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This is the   $SPELL#.REX   (REXX) program.

It is invoked (called) from other REXX programs to spell numbers with various options, including spelling the number as an ordinal number.

The help for the   $SPELL#.REX   REXX program is included here   ──►   $SPELL#.HEL.

The   $SPELL#.REX   REXX program makes use of   $ERR.REX   REXX program which is used to display error messages (via   $T.REX);   error messages are displayed in red if the terminal supports color.
The   $ERR.REX   REXX program is included here   ──►   $ERR.REX.

The   $SPELL#.REX   REXX program makes use of   $T.REX   REXX program which is used to display text messages.
The   $T.REX   REXX program is included here   ──►   $T.REX. <lang rexx>♀/*REXX program converts a numeric string into English words, with support for ordinals, */ /*─────────────── some national currency symbols, decimal fractions, and other options. */

trace off /*suppress superfluous return codes. */

parse arg ! /*save the original arguments in ! var.*/

if !all( arg() ) then exit /*exit pgm if user wanted documentation*/ if !cms then address

signal on halt /*establish a method to handle HALTs. */ signal on noValue /*handle uninitialized REXX variables. */ signal on syntax /* " REXX syntax errors in this pgm*/

                                                /* [↓]  set some REXX variables & such.*/

@abc = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz' @abcU = @abc

                  upper @abcU

american = 0 /*express numbers in American notation.*/ english = 0 /* " " " English " */ asayear = 0 /* " " as a year. */ ordinal = 0 /* " " as an ordinal. */ leadingz = /* " leading zeros in numbers. */

asis = 0 blanks = british = 0 clear = 0 colors = !cms | !pcrexx | !r4 | !roo /*this terminal supports colors. */ dot = exponents= fractions= leading = logs = 0 n = ops = space(!!) quiet = 0 sep = 'none' /*a decimal number period separator. */ single = 0 tfid = /*a temporary file id (if needed). */ tops = /*options used for the $T REXX pgm. */ xcurr =

andcent = 'and' /*English phrase for: "and xxx cents" */

minus = 'minus ' /* " word for a minus sign. */ nothing = 'zero' /* " " " " zero digit. */ plus = 'plus ' /* " " " " plus sign. */ point = 'point' /* " " " " decimal point. */ zero = 'oh' /* " " " " zero. */

power = 'power' /*phrase when #'s are raised to a power*/ raised = 'times ten raised to the' /* " " " " " " " " */

cent = 'cent' /*English word for a ¢ currency symbol*/ dollar = 'dollar' /* " " " " $ " " */ euro = 'euro' /* " " " " ε " " */ franc = 'franc' /* " " " " ƒ " " */ piseta = 'piseta' /* " " " " ₧ " " */ pound = 'pound' /* " " " " £ " " */ yen = 'yen' /* " " " " ¥ " " */

 do  while  ops\==                            /*process user arguments and options.  */
 parse var  ops     _1  2  1  _  .  1  _o  ops  /*pull assunder some parts of an option*/
 upper _                                        /*uppercase the   _    variable.       */
   when isnum(_)                  then n= n || _ /*if numeric,  then append this digit.*/
   when _==',' | _=="(" | _==')'  then nop       /*ignore any commas  and  parentheses.*/
   when _1==.  &  pos("=",_)\==0  then tops= tops _o
   when abbn('AMERican')          then american= no()
   when abbn('ASAYEAR')       |,
        abbn('ASYEAR')        |,
        abbn('YEAR')              then asayear=  no()
   when  abb('BEINGRAISed')   |,
         abb('RAISEd')            then raised=   na()
   when  abb('BLANKs')            then blanks=   na()
   when abbn('BRITish')           then british=  no()
   when  abb('CENTs')             then cent=     na()
   when abbn('CLearscreen')       then clear=    no()
   when abbn('COLORs')            then colors=   no()
   when  abb('DECIMALpoints') |,
         abb('DOLLARs')           then dollar=   na()
   when abbn('ENGlish')           then english=  no()
   when  abb('EUROs')             then euro=     na()
   when  abb('FRANCs')            then franc=    na()
   when  abb('LEADINGzeroes') |,
         abb('LEADINGzeros')      then leading=  na()
   when abbn('LOGs')              then logs=     no()
   when  abb('MINUSsigns')    |,
         abb('MINUSes')           then minus=    na()" "
   when  abb('NOTHINGs')          then nothing=  na()
   when abbn('ORDinal')           then ordinal=  no()
   when  abb('PISETAs')           then piseta=   na()
   when  abb('POWer')             then power=    na()
   when  abb('PLUSsigns')     |,
         abb('PLUSes')            then plus=     na()" "
   when  abb('POINTs')            then point=    na()
   when  abb('POUNDs')            then pound=    na()
   when abbn('Quiet')             then quiet=    no()
   when  abb('SEPerators')        then sep=      na()
   when abbn('SINGley')           then single=   no()
   when  abb('YENs')              then yen=      na()
   when  abb('ZEROs')         |,
         abb('ZEROes')            then zero=     na()
   otherwise                           n= n  ||  _o
   end   /*select*/
 end     /*while  ops···*/

if sep=='none' then if pos(",", n)\==0 then sep= ',' if sep=='none' then sep= ogn= n /*the original number that was entered. */ _= blanks /*validate the BLANKS= option. */

L= length(_)

if L >3 then call er 55,_

if L==3 then do /*it's a decimal value for BLANKS. */

             if \isint(_)    then call er 92, _ "BLANK="
             if _<0 | _>255  then call er 81, 0 255 _ "BLANKS="
             blanks= d2c(_)

if L==2 then do /*it's a hexadecimal value for BLANKS. */

             if \ishex(_)    then call er 40,_
             blanks= x2c(_)

if colors then tops= '.P=1 .A=1 .C=green' tops /*colors used by the $T program. */ if logs then tops= '.F='gettfid(,"ANS") tops /*logfile " " " $T " */ tops=space(tops) /*options " " " $T " */

if n== then call er 54 /*oops─ay, no arguments entered. */

if asayear & ordinal then call er 61, 'ASAYEAR ORDINAL' if single & ordinal then call er 61, 'SINGLEY ORDINAL' if american & english then call er 61, 'AMERICAN ENGLISH' if american & british then call er 61, 'AMERICAN BRITISH' if \american & \english & \british then american= 1 if english then british = 1

if clear then !cls /*the terminal screen to be cleared?*/

dig. = dig.0 = zero dig.1 = 'one' dig.2 = 'two' dig.3 = 'three' dig.4 = 'four' dig.5 = 'five' dig.6 = 'six' dig.7 = 'seven' dig.8 = 'eight' dig.9 = 'nine'

_='0 thousand m b tr quadr quint sext sept oct non dec undec duodec tredec quattuordec quinquadec sedec septendec octodec novendec vigin unvigin duovigin tresvigin quattuorvigin quinquavigin sesvigin septemvigin octovigin novemvigin trigin' _=_ 'untrigin duotrigin trestrigin quattuortrigin quinquatrigin sestrigin septentrigin octotrigin noventrigin quadragin unquadragin duoquadragin tresquadragin quattuorquadragin quinquaquadragin sesquadragin septenquadragin octoquadragin' _=_ 'novenquadragin quinquagin unquinquagin duoquinquagin tresquinquagin quattuorquinquagin quinquaquinquagin sesquinquagin septenquinquagin octoquinquagin novenquinquagin sexagin unsexagin duosexagin tresexagin quattuorsexagin quinquasexagin' _=_ 'sesexagin septensexagin octosexagin novensexagin septuagin unseptuagin duoseptuagin treseptuagin quattuorseptuagin quinquaseptuagin seseptuagin septenseptuagin octoseptuagin novenseptuagin octogin unoctogin duooctogin tresoctogin' _=_ 'quattuoroctogin quinquaoctogin sexoctogin septemoctogin octooctogin novemoctogin nonagin unnonagin duononagin trenonagin quattuornonagin quinquanonagin senonagin septenonagin octononagin novenonagin cen uncen duocen trescen quattuorcen' _=_ 'quinquacen sexcen septencen octocen novencen decicen undecicen duodecicen tredecicen quattuordecicen quinquadecicen sedecicen septendecicen octodecicen novendecicen viginticen unviginticen duoviginticen tresviginticen quattuorviginticen' _=_ 'quinquaviginticen sesviginticen septemviginticen octoviginticen novemviginticen trigintacen untrigintacen duotrigintacen trestrigintacen quattuortrigintacen quinquatrigintacen sestrigintacen septentrigintacen octotrigintacen' _=_ 'noventrigintacen quadragintacen unquadragintacen duoquadragintacen tresquadragintacen quattuorquadragintacen quinquaquadragintacen sesquadragintacen septenquadragintacen octoquadragintacen novenquadragintacen quinquagintacen' _=_ 'unquinquagintacen duoquinquagintacen tresquinquagintacen quattuorquinquagintacen quinquaquinquagintacen sesquinquagintacen septenquinquagintacen octoquinquagintacen novenquinquagintacen sexagintacen unsexagintacen duosexagintacen' _=_ 'tresexagintacen quattuorsexagintacen quinquasexagintacen sesexagintacen septensexagintacen octosexagintacen novensexagintacen septuagintacen unseptuagintacen duoseptuagintacen treseptuagintacen quattuorseptuagintacen quinquaseptuagintacen' _=_ 'seseptuagintacen septenseptuagintacen octoseptuagintacen novenseptuagintacen octogintacen unoctogintacen duooctogintacen tresoctogintacen quattuoroctogintacen quinquaoctogintacen sexoctogintacen septemoctogintacen octooctogintacen' _=_ 'novemoctogintacen nonagintacen unnonagintacen duononagintacen trenonagintacen quattuornonagintacen quinquanonagintacen senonagintacen septenonagintacen octononagintacen novenonagintacen ducen unducen duoducen treducen quattuorducen' _=_ 'quinquaducen seducen septenducen octoducen novenducen deciducen undeciducen duodeciducen tredeciducen quattuordeciducen quinquadeciducen sedeciducen septendeciducen octodeciducen novendeciducen vigintiducen unvigintiducen duovigintiducen' _=_ 'tresvigintiducen quattuorvigintiducen quinquavigintiducen sesvigintiducen septemvigintiducen octovigintiducen novemvigintiducen trigintaducen untrigintaducen duotrigintaducen trestrigintaducen quattuortrigintaducen quinquatrigintaducen' _=_ 'sestrigintaducen septentrigintaducen octotrigintaducen noventrigintaducen quadragintaducen unquadragintaducen duoquadragintaducen tresquadragintaducen quattuorquadragintaducen quinquaquadragintaducen sesquadragintaducen' _=_ 'septenquadragintaducen octoquadragintaducen novenquadragintaducen quinquagintaducen unquinquagintaducen duoquinquagintaducen tresquinquagintaducen quattuorquinquagintaducen quinquaquinquagintaducen sesquinquagintaducen' _=_ 'septenquinquagintaducen octoquinquagintaducen novenquinquagintaducen sexagintaducen unsexagintaducen duosexagintaducen tresexagintaducen quattuorsexagintaducen quinquasexagintaducen sesexagintaducen septensexagintaducen octosexagintaducen' _=_ 'novensexagintaducen septuagintaducen unseptuagintaducen duoseptuagintaducen treseptuagintaducen quattuorseptuagintaducen quinquaseptuagintaducen seseptuagintaducen septenseptuagintaducen octoseptuagintaducen novenseptuagintaducen' _=_ 'octogintaducen unoctogintaducen duooctogintaducen tresoctogintaducen quattuoroctogintaducen quinquaoctogintaducen sexoctogintaducen septemoctogintaducen octooctogintaducen novemoctogintaducen nonagintaducen unnonagintaducen' _=_ 'duononagintaducen trenonagintaducen quattuornonagintaducen quinquanonagintaducen senonagintaducen septenonagintaducen octononagintaducen novenonagintaducen trecen untrecen duotrecen trestrecen quattuortrecen quinquatrecen sestrecen' _=_ 'septentrecen octotrecen noventrecen decitrecen undecitrecen duodecitrecen tredecitrecen quattuordecitrecen quinquadecitrecen sedecitrecen septendecitrecen octodecitrecen novendecitrecen vigintitrecen unvigintitrecen duovigintitrecen' _=_ 'tresvigintitrecen quattuorvigintitrecen quinquavigintitrecen sesvigintitrecen septemvigintitrecen octovigintitrecen novemvigintitrecen trigintatrecen untrigintatrecen duotrigintatrecen trestrigintatrecen quattuortrigintatrecen' _=_ 'quinquatrigintatrecen sestrigintatrecen septentrigintatrecen octotrigintatrecen noventrigintatrecen quadragintatrecen unquadragintatrecen duoquadragintatrecen tresquadragintatrecen quattuorquadragintatrecen quinquaquadragintatrecen' _=_ 'sesquadragintatrecen septenquadragintatrecen octoquadragintatrecen novenquadragintatrecen quinquagintatrecen unquinquagintatrecen duoquinquagintatrecen tresquinquagintatrecen quattuorquinquagintatrecen quinquaquinquagintatrecen' _=_ 'sesquinquagintatrecen septenquinquagintatrecen octoquinquagintatrecen novenquinquagintatrecen sexagintatrecen unsexagintatrecen duosexagintatrecen tresexagintatrecen quattuorsexagintatrecen quinquasexagintatrecen sesexagintatrecen' _=_ 'septensexagintatrecen octosexagintatrecen novensexagintatrecen septuagintatrecen unseptuagintatrecen duoseptuagintatrecen treseptuagintatrecen quattuorseptuagintatrecen quinquaseptuagintatrecen seseptuagintatrecen septenseptuagintatrecen' _=_ 'octoseptuagintatrecen novenseptuagintatrecen octogintatrecen unoctogintatrecen duooctogintatrecen tresoctogintatrecen quattuoroctogintatrecen quinquaoctogintatrecen sexoctogintatrecen septemoctogintatrecen octooctogintatrecen' _=_ 'novemoctogintatrecen nonagintatrecen unnonagintatrecen duononagintatrecen trenonagintatrecen quattuornonagintatrecen quinquanonagintatrecen senonagintatrecen septenonagintatrecen octononagintatrecen novenonagintatrecen quadringen' _=_ 'unquadringen duoquadringen tresquadringen quattuorquadringen quinquaquadringen sesquadringen septenquadringen octoquadringen novenquadringen deciquadringen undeciquadringen duodeciquadringen tredeciquadringen quattuordeciquadringen' _=_ 'quinquadeciquadringen sedeciquadringen septendeciquadringen octodeciquadringen novendeciquadringen vigintiquadringen unvigintiquadringen duovigintiquadringen tresvigintiquadringen quattuorvigintiquadringen quinquavigintiquadringen' _=_ 'sesvigintiquadringen septemvigintiquadringen octovigintiquadringen novemvigintiquadringen trigintaquadringen untrigintaquadringen duotrigintaquadringen trestrigintaquadringen quattuortrigintaquadringen quinquatrigintaquadringen' _=_ 'sestrigintaquadringen septentrigintaquadringen octotrigintaquadringen noventrigintaquadringen quadragintaquadringen unquadragintaquadringen duoquadragintaquadringen tresquadragintaquadringen quattuorquadragintaquadringen' _=_ 'quinquaquadragintaquadringen sesquadragintaquadringen septenquadragintaquadringen octoquadragintaquadringen novenquadragintaquadringen quinquagintaquadringen unquinquagintaquadringen duoquinquagintaquadringen tresquinquagintaquadringen' _=_ 'quattuorquinquagintaquadringen quinquaquinquagintaquadringen sesquinquagintaquadringen septenquinquagintaquadringen octoquinquagintaquadringen novenquinquagintaquadringen sexagintaquadringen unsexagintaquadringen duosexagintaquadringen' _=_ 'tresexagintaquadringen quattuorsexagintaquadringen quinquasexagintaquadringen sesexagintaquadringen septensexagintaquadringen octosexagintaquadringen novensexagintaquadringen septuagintaquadringen unseptuagintaquadringen' _=_ 'duoseptuagintaquadringen treseptuagintaquadringen quattuorseptuagintaquadringen quinquaseptuagintaquadringen seseptuagintaquadringen septenseptuagintaquadringen octoseptuagintaquadringen novenseptuagintaquadringen octogintaquadringen' _=_ 'unoctogintaquadringen duooctogintaquadringen tresoctogintaquadringen quattuoroctogintaquadringen quinquaoctogintaquadringen sexoctogintaquadringen septemoctogintaquadringen octooctogintaquadringen novemoctogintaquadringen' _=_ 'nonagintaquadringen unnonagintaquadringen duononagintaquadringen trenonagintaquadringen quattuornonagintaquadringen quinquanonagintaquadringen senonagintaquadringen septenonagintaquadringen octononagintaquadringen novenonagintaquadringen' _=_ 'quingen unquingen duoquingen tresquingen quattuorquingen quinquaquingen sesquingen septenquingen octoquingen novenquingen deciquingen undeciquingen duodeciquingen tredeciquingen quattuordeciquingen quinquadeciquingen sedeciquingen' _=_ 'septendeciquingen octodeciquingen novendeciquingen vigintiquingen unvigintiquingen duovigintiquingen tresvigintiquingen quattuorvigintiquingen quinquavigintiquingen sesvigintiquingen septemvigintiquingen octovigintiquingen' _=_ 'novemvigintiquingen trigintaquingen untrigintaquingen duotrigintaquingen trestrigintaquingen quattuortrigintaquingen quinquatrigintaquingen sestrigintaquingen septentrigintaquingen octotrigintaquingen noventrigintaquingen quadragintaquinge' _=_ 'unquadragintaquingen duoquadragintaquingen tresquadragintaquingen quattuorquadragintaquingen quinquaquadragintaquingen sesquadragintaquingen septenquadragintaquingen octoquadragintaquingen novenquadragintaquingen quinquagintaquingen' _=_ 'unquinquagintaquingen duoquinquagintaquingen tresquinquagintaquingen quattuorquinquagintaquingen quinquaquinquagintaquingen sesquinquagintaquingen septenquinquagintaquingen octoquinquagintaquingen novenquinquagintaquingen sexagintaquingen' _=_ 'unsexagintaquingen duosexagintaquingen tresexagintaquingen quattuorsexagintaquingen quinquasexagintaquingen sesexagintaquingen septensexagintaquingen octosexagintaquingen novensexagintaquingen septuagintaquingen unseptuagintaquingen' _=_ 'duoseptuagintaquingen treseptuagintaquingen quattuorseptuagintaquingen quinquaseptuagintaquingen seseptuagintaquingen septenseptuagintaquingen octoseptuagintaquingen novenseptuagintaquingen octogintaquingen unoctogintaquingen' _=_ 'duooctogintaquingen tresoctogintaquingen quattuoroctogintaquingen quinquaoctogintaquingen sexoctogintaquingen septemoctogintaquingen octooctogintaquingen novemoctogintaquingen nonagintaquingen unnonagintaquingen duononagintaquingen' _=_ 'trenonagintaquingen quattuornonagintaquingen quinquanonagintaquingen senonagintaquingen septenonagintaquingen octononagintaquingen novenonagintaquingen sescen unsescen duosescen tresescen quattuorsescen quinquasescen sesescen septensescen' _=_ 'octosescen novensescen decisescen undecisescen duodecisescen tredecisescen quattuordecisescen quinquadecisescen sedecisescen septendecisescen octodecisescen novendecisescen vigintisescen unvigintisescen duovigintisescen tresvigintisescen' _=_ 'quattuorvigintisescen quinquavigintisescen sesvigintisescen septemvigintisescen octovigintisescen novemvigintisescen trigintasescen untrigintasescen duotrigintasescen trestrigintasescen quattuortrigintasescen quinquatrigintasescen' _=_ 'sestrigintasescen septentrigintasescen octotrigintasescen noventrigintasescen quadragintasescen unquadragintasescen duoquadragintasescen tresquadragintasescen quattuorquadragintasescen quinquaquadragintasescen sesquadragintasescen' _=_ 'septenquadragintasescen octoquadragintasescen novenquadragintasescen quinquagintasescen unquinquagintasescen duoquinquagintasescen tresquinquagintasescen quattuorquinquagintasescen quinquaquinquagintasescen sesquinquagintasescen' _=_ 'septenquinquagintasescen octoquinquagintasescen novenquinquagintasescen sexagintasescen unsexagintasescen duosexagintasescen tresexagintasescen quattuorsexagintasescen quinquasexagintasescen sesexagintasescen septensexagintasescen' _=_ 'octosexagintasescen novensexagintasescen septuagintasescen unseptuagintasescen duoseptuagintasescen treseptuagintasescen quattuorseptuagintasescen quinquaseptuagintasescen seseptuagintasescen septenseptuagintasescen octoseptuagintasescen' _=_ 'novenseptuagintasescen octogintasescen unoctogintasescen duooctogintasescen tresoctogintasescen quattuoroctogintasescen quinquaoctogintasescen sexoctogintasescen septemoctogintasescen octooctogintasescen novemoctogintasescen nonagintasesce' _=_ 'unnonagintasescen duononagintasescen trenonagintasescen quattuornonagintasescen quinquanonagintasescen senonagintasescen septenonagintasescen octononagintasescen novenonagintasescen septingen unseptingen duoseptingen treseptingen' _=_ 'quattuorseptingen quinquaseptingen seseptingen septenseptingen octoseptingen novenseptingen deciseptingen undeciseptingen duodeciseptingen tredeciseptingen quattuordeciseptingen quinquadeciseptingen sedeciseptingen septendeciseptingen' _=_ 'octodeciseptingen novendeciseptingen vigintiseptingen unvigintiseptingen duovigintiseptingen tresvigintiseptingen quattuorvigintiseptingen quinquavigintiseptingen sesvigintiseptingen septemvigintiseptingen octovigintiseptingen' _=_ 'novemvigintiseptingen trigintaseptingen untrigintaseptingen duotrigintaseptingen trestrigintaseptingen quattuortrigintaseptingen quinquatrigintaseptingen sestrigintaseptingen septentrigintaseptingen octotrigintaseptingen' _=_ 'noventrigintaseptingen quadragintaseptingen unquadragintaseptingen duoquadragintaseptingen tresquadragintaseptingen quattuorquadragintaseptingen quinquaquadragintaseptingen sesquadragintaseptingen septenquadragintaseptingen' _=_ 'octoquadragintaseptingen novenquadragintaseptingen quinquagintaseptingen unquinquagintaseptingen duoquinquagintaseptingen tresquinquagintaseptingen quattuorquinquagintaseptingen quinquaquinquagintaseptingen sesquinquagintaseptingen' _=_ 'septenquinquagintaseptingen octoquinquagintaseptingen novenquinquagintaseptingen sexagintaseptingen unsexagintaseptingen duosexagintaseptingen tresexagintaseptingen quattuorsexagintaseptingen quinquasexagintaseptingen sesexagintaseptingen' _=_ 'septensexagintaseptingen octosexagintaseptingen novensexagintaseptingen septuagintaseptingen unseptuagintaseptingen duoseptuagintaseptingen treseptuagintaseptingen quattuorseptuagintaseptingen quinquaseptuagintaseptingen' _=_ 'seseptuagintaseptingen septenseptuagintaseptingen octoseptuagintaseptingen novenseptuagintaseptingen octogintaseptingen unoctogintaseptingen duooctogintaseptingen tresoctogintaseptingen quattuoroctogintaseptingen quinquaoctogintaseptingen' _=_ 'sexoctogintaseptingen septemoctogintaseptingen octooctogintaseptingen novemoctogintaseptingen nonagintaseptingen unnonagintaseptingen duononagintaseptingen trenonagintaseptingen quattuornonagintaseptingen quinquanonagintaseptingen' _=_ 'senonagintaseptingen septenonagintaseptingen octononagintaseptingen novenonagintaseptingen octingen unoctingen duooctingen tresoctingen quattuoroctingen quinquaoctingen sexoctingen septemoctingen octooctingen novemoctingen decioctingen' _=_ 'undecioctingen duodecioctingen tredecioctingen quattuordecioctingen quinquadecioctingen sedecioctingen septendecioctingen octodecioctingen novendecioctingen vigintioctingen unvigintioctingen duovigintioctingen tresvigintioctingen' _=_ 'quattuorvigintioctingen quinquavigintioctingen sesvigintioctingen septemvigintioctingen octovigintioctingen novemvigintioctingen trigintaoctingen untrigintaoctingen duotrigintaoctingen trestrigintaoctingen quattuortrigintaoctingen' _=_ 'quinquatrigintaoctingen sestrigintaoctingen septentrigintaoctingen octotrigintaoctingen noventrigintaoctingen quadragintaoctingen unquadragintaoctingen duoquadragintaoctingen tresquadragintaoctingen quattuorquadragintaoctingen' _=_ 'quinquaquadragintaoctingen sesquadragintaoctingen septenquadragintaoctingen octoquadragintaoctingen novenquadragintaoctingen quinquagintaoctingen unquinquagintaoctingen duoquinquagintaoctingen tresquinquagintaoctingen' _=_ 'quattuorquinquagintaoctingen quinquaquinquagintaoctingen sesquinquagintaoctingen septenquinquagintaoctingen octoquinquagintaoctingen novenquinquagintaoctingen sexagintaoctingen unsexagintaoctingen duosexagintaoctingen tresexagintaoctingen' _=_ 'quattuorsexagintaoctingen quinquasexagintaoctingen sesexagintaoctingen septensexagintaoctingen octosexagintaoctingen novensexagintaoctingen septuagintaoctingen unseptuagintaoctingen duoseptuagintaoctingen treseptuagintaoctingen' _=_ 'quattuorseptuagintaoctingen quinquaseptuagintaoctingen seseptuagintaoctingen septenseptuagintaoctingen octoseptuagintaoctingen novenseptuagintaoctingen octogintaoctingen unoctogintaoctingen duooctogintaoctingen tresoctogintaoctingen' _=_ 'quattuoroctogintaoctingen quinquaoctogintaoctingen sexoctogintaoctingen septemoctogintaoctingen octooctogintaoctingen novemoctogintaoctingen nonagintaoctingen unnonagintaoctingen duononagintaoctingen trenonagintaoctingen' _=_ 'quattuornonagintaoctingen quinquanonagintaoctingen senonagintaoctingen septenonagintaoctingen octononagintaoctingen novenonagintaoctingen nongen unnongen duonongen trenongen quattuornongen quinquanongen senongen septenongen octonongen' _=_ 'novenongen decinongen undecinongen duodecinongen tredecinongen quattuordecinongen quinquadecinongen sedecinongen septendecinongen octodecinongen novendecinongen vigintinongen unvigintinongen duovigintinongen tresvigintinongen' _=_ 'quattuorvigintinongen quinquavigintinongen sesvigintinongen septemvigintinongen octovigintinongen novemvigintinongen trigintanongen untrigintanongen duotrigintanongen trestrigintanongen quattuortrigintanongen quinquatrigintanongen' _=_ 'sestrigintanongen septentrigintanongen octotrigintanongen noventrigintanongen quadragintanongen unquadragintanongen duoquadragintanongen tresquadragintanongen quattuorquadragintanongen quinquaquadragintanongen sesquadragintanongen' _=_ 'septenquadragintanongen octoquadragintanongen novenquadragintanongen quinquagintanongen unquinquagintanongen duoquinquagintanongen tresquinquagintanongen quattuorquinquagintanongen quinquaquinquagintanongen sesquinquagintanongen' _=_ 'septenquinquagintanongen octoquinquagintanongen novenquinquagintanongen sexagintanongen unsexagintanongen duosexagintanongen tresexagintanongen quattuorsexagintanongen quinquasexagintanongen sesexagintanongen septensexagintanongen' _=_ 'octosexagintanongen novensexagintanongen septuagintanongen unseptuagintanongen duoseptuagintanongen treseptuagintanongen quattuorseptuagintanongen quinquaseptuagintanongen seseptuagintanongen septenseptuagintanongen octoseptuagintanongen' _=_ 'novenseptuagintanongen octogintanongen unoctogintanongen duooctogintanongen tresoctogintanongen quattuoroctogintanongen quinquaoctogintanongen sexoctogintanongen septemoctogintanongen octooctogintanongen novemoctogintanongen nonagintanonge' _=_ 'unnonagintanongen duononagintanongen trenonagintanongen quattuornonagintanongen quinquanonagintanongen senonagintanongen septenonagintanongen novenonagintanongen octononagintanongen'

amers= words(_)

                        do j=1  for amers
                        a.j= word(_, j)
                        end   /*j*/

maxzlen= amers * 3

if british then do

                engs   = amers * 2   -   2
                maxzlen= engs  * 3
                                           do k=1  for 2
                                           b.k= a.k
                                           end   /*k*/
                        do j=3  to amers
                        _= j * 2   -   3
                        b._= a.j
                        _n= _ + 1
                        b._n= a.j
                        end   /*j*/
                drop a.

n= space(n) _= left(n, 1) sig=

if _=='-' | _=="+" then do /*handle leading sign (+ -). */

                          if _=='+'  then sig=  plus
                                     else sig= minus
                          n= substr(n, 2)                /*remove the leading sign.    */

numeric digits 80 + maxzlen

zpoints = countstr( . , n); zpoint = zpoints \==0

                                      if zpoints >1  then call er 59, 'decimal-points(.)'

zdollars= countstr('$', n); zdollar= zdollars\==0

                                      if zdollars>1  then call er 59, 'dollar-signs($)'

zeuros = countstr('ε', n); zeuro = zeuros \==0

                                      if zeuros  >1  then call er 59, 'euro-signs(ε)'

zfrancs = countstr('ƒ', n); zfranc = zfrancs \==0

                                      if zfrancs >1  then call er 59, 'franc-signs(ƒ)'

zpounds = countstr('£', n); zpound = zpounds \==0

                                      if zpounds >1  then call er 59, 'pound-signs(£)'

zyens = countstr('¥', n); zyen = zyens \==0

                                      if zyens   >1  then call er 59, 'yen-signs(¥)'

zpisetas= countstr('₧', n); zpiseta= zpisetas\==0

                                      if zpisetas>1  then call er 59, 'piseta-signs(₧)'

zcents = countstr('¢', n); zcent = zcents \==0

                                      if zcents  >1  then call er 59, 'cent-signs(¢)'

zcurrs = zdollars + zeuros + zpounds + zyens + zpisetas + zfrancs + zcents zcurr = zcurrs \== 0

if zcurrs>2 then call er 59, 'currency symbols'

if zdollar then do; xcurr= dollar; n= changestr("$", n, ); end if zeuro then do; xcurr= euro; n= changestr("ε", n, ); end if zpound then do; xcurr= pound; n= changestr("£", n, ); end if zyen then do; xcurr= yen; n= changestr("¥", n, ); end if zpiseta then do; xcurr= piseta; n= changestr("₧", n, ); end if zfranc then do; xcurr= franc; n= changestr("ƒ", n, ); end if zcent then do; xcurr= cent; n= changestr("¢", n, ); end

if zpoint then dot= point /*the number has a decimal point. */

_= right(n, 1) /*pick off right─most character of num.*/ if ismix(_) | _=='!' then n= num(n) /*if number has a suffix, convert it. */

parse upper var n n 'E' exponent /*parse the exponent, if present. */ parse var n n '.' fraction

leadzs= compare(n, copies(0, digits()) ) - 1 /*count the leading zeroes in number. */ n= changestr(',', n, "") /*change commas to nulls (delete 'em).*/

if isnum(n) then do /*this DO structure must be presered···*/

                 if \asis  then n= n / 1
                 end                            /*elsewise the THEN/ELSEs aren't paired.*/
            else do 1
                 if n==  then leave           /*this LEAVE is why there is a  DO  1  */
                 expression= n
                 interpret  'number='expression
                 n= number % 1                  /*reduce  NUMBER  to an integer.       */
                 end   /*1*/                    /* [↑]   same as  TRUNC(number)        */

if xcurr\== & xcurr\==zyen & n\==1 then xcurr= xcurr's' /*need to ba plural? */

max#= 10**maxzlen * 1000 - 1 if \asis & isnum(n) then n= n / 1 /*normalize integer. */

if n\== & isnum(n) then if n>max# then call er 81, -max# max# ogn /*in range ? */ if n\== & \isint(n) then call er 53, n /*numeric ? */ if abs(n)>max# then call er 81, -max# max# ogn /*in range ? */

if leading\== then leadingz= copies(leading' ',leadzs)

if asayear & right(n, 3)\==000 then do

                                      #= spnte( left(n, max(0, length(n) - 2) ) )
                                      if #==zero       then #=
                                      _2= right(n, 2)
                                      _= spnte(_2)
                                      if _==zero       then _= "hundred"
                                      if _2<10 & _2>0  then _= zero _
                                      #= sig  ||  # _
                               else #= sig  ||  leadingz  ||  spnte(n)

if ordinal then do

                w= words(#)
                p= word(#, w)
                oldp= p
                if pos('-', p)\==0  then parse var  p     pp  "-"  p
                if pp\==          then pp= pp"-"
                     select                                  /* [↓]  adjust some words.*/
                     when p=='one'          then p= "first"
                     when p=='two'          then p= "second"
                     when p=='three'        then p= "third"
                     when p=='five'         then p= "fifth"
                     when p=='eight'        then p= "eighth"
                     when p=='nine'         then p= "ninth"
                     when p=='twelve'       then p= "twelfth"
                     when right(p, 1)=='y'  then p= left(p, length(p) - 1)"ieth"
                     otherwise                  sx= 'th'
                     end   /*select*/
                if p\==oldp  then if w==1  then #= pp  ||  p
                                           else #= subword(#, 1, w-1)  pp  ||  p
                #= #  ||  sx

Lf= length(fraction) if zdollar & (Lf==1 | Lf==2) then do

                                      if fraction\=1  then cent= cent's'
                                      fractions= sp(fraction)  cent
                                      dot= xcurr  andcent
                                 else do j=1  for Lf
                                      _= substr(fraction, j, 1)
                                      fractions= fractions  dig._
                                      end   /*j*/

if exponent\== then do

                      if \isint(exponent)  then call er 53, exponent 'exponent'
                      _= sp(exponent  "ORDINAL")
                      if _\==            then exponents= raised _ power

after= space(dot fractions exponents xcurr)

  if after\==       then after= " "after
  1. = translate(# || after, , "_")
  if blanks\==      then #= translate(#, blanks, " ")
  if \quiet           then call $t tops #

return #

/*──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────*/ spnte: parse arg zz

      if zz==0  |  zz=' '  then return nothing
      bzz= reverse(zz)
                       has_t= 22
      if british  then has_t= 41
      if single   then do j=1  for length(zz)
                       _= substr(zz, j, 1)
                       en= en dig._
                       end   /*j*/
                  else do j=1  to maxzlen  by 3
                       _= (j+2) % 3
                       if american    then zillion= a._
                                      else zillion= b._
                       if zillion==0  then zillion=
                       if _>=has_t    then zillion= zillion't'
                       if _>2  then if american  then zillion= zillion'illion'
                                                 else if _//2  then zillion= zillion'illion'
                                                               else zillion= zillion'illiard'
                          ttt= reverse( substr(bzz, j, 3) )
                       if ttt=='   '  then leave
                          ttt= right( strip(ttt), 3, 0)
                       if ttt== 000   then iterate
                       x= sphtu(ttt)  zillion
                       if en\==     then en= sep  ||  en
                          en=x en
                       end   /*j*/
      en= strip( translate(en, , "_") )
      if en==  then if zcurr  then do           /*this  DO  structure must be intact.*/
                                     if \zcent  then en= " no"
                                     end          /*don't simplify this DO~IF~END group*/
                                else en=zero
      return en

/*──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────*/ sphtu: procedure; parse arg z /*SPell Hundred Tens Units. */

      @987= 'nine eight seven six five four three two one'
      zm= substr(z, 2, 1)
      zr= right(z, 1)
      zh= word(@987, 10 - left(z, 1))
      if zh\==  then zh= zh  "hundred"
      zt= word('ninety eighty seventy sixty fifty forty thirty twenty',  10 - zm)
      zu= word(@987, 10 - zr)
      @teens= 'ten eleven twelve thir four fif six seven eigh nine'
      if zm==1  then  do
                      zt= word(@teens, zr + 1)
                      if zr>2  then zt= zt'teen'
      if zt\==  &  zu\==""   then do
                                    zt= zt'-'zu
      return space(zh zt zu)

/*═════════════════════════════general 1─line subs══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════*/ !all:  !!=!;!=space(!);upper !;call !fid;!nt=right(!var('OS'),2)=='NT';!cls=word('CLS VMFCLEAR CLRSCREEN',1+!cms+!tso*2);if arg(1)\==1 then return 0;if wordpos(!,'? ?SAMPLES ?AUTHOR ?FLOW')==0 then return 0;!call=']$H';call '$H' !fn !;!call=;return 1 !cal: if symbol('!CALL')\=="VAR" then !call=; return !call !env: !env='ENVIRONMENT'; if !sys=="MSDOS" | !brexx | !r4 | !roo then !env='SYSTEM'; if !os2 then !env="OS"!env; !ebcdic=6=='f6'x; if !crx then !env="DOS"; return !fid: parse upper source !sys !fun !fid . 1 . . !fn !ft !fm .; call !sys; if !dos then do; _=lastpos('\', !fn); !fm=left(!fn, _); !fn=substr(!fn, _+1); parse var !fn !fn "." !ft; end; return word(0 !fn !ft !fm, 1 + ("0"arg(1) ) ) !rex: parse upper version !ver !vernum !verdate .; !brexx='BY'==!vernum; !kexx="KEXX"==!ver; !pcrexx='REXX/PERSONAL'==!ver | "REXX/PC"==!ver; !r4='REXX-R4'==!ver; !regina="REXX-REGINA"==left(!ver, 11); !roo='REXX-ROO'==!ver; call !env; return !sys: !cms=!sys=='CMS'; !os2=!sys=="OS2"; !tso=!sys=='TSO' | !sys=="MVS"; !vse=!sys=='VSE'; !dos=pos("DOS", !sys)\==0 | pos('WIN', !sys)\==0 | !sys=="CMD"; !crx=left(!sys, 6)=='DOSCRX'; call !rex; return !var: call !fid; if !kexx then return space(dosenv(arg(1))); return space(value(arg(1),,!env)) $fact!: procedure; parse arg x _ .; L=length(x); n=L - length( strip(x, 'T', "!")); if n<=-n | _\== | arg()\==1 then return x; z=left(x, L-n); if z<0 | \isint(z) then return x; return $fact(z, n) $fact: procedure; parse arg x _ .; arg ,n ! .; n=p(n 1); if \isint(n) then n=0; if x<-n | \isint(x) | n<1 | _ || !\== | arg()>2 then return x || copies("!", max(1, n)); !=1; s=x//n; if s==0 then s=n; do j=s to x by n; !=!*j; end; return ! $sfxa: parse arg ,s,m; arg u,c; if pos( left(s, 2), u)\==0 then do j=length(s) to compare(s,c) -1 by -1; if right(u, j)\==left(c, j) then iterate; _=left(u, length(u) - j); if isnum(_) then return m*_; leave; end; return arg(1) $sfxf: parse arg y; if right(y, 1)=='!' then y=$fact!(y); if \isnum(y) then y=$sfxz(); if isnum(y) then return y; return $sfxm(y) $sfxm: parse arg z; arg w; b=1000; if right(w,1)=='I' then do; z=shorten(z); w=z; upper w; b=1024; end; p=pos(right(w,1),'KMGTPEZYXWVU'); if p==0 then return arg(1); n=shorten(z); r=num(n,f,1); if isnum(r) then return r*b**p; return arg(1) $sfxz: return $sfxa($sfxa($sfxa($sfxa($sfxa($sfxa(y,'PAIRs',2),'DOZens',12),'SCore',20),'GREATGRoss',1728),'GRoss',144),'GOOGOLs',1e100) $t: !call=']$T'; call "$T" arg(1); !call=; return abb: arg abbu; parse arg abb; return abbrev(abbu, _, abbl(abb) ) abbl: return verify(arg(1)'a',@abc,'M')-1 abbn: parse arg abbn; return abb(abbn) | abb('NO'abbn) countstr: procedure; parse arg n,h,s; if s== then s= 1; w= length(n); do r=0 until _==0; _=pos(n, h, s); s= _ + w; end; return r er: parse arg _1,_2; call '$ERR' "14"p(_1) p(word(_1,2) !fid(1)) _2; if _1<0 then return _1; exit result err: call er "-"arg(1), arg(2); return erx: call er "-"arg(1), arg(2); exit getdtfid: tfid= p( !var("TMP") !var('TEMP') homeDrive()"\"); if substr(tfid, 2, 1)==':' & substr(tfid, 3, 1)\=="\" then tfid= insert('\', t, 2); return strip( tfid, "T", '\')"\"arg(1)'.'arg(2) getTFID: if symbol('TFID')=='LIT' then tfid=; if tfid\== then return tfid; gfn=word(arg(1) !fn,1); gft=word(arg(2) 'ANS',1);tfid='TEMP'; if !tso then tfid=gfn'.'gft; if !cms then tfid=gfn','gft",A4";if !dos then tfid=getdTFID(gfn,gft);return tfid halt: call er .1 homeDrive: if symbol('HOMEDRIVE')\=="VAR" then homeDrive=p( !var('HOMEDRIVE') 'C:'); return homedrive int: int=num( arg(1), arg(2) ); if \isint(int) then call er 92, arg(1) arg(2); return int/1 ishex: return datatype( arg(1), 'X') isint: return datatype( arg(1), 'W') ismix: return datatype( arg(1), 'M') isnum: return datatype( arg(1), 'N') na: if arg(1)\== then call er 01, arg(2); parse var ops na ops; if na== then call er 35, _o; return na nai: return int(na(), _o) nan: return num(na(), _o) no: if arg(1)\== then call er 01,arg(2); return left(_, 2)\=='NO' noValue: !sigl=sigl; call er 17, !fid(2) !fid(3) !sigl condition('D') sourceline(!sigl) num: procedure; parse arg x .,f,q; if x== then return x; if isnum(x) then return x/1; x=space( translate(x,,','),0); if \isnum(x) then x=$sfxf(x); if isnum(x) then return x/1;if q==1 then return x; if q== then call er 53,x f;call erx 53,x f p: return word( arg(1), 1) shorten: procedure; parse arg a,n; return left(a, max(0, length(a) - p(n 1))) sp: !call= ']'!fn; sp="$SPELL#"(arg(1) 'Q'); !call=; return sp syntax: !sigl= sigl; call er 13, !fid(2) !fid(3) !sigl !cal() condition('D') sourceline(!sigl) </lang>

Note:   The subroutines and functions in the     ══general 1-line subs══     section were kept to one line, elsewise, the program would be exceedingly long.   These functions and subroutines were meant to be brief and not clutter up the main program.