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B-spline

From Rosetta Code
B-spline is a draft programming task. It is not yet considered ready to be promoted as a complete task, for reasons that should be found in its talk page.
Task

Generate a B-spline curve with a list of 12 points and plot or save image.

Coordinates of control points:

   start=171,171 
   1 185,111, 
   2 202,109, 
   3 202,189 
   4 328,160 
   5 208,254 
   6 241,330 
   7 164,252 
   8 69,278 
   9 139,208 
   10 72,148 
   end=168,172


Rules!!!!

Do not use third party libraries or functions

See also




Julia[edit]

Choose BSpline D of 2, ie degree 1.

using Graphics, Plots
 
Point(t::Tuple) = Vec2(Float64(t[1]), Float64(t[2]))
const controlpoints = Point.([(171, 171), (185, 111), (202, 109), (202, 189), (328, 160),
(208, 254), (241, 330), (164,252), (69, 278), (139, 208), (72, 148), (168, 172)])
plt = plot(map(a -> a.x, controlpoints), map(a -> a.y, controlpoints))
savefig(plt, "BSplineplot.png")

Mathematica/Wolfram Language[edit]

Graphics[
BSplineCurve[{{171, 171}, {185, 111}, {202, 109}, {202, 189}, {328,
160}, {208, 254}, {241, 330}, {164, 252}, {69, 278}, {139,
208}, {72, 148}, {168, 172}}, SplineClosed -> True,
SplineDegree -> 2]]
Output:

Outputs a graphical representation of a B-spline.

Wren[edit]

Library: DOME

In the absence of any clarification on what to use (see Talk page), the following uses a degree of 3 (i.e order k = 4) and a uniform knot vector from 1 to 16 (as there are 12 control points) with a delta of 1.

If one uses a value for k of 1, then the script will simply plot the control points as in the Julia example.

import "dome" for Window, Process
import "graphics" for Canvas, Color
 
class BSpline {
construct new(width, height, cpoints, k) {
Window.resize(width, height)
Canvas.resize(width, height)
Window.title = "B-spline curve"
_p = cpoints
_n = cpoints.count - 1
_k = k
_t = (1.._n + 1 + k).toList // use a uniform knot vector, delta = 1
}
 
// B-spline helper function
w(i, k, x) { (_t[i+k] != _t[i]) ? (x - _t[i]) / (_t[i+k] - _t[i]) : 0 }
 
// B-spline function
b(i, k, x) {
if (k == 1) return (_t[i] <= x && x < _t[i + 1]) ? 1 : 0
return w(i, k-1, x) * b(i, k-1, x) + (1 - w(i+1, k-1, x)) * b(i+1, k-1, x)
}
 
// B-spline points
p() {
var bpoints = []
for (x in _t[_k-1]..._t[_n + 1]) {
var sumX = 0
var sumY = 0
for (i in 0.._n) {
var f = b(i, _k, x)
sumX = sumX + f * _p[i][0]
sumY = sumY + f * _p[i][1]
}
bpoints.add([sumX.round, sumY.round])
}
return bpoints
}
 
init() {
if (_k > _n + 1 || _k < 1) {
System.print("k (= %(_k)) can't be more than %(_n+1) or less than 1.")
Process.exit()
}
var bpoints = p()
// plot the curve
for (i in 1...bpoints.count) {
Canvas.line(bpoints[i-1][0], bpoints[i-1][1], bpoints[i][0], bpoints[i][1], Color.white)
}
}
 
update() {}
 
draw(alpha) {}
}
 
var cpoints = [
[171, 171], [185, 111], [202, 109], [202, 189], [328, 160], [208, 254],
[241, 330], [164, 252], [ 69, 278], [139, 208], [ 72, 148], [168, 172]
]
var k = 4 // polynomial degree is one less than this i.e. cubic
var Game = BSpline.new(400, 400, cpoints, k)