OLE automation

From Rosetta Code
(Redirected from OLE Automation)
Task
OLE automation
You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.

OLE Automation   is an inter-process communication mechanism based on   Component Object Model   (COM) on Microsoft Windows.


Task

Provide an automation server implementing objects that can be accessed by a client running in a separate process.

The client gets a proxy-object that can call methods on the object.

The communication should be able to handle conversions of variants to and from the native value types.

AutoHotkey[edit]

Library: ComDispatch
by fincs:discussion

client: using the ahk ole server as well as the python ole server implemented below

ahk := comobjactive("ahkdemo.ahk")
ahk.hello("hello world")
py := ComObjActive("python.server")
py.write("hello")
return

server:

#Persistent
CLSID_ThisScript := "{38A3EB13-D0C4-478b-9720-4D0B2D361DB9}"
APPID_ThisScript := "ahkdemo.ahk"
funcs := ["aRegisterIDs", "aGetObject", "aCallFunc", "hello"]
server := ahkComServer(CLSID_ThisScript, APPID_ThisScript, funcs)   
return

aRegisterIDs(this, CLSID, APPID){
RegisterIDs(CLSID, APPID)
}

hello(this, message){
msgbox % message
}
aGetObject(this, name){
global
return %name%
}

aCallFunc(this, func, args){
return %func%(args)
}

;; ahkcomserver()
ahkComServer(CLSID_ThisScript, APPID_ThisScript, funcs)
{
global serverReady
server := object()
 ; CLSID_ThisScript := "{38A3EB13-D0C4-478b-9720-4D0B2D361DB9}"
 ; APPID_ThisScript := "Garglet.QueryServer"
  
  RegisterIDs(CLSID_ThisScript, APPID_ThisScript)
for i, func in funcs
{
str .= func . ", "
}
str := SubStr(str, 1, strlen(str) - 2)

  myObj := ComDispatch("", str)
; Expose it
  if !(hRemote := ComRemote(myObj, CLSID_ThisScript))
  {
    MsgBox, 16, %A_ScriptName%, Can't remote the object!
    ExitApp
  }
server.CLSID := CLSID_ThisScript
server.APPID := APPID_ThisScript
server.hRemote := hRemote
serverReady := 1
  return server
}

#Include ComRemote.ahk
#include lib\ComDispTable.ahk
#include lib\ComDispatch.ahk
#include lib\ComVar.ahk

Go[edit]

Library: Go OLE
Works with: Windows 10


This uses OLE automation to create a new Microsoft Word document, write some text to it and after 10 seconds close the document without saving and quit Word.

package main

import (
    "time"
    ole "github.com/go-ole/go-ole"
    "github.com/go-ole/go-ole/oleutil"
)

func main() {
    ole.CoInitialize(0)
    unknown, _ := oleutil.CreateObject("Word.Application")
    word, _ := unknown.QueryInterface(ole.IID_IDispatch)
    oleutil.PutProperty(word, "Visible", true)
    documents := oleutil.MustGetProperty(word, "Documents").ToIDispatch()
    document := oleutil.MustCallMethod(documents, "Add").ToIDispatch()
    content := oleutil.MustGetProperty(document, "Content").ToIDispatch()
    paragraphs := oleutil.MustGetProperty(content, "Paragraphs").ToIDispatch()
    paragraph := oleutil.MustCallMethod(paragraphs, "Add").ToIDispatch()
    rnge := oleutil.MustGetProperty(paragraph, "Range").ToIDispatch()
    oleutil.PutProperty(rnge, "Text", "This is a Rosetta Code test document.")

    time.Sleep(10 * time.Second)

    oleutil.PutProperty(document, "Saved", true)
    oleutil.CallMethod(document, "Close", false)
    oleutil.CallMethod(word, "Quit")
    word.Release()

    ole.CoUninitialize()
}

M2000 Interpreter[edit]

M2000 Interpreter is an ActiveX dll (a COM object) so can be start from any language which can handle com objects. Also M2000 can handle other Com Objects, like MS Word. We have to Declare the object (in a Windows OS), form ready made objects in registry, which we have permissions to handle.

We can use Events, from declared objects and from objects that we get as result from methods, using WithEvents.

Module CheckAutomation {
      ExitNow=false
      Declare WithEvents Alfa "WORD.APPLICATION"
      \\ minimize console
      Title "Minimized- Waiting", 0
      Wait 300
      Print "ok"
      With Alfa, "Visible", True
      Function ALFA_QUIT {
                  Print "Why you close Word?"
                  ExitNow=True
      }
      M=0
      Every 20 {
            If ExitNow then exit
            M++
            If M>500 then exit
      }
      Try {
            Method Alfa, "QUIT"
      }
      Declare Alfa Nothing
      if ExitNow then {
            Print format$("Finish  {0:2} sec", M/1000)
      } Else {
            Print "Close Word manually"
      }
      \\ show again console
      Title "ok"
}
CheckAutomation

Phix[edit]

Some Microsft Excel OLE automation routines can be found here but since I don't have Excel installed I have not tested them.
There are also some older (also untested) routines here.

Python[edit]

Library: pywin32

Server uses a client of the ahk server above to register the clsid in the windows registry. Translated from win32com/test/testDynamic.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import win32com.client
from win32com.server.util import wrap, unwrap
from win32com.server.dispatcher import DefaultDebugDispatcher
from ctypes import *
import commands
import pythoncom
import winerror
from win32com.server.exception import Exception

clsid = "{55C2F76F-5136-4614-A397-12214CC011E5}"
iid = pythoncom.MakeIID(clsid)
appid = "python.server"

class VeryPermissive:
    def __init__(self):
        self.data = []
        self.handle = 0
        self.dobjects = {}        
    def __del__(self):
        pythoncom.RevokeActiveObject(self.handle)
    def _dynamic_(self, name, lcid, wFlags, args):
        if wFlags & pythoncom.DISPATCH_METHOD:
            return getattr(self,name)(*args)
        if wFlags & pythoncom.DISPATCH_PROPERTYGET:
            try:
                # to avoid problems with byref param handling, tuple results are converted to lists.
                ret = self.__dict__[name]
                if type(ret)==type(()):
                    ret = list(ret)
                return ret
            except KeyError: # Probably a method request.
                raise Exception(scode=winerror.DISP_E_MEMBERNOTFOUND)
        if wFlags & (pythoncom.DISPATCH_PROPERTYPUT | pythoncom.DISPATCH_PROPERTYPUTREF):
            setattr(self, name, args[0])
            return
        raise Exception(scode=winerror.E_INVALIDARG, desc="invalid wFlags")
    def write(self, x):
        print x
        return 0
import win32com.server.util, win32com.server.policy
child = VeryPermissive()
ob = win32com.server.util.wrap(child, usePolicy=win32com.server.policy.DynamicPolicy)
try:
    handle = pythoncom.RegisterActiveObject(ob, iid, 0)
except pythoncom.com_error, details:
    print "Warning - could not register the object in the ROT:", details
    handle = None    
child.handle = handle  
          
ahk = win32com.client.Dispatch("ahkdemo.ahk")
ahk.aRegisterIDs(clsid, appid)
# autohotkey.exe ahkside.ahk
# python /c/Python26/Scripts/ipython.py -wthread -i pythonside.py
# must use -wthread otherwise calling com client hangs

client

import win32com.client
client = win32com.client.Dispatch("python.server")
client.write("hello world")

Wren[edit]

Translation of: Go
Library: WrenGo
Library: Go OLE
Works with: Windows 10

An embedded application with a Go host so we can use the Go OLE library.

/* OLE_automation.wren */

class Ole {
    foreign static coInitialize(p)
    foreign static coUninitialize()
}

class OleUtil {
    static createObject(programID) {
        return IUnknown.new(programID)
    }

    foreign static putProperty(disp, name, param)
    foreign static mustGetProperty(disp, name)
    foreign static mustCallMethod(disp, name)
    foreign static mustCallMethod2(disp, name, param)
}

foreign class GUID {
    construct new(guid) {}
}

var IID_DISPATCH = GUID.new("{00020400-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}")

foreign class IUnknown {
    construct new(programID) {}

    foreign queryInterface(iid, name)
    foreign static release(name)
}

class Time {
    foreign static sleep(secs)
}

Ole.coInitialize(0)
var unknown = OleUtil.createObject("Word.application")
var word = unknown.queryInterface(IID_DISPATCH, "word")
OleUtil.putProperty(word, "Visible", true)
var documents  = OleUtil.mustGetProperty(word, "Documents")
var document   = OleUtil.mustCallMethod(documents, "Add")
var content    = OleUtil.mustGetProperty(document, "Content")
var paragraphs = OleUtil.mustGetProperty(content, "Paragraphs")
var paragraph  = OleUtil.mustCallMethod(paragraphs, "Add")
var range      = OleUtil.mustGetProperty(paragraph, "Range")

OleUtil.putProperty(range, "Text", "This is a Rosetta Code test document.")

Time.sleep(10)

OleUtil.putProperty(document, "Saved", true)
OleUtil.mustCallMethod2(document, "Close", false)
OleUtil.mustCallMethod(word, "Quit")
IUnknown.release(word)

Ole.coUninitialize()


We now embed this script in the following Go program and run it.

/* go run OLE_automation.go */

package main

import (
    ole "github.com/go-ole/go-ole"
    "github.com/go-ole/go-ole/oleutil"
    "strings"
    "time"
    wren "github.com/crazyinfin8/WrenGo"
)

type any = interface{}

var dispMap = make(map[string]*ole.IDispatch)

func coInitialize(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    p := uintptr(parameters[1].(float64))
    ole.CoInitialize(p)
    return nil, nil
}

func coUninitialize(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    ole.CoUninitialize()
    return nil, nil
}

func putProperty(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    disp := dispMap[parameters[1].(string)]
    propName := parameters[2].(string)
    param := parameters[3]
    oleutil.PutProperty(disp, propName, param)
    return nil, nil
}

func mustGetProperty(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    disp := dispMap[parameters[1].(string)]
    propName := parameters[2].(string)
    disp2 := oleutil.MustGetProperty(disp, propName).ToIDispatch()
    disp2Name := strings.ToLower(propName)
    dispMap[disp2Name] = disp2
    return disp2Name, nil
}

func mustCallMethod(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    dispName := parameters[1].(string)
    disp := dispMap[dispName]
    methName := parameters[2].(string)
    disp2 := oleutil.MustCallMethod(disp, methName).ToIDispatch()
    disp2Name := dispName[0:len(dispName)-1]
    dispMap[disp2Name] = disp2
    return disp2Name, nil
}

func mustCallMethod2(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    dispName := parameters[1].(string)
    disp := dispMap[dispName]
    methName := parameters[2].(string)
    param := parameters[3]
    disp2 := oleutil.MustCallMethod(disp, methName, param).ToIDispatch()
    disp2Name := dispName[0:len(dispName)-1]
    dispMap[disp2Name] = disp2
    return disp2Name, nil
}

func newGUID(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    param := parameters[1].(string)
    guid := ole.NewGUID(param)
    return &guid, nil
}

func newIUnknown(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    programID := parameters[1].(string)
    unknown, _ := oleutil.CreateObject(programID)
    return &unknown, nil
}

func queryInterface(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    handle  := parameters[0].(*wren.ForeignHandle)
    ifc, _  := handle.Get()
    unknown := ifc.(**ole.IUnknown)
    handle2 := parameters[1].(*wren.ForeignHandle)
    ifc2, _ := handle2.Get()
    guid    := ifc2.(**ole.GUID)
    disp, _ := (*unknown).QueryInterface(*guid)
    name    := parameters[2].(string)
    dispMap[name] = disp
    return name, nil
}

func release(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    unknown := dispMap[parameters[1].(string)]
    unknown.Release()
    return nil, nil
}

func sleep(vm *wren.VM, parameters []any) (any, error) {
    secs := time.Duration(parameters[1].(float64))
    time.Sleep(secs * time.Second)
    return nil, nil
}

func main() {
    vm := wren.NewVM()
    fileName := "OLE_automation.wren"

    oleMethodMap := wren.MethodMap {
        "static coInitialize(_)" : coInitialize,
        "static coUninitialize()": coUninitialize,
    }

    oleUtilMethodMap := wren.MethodMap {
        "static putProperty(_,_,_)"    : putProperty,
        "static mustGetProperty(_,_)"  : mustGetProperty,
        "static mustCallMethod(_,_)"   : mustCallMethod,
        "static mustCallMethod2(_,_,_)": mustCallMethod2,
    }

    iUnknownMethodMap := wren.MethodMap {
        "queryInterface(_,_)": queryInterface,
        "static release(_)"  : release,
    }

    timeMethodMap := wren.MethodMap {
	"static sleep(_)": sleep,
    }

    classMap := wren.ClassMap {
        "Ole"      : wren.NewClass(nil, nil, oleMethodMap),
        "OleUtil"  : wren.NewClass(nil, nil, oleUtilMethodMap),
        "GUID"     : wren.NewClass(newGUID, nil, nil),
        "IUnknown" : wren.NewClass(newIUnknown, nil, iUnknownMethodMap),
        "Time"     : wren.NewClass(nil, nil, timeMethodMap),
    }

    module := wren.NewModule(classMap)
    vm.SetModule(fileName, module)
    vm.InterpretFile(fileName)
    vm.Free()
}