try:
valu = parseInt($entry_fld.get_text())
except EInvalidValue:
valu = 0
entry_fld.set_text($valu)
#signal_handler_unblock(entry_fld, chngd_txt_hndler)
#signal_emit_stop(entry_fld, signal_lookup("changed",TYPE_EDITABLE()),0)
 
discard signal_connect(win, "destroy", SIGNAL_FUNC(thisDestroy), nil)
discard signal_connect(btn_quit, "clicked", SIGNAL_FUNC(thisDestroy), nil)
discard signal_connect(btn_inc, "clicked", SIGNAL_FUNC(thisInc), nil)
discard signal_connect(btn_rnd, "clicked", SIGNAL_FUNC(thisRnd), nil)
chngd_txt_hndler = signal_connect(entry_fld, "changed", SIGNAL_FUNC(thisTextChanged), nil)
 
win.show_all()
main()

[edit] Oz

Using Mozart's standard GUI library, building a small desktop application:

declare
[QTk] = {Module.link ['x-oz://system/wp/QTk.ozf']}
 
proc {Main}
MaxValue = 1000
NumberWidget
GUI = lr(
numberentry(init:1 min:0 max:MaxValue handle:NumberWidget)
button(text:"Increase"
action:proc {$}
OldVal = {NumberWidget get($)}
in
{NumberWidget set(OldVal+1)}
end)
button(text:"Random"
action:proc {$}
if {Ask "Reset to random?"} then
Rnd = {OS.rand} * MaxValue div {OS.randLimits _}
in
{NumberWidget set(Rnd)}
end
end)
)
Window = {QTk.build GUI}
in
{Window show}
end
 
fun {Ask Msg}
Result
Box = {QTk.build
td(message(init:Msg)
lr(button(text:"Yes" action:proc {$} Result=true {Box close} end)
button(text:"No" action:proc {$} Result=false {Box close} end)
))}
in
{Box show}
{Box wait}
Result
end
in
{Main}

As a web application, using the "Roads" web programming library. Connect your browser to http://localhost:8080/start after starting the program.

declare
[Roads] = {Module.link ['x-ozlib://wmeyer/roads/Roads.ozf']}
 
MaxValue = 1000
 
fun {Start Session}
{Page 0}
end
 
fun {Page Val}
html(
body(
%% numerical input with an HTML form
local NewVal in
form(
{NumberInput Val NewVal}
input(type:submit)
method:post
action:fun {$ _}
{Page NewVal}
end
)
end
%% link with button functionality
a("Increase"
href:fun {$ _}
{Page Val+1}
end)
"&nbsp;"
%% another "button-link"
a("Random"
href:fun {$ S}
p("Reset to random? - "
a("Yes" href:fun {$ _}
Rnd = {OS.rand} * MaxValue div {OS.randLimits _}
in
{Page Rnd}
end)
" "
a("No" href:fun {$ _} {Page Val} end)
)
end)
))
end
 
%% a "formlet", managing input of an integer value
fun {NumberInput OldVal NewVal}
input(type:text
validate:int_in(0 MaxValue)
value:{Int.toString OldVal}
bind:proc {$ Str} NewVal = {String.toInt Str.escaped} end
)
end
in
{Roads.registerFunction 'start' Start}
{Roads.run}

[edit] PicoLisp

The standard PicoLisp GUI is HTTP based. Connect your browser to http://localhost:8080 after starting the following script.

#!/usr/bin/picolisp /usr/lib/picolisp/lib.l
 
(load "@ext.l" "@lib/http.l" "@lib/xhtml.l" "@lib/form.l")
 
(de start ()
(and (app) (zero *Number))
(action
(html 0 "Increment" "@lib.css" NIL
(form NIL
(gui '(+Var +NumField) '*Number 20 "Value")
(gui '(+JS +Button) "increment"
'(inc '*Number) )
(gui '(+Button) "random"
'(ask "Reset to a random value?"
(setq *Number (rand)) ) ) ) ) ) )
 
(server 8080 "!start")
(wait)

[edit] Prolog

Works with SWI-Prolog and XPCE.

dialog('GUI_Interaction',
[ object :=
GUI_Interaction,
parts :=
[ GUI_Interaction :=
dialog('Rosetta Code'),
Input_field :=
text_item(input_field),
Increment :=
button(increment),
Random :=
button(random)
],
modifications :=
[ Input_field := [ label := 'Value :',
length := 28
]
],
layout :=
[ area(Input_field,
area(54, 24, 251, 24)),
area(Increment,
area(54, 90, 80, 24)),
area(Random,
area(230, 90, 80, 24))
],
behaviour :=
 
[
Increment := [
message := message(@prolog,
increment,
Input_field )
],
Random := [
message := message(@prolog,
my_random,
Input_field)
],
Input_field := [
message := message(@prolog,
input,
GUI_Interaction,
Increment,
@receiver,
@arg1)
]
]
 
]).
 
gui_component :-
make_dialog(S, 'GUI_Interaction'),
send(S, open).
 
 
increment(Input) :-
get(Input, selection, V),
atom_number(V, Val),
Val1 is Val + 1,
send(Input, selection, Val1).
 
my_random(Input) :-
new(D, dialog('GUI Interaction')),
send(D, append(label(lbl,'Confirm your choice !'))),
send(D, append(button(ok, message(D, return, ok)))),
send(D, append(button(cancel, message(D, return, ko)))),
send(D, default_button(ok)),
get(D, confirm, Rval),
free(D),
( Rval = ok
-> X is random(10000),
send(Input, selection, X)
).
 
 
input(Gui, Btn, Input, Selection) :-
catch( (term_to_atom(T, Selection), number(T), send(Gui, focus, Btn)),
_,
( send(@display, inform, 'Please type a number !'),
send(Input,clear))).
 

[edit] PureBasic

Enumeration 
#StringGadget
#Increment
#Random
EndEnumeration
 
If OpenWindow(0,#PB_Ignore,#PB_Ignore,180,50,"PB-GUI",#PB_Window_SystemMenu)
StringGadget(#StringGadget,5,5,170,20,"",#PB_String_Numeric)
ButtonGadget(#Increment,5,25,80,20, "Increment")
ButtonGadget(#Random, 90,25,80,20, "Random")
Repeat
Event=WaitWindowEvent()
If Event=#PB_Event_Gadget
Select EventGadget()
Case #Increment
CurrentVal=Val(GetGadgetText(#StringGadget))
SetGadgetText(#StringGadget,Str(CurrentVal+1))
Case #Random
Flag=#PB_MessageRequester_YesNo
Answer=MessageRequester("Randomize","Are you sure?",Flag)
If Answer=#PB_MessageRequester_Yes
SetGadgetText(#StringGadget,Str(Random(#MAXLONG)))
EndIf
EndSelect
EndIf
Until Event=#PB_Event_CloseWindow
CloseWindow(0)
EndIf

[edit] R

 
library(gWidgets)
options(guiToolkit="RGtk2") ## using gWidgtsRGtk2
 
w <- gwindow("Interaction")
 
g <- ggroup(cont=w, horizontal=FALSE)
e <- gedit(0, cont=g, coerce.with=as.numeric)
bg <- ggroup(cont=g)
 
inc_btn <- gbutton("increment", cont=bg)
rdm_btn <- gbutton("random", cont=bg)
 
addHandlerChanged(e, handler=function(h,...) {
val <- svalue(e)
if(is.na(val))
galert("You need to enter a number", parent=w)
})
 
addHandlerChanged(inc_btn, handler=function(h,...) {
val <- svalue(e)
if(is.na(val))
galert("Can't increment if not a number", parent=w)
else
svalue(e) <- val + 1
})
 
addHandlerChanged(rdm_btn, handler=function(h,...) {
if(gconfirm("Really replace value?"))
svalue(e) <- sample(1:1000, 1)
})
 

[edit] Racket

 
#lang racket/gui
 
(define frame (new frame% [label "Interaction Demo"]))
 
(define inp
(new text-field% [label "Value"] [parent frame] [init-value "0"]
[callback
(λ(f ev)
(define v (send f get-value))
(unless (string->number v)
(send f set-value (regexp-replace* #rx"[^0-9]+" v ""))))]))
 
(define buttons (new horizontal-pane% [parent frame]))
(define inc-b
(new button% [parent buttons] [label "Increment"]
[callback (λ (b e) (let* ([v (string->number (send inp get-value))]
[v (number->string (add1 v))])
(send inp set-value v)))]))
(define rand-b
(new button% [parent buttons] [label "Random"]
[callback (λ (b e) (when (message-box "Confirm" "Are you sure?"
frame '(yes-no))
(send inp set-value (~a (random 10000)))))]))
 
(send frame show #t)
 

[edit] Ruby

Library: Shoes
Shoes.app(title: "GUI component interaction") do
stack do
textbox = edit_line
 
textbox.change do
textbox.text = textbox.text.gsub(/[^\d]/, '') and alert "Input must be a number!" if textbox.text !~ /^\d*$/
end
 
flow do
button "Increment" do
textbox.text = textbox.text.to_i + 1
end
 
button "Random" do
textbox.text = rand 5000 if confirm "Do you want a random number?"
end
end
end
end

[edit] Run BASIC

dim dd$(5)                 ' drop down box
for i = 1 to 5
dd$(i) = "Drop ";i
next i
value$ = "1234"
notes$ = "Rosetta Code
is good"
 
bf$ = "<SPAN STYLE='font-family:arial; font-weight:700; font-size:12pt'>"
 
[screen]
cls
html bf$;"<center><TABLE BORDER=1 CELLPADDING=0 CELLSPACING=0 bgcolor=wheat>"
html "<TR align=center BGCOLOR=tan><TD colspan=2>Rosetta Code</TD></TR><TR>"
html "<TD align=right bgcolor=tan>Value:</TD><TD>"
textbox #val,value$,5
html "</TD></TR><TR><TD bgcolor=tan align=right>Radio</TD><TD>"
radiogroup #rdo,"1,2,3,4,5",rdo$
#rdo horizontal(1)
html "</TD></TR><TR><TD bgcolor=tan align=right>Drop Down</TD><TD>"
listbox #dd,dd$(),1
 
html "</TD></TR><TR><TD bgcolor=tan align=right>Notes</TD><TD>"
textarea #notes,notes$,25,3
html "</TD></TR><TR bgcolor=tan><TD colspan=2 ALIGN=CENTER>"
button #inc, "Increment", [incr]
button #rnd, "Random", [rand]
button #ex, "Exit", [exit]
html "</TD></TR></TABLE>"
wait
 
[incr]
value = val(#val contents$())
value$ = str$(value + 1)
goto [screen]
 
[rand]
value$ = str$(int(rnd(1) * 10000))
goto [screen]
 
[exit]
print "Bye"
end

GuiComponentRunBasic.png

[edit] Scala

import scala.swing._
import scala.swing.Swing._
import scala.swing.event._
 
object Interact extends SimpleSwingApplication {
def top = new MainFrame {
title = "Rosetta Code >>> Task: component interaction | Language: Scala"
 
val numberField = new TextField {
text = "0" // start at 0
horizontalAlignment = Alignment.Right
}
 
val incButton = new Button { text = "Increment" }
val randButton = new Button { text = "Random" }
 
// arrange buttons in a grid with 1 row, 2 columns
val buttonPanel = new GridPanel(1, 2) {
contents ++= List(incButton, randButton)
}
 
// arrange text field and button panel in a grid with 2 row, 1 column
contents = new GridPanel(2, 1) { contents ++= List(numberField, buttonPanel) }
 
// listen for keys pressed in numberField and button clicks
listenTo(numberField.keys, incButton, randButton)
reactions += {
case kt: KeyTyped if (!kt.char.isDigit) => // if the entered char isn't a digit …
kt.consume // … eat the event (i.e. stop it from being processed)
case ButtonClicked(`incButton`) =>
if (numberField.text.isEmpty) numberField.text = "0"
// we use BigInt to avoid long overflow/number format exception
numberField.text = (BigInt(numberField.text) + 1).toString
case ButtonClicked(`randButton`) =>
import Dialog._
numberField.text = showOptions(buttonPanel, message = "Are you sure?",
title = "Choose an option!", entries = List("Yes", "No", "Cancel"),
initial = 2) match {
case Result.Yes => (Long.MaxValue * math.random).toLong.toString
case _ => numberField.text
}
}
centerOnScreen()
}
}

[edit] Smalltalk

Works with: Smalltalk/X
|top input vh incButton rndButton|
 
vh := ValueHolder with:0.
 
top := StandardSystemView label:'Rosetta GUI interaction'.
top extent:300@100.
top add:((Label label:'Value:') origin: 0 @ 10 corner: 100 @ 40).
top add:(input := EditField origin: 102 @ 10 corner: 1.0 @ 40).
input model:(TypeConverter onNumberValue:vh).
input acceptOnLostFocus:true; acceptOnReturn:true.
 
top add:((incButton := Button label:'Inc') origin: 10 @ 50 corner: 100 @ 80).
top add:((rndButton := Button label:'Rnd') origin: 110 @ 50 corner: 210 @ 80).
 
incButton action:[ vh value: (vh value + 1) ].
rndButton action:[ vh value: Random nextInteger ].
 
top open
Output:

Guiintsmalltalkx.png

[edit] Tcl

Library: Tk
package require Tk
 
###--- Our data Model! ---###
# A single variable will do just fine
set field 0
 
###--- Lay out the GUI components in our View ---###
# We use the Ttk widget set here; it looks much better on Windows and OSX
 
# First, a quick hack to make things look even nicer
place [ttk::frame .bg] -relwidth 1 -relheight 1
 
# A labelled frame containing an entry field constrained to use numbers
pack [ttk::labelframe .val -text "Value"]
pack [ttk::entry .val.ue -textvariable field \
-validate key -invalidcommand bell \
-validatecommand {string is integer %P}]
# Now, a pair of buttons
pack [ttk::button .inc -text "increment" -command step]
pack [ttk::button .rnd -text "random" -command random]
 
###--- Now we define the behaviors, the Controller ---###
# How to respond to a click on the "increment" button
proc step {} {
global field
incr field
}
# How to respond to a click on the "random" button
proc random {} {
global field
if {[tk_messageBox -type yesno -parent . \
-message "Reset to random?"] eq "yes"} {
set field [expr {int(rand() * 5000)}]
}
}

[edit] Visual Basic

In VB, windows are usually created in the IDE. The generated code is hidden from the programmer unless viewed outside of the IDE. For the sake of this task, I have included that code.

Note that there are other methods of validating the entered value. The method used is dependant on the program's requirements.

VERSION 5.00
Begin VB.Form Form1
Caption = "Form1"
ClientHeight = 2265
ClientLeft = 60
ClientTop = 600
ClientWidth = 2175
LinkTopic = "Form1"
ScaleHeight = 2265
ScaleWidth = 2175
StartUpPosition = 3 'Windows Default
Begin VB.CommandButton cmdRnd
Caption = "Random"
Height = 495
Left = 120
TabIndex = 2
Top = 1680
Width = 1215
End
Begin VB.CommandButton cmdInc
Caption = "Increment"
Height = 495
Left = 120
TabIndex = 1
Top = 1080
Width = 1215
End
Begin VB.TextBox txtValue
Height = 495
Left = 120
TabIndex = 0
Text = "0"
Top = 240
Width = 1215
End
End
Attribute VB_Name = "Form1"
Attribute VB_GlobalNameSpace = False
Attribute VB_Creatable = False
Attribute VB_PredeclaredId = True
Attribute VB_Exposed = False
'-----user-written code begins here; everything above this line is hidden in the IDE-----
Private Sub Form_Load()
Randomize Timer
End Sub
 
Private Sub cmdRnd_Click()
If MsgBox("Random?", vbYesNo) Then txtValue.Text = Int(Rnd * 11)
End Sub
 
Private Sub cmdInc_Click()
If Val(txtValue.Text) < 10 Then txtValue.Text = Val(txtValue.Text) + 1
End Sub
 
Private Sub txtValue_KeyPress(KeyAscii As Integer)
Select Case KeyAscii
Case 8, 43, 45, 48 To 57
'backspace, +, -, or number
Case Else
KeyAscii = 0
End Select
End Sub

[edit] Web 68

Web 68 uses an include file to use the Xforms library.

@1Rosetta code program.
@aPROGRAM guicomponent CONTEXT VOID USE standard
BEGIN
@<Included declarations@>
@<Modes in the outer reach@>
@<Names in the outer reach@>
@<Callback procedures@>
@<Other routines@>
@<Main logic@>
END
FINISH
 
@ This file contains all the macros for the Xforms library procedures.
Only macros which are called will actually generate code.
 
@iforms.w@>
 
@ Initialise the Xforms library, create the form, set the value in the
input field, show the form and hand control to the Xforms library.
 
@<Main...@>=
open(argf,"",arg channel);
fl initialize(argc,argv,"GUI interact",NIL,0);
main form:=create form main;
fl set input(main input OF main form,float(value,10,5,2));
fl show form(main OF main form,fl place center,fl fullborder,"GUI interact");
fl do forms
 
@ The input value will be stored in !value!.
 
@<Names...@>=
REF FDMAIN main form;
REAL value:=0;
FILE argf;
 
@1The form.
The following section contains declarations for the form. It was output by
the program 'fdtow68' using the file output by the 'fdesign' program.
 
@2Modes.
This is the mode declaration for form !main!.
 
@<Modes...@>=
MODE FDMAIN = STRUCT(
REF FLFORM main,
REF FLOBJECT main increment,
REF FLOBJECT main input,
REF FLOBJECT main random);
 
@ This procedure creates form !main!.
 
@<Other...@>=
PROC create form main = REF FDMAIN:
BEGIN
REF FLOBJECT obj;
REF FDMAIN fdui:=HEAP FDMAIN;
OP(REF FDMAIN)CBPTR TOCBPTR = BIOP 99;
main OF fdui:=fl bgn form(fl no box,259,126);
obj:=fl add box(fl up box,0,0,259,126,"");
fl set object color(obj,fl col1,fl col1);
main input OF fdui:=obj:=fl add input(fl float input,78,18,160,35,"Value");
fl set object lsize(obj,fl normal size);
fl set object callback(obj,main cb,1);
fl set object return(obj,fl return end changed);
main increment OF fdui:=obj:=fl add button(fl normal button,20,70,100,40,"Increment");
fl set object lsize(obj,fl normal size);
fl set object callback(obj,main cb,2);
fl set button mouse buttons(obj,BIN 7);
main random OF fdui:=obj:=fl add button(fl normal button,140,70,100,40,"Random");
fl set object lsize(obj,fl normal size);
fl set object callback(obj,main cb,3);
fl set button mouse buttons(obj,BIN 7);
fl end form;
fl adjust form size(main OF fdui);
fdui OF main OF fdui:=TOCBPTR fdui;
fdui
END; #create form main#
 
@2Callback procedures.
There is only one callback procedure.
 
@<Callback...@>=
PROC main cb = (REF FLOBJECT obj,INT data)VOID:
CASE data
IN
#input#
BEGIN
FILE mf;
open(mf,fl get input(main input OF main form)+blank,mem channel);
get(mf,value); #convert the input to binary#
close(mf)
END
,
#increment#
(
value +:= 1;
fl set input(main input OF main form,float(value,10,5,2))
)
,
#random#
(
value:=random;
fl set input(main input OF main form,float(value,10,5,2))
)
ESAC; #main cb#
 
@2Macro calls.
Here are all the Xforms macro calls in alphabetical order.
 
@<Include...@>=
macro fl add box;
macro fl add button;
macro fl add input;
macro fl adjust form size;
macro fl bgn form;
macro fl do forms;
macro fl end form;
macro fl get border width;
macro fl get input;
macro fl initialize;
macro fl set border width;
macro fl set button mouse buttons;
macro fl set input;
macro fl set object callback;
macro fl set object color;
macro fl set object lsize;
macro fl set object return;
macro fl show form;
 
@ The end.

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