Empty directory

From Rosetta Code
Task
Empty directory
You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.

Starting with a path to some directory, determine whether the directory is empty.

An empty directory contains no files nor subdirectories. With Unix or Windows systems, every directory contains an entry for “.” and almost every directory contains “..” (except for a root directory); an empty directory contains no other entries.

Ada[edit]

with Ada.Text_IO; use Ada.Text_IO;
with Ada.Directories;
procedure EmptyDir is
function Empty (path : String) return String is
use Ada.Directories;
result : String := "Is empty.";
procedure check (ent : Directory_Entry_Type) is begin
if Simple_Name (ent) /= "." and Simple_Name (ent) /= ".." then
Empty.result := "Not empty";
end if;
end check;
begin
if not Exists (path) then return "Does not exist.";
elsif Kind (path) /= Directory then return "Not a Directory.";
end if;
Search (path, "", Process => check'Access);
return result;
end Empty;
begin
Put_Line (Empty ("."));
Put_Line (Empty ("./empty"));
Put_Line (Empty ("./emptydir.adb"));
Put_Line (Empty ("./foobar"));
end EmptyDir;
Output:
Not empty
Is empty.
Not a Directory.
Does not exist.

ALGOL 68[edit]

Works with: ALGOL 68G version Any - tested with release 2.8.3.win32

This uses the "argc", "argv", "file is directory" and "get directory" procedures specific to Algol 68 G.
Note the Algol 68 G interpreter processes the command line parameters before "-" so this example expects the directory names to follow "-".

# returns TRUE if the specified directory is empty, FALSE if it doesn't exist or is non-empty #
PROC is empty directory = ( STRING directory )BOOL:
IF NOT file is directory( directory )
THEN
# directory doesn't exist #
FALSE
ELSE
# directory is empty if it contains no files or just "." and possibly ".." #
[]STRING files = get directory( directory );
BOOL result := FALSE;
FOR f FROM LWB files TO UPB files
WHILE result := files[ f ] = "." OR files[ f ] = ".."
DO
SKIP
OD;
result
FI # is empty directory # ;
 
# test the is empty directory procedure #
# show whether the directories specified on the command line ( following "-" ) are empty or not #
BOOL directory name parameter := FALSE;
FOR i TO argc DO
IF argv( i ) = "-"
THEN
# marker to indicate directory names follow #
directory name parameter := TRUE
ELIF directory name parameter
THEN
# have a directory name - report whether it is emty or not #
print( ( argv( i ), " is ", IF is empty directory( argv( i ) ) THEN "empty" ELSE "not empty" FI, newline ) )
FI
OD
Output:
H:\algol\rosetta>a68g emptyDirectory.a68 - . /temp \zz
. is not empty
/temp is not empty
\zz is empty

AutoHotkey[edit]

MsgBox % isDir_empty(A_ScriptDir)?"true":"false"
 
isDir_empty(p) {
Loop, %p%\* , 1
return 0
return 1
}
Output:
false

AWK[edit]

 
# syntax: GAWK -f EMPTY_DIRECTORY.AWK
BEGIN {
n = split("C:\\TEMP3,C:\\NOTHERE,C:\\AWK\\FILENAME,C:\\WINDOWS",arr,",")
for (i=1; i<=n; i++) {
printf("'%s' %s\n",arr[i],is_dir(arr[i]))
}
exit(0)
}
function is_dir(path, cmd,dots,entries,msg,rec,valid_dir) {
cmd = sprintf("DIR %s 2>NUL",path) # MS-Windows
while ((cmd | getline rec) > 0) {
if (rec ~ /[0-9]:[0-5][0-9]/) {
if (rec ~ / (\.|\.\.)$/) { # . or ..
dots++
continue
}
entries++
}
if (rec ~ / Dir\(s\) .* bytes free$/) {
valid_dir = 1
}
}
close(cmd)
if (valid_dir == 0) {
msg = "does not exist"
}
else if (valid_dir == 1 && entries == 0) {
msg = "is an empty directory"
}
else if (dots == 0 && entries == 1) {
msg = "is a file"
}
else {
msg = sprintf("is a directory with %d entries",entries)
}
return(msg)
}
 
Output:
'C:\TEMP3' is an empty directory
'C:\NOTHERE' does not exist
'C:\AWK\FILENAME' is a file
'C:\WINDOWS' is a directory with 98 entries

BaCon[edit]

' empty directory test
somedir$ = "somedir"
files = testdir(somedir$)
IF files = 0 THEN PRINT somedir$, " directory empty"
 
files = testdir(".")
PRINT "Current directory holds ", files, " files"
END
 
FUNCTION testdir(somedir$)
OPEN somedir$ FOR DIRECTORY AS adir
total = 0
REPEAT
GETFILE afile$ FROM adir
IF afile$ != "." AND afile$ != ".." AND afile$ != "" THEN INCR total
UNTIL ISFALSE(LEN(afile$))
IF (long)adir != 0 THEN CLOSE DIRECTORY adir
RETURN total
END FUNCTION
Output:
prompt$ ./empty-dir
somedir directory empty
Current directory holds 183 files

Batch File[edit]

This demo verifies first if the directory exists. This script returns errorlevel code:

  • 0 - input directory is empty.
  • 1 - input directory is NOT empty.
  • 2 - input directory does not exist.
  • 3 - input not found.
@echo off
if "%~1"=="" exit /b 3
set "samp_path=%~1"
set "tst_var="
 
%== Store the current directory of the CMD ==%
for /f %%T in ('cd') do set curr_dir=%%T
 
%== Go to the samp_path ==%
cd %samp_path% 2>nul ||goto :folder_not_found
 
%== The current directory is now samp_path ==%
%== Scan what is inside samp_path ==%
for /f "usebackq delims=" %%D in (
`dir /b 2^>nul ^& dir /b /ah 2^>nul`
) do set "tst_var=1"
 
if "%tst_var%"=="1" (
echo "%samp_path%" is NOT empty.
cd %curr_dir%
exit /b 1
) else (
echo "%samp_path%" is empty.
cd %curr_dir%
exit /b 0
)
 
:folder_not_found
echo Folder not found.
exit /b 2
Sample Session:

(Saved the Batch File as IsEmpty.Bat in C:\)

C:\>IsEmpty

C:\>echo %errorlevel%
3

C:\>IsEmpty "C:\Sample"
Folder not found.

C:\>md Sample

C:\>IsEmpty "C:\Sample"
"C:\Sample" is empty.

C:\>cd Sample

C:\Sample>echo 0123456789 >>digits.txt

C:\Sample>dir /b
digits.txt

C:\Sample>cd..

C:\>IsEmpty "C:\Sample"
"C:\Sample" is NOT empty.

C:\>

BBC BASIC[edit]

      IF FNisdirectoryempty("C:\") PRINT "C:\ is empty" ELSE PRINT "C:\ is not empty"
IF FNisdirectoryempty("C:\temp") PRINT "C:\temp is empty" ELSE PRINT "C:\temp is not empty"
END
 
DEF FNisdirectoryempty(dir$)
LOCAL dir%, sh%, res%
DIM dir% LOCAL 317
IF RIGHT$(dir$)<>"\" dir$ += "\"
SYS "FindFirstFile", dir$+"*", dir% TO sh%
IF sh% = -1 ERROR 100, "Directory doesn't exist"
res% = 1
REPEAT
IF $$(dir%+44)<>"." IF $$(dir%+44)<>".." EXIT REPEAT
SYS "FindNextFile", sh%, dir% TO res%
UNTIL res% == 0
SYS "FindClose", sh%
= (res% == 0)

C[edit]

#include <stdio.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <string.h>
 
int dir_empty(const char *path)
{
struct dirent *ent;
int ret = 1;
 
DIR *d = opendir(path);
if (!d) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: ", path);
perror("");
return -1;
}
 
while ((ent = readdir(d))) {
if (!strcmp(ent->d_name, ".") || !(strcmp(ent->d_name, "..")))
continue;
ret = 0;
break;
}
 
closedir(d);
return ret;
}
 
int main(int c, char **v)
{
int ret = 0, i;
if (c < 2) return -1;
 
for (i = 1; i < c; i++) {
ret = dir_empty(v[i]);
if (ret >= 0)
printf("%s: %sempty\n", v[i], ret ? "" : "not ");
}
 
return 0;
}
Running it:

% mkdir stuff; ./a.out /usr/ ./stuff /etc/passwd /usr/: not empty ./stuff: empty /etc/passwd: Not a directory

C++[edit]

Library: Boost
 
#include <iostream>
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
 
using namespace boost::filesystem;
 
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
for (int i = 1; i < argc; ++i) {
path p(argv[i]);
 
if (exists(p) && is_directory(p))
std::cout << "'" << argv[i] << "' is" << (!is_empty(p) ? " not" : "") << " empty\n";
else
std::cout << "dir '" << argv[i] << "' could not be found\n";
}
}
 

C#[edit]

using System;
using System.IO;
 
class Program
{
static void Main( string[] args )
{
foreach ( string dir in args )
{
Console.WriteLine( "'{0}' {1} empty", dir, IsDirectoryEmpty( dir ) ? "is" : "is not" );
}
}
 
private static bool IsDirectoryEmpty( string dir )
{
return ( Directory.GetFiles( dir ).Length == 0 &&
Directory.GetDirectories( dir ).Length == 0 );
}
}
 
Running it:
Assume c:\temp exists and is not empty, c:\temp\empty exists and is empty

c:\>IsEmptyDir c:\temp c:\temp\empty
'c:\temp' is not empty
'c:\temp\empty' is empty

Clojure[edit]

(require '[clojure.java.io :as io])
(defn empty-dir? [path]
(let [file (io/file path)]
(assert (.exists file))
(assert (.isDirectory file))
(-> file .list empty?))) ; .list ignores "." and ".."


CoffeeScript[edit]

 
fs = require 'fs'
 
is_empty_dir = (dir) ->
throw Error "#{dir} is not a dir" unless fs.statSync(dir).isDirectory()
# readdirSync does not return . or ..
fns = fs.readdirSync dir
fns.length == 0
 

Common Lisp[edit]

Will also return T if path doesn't exist.

 
(defun empty-directory-p (path)
(and (null (directory (concatenate 'string path "/*")))
(null (directory (concatenate 'string path "/*/")))))
 

D[edit]

import std.stdio, std.file;
 
void main() {
auto dir = "somedir";
writeln(dir ~ " is empty: ", dirEmpty(dir));
}
 
bool dirEmpty(string dirname) {
if (!exists(dirname) || !isDir(dirname))
throw new Exception("dir not found: " ~ dirname);
return dirEntries(dirname, SpanMode.shallow).empty;
}
somedir is empty: false

Elixir[edit]

path = hd(System.argv)
IO.puts File.dir?(path) and Enum.empty?( File.ls!(path) )

Erlang[edit]

From the Erlang shell, or in a program, match {ok, []}. It this works the directory is empty.

Output:
3> {ok, []} = file:list_dir_all("/usr").   
** exception error: no match of right hand side value 
                    {ok,["X11R6","X11","standalone","share","sbin","local",
                         "libexec","lib","bin"]}
4> {ok, []} = file:list_dir_all("/asd").
** exception error: no match of right hand side value {error,enoent}
5> {ok, []} = file:list_dir_all("./empty").
{ok,[]}

FreeBASIC[edit]

' FB 1.05.0 Win64
 
#Include "dir.bi"
 
Function IsDirEmpty(dirPath As String) As Boolean
Err = 0
' check dirPath is a valid directory
Dim As String fileName = Dir(dirPath, fbDirectory)
If Len(fileName) = 0 Then
Err = 1000 ' dirPath is not a valid path
Return False
End If
' now check if there are any files/subdirectories in it other than . and ..
Dim fileSpec As String = dirPath + "\*.*"
Const attribMask = fbNormal Or fbHidden Or fbSystem Or fbDirectory
Dim outAttrib As UInteger
fileName = Dir(fileSpec, attribMask, outAttrib) ' get first file
Do
If fileName <> ".." AndAlso fileName <> "." Then
If Len(fileName) = 0 Then Return True
Exit Do
End If
fileName = Dir ' get next file
Loop
Return False
End Function
 
Dim outAttrib As UInteger
Dim dirPath As String = "c:\freebasic\docs" ' known to be empty
Dim empty As Boolean = IsDirEmpty(dirPath)
Dim e As Long = Err
If e = 1000 Then
Print "'"; dirPath; "' is not a valid directory"
End
End If
If empty Then
Print "'"; dirPath; "' is empty"
Else
Print "'"; dirPath; "' is not empty"
End If
Print
Print "Press any key to quit"
Sleep
Output:
'c:\freebasic\docs' is empty

F#[edit]

open System.IO
let isEmptyDirectory x = (Directory.GetFiles x).Length = 0 && (Directory.GetDirectories x).Length = 0

Gambas[edit]

Public Sub Main()
Dim sFolder As String = User.home &/ "Rosetta"
Dim sDir As String[] = Dir(sFolder)
Dim sTemp As String
Dim sOutput As String = sfolder & " is NOT empty"
 
Try sTemp = sDir[0]
If Error Then sOutput = sfolder & " is empty"
 
Print sOutput
 
End

Output:

/home/charlie/Rosetta is empty

Go[edit]

package main
 
import (
"fmt"
"io/ioutil"
"log"
)
 
func main() {
empty, err := IsEmptyDir("/tmp")
if err != nil {
log.Fatalln(err)
}
if empty {
fmt.Printf("/tmp is empty\n")
} else {
fmt.Printf("/tmp is not empty\n")
}
}
 
func IsEmptyDir(name string) (bool, error) {
entries, err := ioutil.ReadDir(name)
if err != nil {
return false, err
}
return len(entries) == 0, nil
}
 

Groovy[edit]

Solution:

def isDirEmpty = { dirName ->
def dir = new File(dirName)
dir.exists() && dir.directory && (dir.list() as List).empty
}

Test:

def currentDir = new File('.')
def random = new Random()
def subDirName = "dir${random.nextInt(100000)}"
def subDir = new File(subDirName)
subDir.mkdir()
subDir.deleteOnExit()
 
assert ! isDirEmpty('.')
assert isDirEmpty(subDirName)

Haskell[edit]

import System.Directory (getDirectoryContents)
import System.Environment (getArgs)
 
 
isEmpty x = getDirectoryContents x >>= return . f . (== [".", ".."])
where f True = "Directory is empty"
f False = "Directory is not empty"
 
main = getArgs >>= isEmpty . (!! 0) >>= putStrLn

Test:

$ mkdir 1
$ ./isempty 1
Directory is empty
$ ./isempty /usr/
Directory is not empty


Icon and Unicon[edit]

This example uses Unicon extensions. The 'empty' sub-directory was manually setup for this test.

procedure main()
every dir := "." | "./empty" do
write(dir, if isdirempty(dir) then " is empty" else " is not empty")
end
 
procedure isdirempty(s) #: succeeds if directory s is empty (and a directory)
local d,f
if ( stat(s).mode ? ="d" ) & ( d := open(s) ) then {
while f := read(d) do
if f == ("."|"..") then next else fail
close(d)
return s
}
else stop(s," is not a directory or will not open")
end
Output:
. is not empty
./empty is empty

J[edit]

require 'dir'
empty_dir=: 0 = '/*' #@dir@,~ ]

In other words, list the contents of the directory, count how many items are in it, and test if that count was zero.

Note that 1!:0 could have been used here, instead of the dir cover.

Example, under windows, create some directories using cygwin:

$ mkdir /tmp/a
$ touch /tmp/a/...
$ mkdir /tmp/b
$ mkdir /tmp/c
$ mkdir /tmp/c/d

Then, testing these directories, in J:

   empty_dir 'c:/cygwin/tmp/a'
0
empty_dir 'c:/cygwin/tmp/b'
1
empty_dir 'c:/cygwin/tmp/c'
0

Java[edit]

Works with: Java version 7+

This method does not check that the path given is actually a directory. If a path to a normal file is given, it will throw a NullPointerException. File.listFiles() does not count the "." and ".." entries.

import java.nio.file.Paths;
//... other class code here
public static boolean isEmptyDir(String dirName){
return Paths.get(dirName).toFile().listFiles().length == 0;
}

Kotlin[edit]

// version 1.1
 
import java.io.File
 
fun main(args: Array<String>) {
val dirPath = "docs" // or whatever
val isEmpty = (File(dirPath).list().isEmpty())
println("$dirPath is ${if (isEmpty) "empty" else "not empty"}")
}

Lasso[edit]

dir('has_content') -> isEmpty
'<br />'
dir('no_content') -> isEmpty
Output:
false
true

Liberty BASIC[edit]

 
dim info$(10, 10)
files "c:\", info$()
 
qtyFiles=val(info$(0,0))
n = qtyFiles+1 'begin directory info
 
folder$ = info$(n,0) 'path to first directory in c:
 
files folder$, info$() 're-fill array with data from sub folder
 
if val(info$(0,0)) + val(info$(0, 1)) <> 0 then
print "Folder ";folder$;" is not empty."
else
print "Folder ";folder$;" is empty."
end if
 

Lingo[edit]

on isDirEmpty (dir)
return getNthFileNameInFolder(dir, 1) = EMPTY
end

Lua[edit]

Pure Lua function based on snipplet from Stack Overflow[1].

 
function scandir(directory)
local i, t, popen = 0, {}, io.popen
local pfile = popen('ls -a "'..directory..'"')
for filename in pfile:lines() do
if filename ~= '.' and filename ~= '..' then
i = i + 1
t[i] = filename
end
end
pfile:close()
return t
end
 
function isemptydir(directory)
return #scandir(directory) == 0
end
 

Using lfs[2] library.

 
function isemptydir(directory,nospecial)
for filename in require('lfs').dir(directory) do
if filename ~= '.' and filename ~= '..' then
return false
end
end
return true
end
 

Mathematica / Wolfram Language[edit]

EmptyDirectoryQ[x_] := (SetDirectory[x]; If[FileNames[] == {}, True, False])
 
Example use:
EmptyDirectoryQ["C:\\Program Files\\Wolfram Research\\Mathematica\\9"]
->True

MATLAB / Octave[edit]

 
function x = isEmptyDirectory(p)
if isdir(p)
f = dir(p)
x = length(f)>2;
else
error('Error: %s is not a directory');
end;
end;
 


Nemerle[edit]

using System.IO;
using System.Console;
 
module EmptyDirectory
{
IsDirectoryEmpty(dir : string) : bool
{
Directory.GetFileSystemEntries(dir).Length == 0
}
 
Main(args : array[string]) : void
{
foreach (dir in args) {
when (Directory.Exists(dir)) {
WriteLine("{0} {1} empty.", dir, if (IsDirectoryEmpty(dir)) "is" else "is not");
}
}
}
}


NewLISP[edit]

 
(define (empty-dir? path-to-check)
(empty? (clean (lambda (x) (or (= "." x) (= ".." x))) (directory path-to-check)))
)
 

Nim[edit]

import os, rdstdin
 
var empty = true
for f in walkDir(readLineFromStdin "directory: "):
empty = false
break
echo empty

Objeck[edit]

function : IsEmptyDirectory(dir : String) ~ Bool {
return Directory->List(dir)->Size() = 0;
}

OCaml[edit]

let is_dir_empty d =
Sys.readdir d = [| |]

ooRexx[edit]

Call test 'D:\nodir'        /* no such directory      */
Call test 'D:\edir' /* an empty directory */
Call test 'D:\somedir' /* directory with 2 files */
Call test 'D:\somedir','S' /* directory with 3 files */
Exit
test: Parse Arg fd,nest
If SysIsFileDirectory(fd)=0 Then
Say 'Directory' fd 'not found'
Else Do
ret=SysFileTree(fd'\*.*','X', 'F'nest)
If x.0=0 Then
say 'Directory' fd 'is empty'
Else Do
If nest='' Then
say 'Directory' fd 'contains' x.0 'files'
Else
say 'Directory' fd 'contains' x.0 'files (some nested)'
End
End
Return
Output:
Directory D:\nodir not found
Directory D:\edir is empty
Directory D:\somedir contains 2 files
Directory D:\somedir contains 3 files (some nested)

PARI/GP[edit]

Define a function chkdir(<path>) that returns count of entries in a directory (without . and .. ):

chkdir(d)=extern(concat(["[ -d '",d,"' ]&&ls -A '",d,"'|wc -l||echo -1"]))

On error chkdir(...) returns -1 else count of entries. If chkdir() == 0 then directory is empty. So define an additional function:

dir_is_empty(d)=!chkdir(d)
Output:
chkdir("/tmp"): 52

dir_is_empty("/tmp"): 0

Perl[edit]

Simple version[edit]

sub dir_is_empty {!<$_[0]/*>}

This version however doesn't catch 'hidden' files that start with a dot.

May be good for quick one-liners or in some special cases when you are sure that there are no 'hidden' files or they doesn't play any role.

Unfortunalety, BSD glob() doesn't handle inverted character class. If it did, this pattern could be used: {.[^.],}* (this works well in bash). But it doesn't, so there's a

Thorough version[edit]

use IO::Dir;
sub dir_is_empty { !grep !/^\.{1,2}\z/, IO::Dir->new(@_)->read }

Perl 6[edit]

sub dir-is-empty ($d) { not dir $d }

The dir function returns a lazy list of filenames, excluding "." and ".." automatically. Any boolean context (in this case the not function) will do just enough work on the lazy list to determine whether there are any elements, so we don't have to count the directory entries, or even read them all into memory, if there are more than one buffer's worth.

Phix[edit]

procedure test(string filename)
string msg
switch get_file_type(filename) do
case FILETYPE_UNDEFINED: msg = "is UNDEFINED"
case FILETYPE_NOT_FOUND: msg = "is NOT_FOUND"
case FILETYPE_FILE: msg = "is a FILE"
case FILETYPE_DIRECTORY:
sequence d = dir(filename)
integer count = 0
for i=1 to length(d) do
if not find(d[i][D_NAME],{".",".."}) then
count += 1
end if
end for
if count=0 then
msg = "is an empty directory"
else
msg = sprintf("is a directory containing %d files",{count})
end if
end switch
printf(1,"%s %s\n",{filename,msg})
end procedure
 
constant tests = {"C:\\xx","C:\\not_there","C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Phix\\p.exe","C:\\Windows"}
for i=1 to length(tests) do
test(tests[i])
end for
Output:
C:\xx is an empty directory
C:\not_there is NOT_FOUND
C:\Program Files (x86)\Phix\p.exe is a FILE
C:\Windows is a directory containing 110 files

PHP[edit]

Any improvements welcome but here is a starting point for PHP

 
 
$dir = 'path_here';
 
if(is_dir($dir)){
//scandir grabs the contents of a directory and array_diff is being used to filter out .. and .
$list = array_diff(scandir($dir), array('..', '.'));
//now we can just use empty to check if the variable has any contents regardless of it's type
if(empty($list)){
echo 'dir is empty';
}
else{
echo 'dir is not empty';
}
}
else{
echo 'not a directory';
}
 
 

PicoLisp[edit]

(prinl "myDir is" (and (dir "myDir") " not") " empty")
Output:
myDir is not empty


PowerShell[edit]

Works with: PowerShell version 4.0
 
$path = "C:\Users"
if((Dir $path).Count -eq 0) {
"$path is empty"
} else {
"$path is not empty"
}
 

Output:

C:\Users is not empty

PureBasic[edit]

Procedure isDirEmpty(path$)
If Right(path$, 1) <> "\": path$ + "\": EndIf
Protected dirID = ExamineDirectory(#PB_Any, path$, "*.*")
Protected result
 
If dirID
result = 1
While NextDirectoryEntry(dirID)
If DirectoryEntryType(dirID) = #PB_DirectoryEntry_File Or (DirectoryEntryName(dirID) <> "." And DirectoryEntryName(dirID) <> "..")
result = 0
Break
EndIf
Wend
FinishDirectory(dirID)
EndIf
ProcedureReturn result
EndProcedure
 
Define path$, result$
 
path$ = PathRequester("Choose a path", "C:\")
If path$
If isDirEmpty(path$)
result$ = " is empty."
Else
result$ = " is not empty."
EndIf
MessageRequester("Empty directory test", #DQUOTE$ + path$ + #DQUOTE$ + result$)
EndIf
Output:
when selecting directories "L:\vv\6\" and "L:\vv\" :
"L:\vv\6\" is empty.

"L:\vv\" is not empty.

Python[edit]

Works with: Python version 2.x
import os;
if os.listdir(raw_input("directory")):
print "not empty"
else:
print "empty"
 

Racket[edit]

 
#lang racket
(empty? (directory-list "some-directory"))
 

REXX[edit]

Works with: Regina

The following program was tested in a DOS window under Windows/XP and should work for all Microsoft Windows.

/*REXX pgm checks to see if a directory is empty; if not, lists entries.*/
parse arg xdir; if xdir='' then xdir='\someDir' /*Any DIR? Use default.*/
@.=0 /*default in case ADDRESS fails. */
trace off /*suppress REXX err msg for fails*/
address system 'DIR' xdir '/b' with output stem @. /*issue the DIR cmd.*/
if rc\==0 then do /*an error happened?*/
say '***error!*** from DIR' xDIR /*indicate que pasa.*/
say 'return code=' rc /*show the ret Code.*/
exit rc /*exit with the RC.*/
end /* [↑] bad address.*/
#=@.rc /*number of entries.*/
if #==0 then #=' no ' /*use a word, ¬zero.*/
say center('directory ' xdir " has " # ' entries.',79,'─')
exit @.0+rc /*stick a fork in it, we're done.*/
Output:
when the following input was used:   temp
──────────────────────directory  temp  has  10  entries.───────────────────────
Output:
when the following input was used:   \someDir
───────────────────directory  \someDir  has    no   entries.───────────────────

Ring[edit]

 
myList = dir("C:\Ring\bin")
if len(myList) > 0 see "C:\Ring\bin is not empty" + nl
else see "C:\Ring\bin is empty" + nl ok
 

Ruby[edit]

Raises a SystemCallError if the named directory doesn’t exist.

Dir.entries("testdir").empty? 

Run BASIC[edit]

files #f, DefaultDir$ + "\*.*"         ' open some directory. 
 
print "hasanswer: ";#f HASANSWER() ' if it has an answer it is not MT
print "rowcount: ";#f ROWCOUNT() ' if not MT, how many files?

Scala[edit]

import java.io.File
 
def isDirEmpty(file:File) : Boolean =
return file.exists && file.isDirectory && file.list.isEmpty

Seed7[edit]

$ include "seed7_05.s7i";
include "osfiles.s7i";
 
const func boolean: dirEmpty (in string: dirName) is
return fileType(dirName) = FILE_DIR and length(readDir(dirName)) = 0;
 
const proc: main is func
begin
writeln(dirEmpty("somedir"));
end func;

Sidef[edit]

Built-in method:

Dir.new('/my/dir').is_empty;    # true, false or nil

User-defined function:

func is_empty(dir) {
dir.open(\var dir_h) || return nil;
dir_h.each { |file|
file ~~ ['.', '..'] && next;
return false;
};
return true;
};

Standard ML[edit]

fun isDirEmpty(path: string) = 
let
val dir = OS.FileSys.openDir path
val dirEntryOpt = OS.FileSys.readDir dir
in
(
OS.FileSys.closeDir(dir);
case dirEntryOpt of
NONE => true
| _ => false
)
end;


Tcl[edit]

proc isEmptyDir {dir} {
# Get list of _all_ files in directory
set filenames [glob -nocomplain -tails -directory $dir * .*]
# Check whether list is empty (after filtering specials)
expr {![llength [lsearch -all -not -regexp $filenames {^\.\.?$}]]}
}

UNIX Shell[edit]

 
#!/bin/sh
DIR=/tmp/foo
[ `ls -a $DIR|wc -l` -gt 2 ] && echo $DIR is NOT empty || echo $DIR is empty
 

VBScript[edit]

 
Function IsDirEmpty(path)
IsDirEmpty = False
Set objFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set objFolder = objFSO.GetFolder(path)
If objFolder.Files.Count = 0 And objFolder.SubFolders.Count = 0 Then
IsDirEmpty = True
End If
End Function
 
'Test
WScript.StdOut.WriteLine IsDirEmpty("C:\Temp")
WScript.StdOut.WriteLine IsDirEmpty("C:\Temp\test")
 
Output:
False
True

zkl[edit]

path:="Empty"; File.isDir(path).println();
File.mkdir(path); File.isDir(path).println();
File.glob(path+"/*").println(); // show contents of directory
Output:
False
True
L()