Talk:Check that file exists

From Rosetta Code

Old solution for C[edit]

#include<stdio.h>
#include<dir.h>
#include<errno.h>
 
signed int fexist(char*s){
FILE*f=fopen(s,"r");
if(!f)return (errno==ENOENT)-1;
fclose(f);
return 1;
}
 
signed int direxist(char*s){
if(chdir(s))return (errno==ENOENT)-1;
return 1;
}
 
void report(char*name,signed int r){
char*s="might";
if(r>0)s="does";
else if(!r)s="does not";
printf("%s %s exist.\r\n",name,s);
}
 
void chkfile(char*s){
report(s,fexist(s));
}
 
void chkdir(char*s){
report(s,direxist(s));
}
 
int main(){
chkfile("input.txt");
chkfile("/input.txt");
chkdir("docs");
chkdir("/docs");
return 0;
}

This used chdir() from POSIX to test a directory. I got compiler error, because OpenBSD has no <dir.h>; I must use <unistd.h>. I also got "input.txt does exist" when input.txt was a directory, because BSD can fopen() a directory. The current solution for C uses S_ISREG() and S_ISDIR() from POSIX. --Kernigh 00:59, 18 May 2011 (UTC)

Rename[edit]

I think this should be named "Check if file exists". I think we are checking, rather than ensuring. "Ensure" implies creation if file does not exist. Markhobley 20:13, 18 August 2011 (UTC)

That seems fine. --Mwn3d 20:35, 18 August 2011 (UTC)


Extra credits[edit]

Would it be possible to add a "Extra credits" for the test to make sure that a directory called input.txt is not identified as a file, and vice versa for docs? Or to just add it as a clarification. --Bengt Mon May 27 08:48:26 CEST 2013

Old solution for GNU Awk[edit]

 
# syntax: GAWK -f CHECK_THAT_FILE_EXISTS.AWK
BEGIN {
check_exists("input.txt")
check_exists("\\input.txt")
check_exists("docs")
check_exists("\\docs")
exit(0)
}
function check_exists(name, fnr,msg,rec) {
while (getline rec <name > 0) {
fnr++
break
}
# "Permission denied" is for MS-Windows
msg = (ERRNO == 0 || ERRNO ~ /Permission denied/ || fnr > 0) ? "exists" : "does not exist"
printf("%s - %s\n",name,msg)
close(name)
}
 

It reports "not exist" if input.txt is a 0-length file. -- 3havj7t3nps8z8wij3g9 (talk) 17:34, 23 May 2015 (UTC)